Naples Metro

Naples Metro
Naples Metro
Metropolitana di Napoli
Info
Locale Naples
Transit type Rapid transit
Commuter rail
Operation
Began operation 1889 (Ferrovia Cumana)
23 March 1993 (line 1)
Operator(s) Metronapoli (line 1 and line 6)
Trenitalia (line 2)
Circumvesuviana (line 3 and line 4)
SEPSA (line 5 and Cumana)
MCNE (rainbow line)
System map

Metro Napoli-Model copy.png

The upgrading of the Metropolitana di Napoli has not just been through better integration of the network, but also the visual appearance of the stations, including the addition of modern art works

Metropolitana di Napoli (Naples Metro) is the metro system serving the city of Naples, Italy. The system includes three underground rapid transit lines (line 1, line 6 and rainbow line) and commuter railways (line 3 and 4, both part of Circumvesuviana network, line 2, Cumana), with planned upgrading and expansion work underway. The network is complemented by four funiculars (cable railways).

With an urban population (central area) of approximately 1,000,000 inhabitants, Naples is Italy's third most populated city after Rome and Milan, but it is the second metropolitan area of the country after Milan, with a population of 4.434.136.[1]

A major project is now underway to restructure the city's transport system and to connect the existing lines into one integrated network. It aims at a system with a total of ten lines, new interchange stations and enhanced parking areas.

The network is coordinated by Regione Campania through the Agenzia Campana per la Mobilità Sostenibile (Campania Agency for Sustainable Mobility). The integrated tariff system which allows travel across all forms of public transport within Naples is managed by the UnicoCampania consortium.

Contents

History

The Ferrovia Cumana, currently part of the metro system, was the first line to be opened in 1889.

In 1911 construction on the urban section of the Naples to Rome railway, the Passante line was commenced, and although it was suspended for the duration of World War I, the line was eventually opened on 28 September 1925 with an urban railway service, the first in Italy. This urban service is now part of the metro system as line 2.

After the World War II, the existing Circumvesuviana railway (now partially line 3 and 4) was upgraded to a modern commuter rail. In 1962 the Circumflegrea (now partially line 5) suburban railway was opened.

Construction of the first real metro railway (line 1) began in 1976, and the first part opened on 23 March 1993. Initially called the Metropolitana Collinare ("Hill Subway") it ran for 4 km (2.5 mi) between Colli Aminei stazione and Vanvitelli stazione. Two years later the line was extended to reach Piscinola stazione giving an overall track length of 8 km (5.0 mi).[2]

Although progress had been made from the early setbacks and problems, it was still apparent by 1997 that the network suffered badly from the lack of network integration and poor connections, as well as the fact that large areas of Naples were not close to stations. In 1997 the Comune di Napoli government drew up a new Piano Comunale dei Trasporti di Napoli (Naples City Transport Plan) which called for a review of the network, improved controls over maintenance expenditure and general finances, a new tariff control system and better management of the urban rail network of Naples.[3]

The transport plan called for a three phase major redevelopment. Phase 1 would involve an expansion to a total of five lines, including major redevelopment of Line 1, and take the network up to 53 km of track (45 km of existing lines), with 68 stations (23 newly built), and 12 interchange nodes, to be completed by 2001. Phase 2 was designed to increase the network to 7 lines, with 84 stations, and 16 interchange nodes, plus 10 bus interchanges, to be completed by 2007. Phase 3 would see the network expanded to 10 rail lines with 93 km of track, and a further 30 km of new light rail (tram lines) linking 114 stations, with 21 interchanges, and 24 bus interchanges to be completed by 2011. The plan called for 70% of Neapolitans to be living within 500 metres of a transport access point by 2011.[2]

In conjunction with the regional government of Campania, the comune government of Naples incorporated a new fully state-controlled joint-stock corporation called Metronapoli, which is 99% controlled by the comune and 1% controlled by ANM (Azienda Napoletana Mobilità), with a mission statement of: "providing an efficient public rail transport service of quality to the city".

Metronapoli took over control for running the urban rail transport network of Naples as part of a planned massive re-invigoration of public transport in the Campania region On 1 February 2001. The regional government announced a rivoluzione del ferro (rail revolution) which involved a planned expansion of the region's network at a cost of €3.8 billion euros, and would see the construction of 1,400 km of new tracks and 80 new stations for a total of 423 stations on the network within Campania.

On 3 December 2005, the CIPE, (Interdepartmental Committee for Economic Planning) announced over €600 million worth of funding to be spent the Metropolitana di Napoli network. €323 million was allocated for Montesanto stazione (Line 5 and Line 7), €61.1 million for Giornate interchange (Line 1, Line 5, and Line 7), with both projects to be completed by 2010, as well as €119.7 million to be spent to improve the section of Line 1 between Capodichino stazione and Centro Direzionale and €100 million for the San Pasquale stazione to Municipio stazione section.[4]

From 23 December 2006 to 20 February 2007 a special exhibition of models and multimedia presentations was held at Castel dell'Ovo to showcase all of the planned improvements to the Metropolitana di Napoli network, and was extremely well received by Neapolitans.

Companies

Metronapoli (line 1, line 6 and funicular lines)

Metronapoli logo

Metronapoli is the Neapolitan public transport management company. Founded on 26 July 2000 as a fully state-controlled joint-stock corporation, it became operational on 1 February 2001. It is owned and controlled by two entities: the Comune of Naples, which owns 99% of shares, and the Azienda Napoletana Mobilità (Neapolitan Mobility Company), which owns the remaining 1%.

Metronapoli is currently responsible for the transport services and maintenance of Line 1 and Line 6, pedestrian subways, and the funicular railways (Chiaia, Mergellina and Montesanto). Metronapoli is also responsible for developing the various interchange links of Line 1 with Line 2 and the funicular railways, and is working with the National Archaeological Museum of Naples to ensure all development work is done in accordance with procedures to ensure the protection of historic monuments and archaeological remains.

Trenitalia (line 2)

Service on line 2 is managed by Trenitalia. RFI is the owner of the railway infrastructure.

Circumvesuviana (line 3 and line 4)

The Circumvesuviana is a narrow-gauge railway connecting cities and towns near Naples, Italy. Its tracks run around the base of Mount Vesuvius, hence the name, though they do not in reality completely encircle it. There are 96 stations in total on the network, and 138 km of track.

Line 3 and line 4 are part of Circumvesuviana network.

Circumvesuviana network is managed by homonymous company.

SEPSA (line 5 and Cumana)

SEPSA in a public company. Line 5 (part of Circumflegrea railway) and Cumana railway are managed by SEPSA.

MCNE (rainbow line)

MCNE is a public company. Rainbow line and 2 regional railways (Benevento-Napoli and Piedimonte Matese-Napoli) are managed by MCNE.

Infrastructure

Stations & lines

The Metropolitana di Napoli currently operates on eight lines.

Naples metro lines
Name Operator Opened Name dates
from
Type Length
/km
Length
/miles
Stations Journeys
per annum (000s)
Average journeys
per mile (000s)
Line 1 Metronapoli 1993 2001 Deep level 13.5 8.38 15 34,675
Line 2 (via Passante) Trenitalia 1925 2001 Deep level 16 9.94 11
Line 3 Circumvesuviana 2004 2001 Surface 12.3 7.64 12
Line 4 Circumvesuviana 1891 2001 Surface 8.3 5.15 8
Line 5 (part of Circumflegrea railway) SEPSA 1962 2001 Surface 9.1 5.65 7
Line 6 Metronapoli 2007 2001 Subsurface 2.3 1.42 4
Rainbow line (Alifana Bassa or Napoli-Aversa) MCNE 2005 2005 Subsurface 5
Cumana SEPSA 1889 Surface 20 19

For a complete list of Metropolitana di Napoli stations, see: List of Naples metro stations.

Under construction

  • line 7

Planned

  • line 8
  • line 9
  • line 10

Funicular lines

Montesanto funicular

The network is complemented by four funiculars (cable railways) that connect the elevated stazione Vanvitelli with sea level areas at Fuga (Central Funicular), Cimarosa (Chiaia Funicular) and Morghen (Montesanto Funicular). The fourth, Mergellina Funicular, line runs between stazione Manzoni and stazione Mergellina. Two further funicular lines are being planned.

All of these are necessary due to the extremely steep gradient with which the hills rise. The oldest of these inclined cable-railways (the Montesanto, connecting Vomero with the city centre) has been operating since 30 May 1891. The four funicular lines serve 16 stations and currently provide transport for over 60,000 passengers each day.

As part of the plan to better integrate the public transport of Naples, all four furnicular lines will connect with Metropolitana lines in order to provide better connection services. Stazione Vanvitelli is connected hub of three of the funicular lines, providing direct connections to Line 1.

Rolling stock

Class Image Type Top speed Number Cars per set Seat layout Routes operated Built
mph km/h
ALe724 Electric 86 140 90 3 (two engine cars
+middle carriage)
72 / 88 / 72 Line 2
ETR Line 3
Line 4
ET Line 5 and Cumana
Firema Metronapoli M1 Line 1
T67 Line 6
MA.100 Rainbow line

Travelling

Fares

A train (line 1) arriving at the Vanvitelli station.

The original Giranapoli system was replaced in 2001-02 with a new automated system. The current fare structure for the Metropolitana di Napoli is a universal system across all forms of public transport in the city and the region of Campania as a whole. Therefore tickets are valid for use on all buses, funiculars, metro and local railways in Naples and adjacent municipalities. The universal system is referred to as 'Uniconapoli', a sub-branch of 'Consorzio Uniconcampania'.[2]

The whole province is divided into six concentric zones labeled as zones 0-5, expanding outwards from Naples itself (zone 0).

Tickets are sold by station booking-offices and kiosks, and need to be validated when first used. Every station on the network is now either equipped with automated ticketing machines, or being upgraded to incorporate them. These machines are all multi-lingual in Italian, English, French, German and Spanish.

Ticket Price Validity Notes
Single €1.20 90 min Can be used multiple times with 90 minute validity on all forms of public transport
Day Pass €3.00 24 hours
Weekend Day Pass €2.50 24 hours Only available on Saturday or Sunday
Monthly Pass €35.00 30 days Unlimited travel within validity period

These prices were current as of 1 October 2008.

More detailed information on fares and ticketing can be found on the Consorzio Uniconcampania website here.

A smartcard ticketing operation has been planned for introduction to the network, that may operate in a similar fashion to London Underground's Oystercard. The name of this smartcard is Jamme Card, from neapolitan dialect jamme (Let' s go)

Operations

Trains operate from 6:00 to 23:00 every day of the year. Headway is 8–10 minutes, except during morning and evening rush hours, when it is reduced to 6 minutes, and after 21:00 when the headway is about 15 minutes.

Artwork

An example of the Contemporary Art installations that can be found at various stations on Linea 1. This work can be seen at stazione Materdei.

Line 1 has been dubbed 'Il Metrò dell'Arte' (The Art Metro) by Metronapoli as eight stations have been upgraded to exhibit works of art. These include both permanent exhibits and the provision for temporary displays. It is intended that this theme will continue as more of the planned stations on Line 1 are opened.

Museum station (stazione Museo) also displays archaeological remains and exhibits that were unearthed during the construction of the station, while others have been transferred to the Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli (Naples National Archaeological Museum) above the station, from which it is named.[5]

Another initiative recently started on the Metropolitana di Napoli was to provide free books for riders on the network.[6]

See also

Notes

External links


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