- Duke Charles of Mecklenburg
Duke Charles of Mecklenburg
A statue of Duke Charles in Neustrelitz
Born 30 November 1785
Died September 21, 1837(aged 51)
Allegiance Kingdom of Prussia Service/branch Prussian Army Rank Lieutenant General Battles/wars Napoleonic Wars Awards Order of the Black Eagle
Iron Cross (1st class)
Other work President of the Prussian State Council
Duke Charles of Mecklenburg (German: Herzog Carl zu Mecklenburg) (30 November 1785 – 21 September 1837) was a member of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and a Prussian soldier who served in the Napoleonic Wars. From 1827 until his death he was President of the Prussian State Council.
Early life and entry into the army
Duke Charles Frederick Augustus of Mecklenburg was born in Hanover where his father Duke Charles of Mecklenburg was the governor. His mother was Princess Charlotte of Hesse-Darmstadt, his fathers second wife who died shortly after his birth on 12 December. On 2 June 1794 his father succeeded Adolf Friedrich IV as the reigning Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
Duke Charles entered into the Prussian service at a young age. By the age of 19 he held a commission as a Captain and by 1806 he had been promoted to the rank Major. He fought for his brother in law King Frederick William III of Prussia during the War of the Fourth Coalition accompanying the king in his flight following the Prussian defeat in the Battle of Jena-Auerstedt. For his services in the Saale campaign Duke Charles was awarded the Order of the Black Eagle.
By 1813 he had been promoted to the rank Major General and was in command of brigade attached to the force of General Ludwig Yorck von Wartenburg. Duke Charles led his brigade at the Battle of Katzbach. During this campaign while commanding a small column he managed to hold off an attack by French forces who had superior numbers for a whole day before being ordered to withdraw during the night. Shortly after this engagement Duke Charles was instructed by Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher to keep open the communication with the forces of Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron and Fabian Gottlieb von Osten-Sacken. Shortly after setting out with his brigade he was attacked by three French columns. Although vastly outnumbered he managed to hold his ground until he seized an opportunity and placing himself at the head of one of his battalions he managed to drive the French back. For this achievement he was awarded the Iron Cross 1st Class.
The next action he saw was when the Prussian army crossed the Elbe at Wartenburg on 13 October. Given orders to outflank the right wing of the French, Duke Charles took his brigade across the Elbe and attacked the village of Bleddin and succeeded in driving the French out, taking nine of their cannons and a number of prisoners. On 16 October he fought with distinction at the Battle of Möckern. Leading his brigade in a bayonet charge against the French batteries and columns he succeeded in forcing the section of the line they attacked back but at the cost of his whole brigade almost being taken out with Duke Charles and the other officers all being wounded in the charge.
Later that year Duke Charles was appointed to command the 1st of the Line the oldest regiment of foot in the service.
Titles and styles
- 1785 – 1815: His Serene Highness Duke Charles of Mecklenburg, Prince of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
- 1815 – 1837: His Highness Duke Charles of Mecklenburg, Prince of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
Ancestors of Duke Charles of Mecklenburg 16. Adolf Frederick I, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin 8. Adolf Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 17. Duchess Marie Katharina of Brunswick-Dannenberg 4. Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg, Prince of Mirow 18. Christian Wilhelm, Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen 9. Princess Christiane Emilie of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen 19. Countess Antonie Sibylle of Barby-Muhlingen 2. Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 20. Ernest, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen 10. Ernest Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen 21. Countess Sophie of Waldeck 5. Princess Elizabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen 22. Count Georg Ludwig of Erbach-Erbach 11. Countess Sophia Albertine of Erbach-Erbach 23. Countess Amalia Katharina of Waldeck 1. Duke Charles of Mecklenburg 24. Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt 12. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt 25. Margravine Dorothea Charlotte von Brandenburg-Ansbach 6. Landgrave George William of Hesse-Darmstadt 26. Count Johann Reinhard III of Hanau-Lichtenberg 13. Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg 27. Margravine Dorothea Friederike of Brandenburg-Ansbach 3. Princess Charlotte of Hesse-Darmstadt 28. John, Count of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg 14. Count Christian Karl Reinhard of Leiningen-Dachsburg-Falkenburg-Heidesheim 29. Countess Johanna Magdalene of Hanau-Lichtenberg 7. Countess Maria Louise Albertine of Leiningen-Falkenburg-Dagsburg 30. Count Ludwig of Solms-Rödelheim 15. Countess Catharine Polyxene of Solms-Rödelheim and Assenheim 31. Countess Charlotte Sibylla of Ahlefeld
- ^ a b Huberty, Michel; Alain Giraud, F. et B. Magdelaine. L'Allemagne Dynastique, Tome VI : Bade-Mecklembourg. pp. 211, 218. ISBN 9782901138068.
- ^ a b c d e The United Service Magazine. H. Colburn. 1837. pp. 529, 530.
- ^ Laven, David; Riall, Lucy (2000). Napoleon's Legacy. Berg Publishers. pp. 207. ISBN 1859732496.
House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Founded by Adolphus Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg 1st generation 2nd generation 3rd generation 4th generationLuise · Frederick William · Caroline · George 5th generation 6th generation 7th generation 8th generationElisabeth Christine · Marie Catherine · Irene · Borwin 9th generationOlga · Alexander · Michael
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.