- Orphans of Chaos
Orphans of Chaos
Cover of first edition (hardcover)
Author(s) John C. Wright Country United States Language English Series Chronicles of Chaos Genre(s) Fantasy novel Publisher Tor Books Publication date 20 October 2005 Media type Print (Hardcover & Paperback) Pages 320 pp (First edition) ISBN ISBN 0-7653-1131-3 (First edition) OCLC Number 58055187 Dewey Decimal 813/.6 22 LC Classification PS3623.R54 O77 2005 Followed by Fugitives of Chaos
Five orphans who have spent their lives in a luxurious but strict and secretive British boarding school (Saint Dymphna's School and College for Destitute Children) begin to discover that they are different from the other children that they so rarely see. The five also discover that the patrons of the school and their own guardians are not the Englishmen that they seem to be. Instead these adults represent strange powers. The children's curiosity is further piqued when they learn that they themselves possess unique paranormal abilities.
The story largely concerns the main characters' investigations and discoveries about an otherworldly power struggle, and their place within it.
Names and identities
Themes of naming and identity, both assumed and genuine, are important in the novel and the trilogy it opens. The five child-protagonists are first known only by simple Latin numerical designations; when they reach school age they are allowed to select names for themselves. ("Secunda," the narrator of the novels, chooses a name that expresses her admiration for Amelia Earhart and her fascination with exploration, geography, and travel.) Only in their teens do the five discover their true identities:
- "Primus," who calls himself Victor Invictus Triumph, learns that he is Damnameneus, one of the Telchines;
- "Secunda," Amelia Armstrong Windrose, is Phaethusa, daughter of the Titan Helios and the nymph Neaera;
- "Tertia," Vanity Bonfire Fair, is the Phaiacian princess Nausicaa, daughter of Alcinuous and Arete;
- "Quartinus," Colin Iblis mac FirBolg, is Prince Phobetor, son of Morpheus and Nepenthe;
- "Quintus," Quentin Nemo, is Eidotheus (or Eidothea), son of Proteus and the Graeae.
Other characters in the novel participate in this pattern of multiple identities. Reginald Boggin, the headmaster of the children's school, is actually Boreas, the ancient Greek personification of the north wind. His staff is composed of a Thessalian witch, a cyclops, and similar exotic beings. The music teacher, Miss Daw, is Thelxiepia the siren; the caretaker, Mr. Glum, is Grendel, the monster from Beowulf, in human form. (And Glum's talking dog is Lelaps, the hunting hound of Artemis.)
Mythology and Science Fiction
Wright bases the cosmology of the novel firmly in the mythology of ancient Greece. Many of the gods are habitually referred to by an obscure title from mythology. "Lord Mavors," the children's principal antagonist, is Ares or Mars; "Lord Talbot" is Mulciber, Vulcan. Most of the major deities of the Greek pantheon have roles in the novel and its successors; many secondary figures like Boreas and Orpheus also appear, along with decidedly minor personalities like Laverna, Corus, and Pherespondus the satyr. Wright structures his fictional world on the Greeks' primal creation myth, the rebellion of the Olympian gods against their progenitors, Saturn and the other Titans.
The author combines this traditional mythology with science-fiction elements. In his cosmos, the Phaiacians are not merely the ancient people familiar from the Odyssey, but a race of otherworldly beings with remarkable abilities. The other four teenage protagonists each derive from a different order of non-human, pre-Olympian life, with their own strange natures and capacities; the Olympians regard them as monsters of Chaos. Wright blends mythological, classical, and Homeric elements with Science Fiction in surprising ways; his Laestrygonians are Martians, while his Atlanteans sail outer space as well as the submarine oceans of the Earth.
The fourth dimension
The novel's narrator, Amelia Windrose (or Phaethusa), is one of a race of beings who experience higher spatial dimensions; the concept of the fourth dimension is extensively and imaginatively developed in the book and its sequels. Wright is to some degree comparable to Rudy Rucker as a science fiction writer who has devoted significant attention to the theme of the fourth dimension.
Awards and nominations
- Kirkus Year's Best list, 2005
- Locus Recommended Reading list, 2005
- Nebula Award finalist in the Best Novel category, 2005
- 2005, Great Britain, Tor ISBN 0-7653-1131-3, Pub date 20 Oct 2005, Hardcover
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