List of network protocols

List of network protocols

This is an incomplete list of network protocols, categorized by their nearest OSI model layers. Many of these protocols, however, are originally based on the Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) and other models and often do not fit neatly into OSI layers. For reference to TCP/IP categories see the table to the right.

=Layer 1 protocols (Physical Layer)=

* ADSL Asymmetric digital subscriber line
* ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network
* PDH Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy
**T-carrier (T1, T3, etc.)
**E-carrier (E1, E3, etc.)
* RS-232, a serial line interface originally developed to connect modems and computer terminals
* SDH Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
* SONET Synchronous Optical NETworking
* Modem standards/ITU V-Series Protocols used to communicate between analog modems over voice telephone lines.
* Various Ethernet physical layers

=Layer 2 protocols (Data Link Layer)=

* ARCnet
* CDP Cisco Discovery Protocol
* DCAP Data Link Switching Client Access Protocol
* Dynamic Trunking Protocol
* Econet
* Ethernet
* FDDI Fiber Distributed Data Interface
* Frame Relay
* HDLC High Level Data Link Control
* IEEE 802.11
* IEEE 802.16
* LocalTalk
* L2F Layer 2 Forwarding Protocol
* L2TP Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol
* LAPD Link Access Procedures on the D channel
* LLDP Link Layer Discovery Protocol
* LLDP-MED Link Layer Discovery Protocol - Media Endpoint Discovery
* PPP Point-to-Point Protocol
* PPTP Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol
* Q.710 Simplified Message Transfer Part
* NDP Neighbor Discovery Protocol
* SLIP Serial Line Internet Protocol (obsolete)
* StarLan
* STP Spanning Tree Protocol
* Token ring
* VTP VLAN Trunking Protocol

Layer 2+3 protocols

* ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode
* Frame relay, a simplified version of X.25
* MPLS Multi-protocol label switching
* X.25
* ARP Address Resolution Protocol
* RARP Reverse Address Resolution Protocol

Layer 1+2+3 protocols

* MTP Message Transfer Part
* NSP Network Service Part

=Layer 3 protocols (Network Layer)=

* CLNP Connectionless Networking Protocol
* EGP Exterior Gateway Protocol
* EIGRP Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol
* ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol
* IGMP Internet Group Management Protocol
* IGRP Interior Gateway Routing Protocol
* IPv4 Internet Protocol version 4
* IPv6 Internet Protocol version 6
* IPSec Internet Protocol Security
* IPX Internetwork Packet Exchange
* MPLS Multiprotocol Label Switching
* SCCP Signalling Connection Control Part

Layer 3 protocols (Network Layer management)

* IS-IS Intermediate system to intermediate system
* OSPF Open Shortest Path First
* BGP Border Gateway Protocol
* RIP Routing Information Protocol

Layer 3+4 protocols

* Xerox Network Services

=Layer 4 protocols (Transport Layer)=

* [ AH] AH Authentication Header over IP or IPSec
* [ ESP] ESP Encapsulated Security Payload over IP or IPSec
* GRE Generic Routing Encapsulation for tunneling
* IL Originally developed as transport layer for 9P
* SCTP Stream Control Transmission Protocol
* Sinec H1 for telecontrol
* SPX Sequenced Packet Exchange
* TCP Transmission Control Protocol
* UDP User Datagram Protocol

=Layer 5 protocols (Session Layer)=

* 9P Distributed file system protocol developed originally as part of Plan 9
* NCP NetWare Core Protocol
* NFS Network File System
* SMB Server Message Block (aka CIFS Common Internet FileSystem)

=Layer 7 protocols (Application Layer)=

* AFP, Apple Filing Protocol
* BACnet, Building Automation and Control Network protocol
* BitTorrent, A peer-to-peer file sharing protocol
* BOOTP, Bootstrap Protocol
* Diameter, an authentication, authorization and accounting protocol
* DICT, Dictionary protocol
* DNS, Domain Name System
* DHCP, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
* ED2K, A peer-to-peer file sharing protocol
* FTP, File Transfer Protocol
* Finger, which gives user profile information
* Gnutella, a peer-to-peer file-swapping protocol
* Gopher, a hierarchical hyperlinkable protocol
* HTTP, HyperText Transfer Protocol
* IMAP, Internet Message Access Protocol
* IRC, Internet Relay Chat protocol
* ISUP, ISDN User Part
* Jabber, an instant-messaging protocol
* LDAP Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
* MIME, Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
* MSNP, Microsoft Notification Protocol (used by Windows Live Messenger)
* MAP, Mobile Application Part
* NetBIOS, File Sharing and Name Resolution protocol - the basis of file sharing with Windows.
* NNTP, News Network Transfer Protocol
* NTP, Network Time Protocol
* NTCIP, National Transportation Communications for Intelligent Transportation System Protocol
* POP3 Post Office Protocol Version 3
* RADIUS, an authentication, authorization and accounting protocol
* Rlogin, a UNIX remote login protocol
* rsync, a file transfer protocol for backups, copying and mirroring
* RTP, Real-time Transport Protocol
* RTSP, Real-time Transport Streaming Protocol
* SSH, Secure Shell
* SISNAPI, Siebel Internet Session Network API
* SIP, Session Initiation Protocol, a signaling protocol
* SMTP, Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
* SNMP, Simple Network Management Protocol
* SOAP, Simple Object Access Protocol
* TUP, Telephone User Part
* Telnet, a remote terminal access protocol
* TCAP, Transaction Capabilities Application Part
* TFTP, Trivial File Transfer Protocol, a simple file transfer protocol
* WebDAV, Web Dist Authoring and Versioning

and secure versions of the above (HTTPS, etc.)

Other protocols

* Controller Area Network (CAN)
* Common Industrial Protocol (CIP)
* Digital Command Control (DCC)
* Distributed Systems Architecture (DSA) developed by Honeywell Bull
* FIX protocol
* Gateway Discovery Protocol (GDP) is a Cisco protocol similar to IRDP
* ICMP Router Discovery Protocol: Implementation of RFC 1256
* I²C
* List of automation protocols
* modbus
* Systems Network Architecture (SNA) developed by IBM
* Simple traversal of UDP through Network Address Translators (STUN)
* DECnet Digitals(s) network protocol

Protocol description languages

* Abstract syntax notation one (ASN.1)

External links

* [ Protocol Encapsulation Chart] - A PDF file illustrating the relationship between common protocols and the OSI Reference Model.

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