National Flag Anthem

National Flag Anthem
中華民國國旗歌
English: National Flag Anthem
Zhōnghuá Míngúo Gúoqígē
National Banner Song sheet music.png
The Sheet of National Flag Anthem

National anthem of
 Republic of China (Rising and lowering the Flag)
 Chinese Taipei (Sport games)

Lyrics Tai Chi-tao (pinyin: Dài Jìtáo), 1937
Music Huang Tzu (pinyin: Huáng Zì), 1936
Adopted 1937
The National Flag Song is played during the raising and lowering of the ROC flag, such as at this daily ceremony in front of the Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall (here, the flag is lowered by the honor guards of the ROCN).

The "National Flag Anthem" (official Republic of China name, also known as the National Banner Song unofficially) (Chinese: 國旗歌; pinyin: gúoqí gē) of the Republic of China is played during the raising and lowering of the Flag of the Republic of China. This song is also played at international sporting events such as the Olympic Games, where the ROC team plays as "Chinese Taipei."

Contents

Origin

After the Kuomintang Anthem became the de facto National Anthem of the Republic of China in 1930, the Ministry of Education had invited submissions for a new official national anthem. The music composed by Huang Tzu was eventually chosen in 1936, but the Nationalist Government refused to adopt it as the national anthem. As a compromise, the National Anthem remained unchanged, while Huang Tzu's music was adopted as the National Flag Anthem, with lyrics written in Classical Chinese by Tai Chi-tao, who had also contributed to the lyrics of the National Anthem.[1]

Use

Since 1983, the song was used at Olympic competitions instead of the National Anthem due to pressure from the Chinese Olympic Committee and the International Olympic Committee. This also changed the symbols used by Taiwan during the Olympics and their name officially changed to "Chinese Taipei."[2] During the 2004 Summer Olympics, Chinese Taipei won its first gold medals, and the Banner Song was played at the ceremonial raising of the flag of the gold medal team. When introduced, the song is officially called the "National Anthem of Chinese Taipei."[3] However, in the 16th Asian Games held in Guangzhou, the song was introduced as the "Anthem of the Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee" (中華臺北奧會會歌).[4]

In schools located in Taipei, every morning the National Banner Song and the National Anthem are sung before classes at an outdoor ceremony. During this time, the National Flag is raised.[5]

Lyrics

Classical Chinese Hanyu Pinyin
山川壯麗、物產豐隆;炎黃世冑,東亞稱雄。
毋自暴自棄、毋故步自封,光我民族,促進大同。
創業維艱,緬懷諸先烈;守成不易,莫徒務近功。
同心同德,貫徹始終,青天白日滿地紅。
同心同德,貫徹始終,青天白日滿地紅!
shānchuānzhuànglì, wùchǎn fēnglóng; yán huáng shìzhòu, dōngyà chēng xióng.
wú zìbàozìqì, wú gùbùzìfēng, guāng wǒ mínzú, cùjìn dàtóng.
chuàngyèwéijiān, miǎnhuái zhū xiānliè; shǒuchéng bùyì, mò túwù jìngōng.
tóngxīntóngdé, guànchèshǐzhōng, qīngtiān báirì mǎndì hóng.
tóngxīntóngdé, guànchèshǐzhōng, qīngtiān báirì mǎndì hóng!
English translation
Lo! The glorious land with bountiful goods!
Daughters and sons of Emperors Yan and Huang, heroes of East Asia!
Do not dismiss yourselves! Do not hold yourselves back,
Further glorify our nation and work towards peace.
Building the nation is difficult, so remember our founders,
Maintaining it is not easy, so do not be short-sighted.
With one heart, one soul, keep pressing to the goal,
Blue Sky, White Sun, and a Wholly Red Earth! (repeat last two lines)

Sheet music

Media

External links

References


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