All Saints Church, Billesley

All Saints Church, Billesley
All Saints Church, Billesley
The west end of a Georgian church seen through trees, showing a porch over which is a window and a bellcote
All Saints Church, Billesley, from the southwest

All Saints Church, Billesley is located in Warwickshire
All Saints Church, Billesley
Location in Warwickshire
Coordinates: 52°12′34″N 1°47′07″W / 52.2094°N 1.7854°W / 52.2094; -1.7854
OS grid reference NZ 274 513
Location Billesley, Warwickshire
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website Churches Conservation Trust
Architecture
Functional status Redundant
Heritage designation Grade I
Designated 6 February 1962
Architect(s) Bernard Whalley
Architectural type Church
Style Georgian
Groundbreaking 12th century
Completed 18th century
Specifications
Length 30 feet 6 inches (9.3 m)
Width 13 feet 6 inches (4.1 m)
Materials Blue lias stone, tiled roof

All Saints Church, Billesley, is a redundant Anglican church in the village of Billesley, Warwickshire, England. It has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building,[1] and is under the care of the Churches Conservation Trust.[2]

Contents

History

There is evidence that an earlier church was on the site dating from the 12th century, but the present church was built in 1692 by Bernard Whalley.[3] Alterations were made to it in the 18th century. The church served the village of Billesley until its population declined in the 15th century, and also served the occupants of the nearby Billesley Hall.[1][4]

Architecture

Exterior

The church is constructed in blue lias stone, and it has a tiled roof.[1] Its architectural style is Georgian.[2] The plan consists of a two-bay nave with an apse at the east end, a west porch and a south transept, which was initially a family pew and was later used as a vestry. At the west end is a bellcote. The apse contains a round-headed window, and there are two similar windows on both the north and south sides. Between the windows on the north is a blocked doorway, and on the south side the windows flank the transept. The transept has a gable decorated with urns and a finial, and it contains an oculus. At the west end the porch is also gabled, and this carries an urn finial and a ball finial. Above the porch is a smaller round-headed window. The bellcote is louvred and has a cornice, an ogival cupola, and a weathervane.[1]

Interior

The interior of the church contains some re-used 12th-century masonry. In the transept is a fireplace with a bolection-moulded surround. There is a gallery at the west end. On the north side of the church are stalls, on the south side is a priest's desk and pews, and at the west end are box pews. The octagonal font is simple in design. In the transept are two pieces of carved stone. One is a tympanum dating from about 1140 that depicts a man being attacked by a snake and a dragon, and being defended by a dove.[1] The other stone is carved on three sides. It dates from about 1150 and it contains a figure of Christ holding a cross shaft. It is probably part of a Harrowing of Hell.[1][3] The single bell was cast in 1721 by Richard Sanders. When the church was active in 1945, its communion plate included a cup and cover dated 1634, and an alms plate inscribed 1700.[3] Investigators looking through the church floor have found a crypt and have seen inside two sarcophagi and a chest; the crypt has not been opened in recent history but plans are underway to open it in 2011 as part of an inspection of the state of the church floor [5].

Tradition

There is a tradition that William Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway in the earlier church on the site, and also that Shakespeare's granddaughter Elizabeth Barnard was married there. However as the parish registers have not survived, this cannot be confirmed.[2][4]

See also

  • List of churches preserved by the Churches Conservation Trust in the English Midlands

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Church of All Saints, Billersley", The National Heritage List for England (English Heritage), 2011, http://list.english-heritage.org.uk/resultsingle.aspx?uid=1382704, retrieved 11 May 2011 
  2. ^ a b c All Saints' Church, Billesley, Warwickshire, Churches Conservation Trust, http://www.visitchurches.org.uk/Ourchurches/Completelistofchurches/All-Saints-Church-Billesley-Warwickshire/, retrieved 29 March 2011 
  3. ^ a b c Styles, Philip, ed. (1945), "Parishes: Billersley", A History of the County of Warwick: Barlichway hundred, Victoria County History (University of London & History of Parliament Trust) 3: pp. 58–61, http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=56981#s3, retrieved 8 November 2010 
  4. ^ a b Billesley, All Saints Church, British Express, http://www.britainexpress.com/attractions.htm?attraction=4191, retrieved 8 November 2010 
  5. ^ "Shakespeare wedding clues 'might be in Billesley crypt'". BBC News. July 28, 2011. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-coventry-warwickshire-14322439. Retrieved July 31, 2011. 

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