- South West Trains
Infobox Rail companies
bgcolor = FFFFFF
image_filename = Class 450 Waterloo.jpg
logo_filename=South West Trains logo.png
Surrey, Hampshire, Dorset, Wiltshire, Somerset, Devon
fleet=339 (345 including Island Line)
11 Class 158 "Express Spirnter" sets
30 Class 159 "South Western Turbo" sets
45 Class 444 "Desiro" sets
127 Class 450 "Desiro" sets
91 Class 455 sets
30 Class 458 "Juniper" sets
1 Class 960 Route-Learning railcar
3 Class 73 Rescue electro-diesel locomotive
2 Class 421 "3Cig" sets
(6 Class 483 - Island line sets)|
franchise = South Western
February 1996 – February 2003
February 2003 – 3. February 2007
4 February 2007 – February 2017
stations = 213 (177 operated)
South West Trains (SWT) is a train operating company operating in the
United Kingdom, providing trainservices to the south-west of London, chiefly in Greater Londonand the counties of Surrey, Hampshire, Dorset, Devon, Somerset, Berkshireand Wiltshire(the area largely covered before 1923 by the London and South Western Railwaycompany, hence the new company's name).
Legally known as Stagecoach South Western Trains Limited, the parent company of SWT is
Stagecoach Groupwhich also owns East Midlands Trainsand 49% of the Virgin Trainsfranchise. The SWT franchise is stated as being the most complicated train operating companyto operate because of the vast number of services which are stated below.
SWT since privatisation
A wholly owned subsidiary of the
Stagecoach Group, SWT took over the operation of the old British RailSouthern Region's South Western division following the privatisation of British Railin 1996. At the time they started modifying the Network SouthEast livery of its rolling stock to one with an added orange stripe as this was an easy modification of the trains' existing British Rail Network SouthEastlivery and also because the stripes looked similar to Stagecoach's bus livery, but since 1998 it has standardised on a trio of slight variations - mainly white for long-distance services, mainly blue for outer-suburban services, and a mainly red livery for metro services which has been applied to the Class 455 electric multiple units as they were refurbished. Since privatisation a number of initiatives have been undertaken including refurbishing stations, better access for disabled people, and better customer information displays at stations.
Recent developments include the introduction of new rail services and the reopening of
Chandler's Fordstation in Hampshire. On 12 December 2004, the company completely recast its timetable for the first time since 1967 in an attempt to bring service provision into line with changing demand and to take into account the different characteristics of modern rolling stock, with the intention that this would improve reliability and punctuality across the network.
A complete smoking ban on all SWT services was introduced from May 2004, partially in response to a fire caused by a cigarette being disposed of near a heater under a seat. In addition, there are restrictions on the carriage of
bicycles: non-folding bicycles are banned from early morning and evening trains to and from London Waterloo, which has drawn criticism from integrated transport advocates and cyclists alike. The company justifies this policy by pointing out that many trains are extremely crowded during the rush hour, and that bicycles take up as much space as several people.
Extension and renewal of franchise
The South West Trains franchise was initially renewed for four years from February 2003. This was followed on 22 September 2006 by Stagecoach Group's winning of the right to operate the newly-enlarged South Western franchise for a further ten years until 2017. [citeweb|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/5369688.stm|title=Stagecoach wins railway franchise|date=
September 22 2006|publisher= BBC News]
Competing bids for the franchise had been made by
Arriva, First Group and a partnership between MTR Corporationand National Express Group(originally GNER).
This enlarged franchise started on 4 February 2007 and incorporated the formerly independent Island Line on the Isle of Wight. The legal name of the company has also changed from South West Trains Ltd to Stagecoach South Western Trains Ltd - although the trading name has remained unchanged.
The vast majority of SWT's services are on electrified lines using the 750 V DC third-rail system. There is a relatively small diesel fleet for services on the West of England line to Exeter and Bristol. SWT operates up to 1690 trains per day. Due to the high volume of trains and years of under-investment, delays were commonplace and often led to passenger
angst. Initiatives to improve performance have borne fruit and services are generally reliable. These include the introduction of a completely re-structured timetable in December 2004 and the commissioning of a unified Network Railand SWT control centre at Waterloo, which aims to improve communication between the different organisations responsible for the operation of the railway.
The hub of the network is London Waterloo station, SWT's London terminus. It connects
Londonto the southern and western area of England; a major portion of the company's services is also concerned with suburban commuter lines in south-west London.
There are six main lines operated by SWT:
South Western Main Line(SWML) to Southampton Central, Bournemouth and Weymouth (2 trains an hour through to Weymouth and 1 train an hour to Poole Mondays-Saturdays), with Sunday Bournemouth services extended to Poole;
Portsmouth Direct Linevia Guildford and Haslemere: leaves the main line at Woking (4 trains per hour to Guildford, then 1 semi-fast service and 1 stopping service to Haslemere. The semi-fast service continues as a stopping service to Portsmouth. The fast services run approximately half-hourly Mondays-Saturdays, 2 trains per hour (1 fast, 1 stopping from Guildford) on Sundays);
West of England Main Lineto Exeter Central, Paignton, Plymouth (and Penzance): leaves the main line at Basingstoke (Services west of Exeter will end from December 2009) [citeweb|url=http://www.therailwaycentre.com/News%20March%202008/130308_SWT.html|title=End of South West Trains west of Exeter|date=2008-03-13 |publisher= The Railway Centre] .
Wessex Main Line(part): Southampton Centralvia Salisbury to Bristol Temple Meads
London Waterlooto Portsmouth Harbour via Basingstoke and Eastleigh (Hourly service off-peak Mondays-Saturdays, merges with the Poole train on Sundays).
London Waterlooto Readingvia Stainesand Ascot.
Suburban services diverge from the above routes. Taken in order westwards from Waterloo, travelling down the SWML, they are:
Waterloo to Reading line: from Clapham Junction
Hounslow Loop Linefrom Barnes to Whitton or Feltham
** The Windsor branch from Staines
** The Chertsey loop line from Virginia Water to Weybridge
** The Ascot to Ash Vale line via Camberley
* The Mole Valley Line, from Raynes Park to Dorking via Epsom
** The Chessington branch from Motspur Park
** The branch to Guildford from Leatherhead
Kingston Loop Line, from New Malden (Main Line) to Twickenham (Reading Line)
** The Shepperton branch from Teddington. Normally, these services run via New Malden, sometimes via Twickenham.
New Guildford Line, to Guildford via Cobham from Surbiton. Travellers from Guildford to London can also travel via the mainline through Woking or via Camberley
* The Hampton Court branch, also from Surbiton
* The Alton branch, from Brookwood
* Southampton local lines: Salisbury to Romsey via
Southampton Centraland Chandler's Ford (previously this service ran to Totton)
* Lymington branch Heritage Line (Brockenhurst to Lymington Pier)
*Island Line (Isle of Wight), Ryde Pier Head to Shanklin
Single and Return fares are available on all South West Trains routes and should be purchased before boarding, except where a ticket or
permit to travelmachine is not available. In these cases tickets can be purchased from the onboard Guard or the Revenue Protection officers. Travelcardsare available for journeys into London. They are valid on London buses, Tramlink, Docklands Light Railway, London Undergroundand national rail services within the London travelcard area. Season tickets and travel cards are also available to cover multi day regular journeys. They are available in weekly, monthly and annual periods.
In May 2007 South West Trains introduced a new fare structure for services travelling from Reading to London Waterloo. The original peak prices and times were retained, and "Off Peak" was redefined at a higher fare as services leaving after 11am or arriving in Waterloo at or before mid-day. Services after this period are now referred to as "Super Off Peak" and attract similar prices to the old Off Peak tickets [citeweb|url=http://www.southwesttrains.co.uk/SWTrains/Ticketsandprices/Ticket+types/Buying+tickets+on+the+day.htm|title=Buying tickets on the day] .
From January 2009 Waterloo station will be gated in order to improve revenue protection at Waterloo. Network Rail has recently started work on this project.
Oyster Pre-Pay, Travelcards and Season Tickets
Oyster card"pay as you go" is not currently available on any South West Trains route, however under the new franchise, smart cardticketing is expected to launch in 2009, this is due to having to install gates or validators at stations to "touch in". Oyster card travelcards and season tickets are valid within the London travelcard area, this is the same as normal paper travelcards and season tickets.
South West Trains currently issue
penalty fares for customers travelling by train without a valid ticket. However South West Trains have planned to install at least 1 self-service ticket machine at each of its served stations in the bid to stop fare evasion.
The Penalty fare is either £20 or double the travelled fare, which ever is greater. This does not apply west of Salisbury due to the lack of ticket machines available.
Revenue Protection officers employed by South West Trains travel the Network and are visible at stations to enforce the Penalty Fares and issue some tickets; aside from Station ticket barriers and permit to travel machines, CCTV is another method used to combat ticketless travel and prevent assaults on members of staff and customers.
As of August 2007 South West Trains have reinforced the penalty fares policy with new announcements at stations prompting travellers to buy tickets before boarding. This new clamp-down has had some criticism due to lack of "self-service" ticketing machines and long queues at booking offices due to a lack of staff, which prevents the ability to buy tickets.
South West Trains issue platform tickets for non-travellers such as enthusiasts, they cost 10 pence and are issued at most mainline stations such as
Southampton Centraland London Waterloo, and can by collected from the staff at the barriers. These can not be used for travelling, and if they are, a Penalty Fare can be issued as a result.
Stagecoach, SWT's parent company, currently sell seats on some off peak services under the
Megatrainbrand Mondays to Saturdays. This uses a similar low cost model to their Megabusservice. Megatraintickets are generally available on services that are expected to be quiet and empty. The tickets available are generally between London Waterloo and other principal stations and ticket holders are assigned to a specific carriage (normally the second from the front) in the train.
Latest performance figures released by the ORR as of the fourth quarter of the 2007/8 financial year were 93.4% (PPM) and 92.3% (MAA). [cite web|title=National Rail Trends 2007-2008 Quarter Fourth|url=http://www.rail-reg.gov.uk/upload/pdf/375.pdf|publisher=
Office of Rail Regulation]
Rolling Stock Details
London Underground Fleet
On the Island Line, the clearances of a tunnel under
Rydeare insufficient for standard trains. As a consequence, former London Undergroundrolling stock has been used since the line was electrified. Since 1992, Class 483 trains have been used, of which five 2-car units remain in service, with a sixth awaiting overhaul. SWT took on this fleet when it was awarded the combined South West/Island Line franchise in 2007.
The final slam-door train on regular passenger services ran from London Waterloo to Bournemouth on
26 May 2005with units 1396, 3536 and 1398. Some slam-door units have been preserved on heritage railwaysand three are retained by SWT for operations on the Lymington Branch Lineand for special duties.
Services on the Lymington Branch Line are now operated as a "heritage" operation using one of two refurbished 3Cig units, nos. 1497 and 1498. The two units have been repainted into their original liveries, one in classic Southern green and the other in British Rail blue and grey, and were launched into service on 12 May 2005.
The introduction of
Desirorolling stock built by Siemens was to replace the old slam-door trains which were coming to the end of their useful lives, and had been posing health and safety problems. The introduction was delayed because of the additional power needs of this type of stock: Network Railspent £1 billion upgrading the power supply to take account of this.The new trains are generally proving popular with passengers. They have on-board information systems and full air-conditioning. Their faster acceleration is counterbalanced by the need to stop longer at each station, since they have fewer doors (although the fact that the old trains' doors could be opened while in motion was considered a safety hazard). In addition, the Desiros have many more components: all are computerised and subject to the possibility of breakdowns. It is estimated that the slam-door trains could achieve 60,000 miles (96,000 km) without breakdown; the Desiros an estimated 13,000 miles (20,800 km) but this is gradually improving.
Desirostock comes in two variants - Class 450 units which have four 20m cars and are mainly used on outer suburban services and Class 444 units which have five 23m cars as well as intercity style door layouts and are used on longer-distance services to Weymouth.
*The 450 Desiro Fleet includes 450001-127.
*The 444 Desiro Fleet includes 444001-045.
British Rail Electrics
South West Trains operate a fleet of Class 455 metro style commuter trains. These were built by
BRELbetween 1983 and 1985 [ [http://www.southwesttrains.co.uk/SWTrains/News/_returnrefurb.htm Class 455 units, built between 1983 and 1985] ] .
A full refurbishment program that started in 2004 on the fleet of 91 four-car units was completed on 24 March 2008 [ [http://www.southwesttrains.co.uk/SWTrains/News/_returnrefurb.htm Last Class 455 returns from refurbishment] ] . Modifications included a new 2+2 seating layout with high back seats, CCTV, cycle storage, wheelchair space, doors that can now open further to allow for faster alighting and additional passenger information systems. All units are now painted in a new red "Metro" version of the South West Trains livery.
Thirty of these four-carriage units were ordered by South West Trains in 1998, to create extra capacity and to replace some of the ageing 4Cep units, which at the time were on short-term lease. Deliveries of these units commenced in 1998.
The class suffered from major technical problems, so none of the older units were withdrawn from service. It was six more years, in 2004, before the full fleet was in service. In 2003 and 2004, reliability was so dire that although they were only six years old, South West Trains decided that the units should be replaced by 2005 with the newer Class 450
Desirounits [citeweb|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/london/3388679.stm|title=Train firm to replace new fleet|date= January 12 2004|publisher= BBC News Online] . Only a handful of units are required each day to help maintain services from Waterloo to Reading, and these were expected to cease after 31 July 2006 when the lease with the rolling stock company expired. An application by SWT to extend this by six months was declined as the class does not meet all the requirements of disability legislation.
However, since then it was decided that on or before the start of the new franchise in February 2007, the class would be reinstated and take over all operations on the Waterloo to Reading line, indirectly covering the loss of the class 442s. They have been fitted with new larger destination screens that comply with the disability legislation, however, still fall foul in some other areas such as the height of the door open buttons. It is believed a small exemption is being made for the Class 458s in those respects.
The 159/1s were converted at Wabtec Doncaster from Class 158s, exchanged with TransPennine Express for Class 170s, to expand the current fleet. 11 further two car 158s were received from TransPennine Express, which were refurbished and renumbered. All SWT 159/0s are currently undergoing refurbishment at Wabtec Doncaster to look like the newly received and refurbished class members. They will however retain their more powerful engines.
Two ex SWT 158s, 786 and 789, have been allocated to First ScotRail and are currently based at Edinburgh Haymarket DMUD.
#Currently under going refurbishment.
#Used on the Lymington to Brockenhurst as part of the heritage line.
#Fleet refurbishment completed March 2008.
#Currently being modified with larger destination displays.
#Formerly Class 121
Wessex Electrics Fleet
These units (Class 442) were initially dedicated to the Weymouth line, but through the 1990s began to be diagrammed on the London Waterloo to Portsmouth direct line. In preparation of the Class 444 and Class 450 "Desiro" units taking over from the slam-door fleet, the Wessex Electrics were withdrawn from Portsmouth line services and were again wholly dedicated to the Weymouth line.
The Class 442 was one of the first types to make extensive use of plastics in construction, earning them the nickname among staff of "Plastic Pigs". When they were first introduced they were plagued by minor technical failures but subsequently became among the most reliable EMUs operating in the UK. South West Trains announced that they would be withdrawing these units with the last official workings of these units will take place on Saturday 13th January 2007(however the last Weymouth to Waterloo running was on the 24 January 2007). The last operated SWT service was on the 4th February. This move also coincides with SWT reinstating all Class 458s for the Waterloo-Reading line. As a result the Class 444s inherited the Waterloo - Weymouth route and the Class 450s took over some of the Portsmouth Harbour services, whilst the 442s went into storage at the Alsthom works at Eastleigh. The
Department for Transporthas suggested that the 442s are now likely to complement the Southern fleet and will be used on services out of London Victoria. [citeweb|url=http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/rail/passenger/franchises/moretrains|title=More trains arriving on busy rail routes (Note 5)|publisher= Department for Transport|date= April 4 2007]
In 2000 South West Trains acquired a fleet of eight newly-built 2-car Class 170/3 units, to supplement its existing Class 159 fleet. Units were deployed on London Waterloo to Salisbury as well as a new
Southamptonlocal train, and Reading to Basingstoketrains. They were sometimes pressed into use on Exeterservices, but as they are not fitted with end gangways for catering or selective door openingfor the short platforms at some stations, this was not a regular route.
From late 2006 through to mid 2007, the Class 170s were gradually transferred to
TransPennine Expressin exchange for a larger number of Class 158 units, to expand and standardise the fleet. One Class 170, 170392, which was originally built to Southern specification, but taken over by SWT soon after its construction, has returned to Southern and converted to a Class 171 unit.
Preserved SWT trains
Of the Classes 411, 412, 421 and 423 slam-door trains, several former SWT units have been preserved.
*Class 411, no. 1198 at
*Class 412, nos. 2311 and 2315 at
Eden Valley Railway
*Class 412, no. 2325 at
East Kent Railway (heritage)
*Class 421, nos. 1392 and 1499 at
Dean Forest Railway
*Class 421, no. 1393 at Great Central Railway
*Class 421, no. 1399 at
*Class 423, no. 3417 to be moved to the
Bluebell Railway.In contrast, just two former Southern units have been preserved - one Class 421 and one Class 423. No complete units from South Eastern Trainshave been preserved.
Wimbledon Traincare depot
Wimbledon Traincare depot is one of
Europe'smost advanced train servicing complexes. It is located between Wimbledon and Earlsfield stations, on the main line to Waterloo, and is coincidentally situated next to South West Trains' other iconic landmark, the Wimbledon Train Viaduct.
Bournemouth Traincare Depot
Bournemouth train care depot is southwest of
Bournemouth railway stationit occupies the approach to the former Bournemouth west station. It was the last place the Class 442 (5Wes) "Wessex Electric" were stored before moving to Southern. The branch turns off at Branksome railway stationand trains can be seen stopping at platform 2 and reversing into the Depot.
Southampton Traincare Depot
Southampton train care depot is south of
St Denys railway stationand is also next to Southampton FC's Stadium at St Mary's. This newer traincare depot was constructed to perform maintenance on the new Desiro Stock, which can now be found at the works.
Criticism of South West Trains
South West Trains has often come under criticism for its high ticket fares. In January 2008, its fares increased on average by 4.3% although on other networks, such as
Southernand Southeastern, they will rise by more than 16%. [citeweb|url=http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article2960077.ece |title=Rail fares to rise by up to 14.5 per cent]
It was also revealed in a national newspaper that some SWT staff are judged on the number of penalty fares they issue. [citeweb|url=http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article1969212.ece|title=Rail firm’s secret plan for penalty fare cash|publisher=
The Times|date= June 22 2007]
* [http://www.southwesttrains.co.uk South West Trains]
* [http://www.coxster.co.uk/railworkexperience/index.htm SWT Work Experience Diary]
* [http://www.southwesttrains.co.uk/SWTrains/TravelInformation/OurFleetOfTrains/ South West Trains Fleet]
* [http://www.megatrain.com Megatrain]
* [http://www.flickr.com/groups/south_west_trains/ Pictures around the SWT network]
s-ttl|title=Operator of South West franchise
years=1996 - 2007 s-ttl|rows=2|title=Operator of South Western franchise
years=2007 - present
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