Supreme Court of Justice of Colombia

Supreme Court of Justice of Colombia

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of

Other countries · Atlas
Politics portal
view · talk · edit

The Supreme Court of Colombia (Spanish: Corte Suprema de Justicia de Colombia) in Bogotá is the highest judicial body in civil and penal matters and issues of criminal and civil procedure in Colombia. The Supreme Court of Colombia is not the highest authority in regards to the interpretation of administrative law, constitutional law, and the administration of the judiciary.

The court consists of twenty three magistrates, elected by the same institution in list conformed by the Superior Council of the Judiciary for individual terms of eight years. The court meets at the Palace of Justice in the Bolívar Square of Bogota.



The Palace of Justice: Supreme Court building

After the Colombian first declaration of independence from Spain on July 20, 1810, a number of independent States like Tunja (1811), Antioquia (1812), Cartagena de Indias (1812) and Cundinamarca (1812) were established. Each State had its own body in charge of the administration of justice. Later, when these States established the Provincias Unidad de la Nueva Granada (United Provinces of New Granada), on September 23, 1814, the Alto Tribunal de Justicia (High Tribunal of Justice) was established. In 1819, the Republic of Colombia (the Gran Colombia) was born. A Court was created according to the provisions its Constitution of August 30, 1821, named Alta Corte de Justicia (High Court of Justice). In 1830, the Gran Colombia was dissolved and the Republic of New Granada was formed. As per the provisions of its Constitution of February 29, 1832, the Corte Suprema de Justicia (Supreme Court of Justice) was established. On May 20, 1853, it became the Corte Suprema de la Nación (Supreme Court of the Nation). In 1858, the Grenadine Confederation was founded. On adoption of its Constitution of May 22, 1858, the Courte Suprema (Supreme Court) became the body in charge of the administration of justice. In 1863, the Grenadine Confederation was replaced by the Estados Unidos de Colombia (United States of Colombia). On adoption of its Constitution of May 8, 1863, the Corte Suprema Federal (Supreme Federal Court) was established. Finally, after the establishment of the República de Colombia (Republic of Colombia) and on adoption of its Constitution of August 4, 1886, the body was renamed as the present, the Corte Suprema de Justicia (Supreme Court of Justice) on 3 September, 1886. Its first President was Rito Antonio Martínez.

In 1985 in the Palace of Justice siege, members of the M-19 guerrilla group took over the Palace of Justice, and held the Supreme Court hostage, intending to put President Belisario Betancur on trial. Hours later, after a military raid, the incident left all the rebels and 11 of the 25 Supreme Court Justices dead.

Current Magistrates

Civil and Agrarian Cassation Chamber

  • President: Ruth Marina Díaz Rueda
    • Jaime Alberto Arrubla Paucar
    • César Julio Valencia Copete
    • Carlos Ignacio Jaramillo
    • Edgardo Villamil Portilla
    • Pedro Octavio Munar Cadena
    • Manuel Ardila Velásquez

Labor Cassation Chamber

President: Gustavo Jose Gnecco Mendoza

    • Elsy del Pilar Cuello
    • Isaura Vargas Diaz
    • Luis Javier Osorio López
    • Francisco Javier Ricaurte
    • Eduardo Adolfo López Villega
    • Camilo Humberto Tarquino Gallego

Penal Cassation Chamber

President: Alfredo Gómez Quintero

    • Maria del Rosario González
    • Mauro Solarte Portilla
    • Sigifredo de Jesús Espinosa Pérez
    • Álvaro Orlando Pérez Pinzón
    • Javier Zapata Ortiz
    • Julio Enrique Socha Salamanca
    • Jorge Quintero Milanes
    • Yesid Ramírez Bastidas


External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Supreme Court of Justice hostage crisis — The Supreme Court of Justice Hostage Crisis was a 1993 attack in which five gunmen from a group calling itself the Death Commando group took over the Costa Rican Supreme Court in San José on April 26 and held 19 supreme court judges (magistrates) …   Wikipedia

  • Supreme Court of Chile — Supreme Court building in Santiago The Supreme Court of Chile is the highest court in Chile. It also administrates the lower courts in the nation. It is located in the capital Santiago. In the Chilean system, the court lacks the broader power of… …   Wikipedia

  • Supreme Federal Court — Supremo Tribunal Federal The Supreme Federal Court at the Praça dos Três Poderes Jurisdiction Brazil …   Wikipedia

  • Colombia — Colombian, adj., n. /keuh lum bee euh/; Sp. /kaw lawm byah/, n. a republic in NW South America. 37,418,290; 439,828 sq. mi. (1,139,155 sq. km). Cap.: Bogotá. * * * Colombia Introduction Colombia Background: Colombia was one of the three countries …   Universalium

  • Colombia — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Colombia <p></p> Background: <p></p> Colombia was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others are Ecuador and… …   The World Factbook

  • Colombia — This article is about the country. For other uses and spellings, see Colombia (disambiguation) and Colombia (disambiguation). Republic of Colombia República de Colombia (Spanish) …   Wikipedia

  • Constitutional history of Colombia — Colombia This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Colombia …   Wikipedia

  • Palace of Justice siege — Part of Colombian armed conflict Date 6 November 1985 Location Bogotá …   Wikipedia

  • Constitutional Court of Colombia — The Constitutional Court of Colombia is the highest entity in the judicial branch of government in the Republic of Colombia in charge of safeguarding the integrity and supremacy of the Colombian Constitution of 1991 within the Constitutional laws …   Wikipedia

  • List of national supreme courts — This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. This is a list of supreme courts by country. Contents 1 List of supreme courts by continent 1.1 Africa …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”