- Emperor Keikō
was the twelfth emperor of
Japanto appear on the traditional list of emperors. [Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). "Annales des empereurs du japon," pp. 11-14; Varley, Paul. (1980). "Jinnō Shōtōki," pp. 96-99.] No firm dates can be assigned to this emperor's life or reign. Keikō is regarded by historians as a "legendary emperor" because of the paucity of information about him, which does not necessarily imply that no such person ever existed. Rather, scholars can only lament that, at this time, there is insufficient material available for further verification and study.
His legend was recorded in "
Kojiki" and " Nihonshoki", but the accounts of him are different in these two sources. In "Kojiki" he sent his son Yamatotakeruto Kyūshūto conquer local tribes. In "Nihonshoki" Keikō himself went there and won battles against local tribes. According to both sources, he sent Yamatotakeru to Izumo provinceand eastern provinces to conquer the area and spread his territory. [Aston, William. (1998). "Nihongi," Vol. 1, pp. 188-214.]
Although the final resting place of this legendary sovereign remains unknown, Keikō's officially designated Imperial misasagi or tomb can be visited today in Shibutani-cho, Tenri City near
Nara City. [ [http://narashikanko.jp/english/aria_map/map_pdf/32.pdf Keikō's "misasagi" -- map] ]
* Aston, William George. (1896). "
Nihongi: Chronicles of Japan from the Earliest Times to A.D. 697". London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner. [reprinted by Tuttle Publishing, Tokyo, 2007. 10-ISBN 0-8048-0984-4; 13-ISBN 978-0-8048-0984-9 (paper)]
* Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). [
Jien, c. 1220] , " Gukanshō(The Future and the Past, a translation and study of the Gukanshō, an interpretative history of Japan written in 1219)." Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-03460-0
* Titsingh, Isaac, ed. (1834). [Siyun-sai Rin-siyo/
Hayashi Gahō, 1652] , " Nipon o daï itsi ran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon, tr. par M. Isaac Titsingh avec l'aide de plusieurs interprètes attachés au comptoir hollandais de Nangasaki; ouvrage re., complété et cor. sur l'original japonais-chinois, accompagné de notes et précédé d'un Aperçu d'histoire mythologique du Japon, par M. J. Klaproth." Paris: Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. [http://books.google.com/books?id=18oNAAAAIAAJ&dq=nipon+o+dai+itsi+ran ...Click link for digitized, full-text copy of this book (in French)]
* Varley, H. Paul , ed. (1980). [
Kitabatake Chikafusa, 1359] , " Jinnō Shōtōki("A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa" translated by H. Paul Varley)." New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-04940-4
Emperor of Japan
List of Emperors of Japan
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