The Ghan

The Ghan

The Ghan is a passenger train operating between Adelaide, Alice Springs, and Darwin on the Adelaide-Darwin railway in Australia. Operated by Great Southern Railway and with locomotives provided by Pacific National, the journey takes 48 hours to travel the 2,979 kilometres (1850 miles). The service's name is an abbreviated version of its previous nickname "The Afghan Express", which comes from the Afghan camel trains that trekked the same route before the advent of the railway.

History

Original Ghan

Construction of what is now known as the Ghan began in 1878 when premier of South Australia Sir William Jervois broke ground at Port Augusta. The line reached Hawker in June 1880, Beltana in July 1881, Marree in January 1884 and Oodnadatta on 7 January 1891. [cite web |url= http://www.environment.sa.gov.au/heritage/shas/sha_beltana.html |title= Interpreting Beltana’s History, interpretative signs around the town | publisher =Heritage South Australia, Government of South Australia | year =2006 |accessdate = 2006-09-10] It wasn't until 1926 that development to Alice Springs began, [cite news | first=Barry | last=Mitchell | coauthors= | title=The Ghan | date=2006-05-26 | publisher=ABC 2 | url =http://www.abc.net.au/tv/australiawide/stories/s1648039.htm | work =Australia Wide | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-27 | language = ] and that section was completed in 1929. Prior to completion, the final leg of the train journey was still completed by camel. [cite news | first=Moana | last=Tregaskis | coauthors= | title=On the 2 P.M. from Adelaide to Alice | date=1990-09-16 | publisher= | url =http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C0CE2DE1F3CF935A2575AC0A966958260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=print | work =The New York Times | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-27 | language = ] In fact, the train's current name honors Afghan camel drivers who arrived in Australia in the late 19th century to help find a way to reach the country's unexplored interior. [cite news | first= | last= | coauthors= | title=Australia: Going, going, Ghan | date=2004-03-03 | publisher= | url =http://www.cnn.com/2004/TRAVEL/DESTINATIONS/03/03/outback.ghan.ap/ | work =CNN | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-27 | language = ] While there were plans from the beginning to extend the line through to Darwin, by the time the Alice Springs connection was complete, the Ghan was running at a financial loss, and plans for connection to Darwin were put on indefinite hold. [cite news | first=Margo | last=Pfeiff | coauthors= | title=Slicing Through Australia's Center | date=2004-09-05 | publisher=The San Francisco Chronicle | url =http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article/article?f=/c/a/2004/09/05/TRG2F8HL6P1.TMP | work = | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-27 | language = ] The original Ghan line followed the same track as the overland telegraph, which is believed to be the route taken by John McDouall Stuart during his 1862 crossing of Australia. [cite news | first=Rosamund | last=Burton | coauthors= | title=Into the Red | date=2006-12-09 | publisher= | url =http://www.news.com.au/travel/story/0,25917,20932060-5012673,00.html | work =The Australian | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-28 | language = ]

Construction of a New Line

The original Ghan ran for the last time in 1980 [cite news | first=Moana | last=Tregaskis | coauthors= | title=On the 2 P.M. from Adelaide to Alice | date=1990-09-16 | publisher= | url =http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C0CE2DE1F3CF935A2575AC0A966958260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=print | work =The New York Times | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-27 | language = ] and now its preservation is in the hands of The Ghan Preservation Society who repair sections of the old narrow gauge track and some notable sidings. [cite news | first= | last= | coauthors= | title=Alice Springs | date=2004-02-08 | publisher= | url =http://www.theage.com.au/news/Northern-Territory/Alice-Springs/2005/02/17/1108500201577.html | work =The Age | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-28 | language = ] It was not until October 1980 that a new standard gauge line from Tarcoola, South Australia (a siding on the Trans-Australian Railway) to Alice Springs was constructed, and the train took the form it has today. The new line is located approximately 160 kilometres (100 miles) west of the former line, in an effort to prevent washout due to rain. [cite news | first=Moana | last=Tregaskis | coauthors= | title=On the 2 P.M. from Adelaide to Alice | date=1990-09-16 | publisher= | url =http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C0CE2DE1F3CF935A2575AC0A966958260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=print | work =The New York Times | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-27 | language = ] It was also hoped that the construction of the new line would improve the on-time performance of the train. [cite news | first=Margo | last=Pfeiff | coauthors= | title=Slicing Through Australia's Center | date=2004-09-05 | publisher=The San Francisco Chronicle | url =http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article/article?f=/c/a/2004/09/05/TRG2F8HL6P1.TMP | work = | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-27 | language = ]

Connection to Darwin

Construction of Alice Springs - Darwin line was believed to be the largest civil engineering project in the 50 yearsCite web|url=http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G1-65171913.html|title=Work Starts This Month on Alice-Darwin Line|accessdate=2008-03-16|year=2000-08-01|author=Ian Hammond|work=International Railway Journal] since the creation of the Snowy Mountains Scheme, the largest in Australia's history.Cite web|url=http://www.heritage.nsw.gov.au/heritagensw/mar99/7_art.htm|title=Tunnels, Dams & Power Stations|accessdate=2008-03-16|publisher=Heritage Council of NSW|year=1998-04|work=Heritage Office News] Line construction began in July 2001, with the first passenger train reaching Darwin on February 4 2004, after more than a century of planning and waiting [cite news | first=Anne | last=Barker | coauthors= | title=Century-old Rail Dream Becomes Reality | date=2004-01-17 | publisher= | url =http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2004/01/14/1025620.htm | work =ABC News | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-27 | language = ] and at a cost of AUD$1.3 billion. [cite news | first= | last= | coauthors= | title=Croc Hunter Launches Another Beast | date=2003-09-25 | publisher= | url =http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2003/09/25/1064083124591.html | work =The Age | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-27 | language = ] The Ghan's arrival in Darwin signified a new era of tourism in the Northern Territory, [cite news | first=Anne | last=Barker | coauthors= | title=International Journalists Cover the Ghan's Journey | date=2004-02-03 | publisher= | url =http://www.abc.net.au/worldtoday/content/2004/s1037234.htm | work =The World Today Archive | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-27 | language = ] making travel to the region easier and more convenient as well as providing better access to and for Aboriginal communities in the region. [cite news | first= | last= | coauthors= | title=Train Track Opens Awesome Outback | date=2004-02-01 | publisher= | url =http://edition.cnn.com/2004/TRAVEL/01/31/australia.train.ap/ | work =CNN | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-27 | language = ] The rail link will allow for more freight to travel through the region, leading to a hope that Darwin will serve as another trade link with Asia. [cite news | first=Nick | last=Squires | coauthors= | title= Mile-long Train Blazes New Trail Through Parched Heart of Outback | date=2004-01-15 | publisher= | url =http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2004/01/16/wtrain16.xml | work =The Telegraph | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-27 | language = ]

In preparation for the connection to Darwin, one of the locomotives was named for Steve Irwin in a hope that the internationally-recognized face of Australia would help promote the new service and tourism to the region. [cite news | first= | last= | coauthors= | title=Ghan's New 'Steve Irwin' Loco to Bring Tourists to Top End | date=2003-09-26 | publisher= | url =http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2003/09/26/954373.htm | work =ABC News | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-27 | language = ]

Operations

The Ghan is operated by Great Southern Railway Ltd, part of the Serco Group. In addition to the Adelaide, Alice Springs and Darwin, the train also makes a stop at Katherine. The stops at Katherine and Alice Springs allow time for optional tours. [ cite web|url=http://www.gsr.com.au/pdf/fares-timetables/faresandtt-0708.pdf |title=Fares and Timetables: April 2007 - March 2008 |accessdate=2008-01-28 |date=2007-05 |publisher=Great Southern Railways ]

The Ghan runs twice-weekly from Adelaide to Alice Springs, and once or twice a week to Darwin, [cite news | first=Sonja | last=Mustaffa | coauthors= | title=The Ghan in a Nutshell | date= | publisher= | url =http://thestar.com.my/lifestyle/story.asp?file=/2008/1/26/lifetravel/19771115&sec=lifetravel | work =The Malaysian Star | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-27 | language = ] depending on seasonal traffic and demand. Initial demand for the Darwin connection, including sold out trains, [cite news | first= | last= | coauthors= | title=Extra Ghan Trains | date=2005-05-06 | publisher= | url =http://www.news.com.au/story/0,10117,15194594-17001,00.html | work =The Sunday Territorian | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-27 | language = ] was far more than planners had expected, leading to the increase in service even in the off-peak times. [cite news | first=Stuart | last=Innes | coauthors= | title=Ghan Maintains Double Service | date=2005-10-17 | publisher= | url =http://www.news.com.au/adelaidenow/story/0,22606,16950834-2682,00.html | work =The Advertiser | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-27 | language = ]

Incidents

* On 24 October 2002, the Ghan collided with a school bus in Salisbury in South Australia. Although there weren't significant injuries to the Ghan passengers, four people on the bus were killed. [cite news | first=Penelope | last=Debelle | coauthors= | title=Four Die After Ghan Collides with Packed School Bus | date=2002-10-25 | publisher= | url =http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2002/10/24/1035416934419.html | work =The Age | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-27 | language = ]
*On 12 December 2006, the Ghan collided with a truck at a level crossing and derailed 35 km south of Adelaide River in the Northern Territory. Seven of the 11 carriages came off the tracks. One woman was critically injured, other passengers received only minor injuries. The truck driver involved was arrested, according to the NT police, [cite news |url=http://www.smh.com.au/news/national/ghan-derailment-victim-critical/2006/12/13/1165685714582.html |title=Ghan derailment victim critical |date=2006-12-13 |accessdate=2006-12-13 |work=Sydney Morning Herald |publisher=AAP] charged [cite news | first= | last= | coauthors= | title=Truck Driver Denies Ignoring Ghan Train | date=2007-10-15 | publisher= | url =http://www.theage.com.au/news/National/Truck-driver-denies-ignoring-Ghan-train/2007/10/15/1192300677994.html | work =The Age | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-27 | language = ] and found guilty [cite news | first= | last= | coauthors= | title=Truckie Who Crashed into Ghan: Guilty | date=2007-11-30 | publisher= | url =http://news.ninemsn.com.au/article.aspx?id=170350 | work =National Nine News | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-27 | language = ] of a number of charges related to the accident.
* On 4 March 2007, rains washed out a portion of the track between Darwin and Adelaide River. During the time that it took to repair the track, all trains terminated in Katherine. [cite news | first= | last= | coauthors= | title=Rains Wash Section of Ghan Rail Link | date=2007-03-04 | publisher= | url =http://www.theage.com.au/news/National/Rains-wash-section-of-Ghan-rail-link/2007/03/04/1172943259959.html | work =The Age | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-27 | language = ]
*On 6 August 2007, the Ghan collided with a truck at a level crossing 50 km north of Adelaide in South Australia. Three passengers were reported with minor injuries, suffering from shock. The truck driver was temporarily trapped in his vehicle. [cite news |url=http://www.theage.com.au/news/travel/ghan-train-smashes-into-truck/2007/08/06/1186252597897.html|title=Ghan train smashes into truck |date=2007-08-06 |accessdate=2007-08-06 |work=The Age |publisher=AAP]

References

External links

* [http://www.gsr.com.au/our-trains/the-ghan/the-journey.php The Ghan homepage]
* [http://nla.gov.au/nla.aus-vn2594535 The Ghan ephemera] digitised and held by the National Library of Australia
* [http://afghanhistory.info/ghanz.html The Ghanz]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • The Ghan — Die Fahrtroute: Gelb: ehemalige Schmalspurbahn; Rot: Heutige Fahrtroute Streckenlänge: 2979 km Spurweite: 1435 mm (Normalspur) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • The Ghan — Le Ghan en gare d Alice Springs. Carte de la ligne …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ghan — The Ghan bei der Ankunft im Darwiner Bahnhof Ankunft der ersten Ghan Lokomotive in Darwin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • The Southern Spirit — is luxury rail cruise train in Australia, operated by Great Southern Railway (GSR). The train was launched in June 2008 and will travel all over Australia, with the first service to run in November 2008. The train will operate from November… …   Wikipedia

  • Ghan —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir The Ghan (ligne ferroviaire).  ღან Ghan Utilisation Alphabets Géorgien Ordre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ghan — /gæn/ (say gan) noun 1. Colloquial an Afghan camel driver among those who came to Australia between 1860 and the 1920s. 2. Colloquial an Afghan pedlar in the outback. 3. the Ghan, a train on the Adelaide to Alice Springs route, or (from 2004)… …  

  • The Overland — Logo auf der Zugwand The Overland ist ein Fernverkehrszug in Australien, der die Hauptstädte von Victoria, Melbourne (Bahnhof Southern Cross) und Südaustralien, Adelaide (Bahnhof Parklands Terminal), verbindet. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ghân-buri-Ghân — Ghân buri Ghân, or simply Ghân, is a character in the epic fantasy The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien. Ghân is the chief of the Drúedain, also known as the Woses, the wild men who inhabit Drúadan Forest. In the third volume of The Lord of… …   Wikipedia

  • Ghân-buri-Ghân —  / Ghân / Ghan    Chieftain of the Drúedain or Wild Men of Drúadan Forest.        The headman of the Woses of Drúadan Forest at the time of the War of the Ring. He aided the Rohirrim in their ride to the Battle of the Pelennor …   J.R.R. Tolkien's Middle-earth glossary

  • The Return of the King — is the third and final volume of J. R. R. Tolkien s The Lord of the Rings , following The Fellowship of the Ring and The Two Towers .TitleTolkien conceived of The Lord of the Rings as a single volume comprising six books plus extensive appendices …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”