The hypodermis, also called the hypoderm, subcutaneous tissue, or superficial fascia is the lowermost layer of the integumentary system in vertebrates. Types of cells that are found in the hypodermis are fibroblasts, adipose cells, and macrophages. It is derived from the mesoderm, but unlike the dermis, it is not derived from the dermatome region of the mesoderm. In arthropods, the hypodermis is an epidermal layer of cells that secretes the chitinous cuticle. The term also refers to a layer of cells lying immediately below the epidermis of plants. This cell is also used to supervise the outer skin from burns and other such articulates.

The hypodermis is used mainly for fat storage.

According to the eighth edition of "Developmental Biology" by Scott F. Gilbert, the hypodermis of C. elegans is derived from ectoderm.

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  • Hypodermis — (griech. hypo unter, darunter und dermis von Derma: Haut, Lederhaut) bezeichnet: die Unterhautschicht, die unter der Dermis liegt, siehe Subkutis in der Botanik die Zellschicht, welche direkt unter der äußersten Zellschicht des Sprosses, der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hypodermis — Hyp o*der mis, n. [NL. See {Hypo }, and {Derma}.] 1. (Biol.) Same as {Hypoblast}. [1913 Webster] 2. (Zo[ o]l.) Same as {Hypoderma}, 2 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hypŏdérmis — (griech.), die unter der chitinisierten Hautdecke gelegene einschichtige Epithellage der Gliederfüßer; auch das von der äußern Cuticula bedeckte Körperepithel der Würmer …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hypodermis — Hypodermis, unter der Epidermis von Sprossachse und Laubblättern liegende chloroplastenfreie Zellschichten, die dem Schutz und der Festigung dienen …   Deutsch wörterbuch der biologie

  • hypodermis — [hī΄pō dʉr′mis, hī΄pədʉr′mis; hip΄ōdʉr′mis, hip΄ədʉr′mis] n. [ModL: see HYPO & DERMIS] 1. Bot. a specialized layer of cells, as for support or water storage, lying immediately beneath the epidermis of a plant organ 2. Zool. a layer of cells that… …   English World dictionary

  • hypodermis — noun Etymology: New Latin Date: circa 1866 1. the tissue immediately beneath the epidermis of a plant especially when modified to serve as a supporting and protecting layer 2. the cellular layer that underlies and secretes the chitinous cuticle… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • hypodermis — n. [Gr. hypo, under; L. dermis, skin] The cellular, subcuticular layer that secretes the cuticle of annelids, nematodes, arthropods (see epidermis), and various other invertebrates; hypoblast …   Dictionary of invertebrate zoology

  • hypodermis — hypodermal, adj. /huy peuh derr mis/, n. 1. Zool. an underlayer of epithelial cells in arthropods and certain other invertebrates that secretes substances for the overlying cuticle or exoskeleton. 2. Bot. a tissue or layer of cells beneath the… …   Universalium

  • hypodermis — noun a) An epidermal layer of cells that secretes an overlying chitinous cuticle, as in arthropods. b) A layer of cells lying immediately below the epidermis. Syn: subcutis, superficial fascia, tela subcutanea …   Wiktionary

  • hypodermis — subcutaneous tissue. * * * hy·po·der·mis .hī pə dər məs n 1) the cellular layer that underlies and secretes the chitinous cuticle (as of an arthropod) 2) SUPERFICIAL FASCIA * * * hy·po·der·mis (hi″po durґmis) [hypo + dermis] 1. TA… …   Medical dictionary

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