- Middle Mississippi River National Wildlife Refuge
The Middle Mississippi River National Wildlife Refuge is located on the Mississippi River downstream from St. Louis, Missouri. It is managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service as part of the Mark Twain National Wildlife Refuge Complex.
The refuge consists of three parcels of Mississippi River bottomland, nearly all of it wetland. They are Meissner Island, near Valmeyer, Illinois; Harlow Island, near Festus, Missouri; and Wilkinson Island, near Gorham, Illinois.
The Middle Mississippi River National Wildlife Refuge has a local headquarters at Rockwood, Illinois in Randolph County. In all, the refuge is located in parts of Jackson, Monroe, and Randolph counties in Illinois, and Jefferson and Perry counties in Missouri. The refuge relies for much of its staffing on the nearby Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge near Carbondale, Illinois.
This Refuge was created in response to the Great Flood of 1993. The three parcels of bottomland that now make up this Refuge had been riverine polders, agricultural land protected by dikes. After the dikes were breached by this flood, the damaged land parcels were transferred to the federal government. The Fish and Wildlife Service has announced plans to slowly return these three parcels to the status of semi-natural bottomlands. Pursuant to these plans, the Middle Mississippi River National Wildlife Refuge was established in May 2000.
Protected Areas of Missouri FederalNational Wildlife Refuges:National Forests: StateBabler • Sam A. Baker • Bennett Spring • Big Lake • Big Oak Tree • Big Sugar Creek • Castlewood • Crowder • Cuivre River • Current River • Elephant Rocks • Finger Lakes • Graham Cave • Grand Gulf • Ha Ha Tonka • Harry S Truman • Hawn • Johnson's Shut-Ins • Jones-Confluence Point • Katy Trail • Knob Noster • Lake of the Ozarks • Lake Wappapello • Lewis and Clark • Long Branch • Mark Twain • Meramec • Montauk • Morris • Onondaga Cave • Pershing • Pomme de Terre • Prairie • Roaring River • Robertville • Rock Bridge Memorial • Route 66 • St. Francois • St. Joe • Stockton • Table Rock • Taum Sauk Mountain • Thousand Hills • Trail of Tears • Van Meter • Wakonda • Wallace • Washington • Watkins Woolen Mill • Weston BendArrow Rock • Battle of Athens • Battle of Carthage • Battle of Lexington • Thomas Hart Benton Home and Studio • Bollinger Mill • Nathan Boone Homestead • Boone's Lick • Bothwell Lodge • Clark's Hill/Norton • Confederate Memorial • Deutschheim • Dillard Mill • Gov. Daniel Dunklin's Grave • Felix Vallé House • First Missouri State Capitol • Fort Davidson • Gen. John J. Pershing Boyhood Home • Harry S Truman Birthplace • Hunter-Dawson • Iliniwek Village • Jefferson Landing • Jewell Cemetery • Locust Creek Covered Bridge • Mark Twain Birthplace • Mastodon • Missouri Mines • Missouri State Capitol • Missouri State Museum • Osage Village • Sandy Creek Covered Bridge • Sappington Cemetery • Scott Joplin House • Towosahgy • Union Covered Bridge • Watkins Woolen MillConservation areas:List of Missouri conservation areas Missouri Department of Natural Resources
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