- Nicholas Santora
Nicholas Santora was born on June 21, 1942, and became known in his teens as a tough mobster from New York City. He was the son of Modesto Santora, a recognized sidewalk soldier for the Colombo crime family who operated during the short tenure of Joseph Magliocco as boss. Originally a member of a youth gang, Santora became a made man along with legendary mobsters Dominic "Sonny Black" Napolitano, Benjamin "Lefty" Ruggiero and Joseph "Big Joey" Massino in the mid 1970s.
When first becoming involved with the Bonanno family, the boss was the imprisoned Philip "Rusty" Rastelli. Rastelli's reign as the head of the family would be threatened by Carmine "Lilo" Galante, who felt he was the rightful heir to the throne because he was a former underboss and consigliere under Joe Bonanno. Santora started out in a crew led by Galante-supporter Michael "Mikey" Sabella, and became heavily involved with extortion, loansharking, labor racketeering, illegal gambling, truck hijacking, and murder for hire.
By 1978, Rastelli had heard rumors of Carmine Galante being the new boss of the Bonannos, but wouldn't tolerate it. Another caporegime, Alphonse "Sonny Red" Indelicato, would be approached by Rastelli to organize the murder of Carmine Galante. Indelicato approached Santora, whose job was to deliver the message to mobsters Dominic Napolitano and Cesare Bonventre and report back to Indelicato. Since Sabella was loyal to Galante, it had to happen without Sabella knowing it.
On July 12, 1979, Carmine Galante was murdered just as he finished eating lunch at Joe and Mary's Italian-American Restaurant at 205 Knickerbocker Ave. in Bushwick, Brooklyn along with friend Leonard Coppola and restaurant owner/cousin Giuseppe Turano. He was murdered by Anthony "Bruno" Indelicato, Dominick "Big Trin" Trinchera, Dominick "Sonny Black" Napolitano and Louis "Louie Gaeta" Giongetti, who were all hired by Alphonse Indelicato.
After the Galante execution, several Galante supporters, including Michael Sabella, were demoted, as Trinchera, Napolitano and Bonventre were all promoted to captains of the Bonanno crime family. It is suspected his death was arranged by the heads of the other major Five Families in New York, who had decided Galante's greed and ambition over the control of the multimillion-dollar heroin business were a threat to all their interests. Phillip "Rusty" Rastelli was also involved and remained boss of the Bonannos.
With Dominick "Sonny Black" Napolitano as capo, The Motion Lounge crew would receive massive income as one of the most profitable crews in the Bonanno family. With soldiers Nicholas Santora, John Cersani, John Zancocchio, Edward Barberra, Benjamin "Lefty" Ruggiero, Michael Sabella, Joseph Puma, Steven Maruca, Salvatore Farrugia, Antonio Tomasulo, Anthony "Fat Tony" Rabito, Frank DiStefano, Salvatore D'Ottavio, James Episcopa, and infamous Mafia associate Joseph "Donnie Brasco" Pistone, who was an FBI agent working undercover.
Napolitano, after three years of work in Brooklyn, moved operations to Florida in 1981, where he and Donnie Brasco set up loansharking, illegal gambling, extortion, and racketeering operations with the permission of longtime Florida Boss Santo Trafficante. It was around this time that Santora would be put in charge of the entire Florida operation, along with Brasco. Back in New York, the leadership of Philip Rastelli wasn't so popular anymore, as Alphonse Indelicato was seen as a more prominent figure as boss of the Bonanno family, which is why Napolitano moved operations into Florida, in hope of squeezing the rival faction out financially. Indelicato and two other captains, Trinchera and Phillip "Phil Lucky" Giaccone began planning on taking over the family.
The three capos murder
Some of the clubs in Florida were eventually shut down due to local police and more pressure on organized crime. Eventually, they got back to New York, where the rival Indelicato faction had grown larger and more powerful. On May 5, 1981, just when a new war was about to break out in the Bonanno family, Alphonse Indelicato, Giaccone, and Trinchera were shot to death in an ambush at the old 20/20 Club, a night club once run by Gambino crime family underboss "Sammy the Bull" Gravano. Indelicato's body turned up three weeks later in the Ruby street lot (Mafia graveyard) in Ozone Park, Queens, but the remains of the other two were not unearthed until 2004.
According to FBI agent Joseph Pistone, the murderers involved in the assassination of Indelicato were Nicholas Santora, Dominick "Sonny Black" Napolitano, John Cersani, Joseph Massino, Salvatore Vitale, Joseph DeSimone, Vito Rizzuto, Louis Giongetti, Santo Giordano, and Gerlando Sciascia. Benjamin "Lefty" Ruggiero and John Cersani were lookouts, and sent in after to clean up the massacre and dispose of the bodies along with Santora, Dominick Napolitano, James Episcopia, and Robert Capazzio.
Operation Donnie Brasco
Anthony Indelicato went into hiding after the three capo slayings and the Rastelli supporters had basically won. Santora had taken over The Motion Lounge crew, and Napolitano had been promoted to "street boss" for Philip Rastelli, who was still incarcerated. Brasco's FBI operation ended when Napolitano organized the murder of Anthony Indelicato and gave it to Donnie Brasco, to make him a made man in the Bonanno family.
It was revealed days later that Donnie Brasco was really Joseph D. Pistone, an undercover agent for the FBI. Pistone spent six years undercover. The order came down shortly after to kill Napolitano for having allowed such a breach in Mafia security. On August 17, 1981, Napolitano was asked to come to the basement of Bonanno associate Ron Filocomo in Flatlands, Brooklyn, where he was ambushed by Filocomo and capo Frank Lino, both of whom shot him to death. The contract came from Santora and Joseph Massino, on behalf of Rastelli.
Santora became capo of Napolitano's old crew, but was soon put under indictment followed by the testimony provided by Pistone. With Rastelli out of prison when they finally needed him, a total of 100 Bonanno crime family mobsters would be put on trial and convicted, including Rastelli and Anthony Indelicato, who were both found guilty of racketeering and the murder Carmine Galante along with nine other Mafia associates in the infamous Mafia Commission Trial in 1986.
Santora, along with Benjamin "Lefty" Ruggiero, Antonio Tomasulo, and Anthony "Fat Tony" Rabito, would be convicted in a six-week jury trial for illegal gambling racketeering, distribution of narcotics and conspiracy to distribute narcotics, in the mid 1980s, receiving an 8-10-year prison sentence. After the Mafia Commission Trial in 1986, Bonanno Boss, Philip Rastelli, would be sentenced to 12 years in prison, released due to heart troubles on July 21, 1991, but died three days later in a Queens hospital on July 24. Joseph Massino took over as boss of the Bonanno family in August 1991.
Upon Santora's release in 1992, he created a partnership with newly promoted Bonanno acting consigliere, Anthony Rabito, in extortion, loansharking, illegal gambling, drug trafficking and money laundering operations in Brooklyn, Queens and the Bronx, throughout the mid 1990s. Santora, Rabito and Massino's brother-in-law, Salvatore "Good Looking Sal" Vitale, became close with Massino and they expanded their operations to become the top earners in the Bonanno crime family toward the late 1990s. Joseph Massino and the Bonanno family were brought back into the Five Families Commission again, after being expelled because of the Donnie Brasco fiasco.
In 2000, longtime Bonanno family consigliere, Anthony "Tony" Spero, was indicted on loansharking, racketeering and murder in November and in 2001 he was sentenced to life imprisonment. That gave Anthony Rabito a promotion as the official consigliere of the Bonannos. Toward 2003, indictments were again handed out, this time against their own boss and underboss, as Joseph Massino and Salvatore Vitale were held against bail for racketeering, arson, extortion, loansharking, money laundering, illegal gambling, conspiracy and seven murders. Because of this, Nicholas Santora was promoted to acting underboss in 2003.
The indictments were also against capos Anthony "Tony Green" Urso and James "Big Lou" Tartaglione, who secretly agreed to a wear wire, and turn government witnesse. As Santora kept flying under the radar with Anthony Rabito, underboss Salvatore Vitale turned informant as the two capos handed him out in murder and racketeering charges, and with Joseph Massino on trial in March, 2004, the government put capos Michael "Mikey Nose" Mancuso and Vincent "Vinny Gorgeous" Basciano on trial for racketeering charges, which included murder and conspiracy.
Massino turns informant
In October 2004, the FBI began to dig up bodies at an infamous mob graveyard in Queens, known as "The Hole". They were looking for the bodies of three capos killed in the Bonanno family war in 1981. They found the bodies of Gambino crime family boss John Gotti's victims, including John Favara, Ronald Jerothe and the three Bonanno family capos, Alphonse Indelicato, Phillip Giaccone and Dominick Trinchera. On February 4, 2005, the name of an informant was released to the press; Joseph Massino, who hoped to save his life and his assets, as he began to cooperate sometime in late September 2004, recording conversations with acting boss, Vincent Basciano, who was also convicted and jailed in July 2007.
Despite the testimony of Joseph Massino in 2005, Santora managed to go under the government's radar. At least until he was indicted along with Anthony Rabito, and 17 other members of the Bonanno family, in a loansharking and illegal gambling operation that was stretching from Brooklyn to Queens, Manhattan and Staten Island, which earned $210,000 a week from January 2003 to July 2004. This was mostly because of the death of Bonanno family capo Louis Mele, who died of natural causes in a room where an illegal gambling operation was based.
Since February 13, 2007, Santora is the reputed underboss of the Bonanno family. Vincent Basciano remains the reputed boss of the Bonannos, with Anthony Rabito as the reputed Bonanno consigliere, with Salvatore "Sal the Iron Worker" Montagna as acting boss, reporting to Basciano in prison. Nicholas Santora was released from the Loretto Federal Correctional Institute in southwest Pennsylvania on September 16, 2009. With the recent deportation of Salvatore "Sal the Iron Worker" Montagna to Montreal, Canada, it is possible that Nicholas Santora has become acting boss.
Santora is portrayed as "Nicky", by Bruno Kirby in the 1997 film Donnie Brasco, which follows the life of undercover agent Joseph D. Pistone, from 1978 to 1981. The character "Nicky" was shot and killed in the movie, whereas Santora was not.
- DeStefano, Anthony. The Last Godfather: Joey Massino & the Fall of the Bonanno Crime Family. California: Citadel, 2006.
- Raab, Selwyn. The Five Families: The Rise, Decline & Resurgence of America's Most Powerful Mafia Empire. New York: St. Martins Press, 2005.
- Diehl, Christine S. "WP Has a Sit-Down With Joe Pistone/Donnie Brasco", WP, The Magazine of William Paterson University, Vol. 7, No. 1, Winter 2006.
- Pistone, Joseph D.; & Woodley, Richard (1999) Donnie Brasco: My Undercover Life in the Mafia, p. 402, Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 0-340-66637-4.
- Pistone, Joseph D. (2004). The Way of the Wiseguy, Running Press. ISBN 0-7624-1839-7.
- Pistone, Joseph D.; & Brandt, Charles (2007). Donnie Brasco: Unfinished Business, Running Press. ISBN 0-7624-2707-8.
- Testimony before Senate Sub Committee on Organized Crime http://www.americanmafia.com/pistone_testimony.html
- DOJ Press Release PRESS RELEASE BONANNO FAMILY ACTING UNDERBOSS, ACTING CONSIGLIERE AND 17 CAPOS, SOLDIERS, AND ASSOCIATES INDICTED FOR RACKETEERING, RACKETEERING CONSPIRACY, AND OTHER CHARGES
- UNITED STATES OF AMERICA v. BENJAMIN RUGGIERO, NICHOLAS SANTORA, ANTHONY RABITO, and ANTONIO TOMASULO
- Slate: Dispatches From a Mob Trial - Where the bodies are hidden by Dan Ackman
- UNITED STATES OF AMERICA v. JOSEPH MASSINO and SALVATORE VITALE
- Courtdocs: FBI says Bonanno Family reeling after new indictments
- New York Post: Mobster Cashes in his Chips by STEFANIE COHEN
- Seize the Night: Carmine Galante
- Find a Grave: Carmine "Lilo" Galante
- Find a Grave: Philip "Rusty" Rastelli
- Find a Grave: Dominick (Sonny Black) Napolitano
- New York Times, May 23 2004 An Archetypal Mob Trial: It's Just Like in the Movies
- CBSNews.com, July 30 2004 New York's 'Last Don' Convicted
- New York Times October 13 2004 Skeletal Remains Are Believed to Be Those of Mob Captains by WILLIAM K. RASHBAUM
Business positions Preceded by
Salvatore "Handsome Sal" Vitale
Bonanno crime family
Incumbent Bonanno crime family Boss(s) Current members Past membersMade menSalvatore Bonanno · Cesare Bonventre · Giovanni Bonventre · Vito Bonventre · Alfred Embarrato · Philip Giaccone · Al Indelicato · Paolo LiCastri · Nicholas Marangello · Anthony Mirra · Salvatore Montagna · John Morales · Dominic Napolitano · Benjamin Ruggiero · Michael Sabella · Gerlando Sciascia · Anthony Spero · John Tartamella · Antonio Tomasulo · Dominick Trinchera · Michael ZaffaranoAssociates Family eventsHearingsKefauver Committee (1950–1951) · Valachi hearings (1963)Social clubsTrialsVictimsMurder victimsWarsCastellammarese War (1929–1931) Allies Operation Donnie Brasco See also: American Mafia Template · Five Families Template Italian American Mafia FamiliesDefunct StructureMembers (Made men)Codes and Terms EventsMeetingsHearingsKefauver Committee (1950–1951) · Valachi hearings (1963)WarsTrials See also: Sicilian Mafia Template · List of Mafia crime families
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