Flora of Malta

Flora of Malta

Typical Flora of Malta consists of the following plants and flowers. While small compared to other countries, the Maltese Islands contain special flowers that grow on islands such as Malta, Gozo, Comino, Filfla, St. Paul's Islands, and Fungus Rock.


Maltese Everlasting

A rare endemic bush growing up to one metre and found only on the western cliffs of Gozo and on Fungus Rock. Its bright yellow flowers can be seen around May and June. Its long and narrow whitish leaves have a covering of short hair.

Hoary Rock-Rose

A very scarce wild flower found mainly in garrigue, where occasionally it is the dominant species. Its pinkish red large flowers appear in spring, on a shrub with sticky leaves.

Evergreen Rose

  • Scientific Name: Rosa sempervirens
  • Maltese Name: Girlanda tal-Wied

A rare perennial evergreen climber with thorny stems, glossy compound leaves and shiny red fruit. Its white flowers appear in spring and early summer. Found growing in maquis and on the sides of sheltered valleys.

Wild Artichoke

  • Scientific Name: Cynara cardunculus
  • Maltese Name: Qaqoċċ tax-Xewk

A common perennial with very large spiny leaves, generally flowering in early summer. It has large deep bluish-violet flower heads, and grows in steppes, especially on clay and garrigue, sometimes even on disturbed ground..

Maltese Pyramidal Orchid

  • Scientific Name: Anacamptis urvilleana
  • Maltese Name: Orkida Piramidali ta' Malta

A scarce endemic orchid, resembling the common Pyramidal Orchid, but having smaller and paler pink or white flowers. Flowers can be found from February to April in garrigue and rocky steppes.

Pheasant's Eye

  • Scientific Name: Adonis microcarpa
  • Maltese Name: Għallet is-Serduq

A rare annual wild flower with delicate fine leaves and bright red flowers appearing during the months of winter and spring. They grow in cultivated land. Heavily persecuted through picking.

Sea Daffodil

Souther Dwarf Iris

  • Scientific Name: Iris pseudopumila
  • Maltese Name: Bellus

French Daffodil

Yellow-throated Crocus

  • Scientific Name: Crocus longiflorus
  • Maltese Name: Żagħfran Salvaġġ

Large Star of Bethlehem

Wild Tulip

  • Scientific Name: Tulipa sylvestris
  • Maltese Name: Tulipan Salvaġġ

Common Poppy

Red Campion

  • Scientific Name: Silene colorata
  • Maltese Name: Lsien l-Għasfur

Corn Chamomile


  • Scientific Name: Borago officinalis
  • Maltese Name: Fidloqqom

Crown Daisy

  • Scientific Name: Chrysanthemum coronarium
  • Maltese Name: Lellux

Common Mallow

Virgin Bush

Spanish Broom

  • Scientific Name: Spartium junceum
  • Maltese Name: Genistra Safra

Mediterranean Hawthorn

Judas Tree


  • Scientific Name: Myrtus communis
  • Maltese Name: Riħan




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