Sandusky, Ohio

Sandusky, Ohio

Infobox Settlement
official_name = City of Sandusky
settlement_type = City
nickname =



imagesize =
image_caption =


image_



mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location within the state of Ohio


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_name1 = Ohio
subdivision_name2 = Erie
government_type = City Commission
leader_title = President
leader_name = Dennis Murray
leader_title1 = Vice-President
leader_name1 = Craig Stahl
leader_title2 = Commissionerscite web
title = City Commission Meet Your Commissioners
publisher = City of Sandusky
date = 2007
url = http://www.ci.sandusky.oh.us/city-commission/commissioners.htm
accessdate = 2007-12-26
]
leader_name2 = Dan Kaman Brett Fuqua David Waddington Julie Farrar Robert Warner
area_magnitude = 1 E8
unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =
area_total_sq_mi = 22.0
area_land_sq_mi = 10.1
area_water_sq_mi = 11.9
area_water_percent =
area_total_km2 = 57.0
area_land_km2 = 26.0
area_water_km2 = 30.9
population_as_of = 2007
population_footnotes =
population_total = 25861
population_metro = 77323
population_density_km2 = 1069.7
postal_code_type = ZIP codes
postal_code = 44870-44871
area_code = 419/567
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 41 |latm = 26 |lats = 48 |latNS = N
longd = 82 |longm = 42 |longs = 33 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 182
elevation_ft = 597
website = http://www.ci.sandusky.oh.us/
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 39-70380GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1076832GR|3
footnotes =
established_title = Founded
established_date = 1816
established_title2 =
established_date2 =
established_title3 =
established_date3 =

Sandusky is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Erie County.GR|6 The municipality is located in northern Ohio and is situated on the shores of Lake Erie, almost exactly half-way between Toledo to the west and Cleveland to the east.

The population was 27,844 at the 2000 census. In 2007 Sandusky had an estimated population of 25,861.cite web |url=http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2007-04-39.csv |title=Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Ohio, Listed Alphabetically: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007 |accessdate=2008-08-06 |publisher=U.S. Census Bureau ] According to the US Census 2007 estimate, the Sandusky, Ohio Metropolitan Statistical Area has a population of 77,323 residents.cite web |url=http://www.census.gov/population/www/estimates/metro_general/2007/CBSA-EST2007-01.csv |title=Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007 |accessdate=2008-08-06 |publisher=U.S. Census Bureau ]

Sandusky is one of Ohio's most popular tourist destinations. The city is home to the Cedar Fair Entertainment Company, an amusement park and entertainment management company, as well as its flagship amusement park, Cedar Point. Cedar Point features the largest collection of roller coasters in the world as well as many former record holders. Like most Ohio citiesFact|date=June 2008, Sandusky's population has decreased since the late 1970s.

The National Arbor Day Foundation has designated Sandusky as a Tree City USA.

History

Fort Sandusky was a British trading and military outpost established around 1794. The Native Americans that inhabited the immediate surrounding area were the Seneca, displaced at the outset of the American Revolution. The generally accepted theory is that the name "Sandusky" is an Anglicization of the phrase "San Too Chee", meaning "cold water." A less accepted theory is that the that the city was named after a Polish fur trader by the name of Antoni Sadowski or Jacob Sodowsky. [ [http://www.sandusky.lib.oh.us/public/local_history_faq.asp] ]

The Greater Sandusky area was a safe haven and a new start for refugees of the Firelands refugees of the Revolutionary War in Connecticut. Norwalk, the Huron County seat (just south of Erie County) is named for Norwalk, Connecticut, as is New London, a small town south of Norwalk.

Established as Portland in 1816, [ [http://www.eriecountyohiocofc.com/StudentInfo.htm Erie County Chamber ] ] the name was changed two years later to Sandusky. Norwalk was also established in 1816; at the time, both were growing towns of a unified Huron County. Not long after, thanks to the growth of both towns, Erie County, Ohio's second smallest (in land area), came into being. The county encompassed newly-rechristened Sandusky's far west side, Vermilion to the east, and Norwalk's northern line to the south.

Prior to the abolition of slavery in the United States, Sandusky was a major stop on the Underground Railroad. As depicted in Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel "Uncle Tom's Cabin", many slaves seeking to reach freedom in Canada made their way to Sandusky, where they boarded boats crossing Lake Erie to the port of Amherstburg in Ontario.

Downtown Sandusky was designed according a modified grid plan known as the Kilbourne Plat after its designer. The original street pattern featured a grid overlaid with streets resembling the symbols of Freemasonry. Hector Kilbourne was a surveyor who laid out this grid in downtown Sandusky. He was the first Worshipful Master of the Sandusky Masonic Lodge.

Sandusky was the site of groundbreaking for the Mad River and Lake Erie Railroad on September 17, 1835. Currently, Battery Park Marina is located on original site of the MR&LE Railroad. The tracks that ran through downtown Sandusky have since been removed due to most of the downtown industrial area being re-used for other purposes including mainly marina dockage. The coal docks located west of downtown still use a portion of the original MR&LE lines.

Geography

Sandusky is located at coor dms|41|26|48|N|82|42|33|W|city (41.446741, -82.709092)GR|1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.0 square miles (57.0 km²), of which, 10.1 square miles (26.0 km²) of it is land and 11.9 square miles (30.9 km²) of it (54.30%) is water.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 27,844 people, 11,851 households, and 7,039 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,770.5 people per square mile (1,069.7/km²). There were 13,323 housing units at an average density of 1,325.7/sq mi (511.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 74.50% White, 21.08% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.97% from other races, and 2.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.09% of the population.

There were 11,851 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.7% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.6% were non-families. 34.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 89.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,133, and the median income for a family was $37,749. Males had a median income of $31,269 versus $21,926 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,111. About 12.2% of families and 15.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.7% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Sandusky.

A Greyhound Lines bus station is located on Route 250 south of Sandusky in Perkins Township.

Auto ferry and passenger/bicycle ferry boats (M/V Jiimaan and M/V Pelee Islander) owned by the Owen Sound Transportation Company run on a regularly-scheduled seasonal basis from Sandusky to Pelee Island to Leamington, Ontario and Kingsville, Ontario.

Education

Sandusky Public Schools enroll 3,775 students in public primary and secondary schools. [cite web |last=Great Schools.com |url=http://www.greatschools.net/cgi-bin/oh/district_profile/145 |title=Sandusky City School District Profile |accessdate=2008-07-21 ] The district administers 10 public schools including six elementary schools, two middle schools, and two high schools. Other than public schools, the city is home to one private catholic school, St. Mary Central Catholic High School. Both Sandusky High School and St. Mary Central Catholic High School participate in varsity and junior varsity sports; their teams are called the "Blue Streaks" and "Panthers" respectively. Sandusky High's colors are navy and white; SMCC's are blue and gold.

Media

Sandusky is served by a daily newspaper, "The Sandusky Register", and several local radio stations. BAS Broadcasting owns and operates WCPZ 102.7 FM, which features a hot adult contemporary format, WMJK 100.9 FM (licensed to Clyde, Ohio), which plays classic rock, and WLEC 1450 AM which plays standards. There are several options for Christian radio in the area, including WVMS 89.5 FM, run by the Moody Bible Institute as a relay of WCRF in Cleveland; WGGN 97.7 FM in Castalia, which plays contemporary Christian music and is co-owned with religious WGGN-TV 52; and a translator for the Bible Broadcasting Network at 88.3 FM. Elyria-Lorain Broadcasting operates several stations serving the Sandusky area, including WKFM 96.1 FM (country music) and WLKR-FM 95.3 FM (modern adult/adult alternative) and WLKR 1510 AM (sports talk). Stations from the Toledo, Cleveland, Detroit, Windsor and Fremont areas also reach the Sandusky area.

Perkins Township

Perkins Township is a township that lies south of Perkins Avenue, which bisects what is informally considered the Sandusky Metropolitan Area. The Sandusky Mall and the Sandusky Speedway are located south of Perkins Avenue, and therefore lie in Perkins Township. Perkins Township does not have its own main post office, so the township uses Sandusky city's ZIP code of 44870.

Notable natives

* Brandy Burre, best known for her portrayal of Theresa D'Agostino on the HBO series The Wire, was born in Sandusky.
* Jay Crawford; sports broadcaster, co-host of "ESPN First Take" on ESPN2
* Jay Cooke (1821-1905), Civil War Financier, Railroad Magnate, and Philanthropist, was born in Sandusky
* Thom Darden, defensive back for the Cleveland Browns, 1972-1981.
* Lee Evans, wide receiver for the Buffalo Bills,
* Jon Gruden, head coach of the Tampa Bay Buccaneers
* Chris Castle, Folk/Americana singer-songwriter.
* Scott May, NCAA national champion basketball player and 1976 Olympic gold medalist.
* Jackie Mayer, Miss America 1963 and currently a motivational speaker; the section of Route 2 that runs through Erie County is named "Jackie Mayer Miss America Highway".
* Thomas J. Moyer, chief justice of the Ohio Supreme Court since 1987.
* Orlando Pace, offensive lineman for the St. Louis Rams of the NFL and a seven-time Pro Bowler, played for the Blue Streaks of Sandusky High School, who retired his jersey number in a special half-time ceremony on October 20, 2006.
* Kevin Randleman, 2-time Div I NCAA wrestling champion for The Ohio State University and professional mixed martial arts fighter

andusky in popular culture

*Charles Dickens passed through Sandusky in 1842. He describes it in "American Notes" as "sluggish and uninteresting enough,... something like the back of an English watering-place, out of the season."
*Sandusky was the setting for the film "Tommy Boy", but was only seen in one brief scene in the beginning of the movie (most scenes were shot in Ontario, Canada). The "Sandusky Register", the city's newspaper, was also asked to provide newspaper boxes to be used as props for the movie. The movie depicted the non-existent "Sandusky International Airport."
*Sandusky (specifically, 1984 Sandusky) was also the setting for the 1998 film "Edge of Seventeen" which featured several recognizable location shots. Footage from Cedar Point is used (some of which is 1984 vintage) though no scenes with the film's cast were shot in the park, which is called "Crystal Shores" in the film.
*The character of Sugar, played by Marilyn Monroe in the film "Some Like It Hot", hailed from Sandusky.
*In "The Monkees" episode, "Alias Micky Dolenz", Micky says he is from Sandusky.
*Local legend holds that a now-defunct Sandusky restaurant, the Porterhouse (that once stood on the corner of Wayne and Water Streets), was the originator of the Porterhouse steak. This story appears to be apocryphal.
*Dudley (Booger) Dawson's supposed illegitimate child was from Sandusky in
*In Paul Gallico's book The Poseidon Adventure, New York cop Mike Rogo's wife Linda was from Sandusky, though she didn't care to talk about it.
*In the movie, "Network", Robert Duvall's character says the following referring to response from a show on the network, "Herb's phone hasn't stopped ringing! Every god damn affiliate from Albuquerque to Sandusky! The response is sensational!" Sandusky does not have a broadcast TV affiliate, nor did it during the time of the film.
*The 1985 movie "Fast Forward" is about a fictional group of dancers from Sandusky who travel to New York to compete in a talent competition.
*The 1990 movie "Welcome Home, Roxy Carmichael", which is set in the nearby town of Clyde, Ohio, includes scenes shot in Sandusky.
*In the 2004 movie "50 First Dates", Dr. Keats (played by Dan Aykroyd) says his brain injury clinic is funded out of Sandusky.

References

External links

* [http://www.ci.sandusky.oh.us/ Sandusky's official website]
*
* [http://www.sandusky-city.k12.oh.us/ Sandusky City Schools]
* [http://www.sanduskycentralcatholicschool.com/ Sandusky Central Catholic Schools]
* [http://www.sanduskyregister.com/ The Sandusky Register newspaper]


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