- Carbamic acid
Carbamic acid Identifiers CAS number PubChem ChemSpider DrugBank KEGG MeSH ChEBI ChEMBL Jmol-3D images Image 1 Properties Molecular formula CH3NO2 Molar mass 61.040 g/mol Related compounds Related compounds Dithiocarbamate
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Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Carbamic acid is a compound that is unstable under normal circumstances. It is technically the simplest amino acid, though its instability (and the unique nature of the carboxyl-nitrogen bond) allows glycine to assume this title. Its importance is due more to its relevance in identifying the names of larger compounds.  Carbamic acid itself has not been synthesized or characterized by any experimental technique.
Carbamic acids are intermediates in the decomposition of carbamate protecting groups; the hydrolysis of an ester bond produces carbamic acid the evolution of carbon dioxide drives the deprotection reaction forward, yielding the unprotected amine.
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- ^ ed. by John H. Block, John M. Beale. (2004). "Central Nervous System Depressant". Wilson and Gisvold's textbook of organic medicinal and pharmaceutical chemistry. Philadelphia, Pa.: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 495. ISBN 9780781734813. http://books.google.com/?id=CeibVy3-LSMC&pg=PA495.
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