- Delta Phi
The Delta Phi FraternityΔΦ Founded November 17, 1827
Type Social Scope National Motto "Semper Ubique" Colors Columbia Blue and White Symbol The Maltese Cross Chapters 14 Active Chapters Headquarters Athens, Georgia, USA Homepage deltaphifraternity.org
Delta Phi (ΔΦ) is a fraternity founded in 1827 at Union College in Schenectady, New York. Founded as part of the Union Triad, along with the Kappa Alpha Society and Sigma Phi Society, Delta Phi was the third and last member of the Triad. The organization has never disbanded, making it the oldest continuously running social fraternity.
Delta Phi and the other fraternities of the Union Triad were established during a time of strong anti-Masonic sentiment in the United States. Because fraternities were secret societies at the time, they also became targets of the anti-Masonic movement. This led Phi Beta Kappa, the original fraternity, to abandon secrecy and become an honor society.
In the early 1830s, Dr. Eliphalet Nott, president of Union College, called for the dissolution of all fraternities. Before this policy could be enacted, John Jay Hyde, a member of Delta Phi, argued the benefits of the fraternity system so convincingly that Nott relented and permitted the organizations to remain in existence. Hyde went on to design the badge still worn by members of Delta Phi, which includes a Maltese Cross, a symbol used by the Knights of Malta.
This connection to the Knights of Malta led Delta Phi to become known as "The St. Elmo Club," a name first used by the Omicron chapter at Yale University, which since has transformed into a senior secret society known as St. Elmo Society. The brothers there used the name of St. Elmo, the patron saint of mariners and the Knights of Malta. Some of Delta Phi's chapter houses are also known as "St. Elmo's Hall."
Delta Phi today
Delta Phi remains a small fraternity with fourteen active chapters and few chapters with more than several dozen members. It has resisted expansion in order to create an "intimate, personal experience" for its members. The fraternity's current expansion policy is to reactivate dormant chapters. As a member of the Union triad, Delta Phi is the third oldest fraternity in the United States. It is also the oldest continuously active fraternity, since the other two Triad members went underground temporarily. The Gamma Chapter at New York University is the oldest continuously active chapter of any social fraternity in the world having never gone inactive since its founding in 1841.
Governance and Organization
Owing mostly to its development in the early 19th century, Delta Phi organizes itself federally. Individual alumni chapters still exercise significant power over chapter governance. Those powers that are given in the national organization are vested in the Board of Governors. The Board consists of one member appointed from each alumni chapter plus two undergraduate representatives elected at the annual leadership conference the fraternity sponsors. Among the duties given to the board is hiring the Executive Director who oversees day to day management of the fraternity.
In addition to the national governing organization of the fraternity, Delta Phi alumni have also established the Saint Elmo Foundation which, among other things, sponsor's the annual leadership weekend and provides scholarships to undergraduate members of Delta Phi.
Alumni status in Delta Phi also qualifies one to apply for membership in the Saint Elmo Club, a private social club which operates at 3 West 51st Street in the Manhattan borough of New York City.
On or about November 17 of every year, the national organization sponsors the Founder's Day Dinner at the Saint Elmo Club where undergraduates and alumni celebrate the founding of the fraternity.
- Benjamin Burroughs, Presbyterian Minister from Savannah, Georgia
- William Hun Fondey, Attorney from Albany, New York
- Samuel Lewis Lamberson, Presbyterian Minister from Jamaica, New York
- Samuel C. Lawrison, United States Navy Surgeon from Pensacola, Florida
- David Hervey Little, New York Supreme Court Justice from Rochester, New York
- Thomas Clark McLaury, Clergyman from Lisbon, New York
- John Mason, Clergyman from Jamaica, New York
- Joseph Griffiths Masten, Mayor of Buffalo from Buffalo, New York
- William Wilson, President of College of Cincinnati from Ireland
There are 15 active chapters of Delta Phi.
- Beta - Brown University - Providence, RI - 1838
- Gamma - New York University- New York, NY - 1841
- Epsilon - Rutgers University- New Brunswick, NJ - 1845
- Eta - University of Pennsylvania - Philadelphia, PA - 1849
- Lambda - Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute - Troy, NY - 1864
- Nu - Lehigh University - Bethlehem, PA - 1884
- Xi - Johns Hopkins University - Baltimore, MD - 1885
- Pi - Cornell University - Ithaca, NY - 1891
- Rho - University of Virginia - Charlottesville, VA - 1908
- Tau - University of Illinois - Champaign, IL - 1920-1990 (reactivated 1991)
- Phi - Kenyon College - Gambier, OH - 1940
- Chi - Hamilton College - Clinton, NY - 1950
- Omega - University of Pittsburgh - Pittsburgh, PA - 1968
- Omega Alpha - College of William and Mary - Williamsburg, VA - 1987
There are 12 inactive chapters of Delta Phi.
- Alpha - Union College - Schenectady, NY (1827–1999)
- Delta - Columbia University - New York, NY (1842–2001)
- Zeta - Harvard University - Cambridge, MA (1845–1901)
- Theta - Princeton University - Princeton, NJ (1854–1877)
- Iota - University of Michigan - Ann Arbor, MI (1855–1936)
- Kappa - University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill, NC (1855–1861)
- Mu - Colgate University - Hamilton, NY (1874–1876)
- Omicron - Yale University - New Haven, CT (1889–1925)
- Sigma - Trinity College - Hartford, CT (1917–2001)
- Upsilon - Williams College - Williamstown, MA (1926–1965)
- Psi - Pennsylvania State University - State College, PA - (1960–2007)
- Omega Beta - Wabash College - Crawfordsville, IN - (1994–2001)
- John Jay Hyde - Α
- George Low - Λ
- Garret A. Hobart- E - Vice-President of the United States under McKinley
- George C. Ludlow- E - Governor of New Jersey
- Paolo Montalbán - E - Actor of stage and screen
- Maj. Gen. George Henry Sharpe - E - Civil War spymaster
- Howard Crosby - Γ - Famous Preacher and Chancellor of NYU
- Scott Blumenkranz - B - Stanford Law Review, Editor, American Litigator and Palo Alto Philanthropist
- Edgar Fawcett (1847–1904) - Δ - American novelist and poet.
- The Harper Brothers - Δ - Founders of Harper & Brothers publishing group
- John Pierpont Morgan, Jr. - Ζ - Noted financier, founder of JP Morgan Bank and Morgan Stanley
- John Jacob Astor IV - Ζ - noted industrialist and philanthropist
- James Roosevelt - Ζ - General, congressman, son of Franklin D. Roosevelt
- Halsey Minor - Ρ - Co-founder and former CEO, CNET Inc.
- Marvin Bush - Ρ - George W. Bush's younger brother
- Stanley Forman Reed - Ρ - Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
- Charles Scribner - Θ - Founder of Charles Scribner's Sons publishing group
- Russell Wayne Baker - Ξ - Pulitzer Prize winning writer and former host of PBS show Masterpiece Theatre.
- Sullivan Ballou - B - author of famous Civil War love letter at the First Battle of Bull Run.
- Finn Wentworth N - Businessman, COO/owner of NY Yankees, Founder of YES Network, Philanthropist.
- Zachary Pasanen - B - Special Olympics tennis competitor, world traveler and American financier.
- George Santayana - Z - Spanish author and philosopher famous for noting that "those who cannot remember the past, are condemned to repeat it."
- George Will - Σ - Pulitzer Prize-winning conservative American newspaper columnist, journalist, and author.
- George Macready - B - American actor
- ^ a b Delta Phi Fraternity Archived 15 December 2010 at WebCite
- ^ a b c Delta Phi Fraternity Archived 15 December 2010 at WebCite
- ^ http://www.st-elmo.net/foundation/ Archived February 8, 2005 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ W&M Web Servers Unavailable Archived 15 December 2010 at WebCite
- ^ Delta Phi at Cornell - Calendar of Events Archived 15 December 2010 at WebCite
- ^ a b Delta Phi Fraternity Archived 15 December 2010 at WebCite
- ^ Delta Phi Fraternity Archived 15 December 2010 at WebCite
- ^ "Active Chapters - Delta Phi Fraternity". http://www.deltaphifraternity.org/?page=AChapters.
- ^ "Inactive Chapters - Delta Phi Fraternity". http://www.deltaphifraternity.org/?page=IAChapters.
- ^ http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC38011776&id=cxATAAAAIAAJ&pg=RA1-PA29&lpg=RA1-PA29&dq=delta+hii%7CThe#PPA21,M1
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