- Katanga (province)
Province du Katanga
— Province —
Coordinates: Coordinates: Country Democratic Republic of the Congo Capital Lubumbashi Largest city Lubumbashi Government – Governor Moïse Katumbi Chapwe Area – Total 496,871 km2 (191,843 sq mi) Population (2003 est.) – Total 8,167,240 – Density 16.4/km2 (42.6/sq mi) Demonym Katangan National language KiSwahili, Tshiluba Districts 5 Cities 3 Website katanga.cd
Katanga is one of the provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Between 1971 and 1997, its official name was Shaba Province. Under the new constitution, the province was to be replaced by four smaller provinces by February 2009; this did not actually take place.
Katanga's regional capital is Lubumbashi. Its area is 518,000 km² (larger than California and 16 times larger than Belgium). Katanga had a population estimated in 2003 at about 8,167,240. Farming and ranching are carried out on the Katanga Plateau. The eastern part of the province is a rich mining region, which supplies cobalt, copper, tin, radium, uranium, and diamonds. The capital city, Lubumbashi, is the second largest city in the Congo.
Following the 2005 Constitution (effective 18 February 2006), Katanga was to be divided into four new provinces within 36 months (18 February 2009): Haut-Katanga, Haut-Lomami, Lualaba, and Tanganyika. As of October 2010, this had not taken place.
In the past, Katanga has struggled significantly for independence from the rest of the country.
Copper mining is an important part of the economy of Katanga province. Cobalt mining by individual contractors is also prevalent. There are a number of reasons cited for the discrepancy between the vast mineral wealth of the province and the failure of the wealth to increase the overall standard of living. Gecamines is the state owned mining company which has monopoly concessions in the province.
The Jason Sendwe Hospital is the largest hospital in the province. It is located in Lubumbashi.
Katanga has a wet and dry season. Rainfall is about 49 inches per year (120 cm).
The province forms the Congolese border with Angola and Zambia. The province also borders Tanzania, although Katanga province and Tanzania do not share a land border but the border is within Lake Tanganyika.
The University of Lubumbashi is the largest university in the province and one of the largest in the country. The university is located in the northern part of Lubumbashi city. The Faculté Méthodiste de Théologie (FMT) is a Methodist seminary which is accredited within the university system.
TESOL, the English Language School of Lubumbashi, is a secondary school that serves the expatriate community. It was founded in 1987 on the grounds of the now defunct French School.
Katanga Province has limited railway service centered around Lubumbashi. Reliability is limited. The area also has an airport called Luano Airport which is located northeast of Lubumbashi.
Katanga province is served by television broadcasts. Radio-Télévision Nationale Congolaise (RTNC) has a transmitter in Lubumbashi that re-transmits the signal from Kinshasha. In 2005, new television broadcasts by Radio Mwangaza began in Lubumbashi.
Cities and towns
Name Pop. 2010 Coordinates Future province Balamba 52,860 Bukama (Bukama-Kibanda) 75,814 Haut-Lomami Dilolo 17,446 Lualaba Fungurume 32,399 Kabalo 58,332 Tanganyika Kabongo 13,979 Haut-Lomami Kalemie 92,400 Tanganyika Kambove 71,756 Haut-Katanga Kamina 143,753 Haut-Lomami Kaniama 57,507 Haut-Lomami Kanteba (Kateba) 17,314 Kapanga 2,173 Lualaba Kasenga 21,400 Haut-Katanga Kipamba (Kikondja) 30,026 Kipushi 121,831 Haut-Katanga Kole 4,548 Kolwezi 451,168 Lualaba Kongolo 62,455 Tanganyika Likasi 422,535 Haut-Katanga Lubudi 21,176 Lualaba Lubumbashi 1,630,186 Haut-Katanga Lwambo (Luambo) 12,652 Malemba-Nkulu 28,472 Haut-Lomami Manono 56,048 Tanganyika Mitwaba 4,116 Haut-Katanga Moba 58,324 Tanganyika Mokambo 22,481 Mulongo 57,775 Mutshatsha 6,615 Lualaba Nyunzu 40,460 Tanganyika Pweto 24,767 Haut-Katanga Sakania 9,650 Haut-Katanga Sandoa 9,698 Lualaba
- Laurent-Désiré Kabila former President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Moise Tshombe former President of the breakaway State of Katanga
- Barbara Kanam popular African music singer
- ^ "The AMP conclave: Another step towards 2011 elections". Congo Siasa. http://congosiasa.blogspot.com/2010/10/amp-conclave-another-step-towards-2011.html.
- ^ Provinces of Congo (Kinshasa)
- ^ COPPER
- ^ THE STATE VS. THE PEOPLE GOVERNANCE, MINING AND THE TRANSITIONAL REGIME IN THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO
- ^ Katanga, or Shaba (province, Democratic Republic of the Congo) - Britannica Online Encyclopedia
- ^ Home
- ^ a b "Katanga: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population". World Gazetteer. http://world-gazetteer.com/wg.php?x=1263071407&men=gcis&lng=en&des=gamelan&geo=-46&srt=npan&col=abcdefghinoq&msz=1500&pt=c&va=&geo=-856.
- The United Nations and the Congo
- Meaning of flag
- WorldStatesmen- Congo (Kinshasa)
- The Bank Notes of Katanga
- Rush and Ruin: The Devastating Mineral Trade in Southern Katanga
Cities and communes Districts and territories Kolwezi DistrictTerritories: Lubudi, Mutshatsha City of Kolwezi(see above) Lualaba DistrictTerritories: Dilolo, Kapanga, Sandoa Haut-Katanga District Haut-Lomami District Tanganyika District Provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Current provinces 1962-1966See also Proposed provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
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