- Duchess Therese of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Duchess Therese of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Princess of Thurn and Taxis Therese, Princess of Thurn and Taxis Princess consort of Thurn and Taxis Reign 25 May 1789 – 15 July 1827 Predecessor Duchess Auguste of Württemberg Successor Baroness Wilhelmine of Dörnberg Spouse Karl Alexander, 5th Prince of Thurn and Taxis Issue Princess Charlotte Luise
Prince Georg Karl
Maria Theresia, Princess Esterházy of Galántha
Princess Luise Friederike
Maria Sophia, Duchess Paul Wilhelm of Württemberg
Maximilian Karl, 6th Prince of Thurn and Taxis
Prince Friedrich Wilhelm
Full name German: Therese Mathilde Amalia House House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
House of Thurn and Taxis
Father Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg Mother Princess Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt Born 5 April 1773
Hanover, Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Died 12 February 1839(aged 65)
Regensburg, Kingdom of Bavaria
Burial St. Emmeram's Abbey Religion Lutheran
Duchess Therese Mathilde Amalie of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (German: Herzogin Therese Mathilde Amalie zu Mecklenburg-Strelitz; 5 April 1773 – 12 February 1839) was a member of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and a Duchess of Mecklenburg. Through her marriage to Karl Alexander, 5th Prince of Thurn and Taxis, Therese was also a member of the House of Thurn and Taxis.
Therese married Karl Alexander, Hereditary Prince of Thurn and Taxis, son of Karl Anselm, 4th Prince of Thurn and Taxis and his wife Duchess Auguste of Württemberg, on 25 May 1789 in Neustrelitz, Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Therese's paternal aunt Queen Charlotte and her husband George III of the United Kingdom helped broker the marriage, in particular ensuring that Therese would be able to keep her Protestant faith. Therese and Karl Alexander had seven children:
- Princess Charlotte Luise of Thurn and Taxis (24 March 1790 – 22 October 1790)
- Prince George Karl of Thurn and Taxis (26 March 1792 – 20 January 1795)
- Princess Maria Theresia of Thurn and Taxis (6 July 1794 – 18 August 1874)
- Princess Luise Friederike of Thurn and Taxis (29 August 1798 – 1 December 1798)
- Princess Maria Sophia Dorothea of Thurn and Taxis (4 March 1800 – 20 December 1870)
- Maximilian Karl, 6th Prince of Thurn and Taxis (3 November 1802 – 10 November 1871)
- Prince Friedrich Wilhelm of Thurn and Taxis (29 January 1805 – 7 September 1825)
Therese also had illegitimate issue by Maximilian, Graf von und zu Lerchenfeld auf Köfering und Schönberg (München, 17 January 1772 – Kassel, 19 October 1809), who married on 25 May 1789 Maria Anna Philippine Walburga Groschlag von Dieburg, by whom he had one son; one was created Graf von Stockau; the others were surnamed von Stargard. Children include:
- Georg Adolf, Graf von Stockau (Dresden, Saxony, 6 May 1806 – Napajedl castle, Maehren, 4 April 1865, bur. crypt, Napajedl castle chapel, Maehren), a Lutheran, married on 25 November 1830 to Franziska de Paula Maria Elisabeth, Gräfin von Fünfkirchen (Vienna, Austria, 24 July 1801 – Napajedl castle, Maehren, 14 May 1870, bur. crypt, Napajedl castle chapel, Maehren), a Roman Catholic, heiress of Napajedl castle and estate in Maehren, widow of Clemens Graf von Kesselstatt, and had issue, now seemingly extinct in male line
- Amalie von Sternfeld (Regensburg, 16 June 1808 – Tegernsee, 21 June 1888), married at Köfering, 31 August 1825 to Georg-Alexander, Freiherr von Krüdener (1786 – 1852), and had female issue
In 1790 Anne-César, Chevalier de la Luzerne, the French ambassador to Great Britain, reported that Therese's husband was being considered for the new throne of the Austrian Netherlands and that Therese's aunt Queen Charlotte would support this; these turned out to be unfounded rumors, as Charlotte and her husband George III believed Karl Alexander of insufficient rank for kingship. After the mediatization of the Principality of Thurn and Taxis to the Kingdom of Bavaria in 1806 during the German Mediatisations, the end of the Holy Roman Empire and creation of the Confederation of the Rhine, and the subsequent end of the Imperial Reichspost, Therese's initiative and negotiating skills were influential in maintaining the Thurn and Taxis-run postal system as the private company, Thurn-und-Taxis-Post. Like her sister, Louise, Queen consort of Prussia, she failed in their negotiations with Napoleon I of France, but during the Congress of Vienna, she was successful in enforcing the interests of the Thurn and Taxis family.
Therese and Karl Alexander had their first residence (until 1797) in the Palais Thurn und Taxis in Frankfurt am Main. Early on in their marriage, Therese took over her young husband's representational tasks. After her father-in-law's resignation as Post Master General and Principal Commissioner of the Perpetual Imperial Diet at Regensburg, Therese's husband Karl Alexander became Principal Commissioner in 1797. Therese took an active role in the administration of the Princely House and lands as well as the postal administration and was also devoted to art and literature. She hosted in her salon poets and writers including Jean Paul, Friedrich Rückert, Johann Kaspar Lavater, and Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock.
Only with the predictable demise of the Imperial Reichspost, the German Mediatisations of 1803, the mediatization of the Princely House of Thurn and Taxis, and the loss of position of Post Master General in the time of Napoleon I of France, Therese became outwardly politically active, most especially after the death of her father-in-law in 1805. Since then, Therese reinforced the sovereignty of the Princely House of Thurn and Taxis and its traditional postal rights. In 1806, she and her husband negotiated with her brother-in-law Frederick William III of Prussia along with Karl Theodor Anton Maria von Dalberg, the former Archbishop-Elector of Mainz and Prince-Primate of Regensburg, and for the first time in 1807 with Napoleon. Likewise, they also negotiated with Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria in Munich and proposed to him the nationalization of the Thurn and Taxis Lehnspost there. In 1808, Therese and her husband took the interests of the Princely House of Thurn and Taxis to the Congress of Erfurt. There, a secret meeting occurred between Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord and Alexander I of Russia in her salon.
After fruitless negotiations in Erfurt were lost, Therese traveled at the end of 1809 to Paris, where she met with Napoleon concerning the future status of the Princely House of Thurn and Taxis, the withdrawal of the media, and the re-acquisition of rights to the postal system. From this trip survives a correspondence with her husband Karl Alexander in which he laments the impoverishment of the House of Thurn and Taxis and asks Therese to limit her expenses. Through their negotiations with Napoleon, the Princely House of Thurn and Taxis was offered to relocate to Paris. The negotiations failed, however, perhaps because the correspondence with her sister Queen Louise of Prussia fell into the hands of the French authorities.
After the defeat and exile of Napoleon, Therese took the interests of the Princely House to the Congress of Vienna in 1814 where many political negotiations took place between Talleyrand, Tsar Alexander I, Klemens Wenzel, Prince von Metternich, and other political leaders in her salon. Not least because of Article 17 of the Federal Act from the year 1815, the revenue of the former post offices of the House of Thurn and Taxis in several states of the German Confederation as a legitimate claim was established. Private postal services were established and were intended to have a reasonable compensation obligation to the Princely House of Thurn and Taxis.
Duchess Therese died in Taxis, Regensburg, at the age of 65.
Therese, Princess of Thurn and Taxis
Reference style Her Highness Spoken style Your Highness Alternative style Ma'am
Titles and styles
- 5 April 1773 – 25 May 1789: Her Serene Highness Duchess Therese of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
- 25 May 1789 – 13 November 1805: Her Serene Highness The Heredtiary Princess of Thurn and Taxis
- 13 November 1805 – 28 June 1815: Her Serene Highness The Princess of Thurn and Taxis
- 28 June 1815 – 15 July 1827: Her Highness The Princess of Thurn and Taxis
- 15 July 1827 – 12 February 1839: Her Highness The Dowager Princess of Thurn and Taxis
Ancestors of Duchess Therese of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 16. Adolf Frederick I, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin 8. Adolf Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 17. Duchess Marie Katharina of Brunswick-Dannenberg 4. Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg, Prince of Mirow 18. Christian Wilhelm, Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen 9. Princess Christiane Emilie of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen 19. Countess Antonie Sibylle of Barby-Muhlingen 2. Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg 20. Ernest, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen 10. Ernest Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen 21. Countess Sophie of Waldeck 5. Princess Elizabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen 22. Count Georg Ludwig of Erbach-Erbach 11. Countess Sophia Albertine of Erbach-Erbach 23. Countess Amalia Katharina of Waldeck 1. Duchess Therese of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 24. Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt 12. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt 25. Margravine Dorothea Charlotte von Brandenburg-Ansbach 6. Landgrave George William of Hesse-Darmstadt 26. Count Johann Reinhard III of Hanau-Lichtenberg 13. Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg 27. Margravine Dorothea Friederike of Brandenburg-Ansbach 3. Princess Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt 28. Count John, Count of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg 14. Count Christian Karl Reinhard of Leiningen-Dachsburg-Falkenburg-Heidesheim 29. Countess Johanna Magdalene of Hanau-Lichtenberg 7. Countess Maria Louise Albertine of Leiningen-Falkenburg-Dagsburg 30. Count Ludwig of Solms-Rödelheim 15. Countess Catharine Polyxene of Solms-Rödelheim and Assenheim 31. Countess Charlotte Sibylla of Ahlefeld
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Darryl Lundy (9 Jan 2009). "Therese Mathilde Amalie Herzogin von Mecklenburg-Strelitz". thePeerage.com. http://thepeerage.com/p32017.htm#i320161. Retrieved 2009-06-28.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Paul Theroff. "MECKLENBURG". Paul Theroff's Royal Genealogy Site. http://www.angelfire.com/realm/gotha/gotha/mecklenburg.html. Retrieved 2009-06-28.
- ^ a b Campbell Orr, Clarissa (2004). "Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen of Great Britain and Electress of Hanover: Northern Dynasties and the Northern Republic of Letters". In Campbell Orr, Clarissa. Queenship in Europe 1660-1815: The Role of the Consort. Cambridge University Press. pp. 368–369. ISBN 0521814227.
- ^ http://genealogy.euweb.cz/meckl/meckl7.html
- ^ http://www.dresselgenealogy.us/a6.htm
- ^ Kalmus, a. a. O., S. 430f.
- ^ Dallmeier, Schad, a. a. O., S. 90.
- ^ Dallmeier, Schad, a. a. O., S. 78.
- ^ a b Piendl, a. a. O., S. 85.
- ^ Dallmeier, Schad, a. a. O., S. 79, Wortlaut bei Piendl, a. a. O., S. 86.
Duchess Therese of Mecklenburg-StrelitzCadet branch of the House of MecklenburgBorn: 5 April 1773 Died: 12 February 1839
- Wolfgang Behringer: Thurn und Taxis, Die Geschichte ihrer Post und ihrer Unternehmen. München, Zürich 4 November 2011, ISBN 3-492-03336-9.
- Martin Dallmeier, Martha Schad: Das Fürstliche Haus Thurn und Taxis, 300 Jahre Geschichte in Bildern. Verlag Friedrich Pustet, Regensburg 4 November 2011, ISBN 3-7917-1492-9.
- Ludwig Kalmus: Weltgeschichte der Post. Verlag Amon Franz Göth, Wien 4 November 2011.
- Max Piendl: Das Fürstliche Haus Thurn und Taxis, Zur Geschichte des Hauses und der Thurn und Taxis-Post. Verlag Friedrich Pustet, Regensburg 4 November 2011.
- Rudolf Reiser: Mathilde Therese von Thurn und Taxis (1773–1839). In: Zeitschrift für Bayerische Landeskunde. 38, 4 November 2011, p. 739–748.
German nobility Preceded by
Duchess Auguste of Württemberg
Princess consort of Thurn and Taxis
13 November 1805 – 15 July 1827
Baroness Wilhelmine of Dörnberg
House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Founded by Adolphus Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg 1st generation 2nd generation 3rd generation 4th generationLuise · Frederick William · Caroline · George 5th generation 6th generation 7th generation 8th generationElisabeth Christine · Marie Catherine · Irene · Borwin 9th generationOlga · Alexander · Michael The generations are numbered from the elevation of Eugen Alexander Franz to Prince of Thurn and Taxis in 1695. 1st GenerationPrincess Maria Ludovika of Lobkowicz 2nd GenerationMargravine Sophie Christine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth · Princess Charlotte Louise of Lorraine · Princess Maria Henriette Josepha of Fürstenberg-Stühlingen 3rd GenerationDuchess Auguste of Württemberg · Princess Eleonore of Lobkowicz 4th GenerationDuchess Therese of Mecklenburg-Strelitz · Countess Marie Isabelle of Eltz · Countess Juliane of Einsiedel · Countess Aurora Batthyány of Német-Ujvár 5th GenerationBaroness Wilhelmine of Dörnberg · Princess Mathilde Sophie of Oettingen-Oettingen and Oettingen-Spielberg · Countess Almeria of Belcredi · Countess Lucie Capello of Wickenburg · Eugénie de Tascher de la Pagerie · Countess Antonie of Schaffgotsche · Countess Maria of Thun and Hohenstein 6th GenerationDuchess Helene in Bavaria · Viktoria Edelspacher de Gyoryok · Baroness Melanie of Seckendorff · Princess Karoline of Thurn und Taxis* · Countess Franziska Grimaud of Orsay · Princess Marie of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst · Countess Theresia Grimaud of Orsay · Princess Maria Theresia of Braganza · Princess Eleonore of Ligne · Countess Henriette Ungnad of Weissenwolff 7th GenerationArchduchess Margarethe Klementine of Austria · Countess Gabriele Kinsky of Wchinitz and Tettau · Lida Eleanor Nicolls** · Princess Pauline of Metternich-Winneburg · Princess Marie of Ligne · Ingeborg Sponer** · Countess Beatrice of Bethusy-Huc · Dorothea van der Elst** 8th GenerationPrincess Isabel Maria of Braganza · Princess Maria Anna of Braganza · Princess Elisabeth of Luxembourg · Princess Margarete of Thurn and Taxis* · Countess Marie Valerie of Mazzuchelli · Princess Eugénie of Greece and Denmark · Princess Eulalia of Thurn and Taxis* · Princess Maria Julia of Lobkowicz · Frances Goodyear** · Anna Maria Zhuber von Okróg** · Beatrix Estella de Gamas** · Princess Mafalda of Thurn and Taxis* · Anna Brückner** · Nancy Brown Hess** · Angela Tacoli** 9th GenerationCountess Mariae Gloria of Schönburg in Glauchau and Waldenburg · Baroness Alexandra von der Ropp · Countess Anna Maria of Pocci · Christa Heinle** · Dorothea Hornberg** · Countess Maria Christiane of Waldstein, Baroness of Wartenberg · Martha Singer** · Beata Béry** · Veronique Lantz** · Viola Pauen** · Anja Krapinger** · Ursulla Franco Silva** · Countess Pauline of Aspremont-Lynden · Countess Anna of Trauttmansdorff-Weinsberg 10th GenerationCarine Lackner** · Kimberly E. Herald** · Nina Zeiringer** *also a Princess of Thurn and Taxis by birth
**did not have a royal or noble title by birth
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