- Emperor Momozono
Momozono Emperor of Japan
Reign 1747-1762 Born 14 April 1741 Died 31 August 1762(aged 21) Buried Tsukinowa no misasagi (Kyoto) Predecessor Sakuramachi Successor Go-Sakuramachi Consort Ichijō Tomiko Father Sakuramachi Mother Anegakōji Sadako
Momazono's reign spanned the years from 1747 until his death in 1762.
Momozono was the firstborn son of Emperor Sakuramachi. His mother was Lady-in-waiting Sadako (定子) (Empress Dowager Kaimei, 開明門院)
- Court lady Ichijō Tomiko (一条富子):
Events of Momozono's life
During his reign, in 1758, the Hōreki Scandal occurred when a large number of the young court nobility were punished by the Bakufu for advocating the restoration of direct Imperial rule.
- April 25, 1747: Prince Toohito was invested as Crown Prince.
- June 9, 1747: Prince Toohito became emperor.
- 1748 (Kan'en 1): The first performance of the eleven-act puppet play Kanadehon Chushingura (A copybook of the treasury of loyal retainers), depicting the classic story of samurai revenge, the 1702 vendetta of the 47 rōnin.
- 1748 (Kan'en 1): : A Ryukyuan diplomatic mission from Shō Kei of the Ryūkyū Kingdom was received by the shogunate.
- October 7, 1749 (Kan'en 2, 26th day of the 8th month): A terrific storm of wind and rain strikes Kyoto; and the keep of Nijō Castle is burnt after it was struck by lightning.
- 1752 (Hōreki 2): : A Ryukyuan diplomatic mission from Shō Boku of the Ryūkyū Kingdom arrived in Edo.
- 1758 (Hōreki 8): The Hōreki incident involved a small number of kuge who favored a restoration of Imperial power; and this was construed as a threat by the shogunate.
- 1760 (Hōreki 10): Shogun Ieshige resigns and his son, Ieharu, becomes the 10th shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate.
- 1762 (Hōreki 12): The emperor abdicated in favor of his sister.
- August 31, 1762: The emperor died at the age of 21.
Momozono's kami is enshrined in an Imperial mausoleum (misasagi), Tsukinowa no misasagi, at Sennyū-ji in Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto. Also enshrined here are Momozono's immediate Imperial predecessors since Emperor Go-Mizunoo -- Meishō, Go-Kōmyō, Go-Sai, Reigen, Higashiyama, Nakamikado and Sakuramachi, along with five of his immediate Imperial successors -- Go-Sakuramachi, Go-Momozono, Kōkaku, Ninkō, and Kōmei.
Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.
In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Momozono's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:
Eras of Momozono's reign
The years of Momozono's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.
- ^ Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 桃園天皇 (115)
- ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, pp. 119-120.
- ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 418-419.
- ^ Ponsonby-Fane, p. 10; Titsingh, p. 418.
- ^ Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1999). Japans Kaiserhof in der Edo-Zeit, p. 48.
- ^ a b Meyer, p. 48.
- ^ Hall, John. (1988). The Cambridge History of Japan, p. xxiii.
- ^ a b Titsingh, p. 418.
- ^ Ponsonby-Fane, R. (1959). Kyoto: the Old Capital of Japan, 794-1869, p. 321; Titsingh, p. 418.
- ^ a b Ponsonby-Fane, Imperial House, p. 119.
- ^ a b Titsingh, p. 419.
- ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Imperial House, p. 423.
- ^ Titsingh, p. 418.
- Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1999). Japans Kaiserhof in der Edo-Zeit: unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Jahre 1846 bis 1867. Münster: LIT Verlag. 10-ISBN 3825839397, 13-ISBN 9783825839390; OCLC 42041594
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 194887
- Screech, Timon. (2006). Secret Memoirs of the Shoguns: Isaac Titsingh and Japan, 1779-1822. London: RoutledgeCurzon. 10-ISBN 0203099850, 13-ISBN 9780203099858; OCLC 65177072
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
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