Hamilton Township, Mercer County, New Jersey

Hamilton Township, Mercer County, New Jersey

:"Not to be confused with Hamilton Township, Atlantic County, New Jersey."Infobox Settlement
official_name = Hamilton Township, New Jersey
nickname = New Jersey's Shining Star
motto =

imagesize =
image_caption =


mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Hamilton Township highlighted in Mercer County. Inset: Location of Mercer County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.

mapsize1 = 250x200px
map_caption1 = Census Bureau map of Hamilton Township, Mercer County, New Jersey
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_name1 = New Jersey
subdivision_name2 = Mercer
government_footnote =
government_type = Faulkner Act Mayor-Council
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = John F. Bencivengo
leader_title1 = Administrator
leader_name1 = William Guhl [ [http://www.hamiltonnj.com/index.htm?/government/admin_frame.htm~content Department of Administration] , Hamilton Township, New Jersey. Accessed April 12, 2008.]
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = April 11, 1842
area_magnitude =
area_total_sq_mi = 40.4
area_total_km2 = 104.6
area_land_sq_mi = 39.5
area_land_km2 = 102.2
area_water_sq_mi = 0.9
area_water_km2 = 2.4
area_water_percent = 2.28
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_urban_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
population_as_of = 2006
population_note =
settlement_type = Township
population_total = 90559
population_metro =
population_urban =
population_density_km2 = 852.5
population_density_sq_mi = 2208.0
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = Eastern (EDT)
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 40 |latm = 12 |lats = 30 |latNS = N
longd = 74 |longm = 40 |longs = 29 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 30
elevation_ft = 98
elevation_footnotes = [Gnis|882127|Township of Hamilton, Geographic Names Information System, accessed January 4, 2008.]
postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 08609
area_code = 609
website = http://www.hamiltonnj.com/
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 34-29310GR|2 [ [http://mcdc2.missouri.edu/webrepts/commoncodes/ccc_nj.html A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey] , Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 14, 2008.]
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0882127GR|3
footnotes =

Hamilton Township is a Township in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the township had a total population of 87,109. The township is located right next to the city of Trenton, the capital of New Jersey.

Hamilton was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 11, 1842, from portions of the now-defunct Nottingham Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Chambersburg borough (April 1, 1872, annexed by Trenton in 1888) and Wilbur borough (April 24, 1891, annexed by Trenton in 1898)."The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 162.] Hamilton Township derives it name from the village of Hamilton Square, which was named for Alexander Hamilton. [History of Hamilton Township, Hamilton Township Historical Society, 1999]

In 2006, Hamilton Township was ranked by Morgan Quitno as the eighteenth safest "city" in the United States, out of 369 cities nationwide. [ [http://www.morganquitno.com/cit06pop.htm Morgan Quitno 12th Annual Safest (and Most Dangerous) Cities: Top and Bottom 25 Cities Overall] , Morgan Quitno. Accessed June 4, 2006.] In the company's 2005 survey, the Township was ranked 15th safest of 354 cities surveyed nationwide. [ [http://www.morganquitno.com/cit05pop.htm Morgan Quitno 11th Annual Safest (and Most Dangerous) Cities: Top and Bottom 25 Cities Overall] , accessed June 4, 2006.]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 40.4 square miles (104.6 km²), of which, 39.5 square miles (102.2 km²) of it is land and 0.9 square miles (2.4 km²) of it (2.28%) is water.

Hamilton Township borders Trenton, Lawrence Township, West Windsor Township, Robbinsville Township, Bordentown Township, Chesterfield Township, Upper Freehold Township and, across the Delaware River, Falls Township, Pennsylvania.

Although Hamilton is one of the largest townships in New Jersey it doesn't have a true "downtown", but a number of former "villages" from smaller commercial centers. These include Hamilton Square, Mercerville, Yardville, White Horse and Groveville.
Mercerville-Hamilton Square, White Horse and Yardville-Groveville are all census-designated places and unincorporated areas located within Hamilton Township.


1910= 7899
1920= 14580
1930= 27121
1940= 30219
1950= 41156
1960= 65035
1970= 79609
1980= 82801
1990= 86553
2000= 87109
estimate= 90559
estref= [http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/SAFFPopulation?_event=ChangeGeoContext&geo_id=06000US3402129310&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US34%7C05000US34021%7C06000US3402122185&_street=&_county=hamilton&_cityTown=hamilton&_state=04000US34&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010&_submenuId=population_0&ds_name=null&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry= Census data for Hamilton township] , United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 25, 2007.]
footnote=Population 1930 - 1990. [ [http://www.wnjpin.net/OneStopCareerCenter/LaborMarketInformation/lmi01/poptrd6.htm New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990] , Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed March 1, 2007.]
As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 87,109 people, 33,523 households, and 23,667 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,208.0 people per square mile (852.5/km²). There were 34,535 housing units at an average density of 875.4/sq mi (338.0/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 85.15% White, 8.16% African American, 0.14% Native American, 2.56% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.19% from other races, and 1.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.13% of the population.

There were 33,523 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the township the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $57,110, and the median income for a family was $66,986. Males had a median income of $46,360 versus $33,673 for females. The per capita income for the township was $25,441. About 2.8% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.

As of late 2005, much of the new residential development in Hamilton has been geared to accommodating the aging baby boomer generation. Retirement communities and assisted-living facilities outpace that of traditional residential communities. Such construction has been spurred by several factors. The first being that school budgets have always been kept low. Hamilton voters have a proven track record for vetoing school budgets in their yearly elections to keep taxes low. As a result, the planning board has been reluctant to authorize construction of housing that will increase the student population. Another reason is the recent spate of improvements to [http://www.rwjhamilton.org Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital] . The hospital is now a highly respected source of care in the state. It is situated next to where most of the undeveloped land in the township used to be, land that is now home to the active older-adult communities.


Local government

Hamilton Township is governed under the Mayor-Council system of New Jersey municipal government under the Faulkner Act."2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book", Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 70.]

The Mayor of Hamilton Township is John F. Bencivengo (R). Members of the Township Council are Council President Dennis A. Pone (R), Council Vice President Kelly Yaede (R), Thomas Goodwin (R), David Kenny (R), and Kevin Meara (R). [ [http://www.hamiltonnj.com/index.htm?/government/council.htm Municipal Government] , Township of Hamilton. Accessed January 17, 2008.]

The Current Council was taken over in the majority by Republicans in a full sweep for three members, Dennis Pone, Dave Kenny, and Thomas Goodwin, on November 2, 2005 The Republicans continued their trend in 2006 when Kelly Yaede defeated John Kroschwitz for the seat vacated by Sharon Cenci. John Bencivengo, Hamilton Township Republican Chairman announced his intentions to seek the nomination as the Republican candidate for mayor in the 2007 mayoral race. [ [http://politics.nexcess.net/pressrelease/2007/01/john_bencivengo_to_run_for_ham.html John Bencivengo to run for Hamilton Mayor] , press release dated January 8, 2007.]

Federal, state and county representation

Hamilton Township is in the Fourth Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 14th Legislative District. [ [http://www.lwvnj.org/pubs/CG06.pdf 2006 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government] , p. 58, New Jersey League of Women Voters, Accessed August 30, 2006.]


The Hamilton Township Public Schools serve students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics [ [http://nces.ed.gov/ccd/schoolsearch/school_list.asp?Search=1&DistrictID=3406540 Data for the Hamilton Township Public Schools] , National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed July 27, 2008.] are 17 K-5 elementary schools: [http://www.hamilton.k12.nj.us/elementary/alexander/Default.htm Alexander] (401 students), [http://www.hamilton.k12.nj.us/elementary/greenwood/ Greenwood] (225), [http://www.hamilton.k12.nj.us/elementary/kisthardt/ Kisthardt] (247), [http://www.hamilton.k12.nj.us/elementary/klockner/ Klockner] (266), [http://www.hamilton.k12.nj.us/elementary/kuser/ Kuser] (354), [http://www.hamilton.k12.nj.us/elementary/lalor/ Lalor] (283), [http://www.hamilton.k12.nj.us/elementary/langtree/ Langtree] (425), [http://www.teacherweb.com/NJ/mcgalliard/Schoolhomepage/SDHP1.stm McGalliard] (284), [http://www.hamilton.k12.nj.us/elementary/mercerville/index.html Mercerville] (408), [http://www.hamilton.k12.nj.us/elementary/morgan/Default.htm Morgan] (418), [http://www.hamilton.k12.nj.us/elementary/robinson/default.htm Robinson] (432), [http://www.hamilton.k12.nj.us/elementary/sayen Sayen] (277), [http://www.hamilton.k12.nj.us/elementary/sunnybrae Sunnybrae] (360), [http://www.hamilton.k12.nj.us/elementary/univhgts University Heights] (397), [http://www.hamilton.k12.nj.us/elementary/wilson/Default.htm Wilson] (367), [http://www.hamilton.k12.nj.us/elementary/yardville Yardville] (341) and [http://www.hamilton.k12.nj.us/elementary/Yardville%20Heights Yardville Heights] (276); Three middle schools serving grades 6-8: [http://www.hamilton.k12.nj.us/secondary/crockett/Crockett%20homepage.html Crockett Middle School] (961), [http://www.gricems.net/ Grice Middle School] (963) and [http://www.hamilton.k12.nj.us/secondary/reynolds/ Reynolds Middle School] (1,201); Three high schools for grades 9-12:
Steinert High School (East; 1,647),
Nottingham High School (North; 1,408) and
Hamilton High School (West; 1,405); and the [http://www.hamilton.k12.nj.us/services/aim/ Hamilton Educational Program (HEP) at Willey Campus] .


Situated right next to the New Jersey state capital of Trenton, Hamilton is a strategic town in New Jersey. New Jersey's eighth-largest municipality, Hamilton Township is 65 miles away from New York City and 35 miles away from Philadelphia. Hamilton is also close to most points along the Jersey Shore. By car, Hamilton is about 80 minutes from New York City and 50 minutes from Philadelphia. The train ride to New York is slightly shorter than the drive into New York while the train ride to Philadelphia is slightly longer than the drive into Philadelphia. With nearly 90,000 residents and convert|40|sqmi|km2|-1 of land, it is contains a rich mix of neighborhoods. With a bustling, modern train station and access to the New Jersey Turnpike, Interstate 295, Interstate 195, U.S. Route 130, U.S. Route 206, Route 33 and U.S. Route 1, it is a transportation hub.

With the addition of the modern Hamilton train station located on Sloan Avenue just off I-295 at Exit 65B on New Jersey Transit's Northeast Corridor Line, the township has attracted more New York City-based commuters to the area. The station offers service to Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan and to Trenton station. In Trenton station, there is a SEPTA R7 Regional Rail Line train to and from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Located in Hamilton Township is the neighborhood of White Horse, which includes the White Horse Circle, a traffic circle on U.S. Route 206.

The New Jersey Turnpike passes through Hamilton Township. The Turnpike's Woodrow Wilson service area is located between Interchanges 7 and 7A northbound at milepost 58.7. [ [http://www.state.nj.us/turnpike/nj-vcenter-wilson.htm New Jersey Turnpike: Woodrow Wilson Service Area] , New Jersey Turnpike. Accessed May 31, 2006.] The Richard Stockton service area is located between Interchanges 7A and 7 southbound at milepost 58.7. [ [http://www.state.nj.us/turnpike/nj-vcenter-stockton.htm New Jersey Turnpike: Richard Stockton Service Area] , New Jersey Turnpike. Accessed May 31, 2006.]

The New Jersey Turnpike Authority (NJTPA) is planning to widen the Turnpike (with the "dual-dual" configuration) between Exit 6 (in Mansfield Township) and Exit 8A (in Monroe Township). This widening would probably require the condemnation of part of the "Richard Stockton Service Area" and the "Woodrow Wilson Service Area." New entrance & exit ramps would be constructed as well to access the service areas.

New Jersey Transit also provides public bus service in Hamilton Township.

Major news events

* The Megan Kanka case, for whom Megan's Law was named, occurred in Hamilton Township. [Pristin, Terry. [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9502E2D81F30F931A35752C0A961958260&scp=6&sq=%22hamilton+township%22+%22megan+kanka%22&st=nyt "Trial to Begin in Girl's Killing"] , "The New York Times", January 2, 1997. Accessed March 11, 2008. "More than two years after 7-year-old Megan Kanka was abducted from her Hamilton Township home and raped and killed, the trial of the man accused of killing her is about to begin."]
* Some letters involved in the 2001 anthrax attacks were processed through the United States Postal Service Regional Mail Facility in Hamilton Township. The facility was closed for four years while it was decontaminated.

Points of interest

*Hamilton hosts one of the largest recreational parks in the state, and borders another. Veterans Park is convert|350|acre|km2|1 and is housed entirely in the township. Mercer County Park borders the township to the North and encompasses 2,500 acres (10 km²) of land that was shared from Hamilton Township along with neighboring Lawrence Township and West Windsor Township. [ [http://www.mercercounty.org/parks/parks.htm#MERCER%20COUNTY%20PARK%20989-6530 Mercer County Park] , Mercer County, New Jersey. Accessed December 21, 2006.] This park contains one of the largest man-made lakes in the state. The lake was built as a result of a Princeton University grant as a place for the University's crew team to practice and compete.Fact|date=February 2007
*The Grounds for Sculpture is a 53 acre sculpture park which houses more than 230 sculptures, gardens, water features, and other nature scenes. The organization's mission is to promote the appreciation of arts and sculpture.
* Sayen Park Botanical Garden

Notable residents

Notable current and former residents of Hamilton Township include:
* Samuel Alito (born 1950), Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, grew up in Hamilton and attended Steinert High School, near the colonial village of Hamilton Square. [Barone, Michael. [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4155/is_20060118/ai_n16000700 "It's inspiring to see Alito's background come to foreground: Alito"] , "Chicago Sun-Times", January 18, 2006. Accessed September 7, 2007. "In his opening statement to the Judiciary Committee, Judge Samuel Alito told the senators where he comes from. First, Hamilton Township, N.J., the modest-income suburb of Trenton, where he grew up."]
* Dan Donigan (born 1966), retired United States soccer forward and current head coach of Saint Louis University Men's Soccer team. [Monahan, Bob. [http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=BG&p_theme=bg&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EADEDDE163BBD15&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM "PALMER STAR HEADS FOR HC"] , "The Boston Globe", March 10, 1987. Accessed August 26, 2008. "University of Connecticut sophomore soccer forward Dan Donigan from Hamilton Square, NJ, is one of 43 players nationwide picked to try out for the US National/Olympic Qualifying Team this summer."]
* Colin Ferrell (born 1984), defensive tackle for the Indianapolis Colts, who played collegiate football at Kent State University. [ [http://www.colts.com/sub.cfm?page=bio&player_id=516 Colin Ferrell] , Indianapolis Colts. Accessed August 11, 2008.]
* Janice Harsanyi (1930-2007), soprano singer and college professor
* Dahntay Jones (born 1980), professional basketball player, currently playing for the Sacramento Kings. [Battista, Judy. [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C03E6DD123DF932A15751C0A96F958260 "COLLEGE BASKETBALL; Rutgers Could Have a Post-Season With Meaning"] , "The New York Times", February 21, 1999. Accessed December 12, 2007. "With his first full recruiting class, one of the best in the Big East, Bannon got Dahntay Jones, a guard from Hamilton Square, N.J., and Rashod Kent, a forward from West Virginia."]
* Megan Kanka (c. 1987-1994), whose murder inspired Megan's Law. [Glaberson, William. [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9900E1DD1038F937A25752C0A961958260 "Jury Selection Under Way In Megan Kanka's Killing"] , "The New York Times", January 14, 1997. Accessed August 26, 2008. "The Kanka family lived in Hamilton Township in Mercer County, about 25 miles south of here."]
* Tad Kornegay (born 1982) defensive back for the Saskatchewan Roughriders in the Canadian Football League. [ [http://www.cfl.ca/index.php?module=roster&func=display&ros_id=425 CFL.ca Player Profile] . Accessed December 17, 2007. "Thaddeus was An All-County and All-Area selection at Hamilton High School West in Trentonsic, New Jersey"]
* George R. Robbins (1814-1875), represented New Jersey's 2nd congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1855 to 1859. [ [http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=R000300 George Robbins Robbins] , "Biographical Directory of the United States Congress". Accessed August 25, 2007.]
* Eddie Gaven (1986), an American soccer player who plays for the Columbus Crew of Major League Soccer.


External links

* [http://www.hamiltonnj.com/ Hamilton Township website]
* [http://www.suneradio.com/ Hamiltons Internet Radio]
* [http://www.hamilton.k12.nj.us/ Hamilton Township Public Schools]
*NJReportCard|21|1950|0|Hamilton Township Public Schools
* [http://nces.ed.gov/ccd/schoolsearch/school_list.asp?Search=1&DistrictID=3406540 Data for the Hamilton Township Public Schools] , National Center for Education Statistics
* [http://www.lovehamilton.com/ Hamilton Township Election and Polling Place information]
* [http://cnjcbsa.org/MADPack87.shtml/ Cub Scout Pack 87, Hamilton Township]

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