Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-8

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-8
MiG-8 Utka
A MiG-8 in flight
Role Experimental/liaison aircraft
Manufacturer Mikoyan-Gurevich
First flight August 13, 1945
Status Retired
Number built 1

The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-8 (Russian: Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-8 «Утка») was a Soviet experimental aircraft of 1945.


Design and development

Nicknamed Utka ("duck"), as the word canard (referring to its small forward wings) is French for "Duck", the MiG-8 was an experimental aircraft designed and funded exclusively by MiG OKB for testing a fixed-wing aircraft with a smaller forward surface and a main lifting surface aftwards on the fuselage. This design has benefits in a jet-powered aircraft as it leaves the rear of the fuselage clear of interference from the jet's exhausts. To test the concept the MiG-8 was powered by a Shvetsov M-11 five cylinder radial engine, with a pusher propeller.

The aircraft was used as a testbed in developing the swept wing of the MiG-15, and afterwards continued to fly as communications/utility aircraft for the OKB.

Being made of wood and fabric, it was very light and reportedly a favorite among MiG OKB test pilots for its docile, slow-speed handling characteristics.


Data from Gunston, The Osprey Encyclopaedia of Russian Aircraft 1875–1995

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Capacity: 2
  • Length: 6.995 m (22 ft 11.4 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.5 m (31 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 15 m2 (160 sq ft)
  • Airfoil: Clark YH
  • Empty weight: 642 kg (1,415 lb)
  • Gross weight: 1,150 kg (2,535 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: 195 litres (43 imp gal; 52 US gal)
  • Powerplant: 1 × de-rated Shvetsov M-11FM five cylinder air-cooled radial engine, 82 kW (110 hp)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed, 2.36 m (7 ft 9 in) diameter


  • Maximum speed: 205 km/h (127 mph; 111 kn)
  • Range: 500 km (311 mi; 270 nmi)

See also

Related lists


  • Gordon, Yefim and Komissarov, Dmitry. OKB Mikoyan: A History of the Design Bureau and its Aircraft. Hinckley, England: Midland Publishing, 2009 ISBN 1-85780-307-5
  • Gunston, Bill. The Osprey Encyclopaedia of Russian Aircraft 1875–1995. London, Osprey, 1995 ISBN 1-85532-405-9

External links

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