Timeline of Adelaide history

Timeline of Adelaide history

This is a timeline of Adelaide history.

Prior to 1800s

*The Kaurna peoples' traditional lands lie in and around the Adelaide Plains.
*Their traditional way of life was destroyed within twenty years of European settlement.



* 1836: The site for Adelaide is chosen by Colonel William Light beside the River Torrens. Governor John Hindmarsh lands at Holdfast Bay and proclaims the new colony of South Australia.
* 1837: Colonel Light completes the survey of Adelaide and designs the city's grid layout. Single-acre allotments are made, first to holders of land orders and then by auction. The city's first hospital is opened on North Terrace.
* 1838: The South Australia Police, the first police force in Australia, is formed in Adelaide. The first German immigrants arrive and settle in Adelaide and its surrounds.
* 1839: Colonel Light dies at Thebarton and is interred in Light Square - a memorial will be built over the grave. Port Road opens as the first road built in South Australia.


* 1840: The first portion of Government House is completed, becoming the first in Australia. The Corporation of Adelaide is founded as the first municipal authority in Australia, and James Hurtle Fisher is elected mayor. An agricultural show, which will become the Royal Adelaide Show, is first held in the yard of Fordham's Hotel in Grenfell Street.
* 1841: Construction begins of Adelaide Gaol, and the first section is completed. The Adelaide Hospital (later Royal) is opened.
* 1843: The first Legislative Council building is opened on North Terrace.
* 1844: The colonial Government takes control of the Corporation of Adelaide.
* 1847: St Peter's College is established.
* 1848: Pulteney Grammar School is established. The Savings Bank of South Australia begins trading from a room in Gawler Place.
* 1849: City Commissioners are nominated to manage Adelaide.


* 1850: G. P. Harris and J. C. Lanyon, the forerunner to Harris Scarfe, opens on Hindley Street.
* 1851: Responsible Government is introduced to South Australia, enfranchising wealthy male colonists.
* 1852: The Corporation of Adelaide is reconstituted and James Hurtle Fisher again becomes mayor. The first overland transport of gold arrives in Adelaide.
* 1855: Central Adelaide Mosque
* 1856: The South Australian Institute is founded, from which will derive the State Library, State Museum and Art Galllery. The first telegraph line and steam railway between Adelaide and Port Adelaide are opened.
* 1857: Adelaide Botanic Gardens opens at today's site in the Parklands off North Terrace.
* 1858: The Melbourne-Adelaide telegraph line is opened.
* 1859: A jetty more than 350 metres in length is constructed at Glenelg. It has a wooden lighthouse at its end, which will later be destroyed by fire.


*1860: Thorndon Park Reservoir supplied water through new reticulation system.
*1861: East Terrace markets opened.
*1863: First gas supplied to city.
*1865: Bank of Adelaide founded.
*1866: The Italianate Adelaide Town Hall opened.
*1867: Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, made first royal visit to Adelaide.
*1869: The City Market (later Central) opened on Grote Street.


*1870: Port Adelaide Football Club established.
*1872: The General Post Office opened. Adelaide became first Australian capital linked to Imperial London with completion of the Overland Telegraph.
*1873: First cricket match played at Adelaide Oval.
*1874: The Adelaide Oval officially opened. The University of Adelaide founded.
*1876: Adelaide Children's Hospital founded.
*1877: The Adelaide Bridge across the Torrens completed.
*1878: First horse-drawn trams in Australia commenced operations in the city.
*1879: Foundation stone of the University of Adelaide laid.


*1880: Telephone introduced.
*1881: The Art Gallery of South Australia opened by Prince Albert Victor. Ornamental Torrens Lake created following construction of weir.
*1882: First water-borne sewerage service in Australia commenced. The City Baths opened on King William Street.
*1883: Adelaide Zoological Gardens opened.
*1884: Adelaide Trades and Labor Council inaugurated. Largs Bay Fort opened.
*1885: The Adelaide Arcade opened. Flinders Column erected at the Mount Lofty Summit.
*1887: Express train services between Adelaide and Melbourne commence. Stock Exchange of Adelaide formed.
*1889: School of Mines and Industries opened on North Terrace.


*1890: Adelaide's first public statue, Venus, is unveiled on North Terrace.
*1893: The Australian Association for the Advancement of Science meets in Adelaide - credit is universally accorded to Colonel Light for his selection of the site and for the design of Adelaide.
*1894: The world's second Act granting women suffrage is passed in Parliament House on North Terrace.
*1896: Moving pictures are shown for first time in South Australia at Theatre Royal on Hindley Street. Happy Valley Reservoir is opened.
*1899: The South Australian contingent left Adelaide for the Second Boer War.


Early 1900s

*1900: First electricity station opened in South Australia at Grenfell Street.
*1901: Adelaide became a state capital upon the establishment of the Commonwealth of Australia on 1 January. The Duke and Duchess of York visited.
*1904: Adelaide Fruit and Produce Exchange opened in the East End.
*1908: Outer Harbor opened. Adelaide High School established.
*1909: Electric tram services began.


*1912: The Verco Building, an early 'skyscraper', is built on North Terrace.
*1913: The first metropolitan abattoir opens.
*1915: Liquor bars close at 6 p.m. following a referendum.
*1917: German private schools are closed. The first trains travel to Perth following completion of the East-West continental railway.
*1919: Adelaide is awarded official city status and Mayor Charles Richmond Glover becomes the first Lord Mayor.


*1924: Radio broadcasting begins.
*1925: The Wayville Showgrounds open.
*1927: The North-South railway is extended. The Duke and Duchess of York visit.
*1929: The electric tram service to Glenelg commences.


*1931: The Beef Riot: 17 people are injured when unemployed men clash with police while protesting the decision to remove beef from the dole ration.
*1932: Local government is overhauled when Government redifines boundaries and names and abolishes others.
*1933: First Adelaide Christmas Pageant is organised by John Martins.
*1935: Many German place names, which had been changed during the Great War, are restored.
*1936: Centennial Park Cemetery opens. Grand celebrations are held to celebrate South Australia's Centenary.
*1937: First trolley bus services commence. First permanent traffic signals are installed. Mount Bold Reservoir is opened. Outbreak of poliomyelitis.
*1938: South Australian Housing Trust completes first dwelling.
*1939: Worst heat wave is recorded with disastrous bushfires and highest Adelaide temperature of 47.6° Celsius. New Parliament House is opened on North Terrace by Governor-General Lord Gowrie. Carrick Hill, home to Edward (later Sir Edward) and Ursula Hayward, is completed.


*1940: Birkenhead Bridge opened. Second industry rapidly expanded throughout Adelaide region and South Australia at large as the war-effort intensified.
*1942: Rationing of tea and clothing introduced. Racesport and bookmaking banned.
*1943: Rationing of butter introduced. Racing re-allowed.
*1944: Rationing of meat introduced.
*1945: Gas and electricity restrictions imposed.
*1947: Orchards ripped up following discovery of fruit fly in the metropolitan area.
*1948: Glenelg jetty destroyed and widespread damage caused by severe storms. Clothing and meat rationing abolished. Holden began production.


*1950: Petrol, butter and tea rationing abolished.
*1954: Adelaide was hit by a severe earthquake on 1 March. Queen Elizabeth II made first sovereign visit to Adelaide. Mannum-Adelaide pipeline completed, pumping water from the River Murray to metropolitan reservoirs.
*1955: Adelaide Airport at West Beach opened. Elizabeth officially proclaimed.
*1958: Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother, visited Adelaide. First parking meters installed. South Para Reservoir opened and connected to Adelaide water supply. Last street tram removed, leaving only the Glenelg Tram.
*1959: Television broadcasting commenced, with NWS-9.


*1960: First Adelaide Festival of Arts held.
*1962: Myponga Reservoir opened and connected to Happy Valley Reservoir.
*1963: Port Stanvac oil refinery began operations. Queen Elizabeth II visited.
*1964: Record wind gust of 148 kilometres per hour noted in Adelaide.
*1966: Flinders University opened at Bedford Park by the Queen Mother. Happy Valley Reservoir pipelines extended.
*1967: Wowserism goes into decline. Lotteries commenced in South Australia. Liquor trading hours extended. Torrens Island power station began operations.
*1969: Natural gas pumped from Moomba to Adelaide through 832-kilometre pipeline. Glenelg Jetty rebuilt.


*1970: South Australia becomes first state to reform abortion laws.
*1971: Fluoridisation of water supply commenced. Age of majority reduced to 18 from 21.
*1973: New hospital opened at Modbury. Dunstan Labor Government returned to Government and commenced extensive social reforms. Adelaide Festival Theatre opened.
*1974: Prince Philip, The Duke of Edinburgh, visited Adelaide. First match of the new South Australian National Football League held at West Lakes.
*1975: The Internation Equestrian Exposition was held in Adelaide, attended by Princess Anne, The Princess Royal. The City of Adelaide Plan adopted by the City Council.
*1976: Five AA began broadcasting. The Liberal Movement is founded in Adelaide. Rundle Mall, Australia's first pedestrian mall, opened between King William and Pulteney streets.
*1977: Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip visited Adelaide, with the Queen opening the Adelaide Festival Centre. Late night shopping commenced.
* 1977: First of 307 (1001 - 1307) Volvo B59 buses enters service with State Transport Authority


*1980: Thirty-five homes destroyed in an Adelaide Hills bushfire. Mitsubishi Motors purchased Chrysler Australia. The Constitutional Museum opened.
*1981: Prince Charles, The Prince of Wales, visited Adelaide.
*1982: International air services began at Adelaide Airport.
*1983: The Prince and Princess of Wales visited Adelaide. The Ash Wednesday fires razed the Adelaide Hills, claiming twenty-eight lives throughout the state. Wendy Chapman elected the first woman Lord Mayor of Adelaide.
*1984: Keswick Railway Terminal opened.
*1985: The Adelaide Casino opened in the Adelaide Railway Station as part of the multi-million dollar Adelaide Station and Environs Redevelopment. The first Australian Grand Prix held on the Adelaide Street Circuit.
*1986: Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip visited Adelaide. Pope John Paul II visited Adelaide and held Mass to a gathering of hundreds of thousands in the Adelaide Parklands. The South Australian Maritime Museum opened.
*1987: The Collins Class submarine contract awarded to the Australian Submarine Corporation at Outer Harbor. The Adelaide Convention Centre opened on North Terrace.
*1988: The Prince and Princess of Wales visited Adelaide. Red light cameras introduced. East End Markets closed. Australia's first hospitality college opened in Adelaide.
*1989: Tropical conservatory opened at the Botanic Gardens.


* 1990: New $1.3 million organ installed at the Adelaide Town Hall. Adelaide recommended as a site for the Multi-Function Polis.
* 1991: The University of South Australia formed from a merger of several institutions. The $40 million Adelaide Entertainment Centre opened.
* 1992: Final marker to the 1.5 killometre Heysen Walking Trail positioned.
* 1993: Poker machines installed for first time in South Australia.
* 1994: Sunday trading introduced to city centre. High-speed ferry service from Glenelg to Kangaroo Island began.
* 1995: United Water is contracted to manage Adelaide's water and sewerage systems. The "Local Government (Boundary Reform) Act, 1995" passed to encourage municipal amalgamations, resulting in an overhaul of local government.
* 1996: The Grand Prix is lost to Melbourne.
* 1997: Adelaide Crows football club win grand final.
* 1998: Adelaide Crows football club win grandfinal again.


* 2000: All government bus operations handed to private operators, buses and infastructure still government owned
* 2001: Construction of Alice Springs-Darwin track starts. The National Wine Centre of Australia opens in the East Parklands.
* 2002: First low floor entered service on the North Eastern Busway, this was a sole Mercedes Benz 0405Nh numbered 542.
* 2003: The transcontinental railway line from Adelaide to Darwin is completed.
* 2004: Trains travel from Adelaide to Darwin for the first time.
* 2007: The Adelaide end of the Adelaide-Glenelg tram service is extended to North Terrace (City West).
* 2008: Record breaking heat wave
* 2008: Electrification of suburban railways announced.

See also

* History of Adelaide
* List of Mayors and Lord Mayors of Adelaide



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Timeline of golf history (1851–1945) — See also Timeline of golf history 1353 1850, Timeline of golf history 1945 1999 and Timeline of golf 2000 present. =1851 1860= The Prestwick Golf Club is founded. 1856 The Royal Curragh Golf Club is founded at Kildare, the first golf club in… …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of Aboriginal history of Western Australia — This is a Timeline of Aboriginal history of Western Australia 1629 1829Aboriginal life in the two centuries from 1629 to 1829, was characterized by the increased presence of Europeans around the Western Australian coastline. First contact,… …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of Australian history — This is a timeline of Australian history.BC*c. 68,000 BC 40,000 BC: Aboriginal tribes thought to have arrived in Australia.1600s*1606 (March): The Duke of York s ship Duyfken , under Captain Willem Janszoon, explores the western coast of Cape… …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of Melbourne history — This is a timeline of major events in the history of the city of Melbourne, Australia.18th century*1797 George Bass explores the south east coast of Australia19th century*1800 James Grant explores the south east of Australia *1801 John Murray… …   Wikipedia

  • History of Melbourne — History of Australia This article is part of a series Chronological …   Wikipedia

  • Adelaide Steamship Company — The Adelaide Steamship Company logo with motto Festina Lente (Hasten slowly) …   Wikipedia

  • History of Adelaide — This article details the History of Adelaide from the first human activity in the region to the 20th century. Adelaide is a planned city founded in 1836 and the capital of South Australia. Aboriginal settlement : For early human settlement of… …   Wikipedia

  • History of Australia (1788–1850) — History of Australia This article is part of a series Chronological …   Wikipedia

  • Adelaide Metro — Info Area served Metropolitan area of Adelaide, South Australia Locale Adelaide, South Australia …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of major crimes in Australia — Timeline of major crimes in Australia1800s1820s* 14 September, 1828 Bank of Australia robbery [Baxter, Carol Breaking the Bank: An Extraordinary Colonial Robbery , Allen Unwin, Crows Nest, 2008 ISBN 978 1 74175 449 0] Fact|date=April 20081830s*9… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”