- Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Charles II Duke of Mecklenburg
Grand Duke of Mecklenburg
Reign 2 June 1794 – 6 November 1816 Predecessor Adolf Friedrich IV Successor Georg Spouse Princess Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt
Princess Charlotte of Hesse-Darmstadt
Issue Charlotte Georgine, Duchess of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Duchess Caroline Auguste
Duke Georg Carl
Therese, Princess of Thurn and Taxis
Duke Friedrich Georg
Louise, Queen of Prussia
Frederica, Queen of Hanover
Georg, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Duke Friedrich Karl
Duchess Auguste Albertine
Full name Charles Louis Frederick House House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Father Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg, Prince of Mirow Mother Princess Elizabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen Born October 10, 1741
Died November 6, 1816(aged 75)
Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg (10 October 1741 – 6 November 1816) was ruler of the state of Mecklenburg-Strelitz from 1794 until his death. Originally ruling as duke he was raised to the title grand duke in 1815. Prior to succeeding to the throne he served as Governor of Hanover from 1776 to 1786.
Early life and service in Hanover
Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg was born in Mirow the second son of Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg, Prince of Mirow and his wife Princess Elizabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen. On 11 December 1752 his uncle Adolf Friedrich III died and as a result the older brother of Charles succeeded him becoming Adolf Friedrich IV. With his brother's ascension Charles was taken with the rest of the family from Mirow to the capital Strelitz.
Since the age of four Charles looked set for a career in Hanoverian service after being given a Captains commission. His sister Charlotte married the Elector of Hanover, King George III of the United Kingdom on 8 September 1761. Charles made frequent visits to his sister in Great Britain and he ultimately entered in the service of his brother-in-law, the Elector of Hanover, being given a chief military appointment at Hanover following service in Spain.
In the Autumn of 1776, Charles was appointed governor-general of Hanover by his brother-in-law. As Governor of Hanover, Charles effectively held all the powers of a sovereign ruler; with his brother-in-law having no wish to reside in Germany being thoroughly English. Shortly after being widowed for a second time in December 1785, Charles requested permission to retire from his military employments in Hanover and resign the governorship. His brother-in-law granted his request and promoted Charles to the rank of field marshal and granted him a pension. Charles then spent some time traveling before settling down in Darmstadt, where he became President of the Imperial Credit Commission.
Following the childless death of his older brother Adolf Friedrich IV on 2 June 1794, Charles succeeded him as the ruling Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
Ruler of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
As ruler Charles encouraged new agricultural trends, established a new police force, and implemented compulsory education. In 1806, his duchy joined the Confederation of the Rhine. Following the Congress of Vienna his title was elevated on 28 June 1815, making him a grand duke.
In the summer of 1816 Charles went on a tour of Rebburg, Schwalbach and Hildburghausen. Shortly after returning he was taken ill with inflammation of the lungs dying in Neustrelitz after suffering a fit of apoplexy. He was succeeded by his eldest son Georg.
Marriages and children
After unsuccessful attempts to marry a Princess of Denmark and a Princess of Saxe-Gotha Charles married as his first wife Princess Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt, a daughter of Landgrave George William of Hesse-Darmstadt on 18 September 1768 in Darmstadt. They had ten children together with two daughters becoming German queens consort.
- Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1769–1818) married Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
- Duchess Caroline Auguste of Mecklenburg (1771–1773)
- Duke Georg Carl of Mecklenburg (1772–1773)
- Duchess Therese of Mecklenburg (1773–1839) married Karl Alexander, 5th Prince of Thurn and Taxis
- Duke Friedrich Georg of Mecklenburg (1774-1774)
- Duchess Louise of Mecklenburg (1776–1810) married Frederick William III of Prussia
- Duchess Frederica of Mecklenburg (1778–1841) married (1) Prince Louis Charles of Prussia (2) Frederick William, Prince of Solms-Braunfels (3) Ernest Augustus I of Hanover
- Georg, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1779–1860)
- Duke Friedrich Karl of Mecklenburg (1781–1783)
- Duchess Auguste Albertine of Mecklenburg (1782-1782)
After Friederike's death in 1782, he married her sister Princess Charlotte of Hesse-Darmstadt (1755–1785) on 28 September 1784 in Darmstadt. Charlotte died on 12 December 1785 shortly after giving birth to their son.
- Duke Charles of Mecklenburg (1785–1837)
Titles and styles
- 10 October 1741 – 2 June 1794: His Serene Highness Duke Charles of Mecklenburg, Prince of Mirow
- 2 June 1794 – 28 June 1815: His Ducal Serene Highness The Duke of Mecklenburg
- 28 June 1815 – 6 November 1816: His Royal Highness: The Grand Duke of Mecklenburg
Ancestors of Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 16. Johann V-VII, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin 8. Adolf Frederick I, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin 17. Princess Sophie of Holstein-Gottorp 4. Adolf Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 18. Julius Ernst, Duke of Brunswick-Dannenberg 9. Duchess Marie Katharina of Brunswick-Dannenberg 19. Countess Maria of East Frisia 2. Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg, Prince of Mirow 20. Anton Günther I, Count of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen 10. Christian Wilhelm, Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen 21. Countess Palatine Marie Magdalene of Birkenfeld 5. Princess Christiane Emilie of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen 22. Count Albert Friedrich of Barby 11. Countess Antonie Sibylle of Barby-Muhlingen 23. Countess Sophie Ursula of Oldenburg 1. Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg 24. Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha 12. Ernest, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen 25. Princess Elisabeth Sophie of Saxe-Altenburg 6. Ernest Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen 26. Prince Georg Friedrich of Waldeck 13. Countess Sophie of Waldeck 27. Countess Elisabeth Charlotte of Nassau-Siegen 3. Princess Elizabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen 28. Count Georg Albrecht of Erbach-Erbach 14. Count Georg Ludwig of Erbach-Erbach 29. Countess Elisabeth Dorothea of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst 7. Countess Sophia Albertine of Erbach-Erbach 30. Count Philipp Theodor of Waldeck 15. Countess Amalia Katharina of Waldeck 31. Countess Maria Magdalena of Nassau-Siegen
Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-StrelitzCadet branch of the House of MecklenburgBorn: 10 October 1741 Died: 6 November 1816
- ^ Huish, Robert (1821). Public and Private Life His Late Excellent and most Gracious Majesty George The Third. T. Kelly. p. 170.
- ^ a b c Orr, Clarissa Campbell (2004). Queenship in Europe 1660-1815. Cambridge University Press. pp. 375, 379. ISBN 0521814227.
- ^ a b c Hudson, E. H. (1878). The Life and Times of Louisa, Queen of Prussia. Hatchards, Piccadilly. pp. 185, 189, 225.
- ^ Oulton, Walley Chamberlain (1819). Memoirs of Her Late Majesty, Queen Charlotte. T. Kinnersly. p. 238.
- ^ a b Baines, Edward (1851). The Book of Dignities. Longmans. p. 52.
- ^ Almanach de Gotha (182nd ed.). Almanach de Gotha. 1998. p. 173. ISBN 0953214206.
- ^ The Gentleman's Magazine. F. Jefferies. 1816. p. 477.
- ^ a b Huberty, Michel; Alain Giraud, F. et B. Magdelaine. L'Allemagne Dynastique, Tome VI : Bade-Mecklembourg. p. 211. ISBN 9782901138068.
Regnal titles Preceded by
Adolf Friedrich IV
Duke of Mecklenburg [-Strelitz]
Raised to Grand Duke New title Grand Duke of Mecklenburg [-Strelitz]
House of Mecklenburg-StrelitzFounded by Adolphus Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg 1st generation 2nd generation 3rd generation 4th generationLuise · Frederick William · Caroline · George 5th generation 6th generation 7th generation 8th generationElisabeth Christine · Marie Catherine · Irene · Borwin 9th generationOlga · Alexander · Michael
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