- Fujiwara no Mototsune
Fujiwara no Mototsune
Mototsune by Kikuchi Yōsai
Born 836 Died 891 Nationality Japanese Parents Fujiwara no Yoshifusa (father)In this Japanese name, the family name is "Fujiwara".
Fujiwara no Mototsune (藤原 基経, 836 – February 25, 891), also known as Horikawa Daijin, was a statesman, courtier and politician during the Nara period.
Mototsune continued the trend begun by Yoshifusa of monopolizing the position of regent to the Japanese emperor. He was third son of Fujiwara no Nagayoshi, brother of Yoshifusa, and Fujiwara no Otoharu (藤原 乙春), daughter of Fujiwara no Tsugutada. He was adopted by Yoshifusa who had no sons, and Mototsune followed in Yoshifusa's footsteps.
After the emperor had reached his maturity, however, Mototsune invented the position of kampaku regent for himself. This innovation allowed the Fujiwara clan to tighten its grip on power right throughout an emperor's reign.
Mototsune is referred to as Shōsen Kō (昭宣公) (posthumous name as Daijō Daijin).
- 864 (Jōgan 6): Mototsune was named Sangi
- 866 (Jōgan 8): Chūnagon
- 870 (Jōgan 12, 1st month): He became Dainagon
- 872 (Jōgan 14): He was named Udaijin
- 876 (Jōgan 18): He was named Sesshō
- 880 (Gangyō 4): He was named Daijō Daijin
- 884 (Gangyō 8): Mototsune was the first to receive the title Kampaku.
- 890 (Kanpyō 2, 14th day of the 12th month): retire from Kampaku
- February 25, 891 (Kampyō 3, 13th day of the 1st month): Mototsune died at the age of 56.
This member of the Fujiwara clan was the son of Fujiwara no Nagayoshi, who was one of the brothers of Fujiwara no Yoshifusa. Mototsune was adopted as son and heir of Yoshifusa. In other words, Yoshifusa was Mototsune's uncle, and father through adoption.
He was married to Princess Sōshi (操子女王), daughter of Imperial Prince Saneyasu (son of Emperor Nimmyo).
Their children were
- Tokihira (時平) (871-909) - Sadaijin
- Nakahira (仲平) (875-945) - Sadaijin
- Tadahira (忠平) (880-949) - Daijō Daijin, Sesshō and Kampaku
- Yoriko (頼子) (?-936), consort of Emperor Seiwa
- Kazuko (佳珠子) (?-?), consort of Emperor Seiwa
- Onshi (温子) (872-907), consort of Emperor Uda
- Onshi (穏子) (885-954), consort of Emperor Daigo, and mother of Emperor Suzaku and Emperor Murakami
He was also married to a daughter of Imperial Prince Tadara (son of Emperor Saga).
They had a son.
- Kanehira (兼平) (875-935) - Kunai-Kyō (宮内卿)
The other children were
- Kamiko (佳美子) (?-898), consort of Emperor Kōkō
- Yoshihira (良平)
- Shigeko (滋子), married to Minamoto no Yoshiari (son of Emperor Montoku)
- daughter, married to Imperial Prince Sadamoto (son of Emperor Seiwa), and mother of Minamoto no Kanetada (源兼忠)
- Fujiwara Regents
- Nihon Montoku Tennō Jitsuroku, one of the Six National Histories of Japan; edited by Fujiwara no Mototsune.
- ^ a b c d e f g h Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Fujiwara no Mototsune" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 206 at Google Books; Brinkley, Frank et al. (1915). A History of the Japanese People from the Earliest Times to the End of the Meiji Era, p. 203. at Google Books
- ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 119. at Google Books; see "Fousiwara-no Moto tsoune", pre-Hepburn romanization
- ^ Titsingh, p. 127. at Google Books
- ^ Brinkley, p. 237. at Google Books
- ^ "Yoshifusa Mototsune," in Encyclopedia Britannica; retrieved 2011-07-24
- ^ Nussbaum, "Fujiwara no Tokihira" in p. 210 at Google Books.
- ^ Nussbaum, "Fujiwara no Nakahira" in p. 207 at Google Books.
- ^ Nussbaum, "Fujiwara no Tadahira" in p. 209 at Google Books.
- Brinkley, Frank and Dairoku Kikuchi. (1915). A History of the Japanese People from the Earliest Times to the End of the Meiji Era. New York: Encyclopædia Britannica. OCLC 413099
- Hioki, S. (1990). Nihon Keifu Sōran. Kōdansya. (Japanese)
- Kasai, M. (1991). Kugyō Bunin Nenpyō. Yamakawa Shuppan-sha (Japanese)
- Kodama, K.. (1978). Nihon-shi Shō-jiten, Tennō. Kondō Shuppan-sha. (Japanese)
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 10-ISBN 0-674-01753-6; 13-ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
- Owada, T. et al. (2003). Nihonshi Shoka Keizu Jimmei Jiten. Kōdansya. (Japanese)
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
Kamatari Fuhito NANKE branch HOKKE branch SHIKIKE branch KYŌKE branch Muchimaro Fusasaki Umakai Maro Toyonari Nakamaro Nagate Kiyokawa Matate Uona Kaedemaro Hirotsugu Kiyonari Yoshitsugu Momokawa Kurajimaro Hamanari Tsuginawa Asakari Uchimaro Fujinari Sonondo Tanetsugu Otsugu Fuyutsugu Toyozawa Nakanari Yoshifusa Yoshisuke Yoshikado Murao Mototsune Hidesato Tokihira Nakahira Tadahira Morosuke Saneyori Tamemitsu Kinsue Koretada Kaneie Kanemichi Yoritada Michinaga Michikane Michitaka Kintō Yorimichi Norimichi Nagaie Korechika Morzane Nobunage Tadaie Moromichi Toshitada Tadazane Toshinari Yorinaga Tadamcihi Sadaie Kanezane Motofusa Motozane
- In the 13th century, the main line of the Fujiwara family split into five families or houses: the Kujō, Nijō and Ichijō (descendants of Kanezane); and also the Konoe and Takatsukasa (descendants of Motozane).
- 836 births
- 891 deaths
- Sessho and Kampaku
- Fujiwara clan
- Regents of Japan
- People of Heian period Japan
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