Andean Tinamou

Andean Tinamou
Andean Tinamou
Illustration by Joseph Smit, 1895
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Tinamiformes
Family: Tinamidae
Subfamily: Nothurinae
Genus: Nothoprocta
Species: N. pentlandii
Binomial name
Nothoprocta pentlandii
Gray 1867[2]
Sub-species

N. p. pentlandii
Gray 1867[2]
N. p. ambigua
Cory 1915[2]
N. p. oustaleti
Berlepsch & Stolzmann 1901[2]
N. p. niethammeri
Koepcke 1968[2]
N. p. fulvescens
Berlepsch 1902[2]
N. p. doeringi 1878[2]
N. p. mendozae
Banks & Bohl 1968[2]

The Andean Tinamou (Nothoprocta pentlandii) is a tinamou, found commonly in high altitude shrubland, in the Andes of South America[3].

Contents

Etymology

Crypturellus is formed from three Latin or Greek words. kruptos meaning covered or hidden, oura meaning tail, and ellus meaning diminutive. Therefore Crypturellus means small hidden tail.[4]

Taxonomy

All tinamou are from the family Tinamidae, and in the larger scheme are also Ratites. Unlike other Ratites, Tinamous can fly, although in general, they are not strong fliers. All ratites evolved from prehistoric flying birds, and tinamous are the closest living relative of these birds.[5] pentlandii is the Latin form of Pentland which commemorates the Irish Traveller Joseph Barclay Pentland.

Subspecies

The Andean Tinamou has seven subspecies as follows:

Description

The Andean Tinamou is approximately 27 cm (11 in) in length. Its upper parts are greyish-brown to olive brown and barred with black and white. Its breast is grey and spotted with white or buff, its belly is buff or whitish and its crown is black, the sides of its head and throat are mottled grey, and its legs are yellow.

AndeanTinamou(MP).jpg

Range and habitat

The Andean Tinamou can be found in the Andes of Ecuador, northern Chile, Peru, Bolivia and northwestern Argentina.[3]

It prefers subtropical and tropical shrubland at 800–4,100 m (2,600–13,500 ft) altitude.[6]

Conservation

The IUCN classifies the Andean Tinamou as Least Concern,[1] with an occurrence range of 550,000 km2 (210,000 sq mi).[6]

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2008)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Brand, S. (2008)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Clements, J. (2007)
  4. ^ Gotch, A. F. (1995)
  5. ^ Davies, S. J. J. F. (2003)
  6. ^ a b BirdLife International (2008)(a)

References

External links


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