Montenegro–Ukraine relations

Montenegro–Ukraine relations
Montenegrin-Ukrainian relations
Map indicating locations of Montenegro and Ukraine

Montenegro

Ukraine

Formal Montenegro-Ukrainian relations began on June 15, 2006 when Ukraine recognized the Republic of Montenegro, less than two weeks after the Parliament of Montenegro declared the independence of Montenegro from Serbia.[1] Both countries established diplomatic relations on August 22, 2006. Ukraine has an embassy in Montenegro. In 2008, Montenegrin Government expressed intentions of opening embassy in Kiev.[2] Although economic ties are weak, Montenegro is a transit point for human trafficking between Ukraine and Europe.[3]

Contents

Official visits and statements

In 2006, Montenegrin President Filip Vujanovic visited President of Ukraine Victor Yushchenko.[4][5] In October 2008 Professor Željko Radulović, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Montenegro to Ukraine, presented his letters of credence to the Ukrainian President.[6] In December 2008 the Ukrainian non-resident extraordinary and plenipotentiary ambassador Anatoliy Oliynyk was dismissed and replaced by Oksana Slyusarenko.[7] In February 2009 The Montenegran Deputy Prime Minister and the Minister of Finance, Igor Lukšić met Oksana Slysarenko and discussed common interests including banking and economic cooperation.[8]

In July 2009, on Montenegro's third anniversary as an independent state, President of Ukraine Victor Yushchenko sent his congratulation to President of Montenegro Filip Vujanovic.[9] Later that month Ukraine's Deputy Premier for European and International Integration met his Montenegrin counterpart and expressed support for Montenegro's aspirations for European integration.[10]

Agreements

In September 2006, the two countries agreed to cooperate in fighting money laundering.[11] In March 2008 Ukraine said it was initiating an agreement on visa free travel with Montenegro.[12] In October 2008, the Foreign Ministers of Ukraine and Montenegro initialed an agreement on friendship and cooperation between two countries.[13] In June 2009 the two governments signed an agreement on mutual assistance in customs matters.[14]

Human trafficking

Montenegro has been identified as a transit point for human trafficking between Ukraine and the European Union.[3] Vulnerable groups in Ukraine include women in prostitution, unaccompanied foreign minors, ethnic Roma and foreign construction workers.[15] The "Balkan route" is a notorious path for sex-trade traffickers from Eastern European countries such as Ukraine.[16] However, Montenegro has denied UN allegations on human trafficking.[17]

See also

References

  1. ^ "PRESS RELEASE: Government of the Republic of Ukraine recognizes the Republic of Montenegro as an independent and sovereign state". Montenegro Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Jun, 15 2006. http://www.gov.me/eng/mininos/vijesti.php?akcija=vijesti&id=14061. Retrieved 2009-08-02. [dead link]
  2. ^ Interfax-Ukraine news agency, Kiev - October 14, 2008 "Ukraine, Montenegro to exchange diplomatic missions". Interfax-Ukraine news agency, Kiev. October 14, 2008. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=NewsLibrary&p_multi=BBAB&d_place=BBAB&p_theme=newslibrary2&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=123D7431A82D2800&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM Interfax-Ukraine news agency, Kiev - October 14, 2008. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  3. ^ a b "Trafficking in Persons Report 2009 - Montenegro". United States Department of State. http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/country,,,,MNE,4562d8b62,4a4214a132,0.html. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  4. ^ "Montenegrin President Filip Vujanovic visits Ukraine". ForUm. 27 September 2006. http://en.for-ua.com/news/2006/09/27/140139.html. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  5. ^ "Yushchenko meets Filip Vujanovic". UNIAN Agency. 2006-09-27. http://www.unian.net/eng/news/news-167816.html. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  6. ^ "H.E. Dr. Željko Radulovic presents his letters of credence to the President of Ukraine". Njegoskij Fund. October 16, 2008. http://njegoskij.org/article582.html. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  7. ^ "Ukraine replaces ambassador to Montenegro". UNIAN Kiev. December 1, 2008. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=NewsLibrary&p_multi=BBAB&d_place=BBAB&p_theme=newslibrary2&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=124D49B4D21760D0&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  8. ^ "Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance, Igor Lukšic, PhD, met with the Ambassador of Ukraine Ms. Oksana Slyusarenko". Montenegro Ministry of Finance. Feb, 11 2009. http://www.gov.me/eng/minfin/index.php?akcija=rubrika&rubrika=&row=30&. Retrieved 2009-08-02. [dead link]
  9. ^ "Yushchenko congratulated President of Montenegro". UNIAN News Agency. 13.07.2009. http://www.unian.net/eng/news/news-325882.html. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  10. ^ "Ukraine backs Montenegro's Eurointegration bids". Black Sea Association of National News Agencies. 2009-07-15. http://bsanna-news.ukrinform.ua/newsitem.php?id=9713&lang=en. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  11. ^ "Ukraine and Montenegro to cooperate fighting money laundering". ForUM Agency. 21 September 2006. http://en.for-ua.com/news/2006/09/21/155739.html. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  12. ^ "Ukraine Initiating Visa Free Regime With Montenegro". Park.ru (Russia). 2008-03-24. http://www.park.ru/google/doc_info.parkru?urn=13447007. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  13. ^ "Foreign Ministers of Ukraine and Montenegro initiale agreement on friendship and cooperation between two countries". The National Radio Company of Ukraine. 2008-10-14. http://www.nrcu.gov.ua/index.php?id=148&listid=76360. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  14. ^ "State Customs Service: Agreement between Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and Government of Montenegro on mutual assistance in customs matters signed". Ukrainian government. 18.06.2009. http://www.kmu.gov.ua/control/en/publish/article;jsessionid=8EDD24217A8A8236AB6A9F24F5A9491B?art_id=223351995&cat_id=32598. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  15. ^ H. Richard Friman, Simon Reich (2007). Tafficking, human security, and the Balkans. Univ of Pittsburgh Press. p. page 69ff. ISBN 0822959747. 
  16. ^ "Sex Traffickers Prey On Eastern Europeans". Radio Free Europe. August 23, 2005. http://www.rferl.org/content/article/1060878.html. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  17. ^ "Montenegrin official condemns UN human trafficking report.". BBC Monitoring International Reports. May 25, 2003. http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-23360109_ITM. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 

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