Young Poland

Young Poland
Stanisław Wyspiański self-portrait in soft pastel
Part of a series on the
Culture of Poland
Jan Matejko, Stańczyk
Middle Ages
Young Poland
World War II
People's Republic of Poland

Poland Portal
v · d · e

Young Poland (Polish: Młoda Polska) is a modernist period in Polish visual arts, literature and music, covering roughly the years between 1890 and 1918. It was a result of strong aesthetic opposition to the ideas of Positivism. Młoda Polska promoted trends of decadence, neo-romanticism, symbolism, impressionism and art nouveau.



The term was coined after a manifesto by Artur Górski, published in 1898 in the Kraków newspaper Życie (Life), and was soon adopted in all of partitioned Poland by analogy to similar terms such as Young Germany, Young Belgium, Young Scandinavia, etc.

Polish literature of the period was based on two main concepts. The earlier was a typically modernist disillusionment with the bourgeoisie, its life style and its culture. Artists following this concept also believed in decadence, an end of all culture, conflict between humans and their civilization, and the concept of art as the highest value (art for art's sake). Authors who followed this concept included Kazimierz Przerwa-Tetmajer, Stanisław Przybyszewski, Wacław Rolicz-Lieder and Jan Kasprowicz.

A later concept was a continuation of romanticism, and as such is often called neo-romanticism. The group of writers following this idea was less organised and the writers themselves covered a large variety of topics in their writings: from sense of mission of a Pole in Stefan Żeromski's prose, through social inequality described by Władysław Reymont and Gabriela Zapolska to criticism of Polish society and Polish history by Stanisław Wyspiański.

Writers of this period include also: Wacław Berent, Jan Kasprowicz, Jan Augustyn Kisielewski, Antoni Lange, Jan Lemański, Bolesław Leśmian, Tadeusz Miciński, Andrzej Niemojewski, Franciszek Nowicki, Władysław Orkan, Artur Oppman, Włodzimierz Perzyński, Tadeusz Rittner, Wacław Sieroszewski, Leopold Staff, Kazimierz Przerwa-Tetmajer, Maryla Wolska, and Tadeusz Boy-Żeleński.

Music and visual arts

In music, the term Young Poland is applied to an informal group of composers that include Karol Szymanowski, Grzegorz Fitelberg, Ludomir Różycki and possibly Mieczysław Karłowicz. The group was under strong influence of neoromanticism in music and especially of foreign composers such as Richard Strauss, Richard Wagner and those belonging to The Mighty Handful group e.g. Modest Musorgski, Alexander Borodin and Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov.

In the period of Young Poland there were no overwhelming trends in Polish art. The painters and sculptors tried to continue the romantic traditions with new ways of expression popularised abroad. The most influential trend was art nouveau, although Polish artists started to seek also some form of a national style (see also: styl zakopiański). Both sculpture and painting were also heavily influenced by all forms of symbolism.[1]

Prominent painters and sculptors

See also

Notes and references


  • Dobrowolski Tadeusz, Sztuka Młodej Polski, Warszawa 1963.
  • Słownik artystów polskich i obcych w Polsce działających. Malarze, rzeźbiarze, graficy, t. II, Wrocław 1975 (Urszula Leszczyńska).
  • Puciata-Pawłowska Joanna, Konstanty Laszczka, Siedlce 1980.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Young Poland movement — ▪ Polish literary group       diverse group of early 20th century Neoromantic writers brought together in reaction against naturalism and Positivism. Inspired by Polish Romantic (Romanticism) writers and also by contemporary western European… …   Universalium

  • Young Germany — ( Junges Deutschland ) was a loose group of German writers which existed from about 1830 to 1850. It was essentially a youth movement (similar to those that had swept France, Ireland and originated in Italy). Its main proponents were Karl Gutzkow …   Wikipedia

  • Poland — /poh leuhnd/, n. a republic in E central Europe, on the Baltic Sea. 38,700,291; ab. 121,000 sq. mi. (313,400 sq. km). Cap.: Warsaw. Polish, Polska. * * * Poland Introduction Poland Background: Poland is an ancient nation that was conceived around …   Universalium

  • POLAND — POLAND, republic in E. Central Europe; the kingdom of Poland and the grand duchy of Lithuania united formally (Poland Lithuania) in 1569. This article is arranged according to the following outline: the early settlements jewish legal status… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Young Front — Belarusian: Малады Фронт Leader Zmitser Dashkevich[1] Founded 1997 Ideology Christian democracy …   Wikipedia

  • Young Socialists — has been the name of more than one group: Young Socialists (Belgium) Young Socialists (Croatia) Young Socialists (France) Young Socialists (Germany) Young Socialists (Netherlands) Young Socialists (Poland) Young Socialists (UK) and its successor… …   Wikipedia

  • Young and Rich — Studio album by The Tubes Released April 1976 …   Wikipedia

  • Young Social Democrats (Estonia) — Young Social Democrats Noored Sotsiaaldemokraadid (DSU) President Lauri Läänemets Founded 1992 (1992 …   Wikipedia

  • Young Social Democrats (Slovakia) — Young Social Democrats Mladí sociálni demokrati President Andrej Kolesík Founded …   Wikipedia

  • YOUNG, JAMES E. — YOUNG, JAMES E. (1951– ), U.S. Holocaust scholar. Born in California, educated at the University of California, Santa Cruz (B.A. 1973, Ph.D. 1983) and the University of California, Berkeley (M.A. 1976), Young taught at Bryn Mawr College (1983–84) …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”