- Highland Tinamou
Highland Tinamou Conservation status Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Aves Order: Tinamiformes Family: Tinamidae Subfamily: Tinaminae Genus: Nothocercus Species: N. bonapartei Binomial name Nothocercus bonapartei
The Highland Tinamou or Bonaparte's Tinamou, Nothocercus bonapartei is a type of ground bird found in montane moist forest typically over 1,500 m (4,900 ft) altitude.
All tinamou are from the family Tinamidae, and in the larger scheme are also Ratites. Unlike other Ratites, Tinamous can fly, although in general, they are not strong fliers. All ratites evolved from prehistoric flying birds, and Tinamous are the closest living relative of these birds.
It has five subspecies:
- N. b. frantzii occurs in the highlands of Costa Rica and western Panama.
- N. b. bonapartei occurs in northwestern Venezuela and northern Colombia.
- N. b. discrepans occurs in central Colombia (Tolima and Meta provinces).
- N. b. intercedens occurs in the western Andes of Colombia.
- N. b. plumbeiceps occurs in the Andes of eastern Ecuador and far northern Peru.
The highland tinamou averages 38.5 cm (15.2 in) long, and weighs 925 g (2.04 lb). Its plumage is mottled or barred with black and cinnamon on back and wings with a rufous throat.
The Highland Tinamou is a shy Tinamou and usually solitary or in small groups of up to five. It likes to eat fruit from the ground or hanging from low plants, and will sometimes eat insects. Its call is a repetitive loud and hollow call by the male.
During breeding season, the male will incubate the eggs which may be from more than one female and may consist of 4-12 eggs. After hatching the male will also take care of the chicks.
This tinamou is located in the Andes of Colombia, eastern Ecuador, northern Peru, western Venezuela, and the highlands of Costa Rica and western Panama.
- American Ornithologists' Union (1998)  "Tinamiformes: Tinamidae: Tinamous" (PDF) Check-list of North American Birds (7th ed.) Washington, D.C.: American Ornithologists' Union . p. 1 . ISBN 1-891276-00-X http://www.aou.org/checklist/north/pdf/AOUchecklistTin-Falcon.pdf
- BirdLife International (2009). "Nothocercus bonapartei". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/141100. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
- BirdLife International (2008). "Highland Tinamou - BirdLife Species Factsheet". Data Zone. http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/index.html?action=SpcHTMDetails.asp&sid=16&m=0. Retrieved 06 Feb 2009.
- Brands, Sheila (Aug 14 2008). "Systema Naturae 2000 / Classification, Nothocercus bonapartei". Project: The Taxonomicon. http://www.taxonomy.nl/Main/Classification/51351.htm. Retrieved Feb 04 2009.
- Clements, James (2007). The Clements Checklist of the Birds of the World (6 ed.). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. ISBN 978 0 8014 4501 9.
- Davies, S.J.J.F. (2003). "Tinamous". In Hutchins, Michael. Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia. 8 Birds I Tinamous and Ratites to Hoatzins (2 ed.). Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group. pp. 57–59, 62. ISBN 0 7876 5784 0.
Tinamous (order: Tinamiformes • family: Tinamidae) Subfamily Tinaminae Nothurinae
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