- Lake Placid, New York
official_name = Lake Placid, New York
settlement_type = Village
image_caption = The lake after which the village is named
mapsize = 250px
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Essex
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 3.9
area_land_km2 = 3.6
area_water_km2 = 0.4
area_total_sq_mi = 1.5
area_land_sq_mi = 1.4
area_water_sq_mi = 0.1
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 2638
population_density_km2 = 738.7
population_density_sq_mi = 1913.2
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_m = 549
elevation_ft = 1801
latd = 44 |latm = 17 |lats = 8 |latNS = N
longd = 73 |longm = 59 |longs = 7 |longEW = W
Lake Placid is a
villagein the Adirondack Mountainsin Essex County, New York, United States. As of the 2000 census, the village had a population of 2,638. Lake Placid is named after nearby Lake Placid.
The Village of Lake Placid is near the center of the Town of North Elba, 40 miles southwest of Plattsburgh. Lake Placid, along with nearby
Saranac Lakeand Tupper Lake, comprise what is known as the Tri-Lakes region.
Lake Placid was founded in the early 1800s to develop a mining operation based on
ironore discovered nearby. By 1840, the population of "North Elba" (four miles southeast of the present village near where the road to the Adirondack Loj crosses the Ausable River) consisted of six families. In 1845, Gerrit Smith arrived in North Elba and not only bought a great deal of land around the village, he also granted large tracts to his slaves, reforming the land law and reflecting his support of Abolitionism.
The abolitionist John Brown heard about Gerrit Smith's reforms, and left his anti-slavery activities in Kansas to buy convert|244|acre|km2|1 of land, which later became known as the "Freed Slave Utopian Experiment," "Timbucto". Upon his execution in 1859, John Brown asked to be buried on his farm, which is preserved as the John Brown Farm State Historic Site.
As leisure time increased in the late 19th century, Lake Placid was discovered by the rich and famous, who were drawn to the fashionable
Lake Placid Club. Melvil Dewey, inventor of the Dewey Decimal System, designed what was then called "Placid Park Club" in 1895 and inspired the village to change its name to Lake Placid. Dewey kept the club open through the winter in 1905, which aided the development of winter sports in the area (although nearby Saranac Lake had hosted an international winter sporting event as early as 1889). By 1921, the area could boast a ski jump, speed skatingvenue and ski association, and in 1929, Dr. Godfrey Dewey, Melvil's son, was able to convince the International Olympic Committee(IOC) that Lake Placid had the best winter sports facilities in the nation. [Fea, John, in Findling, John E. and Pelle, Kimberly D., editors, "Encyclopedia of the Modern Olympic Movement", Greenwood Press, 2004. ISBN-13: 978-0313322785. p. 297] The Lake Placid Club was the headquarters for the IOC for the 1932 and the 1980 Winter Olympicsin Lake Placid.
Lake Placid became an incorporated village in 1900.
Lake Placid is best known as the two-time site of the
Winter Olympics. In the United States, the village is especially remembered as the site of the 1980 USA-USSR hockey game, the " Miracle on Ice," when a group of American college students and amateurs upset the heavily favored Soviet national ice hockey team4-3 and two days later won the gold medal. The victory is often ranked as the greatest in American sports history. It is also the site of the Olympic Oval, where Eric Heidenwon his five Olympic gold medals.
Lake Placid also hosted the
1932 Winter Olympics. Along with St. Moritz, Switzerland, and Innsbruck, Austria, it is one of the three places to have twice hosted the Winter Olympic Games. Lake Placid was the first location in North America to host two Olympic games. Los Angelesbecame the other when it hosted the Summer Olympic Gamesfor the second time in 1984. Jack Shea, a resident of the village, became the first person to win two gold medals when he doubled in speed skating at the 1932 Winter Olympics. He carried the Olympic torch through Lake Placid in 2002 shortly before his death. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/winterolympics2002/hi/english/skating/newsid_1776000/1776146.stm BBC Winter Olympics] ] His grandson, Jimmy Shea, competed in the 2002 Winter Olympicsin Salt Lake City, Utahin his honor, winning gold in the Skeleton.
On November 20th, 1995, two-time Olympic Gold medalist
Russian figure skater Sergei Grinkovcollapsed and died from a massive heart attack while he and his wife were practicing in Lake Placid for their upcoming performance in the 1995-1996 Stars on Icetour.
Lake Placid is well-known among winter sports enthusiasts for its skiing, both Alpine and cross-country.
Whiteface Mountain(4,867 feet), in nearby Wilmington about convert|13|mi|km|0 from Lake Placid, offers skiing, hiking, gondola rides, and mountain biking, and is the only one of the High Peaks that can be reached via an auto road. The area has one of only three bobsled rides in the western hemisphere, and is one of the few places in the contiguous United States which offers dogsledand sleigh rides.
Many people use Lake Placid as a base from which to climb the forty-six High Peaks in the
Adirondack Mountains; those who complete these climbs may join the Adirondack Forty-Sixers.
Lake Placid built its first golf course in 1898, one of the first in the United States, and has more golf courses than any other region in the Adirondacks. Many of its courses were designed by famous golf course architects such as John Van Kleek, Seymour Dunn, Alexander H. Findlay, and Alister MacKenzie. The geographic features of the Adirondacks were considered reminiscent of the Scotland mountains where the game was invented, and thus a fitting canvas for original play, or "mountain golf."
Lake Placid is near the West Branch of the Ausable River, a well-known stretch of water for fly fishing. More than six miles (10 km) of the West Branch is year-round catch-and-release, artificial-lures-only water.
* Since 1999 it has been a site for the annual
Ironman Triathlon, one of only six official Ironman Triathlons to be held in the continental U.S.
* ESPN's Great Outdoor Games were inaugurated here in July 2000; they were held in Lake Placid again the following year, but moved to Madison, Wisconsin, in 2002 and were eventually discontinued.
* The Lake Placid and I Love New York Horse Shows have been held at the North Elba Showgrounds for the past 37 years.
Saranac Lake, New Yorkhosts an Annual Winter Carnival, one of the oldest Winter Carnivals in the country, complete with an Ice Palace.
* Lake Placid is also home to the Lake Placid Sinfonietta, a professional summer chamber orchestra that has existed since 1917 and offers concerts lakeside.
* The Winter
Empire State Gamesare held in Lake Placid every February.
North Country Community College
*Primary & Secondary Education
**In Lake Placid, public education is administered by the
Lake Placid Central School District.
Lake Placid is home to five private schools:
Mountain Lake Academy
National Sports Academy
North Country School
* Northwood School
St. Agnes School
Lake Placid is served by nearby
Adirondack Regional Airportin Saranac Lake, convert|16|mi|km|0 from the village. Lake Placid Airport, two miles south of the village, does not offer scheduled flights.
Other relatively nearby airports include
Albany International Airportand Burlington International Airport. Lake Placid is also served by an AmtrakThruway Motorcoach connection through Westport via limousine service. In addition, Lake Placid is served by Adirondack Trailways of the Trailways Transportation System.
Lake Placid is not located on any interstate highway. It can be reached from
Interstate 87to the east via New York State Route 73, New York State Route 86, and New York State Route 9N. County Roads 21, 31 and 35 also serve the community.
Lake Placid is located at coor dms|44|17|8|N|73|59|7|W|city (44.285691, -73.985404)GR|1.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.5 square miles (3.9 km²), of which, 1.4 square miles (3.6 km²) is land, and 0.2 square miles (0.4 km²) (9.87%) is water.
The village is located near the south end of Lake Placid lake. More immediate to the village is Mirror Lake, which lies between the village and Lake Placid.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 2,638 people, 1,303 households, and 604 families residing in the village. The population densitywas 1,913.2 people per square mile (738.1/km²). There were 1,765 housing units at an average density of 1,280.1/sq mi (493.8/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 95.75% White, 0.68% African American, 0.45% Native American, 0.91% Asian, 0.57% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.91% of the population.
There were 1,303 households, of which 22.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.1% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 53.6% were non-families. 45.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.02, and the average family size was 2.93.
The population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 33.2% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $28,239, and the median income for a family was $43,042. Males had a median income of $26,585 versus $21,750 for females. The
per capita incomefor the village was $18,507. About 8.5% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.3% of those under age 18 and 17.8% of those age 65 or over.
* [http://lakeplacid.com/village/ Official Website of the Village of Lake Placid]
* [http://www.lake-placid.ny.us/ Lake Placid information]
* [http://www.orda.org Lake Placid Olympic Authority]
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