Chordee

Chordee
Chordee
Classification and external resources

A human penis with chordee.
ICD-10 N48.8 (ILDS N48.83), Q54.4
ICD-9 752.63

Chordee is a condition in which the head of the penis curves downward (that is, in a ventral direction) or upward, at the junction of the head and shaft of the penis. The curvature is usually most obvious during erection, but resistance to straightening is often apparent in the flaccid state as well. In many cases but not all, chordee is associated with hypospadias. This is not the same condition as Peyronie's disease, which involves curvature of the shaft of the penis most commonly due to injury during adult life.

Presentation

It is usually considered a congenital malformation of unknown cause. Since at an early stage of fetal development the penis is curved downward, it has been proposed that chordee results from an arrest of penile development at that stage.

Chordee is also a complication of circumcision,[1][2] though some medical professionals do not consider it to be true chordee because the corporal bodies are normally formed.[3] However not all congenital chordee includes abnormal corpora, and case reports of damage to the corpus cavernosum from circumcision are noted in the literature; particularly as a complication of local anesthetic.[4]

The curvature of a chordee can involve

  1. tethering of the skin with urethra and corpora of normal size;
  2. curvature induced by fibrosis and contracture of the fascial tissue (Buck's fascia or dartos) surrounding the urethra;
  3. disproportionately large corpora in relation to the urethral length without other demonstrable abnormality of either; or
  4. a short, fibrotic urethra that tethers the penis downward (the least common type).

Severe degrees of chordee are usually associated with hypospadias, but mild degrees of curvature may occur in many otherwise normal males. When the curved penis is small and accompanied by hypospadias, deficiency of prenatal androgen effect can be inferred.

Treatment

The principal treatment of chordee is surgery in infancy,[5] usually by a pediatric urologist.

The preferred time for surgery is between the ages of 6 and 18 months, by which time the risk from anesthesia is low.

Correction is usually successful.

References

  1. ^ "AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS: Circumcision Policy Statement", Pediatrics 103 (3): 686–693, 3 March 1999, doi:10.1542/peds.103.3.686, PMID 10049981, http://aappolicy.aappublications.org/cgi/content/full/pediatrics;103/3/686, retrieved 19 August 2010 
  2. ^ Kaplan, M.D, George W (August 1983), "Complications of Circumcision", Urologic Clinics of North America 10 (3): Pages 543–549, http://www.cirp.org/library/complications/kaplan/ 
  3. ^ "Complications of Circumcision". http://newborns.stanford.edu/CircComplications.html. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  4. ^ Palmer, MD, John M; Link, MD, Daniel (June 15, 1979) [1979], "Impotence Following Anesthesia for Elective Circumcision", Journal of the American Medical Association 241 (24): 2635–2636, doi:10.1001/jama.241.24.2635, PMID 439362, http://www.cirp.org/library/complications/palmer/ 
  5. ^ Braga LH, Pippi Salle JL, Dave S, Bagli DJ, Lorenzo AJ, Khoury AE (2007), "Outcome analysis of severe chordee correction using tunica vaginalis as a flap in boys with proximal hypospadias", J. Urol. 178 (4 Pt 2): 1693–7; discussion 1697, doi:10.1016/j.juro.2007.03.166, PMID 17707021. 

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chordee — Chor*dee , n. [F. cord[ e], cord[ e]e, p. p. of corder to cord.] (Med.) A painful erection of the penis, usually with downward curvature, occurring in gonorrhea. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • chordee — noun /ˈkɔːdiː/ an abnormal downward curve to the erect penis , 1963: Enderby, blinking and squinting, noting that he had slept with his teeth in, wondering where he had put his contact lenses, was emboldened by morning chordee to say, ‘Oughtn’t… …   Wiktionary

  • chordee — 1. Painful erection of the penis in gonorrhea or Peyronie disease, with curvature resulting from lack of distensibility of the corpus cavernosum urethrae. SYN: gryposis penis. 2. Ventral curvature of the …   Medical dictionary

  • chordee — n. acute angulation of the penis. In Peyronie s disease, this is due to a localized fibrous plaque in the penis, which fails to engorge on erection. As a result, the penis angulates at this point making intercourse impossible. In a child,… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • chordee — /kawr dee, day, kohr /, n. Pathol. a downward bowing of the penis, of a congenital nature or caused by gonorrhea. [1700 10; < F cordée (fem. ptp.) corded, in the phrase chaude pisse cordée corded gonorrhea] * * * …   Universalium

  • chordee — n. downward arching of the male sex organ (congenital or as a result of disease) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • chordee — chor·dee …   English syllables

  • chordee — ˈkȯrˌdē, ˌdā,  ̷ ̷ˈ ̷ ̷ noun ( s) Etymology: French cordée, feminine of cordé corded (in chaude pisse cordée corded gonorrhea), from corde cord more at cord : painful erection of the penis often with a downward curvature, common as a lesi …   Useful english dictionary

  • Искривление Полового Члена (Chordee) — острое искривление полового члена. При болезни Пейрони, для которой характерно образование локализованных хрящевидных уплотнений дорсальной поверхности полового члена, нарушается его кровенаполнение во время эрекции. В результате происходит… …   Медицинские термины

  • ИСКРИВЛЕНИЕ ПОЛОВОГО ЧЛЕНА — (chordee) острое искривление полового члена. При болезни Пейрони, для которой характерно образование локализованных хрящевидных уплотнений дорсальной поверхности полового члена, нарушается его кровенаполнение во время эрекции. В результате… …   Толковый словарь по медицине

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