Downtown Phoenix

Downtown Phoenix
Downtown Phoenix looking northeast with Camelback Mountain and Four Peaks in the background

Downtown Phoenix is the central business district (CBD) of Phoenix, Arizona, United States. It is located near the geographic center of the Phoenix metropolitan area or Valley of the Sun. Phoenix, being the county seat of Maricopa County and the capital of Arizona, serves as the center of politics, justice and government on the local, state and federal levels. The area is a major center of employment for the region, with many financial, legal, and other national and international corporations housed in a variety of skyscrapers. Major arts and cultural institutions also call the area home. Downtown Phoenix is a center of major league sports activities, live concert events, and is an equally prominent center of banking and finance in Arizona. Regional headquarters for several major banks, including JP Morgan Chase, Wells Fargo, US Bank, Bank of America, Compass Bank and Midfirst Bank are all located within or close proximity to the area.

The City of Phoenix defines Downtown as the area between 7th Street and 7th Avenue, from McDowell Road on the north to Buckeye Road on the south.[1] However, the majority of downtown development is concentrated in the smaller area surrounding the intersection of Washington St. and Central Ave (which is the point of origin of Phoenix street addresses and numbering). Downtown Phoenix is one of a few major business districts in the city; others include Midtown Phoenix to the north, and Uptown or the Biltmore District four miles northwest of downtown.

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History

Territorial era

In 1870, a meeting was held to select a town site for the influx of pioneers coming to the recently recognized town of Phoenix. 320 acres were purchased for $50 raised by popular subscription. This original site, the whole of the town of Phoenix in that day, encompasses what would presently be the Downtown Core, bordered by Van Buren Street south to Jackson Street, and Seventh Street to Seventh Avenue. [2]

With the first survey of the new town, streets were laid out in a grid, with Washington Street as the main east-west thoroughfare. The north-south streets originally bore Native American tribal names, but were changed to more easily remembered numbers, with everything east of Center Street (later Central Avenue) named as streets and everything west as avenues. The town continued to grow, and was eventually incorporated as a city on February 28, 1881 centered around downtown. [3]

Throughout 1880's the newly incorporated city made many strides toward modernization with the construction of one the first electric plants in the West as well as the opening of the horse-drawn streetcar line. The Phoenix Street Railway system was eventually electrified and expanded to several different lines that connected Downtown Phoenix to other neighborhoods and cities in the Valley. Independence Day of 1887 heralded the arrival first Southern Pacific train. This opened up the economy of the young city, as goods now flowed in and out by train as opposed to wagon. As Phoenix became the center of commerce in the territory, the capital was moved to Phoenix, with temporary offices being set up in Downtown. [4]


Attractions

Downtown Phoenix has many points of interest including museums, sports venues, performing arts venues and a thriving art scene.

Museums

Downtown's cultural attractions attractions include the Arizona Science Center, Phoenix Museum of History, the Phoenix Art Museum, the Rosson House and the Burton Barr Central Library.

Sports

Downtown Phoenix has a large sports presence. Chase Field is home to the Arizona Diamondbacks and was the site of the Insight Bowl from 2001 to 2005. In 2006 Chase Field was the host stadium for the World Baseball Classic. Chase Field has also hosted international soccer games.

The US Airways Center is home to the Phoenix Suns, the Phoenix Mercury, the Arizona Rattlers and the Phoenix RoadRunners. US Airways Center hosted the NBA All-Star game on February 15, 2009. It was formerly known as America West Arena before the airline merged with US Airways.

Performing arts

Phoenix Symphony Hall is home to the Phoenix Symphony. The Tucson based Arizona Opera has staged many of its productions in Phoenix at Symphony Hall. Ballet Arizona also stages many of its productions at Symphony Hall.

Orpheum Theater originally built as a grand movie house in 1927, had undergone a 12 year $14 million extensive renovation ending in 2002. The theater now stages everything from Beauty Pageants to Broadway shows.

Orpheum Theater

The Herberger Theater Center was built in 1989, has three stages and is home to 3 resident companies: Actors Theater, Arizona Theater Company and Center Dance Ensemble.

The Dodge Theater, a Live Nation venue, is a state of the art entertainment venue designed specifically for concerts, Broadway shows, family stage shows, and boxing. The Dodge Theatre seats up to 5,000 people.

Downtownphx.jpg

Architecture

Downtown Phoenix at night.

About twenty-five mid-rise and high-rise buildings ranging up to 40 stories tall pierce the skyline. Three of the five tallest skyscrapers in the state of Arizona are in Downtown Phoenix. Chase Tower, at 40 stories and a height of 483 feet (147 m), is the tallest. US Bank Center’s 31 floors and 407 feet (124 m) tall is number two. 44 Monroe, at 34 floors and a height of 380 feet (120 m) is Phoenix’s 4th tallest. One Central Park East tops out at 26 floors and is 116.7 meters (382 ft) tall.

The architecture of Downtown offers many examples of 20th century architectural styles including the Beaux Arts-style Security Building and Hotel San Carlos. Art Deco design can be seen in Luhrs Tower, Hotel Monroe (formerly the Professional Building) and the Orpheum Lofts. International Style was popular from the 1960s to the 1980s and prime examples include Chase Tower and US Bank Center. The short-lived brutalist style has only one example in downtown Phoenix in the Wells Fargo Plaza. Post modern, with its return to architectural ornamentation, can be seen in the Bank of America Tower, both towers at the Arizona Center and, most notably, in the crown of the Phoenix City Hall Building.

The recent trend of urban living has led to the conversion of the 1930s-era Phoenix Title and Trust building to condominiums called Orpheum Lofts; as well as the newly built residential towers 44 Monroe and The Summit at Copper Square, with many more in the planning stages. Taylor Place, two 13-story towers which serve as the new residential community of the Downtown campus of Arizona State University, opened in August 2008. Alta Phoenix Lofts, a multi-level, 332-unit apartment project, is rising north of the Arizona Center.

Historic Heritage Square

Historic Heritage Square is part of Heritage and Science Park on the east end of downtown. It encompasses the only remaining group of residential structures from the original town site of Phoenix.

The Rosson House

The Lath House Pavilion, although completed in 1980, its design is heavily influenced by combining 19th Century concepts of a botanical conservatory, a gazebo, a beer garden and a pedestrian shopping arcade, all of which were common features of early Phoenix architecture. The Pavilion hosts many national and cultural festivals throughout the year.

The Rosson House is the cornerstone of a city block dating from the late 19th century. The Rosson House has been resorted to its Victorian roots and offers tours.

The Duplex, built in 1923, is the youngest of the homes on the block. Its sleeping porches constructed with canvas and wood panels, let in the cool evening desert air.

The Carriage House is located in the center of the Square. It was built as a mule barn for the Teeter House in 1899.

The Silva House, a bungalow with neoclassical revival influences, was built in 1900. The Rose and Crown, an English Pub now occupies this historical home.

The Bouvier-Teeter House was built in 1899. It is now a Victorian Tea Room.

The Baird Machine Shop was a commercial structure when it was built in 1929. It is now home to Pizzeria Bianco, which has been named by various sources as the best Pizza in America.[5]

The Thomas House was moved to block 15, of Historic Heritage Square in the 1980s to save the home from demolition. This 1909 neoclassical styled building houses Bar Bianco, an adjunct to Pizzeria Bianco.

The Stevens- Haugsten House was built in 1901 as a rental property. The building is significant for its representation of the historic California bungalow style built around the turn of the 20th century.

The Stevens House, built in 1901 with obvious midwestern influences, now houses The Arizona Doll & Toy Museum.

Roosevelt Row

Roosevelt Street is an east-west corridor that runs through the northern edge of Downtown. Roosevelt Row, roughly bounded by 3rd Avenue to 7th Street, has reinvented itself from a blighted, drug infested area to the epicenter of the Central Phoenix art scene. This neighborhood has become home to artist live/work spaces, gallery spaces and studio spaces. It has been described as "a dynamic, walkable urban mixed-use area with a significant concentration of artists and other creative professionals."[6] Since 1994 the monthly First Fridays artwalk has grown to become the largest monthly artwalk in the United States. Increasing interest in this area has prompted Rooselvelt Row to becoming more pedestrian-friendly and is supportive of small local independent businesses that give downtown Phoenix character. The area's development is overseen by the non-profit Roosevelt Row Community Development Corporation.

Historic neighborhoods

Downtown and Central Phoenix are home to several historic neighborhoods ranging from turn of the 20th-century Victorian to mid-20th-century modern architecture. Some of them are more established and in-demand like the Willo and Encanto-Palmcroft districts, while others are still redeveloping. Some of the more well-known districts include Coronado, Encanto-Palmcroft, FQ Story, North Encanto, Willo and Woodlea.

Encanto-Palmcroft Historic District Rooted firmly in the City Beautiful movement of planning, the Palmcroft and Encanto Districts were developed starting in the late 1920s. With winding lanes, tree-lined streets, lush landscaping and nearby Encanto Park, this neighborhood resembles more of an English suburb than a Phoenician neighborhood. The district contains many larger, period revival manors, marking a time when it was a getaway from the hustle and bustle of early city life.

Government and infrastructure

The United States Postal Service operates the Downtown Phoenix Post Office at 522 North Central Avenue.[7]

Downtown Phoenix in film and television

Mel's Diner, on the outskirts of downtown has been an old Phoenix landmark for decades. It's famous for being the setting for the TV sitcom Alice.

Many movies have been filmed in Phoenix using downtown locations.

march 1956 Arizona Biltmore.2400 E Missouri Ave, Phoenix, AZ.(marilyn's favorite pool) may 3 1956 to june 3 1956 Hotel San Carlos 202 North Central Avenue, Phoenix, AZ.(she skinny dipped at this pool) Westward Ho . 618 North Central Avenue, Phoenix, AZ(she skinny dipped at this hotel as well.the parade from bus stop was filmed accross central with the hotell in the back ground ) The Sahara inn .401 N 1st St Phoenix, AZ 85004.(was bought by remada inn .towrn down in 2010,marilyn lived in the penthouse) greyhound bus stop.347 N 1st St Phoenix, AZ 85004(replaced with a newer skyscraper) Arizona state fairground 1826 West McDowell Road Phoenix, AZ 85007-1612

See also

References

Gallery

External links

Live in Roosevelt Row:


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