- Eccrine sweat gland
Eccrine sweat gland Latin glandula sudorifera merocrina;
glandula sudorifera eccrina
Code TH H3.12.00.3.03009
Eccrine glands (or merocrine glands) are the major sweat glands of the human body, found in virtually all skin.. They produce a clear, odorless substance, consisting primarily of water and NaCl (note that the odor from sweat is due to bacterial activity on the secretions of the apocrine glands). NaCl is reabsorbed in the duct to reduce salt loss . They are active in thermoregulation, which is controlled by the hypothalamus.
Eccrine glands are composed of (1) an intreaepidermal spiral duct, the "acrosyringium," (2) a straight dermal portion, and (3) a coiled acinar (grape-like) portion in the dermis or hypodermis. Innervation is by the sympathetic nervous system (primarily by cholinergic fibers, but also by adrenergic fibers).
- ^ James, William; Berger, Timothy; Elston, Dirk (2005) Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology (10th ed.). Saunders. Page 6-7. ISBN 0-7216-2921-0.
- ^ Mauro Theodora M, Goldsmith Lowell A, "Chapter 81. Biology of Eccrine, Apocrine, and Apoeccrine Sweat Glands" (Chapter). Wolff K, Goldsmith LA, Katz SI, Gilchrest B, Paller AS, Leffell DJ: Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine, 7e: http://www.accessmedicine.com/content.aspx?aID=2956361.
- ^ American Academy of Dermatology - Eccrine and Apocrine Glands
- ^ Sokolov VE, Shabadash SA, Zelikina TI. Biol Bull Acad Sci USSR. 1980 Sep-Oct;7(5):331-46. Innervation of eccrine sweat glands. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7317512
Integumentary system (TA A16, TH H3.12, GA 10.1062) SkinBasement membrane zoneBasal keratinocyte · Lamina lucida · Lamina densaSkin fieldsHeadcampus frontalis, campus parietalis, campus occipitalis, campus temroralis, campus facialis (campus orbitalis, campus nasalis, campus oralis, campus mentalis, campus infraorbitalis, campus buccalis, campus zygomaticus)Neckcampus cervicalis anterior (campus submandibularis, campus caroticus, campus omotrachealis, campus submentalis), campus sternocleidomastoideus, campus cervicalis posterior (campus omoclavicularis), campus nuchalisChestcampus presternalis, campus clavipectoralis, campus pectoralis verus, campus mammarius, campus inframammarius, campus axillarisAbdomencampus hypochondriacus, campus epigastricus, campus abdominalis lateralis, campus umbilicalis, campus inguinalis, campus hypogastricusPerineumcampus analis, campus urogenitalis Subcutaneous tissue AdnexaSkin glandsHair shaftArrector pili musclePilosebaceous unitHair sebaceous gland
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