- Paul Newman
name = Paul Newman
imagesize = 230px
caption = Paul Newman in 1968.
birthname = Paul Leonard Newman
birthdate = birth date|mf=yes|1925|1|26
birthplace = Cleveland,
deathdate = death date and age|mf=yes|2008|9|26|1925|1|16
deathplace = Westport,
yearsactive = 1952 - 2008
spouse = Jackie Witte (1949–1958) (divorced)
Joanne Woodward(1958–2008) (his death)
Academy Honorary Award
1985 Lifetime Achievement
The Color of Money" Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award
1994 Outstanding Contributions to Humanitarian Causes
baftaawards = Best Actor in a Leading Role
1961 "The Hustler"
emmyawards = Outstanding Supporting Actor - Miniseries or a Movie
2005 "Empire Falls"
goldenglobeawards = Most Promising Newcomer - Male
Somebody Up There Likes Me" ; " The Rack"
Best Director - Motion Picture
Rachel, Rachel" Cecil B. DeMille Award
1984 Lifetime Achievement
Best Supporting Actor - Series, Miniseries or TV Movie
2005 "Empire Falls"
sagawards = Life Achievement Award
1986 Lifetime Achievement
Outstanding Actor in a Miniseries or TV Movie
2005 "Empire Falls"
Best Actor Award (Cannes Film Festival)
The Long, Hot Summer"
NBR Award for Best Actor
1986 "The Color of Money"
NSFC Award for Best Actor
1994 "Nobody's Fool"
NYFCC Award for Best Director
1968 "Rachel, Rachel"
NYFCC Award for Best Actor
1994 "Nobody's Fool"
PFCS Award for Best Supporting Actor
Road to Perdition" Silver Bear for Best Actor
1994 "Nobody's Fool"
Hollywood Walk of Fame- Motion Picture
7060 Hollywood Blvd
Paul Leonard Newman (January 26, 1925 – September 26, 2008) [ [http://www.reuters.com/article/rbssConsumerGoodsAndRetailNews/idUSN2732677420080927 "Film Star Paul Newman dead at 83."] Reuters.com. September 27, 2008.] [ [http://abcnews.go.com/Entertainment/wireStory?id=5899629 "Legendary Actor Paul Newman Dies at Age 83."] "ABC News". September 27, 2008.] cite web|url=http://www.cnn.com/2008/SHOWBIZ/Movies/09/27/paul.newman.dead/ |title=Paul Newman dies at 83 |accessdate=2008-09-27 |first=CNN |date=2008-09-27 |work=Cable News Network |publisher=CNN.com ] was an
Academy Awardwinning and seven-time Academy Award nominated American actor, film director, entrepreneur, humanitarian and auto racingenthusiast. He won numerous awards, including an Academy Award for his performance in the 1986 Martin Scorsesefilm " The Color of Money", three Golden Globe Awards, a BAFTA Award, a Screen Actors Guild Award, a Cannes Film Festival Award, an Emmy award, and many honorary awards. He also won several national championships as a driver in Sports Car Club of Americaroad racing, and his race teams won several championships in open wheel IndyCar racing.
Newman was a co-founder of
Newman's Own, a food company from which Newman donated all post-tax profits and royalties to charity. [http://www.newmansown.com/faqs.cfm "FAQs"] Newman's Own.com.] As of May 2007, these donations had exceeded US$220 million.
On September 26, 2008, Newman died at his longtime home in
Westport, Connecticut, of complications arising from lung cancer. [ [http://scotlandonsunday.scotsman.com/world/Paul-Newman-Hollywood-legend-dies.4535651.jp Paul Newman, Hollywood legend, dies at 83] ] [ [http://www.freep.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080928/COL09/809280426 "Film star, businessman, philanthropist Paul Newman dies at 83."] "Free Press.com." September 28, 2008.] [Katz, Ivan. [http://www.examiner.com/x-547-Sports-Car-Examiner~y2008m9d27-Actor-Philantrhopist-Race-Car-Driver-Paul-Newman-Dies "Actor, Philantrhopist, Race Car Driver Paul Newman Dies."] "Chicago Examiner". September 27, 2008.]
Newman was born in
Shaker Heights, Ohio(a suburb of Cleveland), the son of Theresa (née Fetzer or Fetsko; Slovak: Terézia Fecková)Lax, Eric, (1996). - "Paul Newman: A Biography". - Atlanta, Georgia: Turner Publishing. - ISBN 1570362866.] Morella, Joe and Edward Z. Epstein, (1988). - "Paul and Joanne: A Biography of Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward". - Delacorte Press. - ISBN 0440500044.] and Arthur Samuel Newman, who ran a profitable sporting goods store. [ [http://www.filmreference.com/film/15/Paul-Newman.html "Paul Newman Biography (1925-)"] . - FilmReference.com.] [ [http://www.genealogy.com/famousfolks/paul-newman/index.html "Ancestry of Paul Newman"] . - Genealogy.com.] His father was Jewish and his mother, who practiced Christian Science, was born to a Slovak Catholicfamily at Ptičie(formerly Peticse) in the former Austria–Hungary(now in Slovakia).Hamill, Denis. - "Paul Newman, A Big Gun at 73". - " Buffalo News". - March 7, 1998. - Retrieved: 2008-03-08] [ [http://www.pticie.host.sk/english.htm Ptičie Resumé] . - Obecný úrad Ptičie] Newman had described himself as Jewish, stating that, "it's more of a challenge".Skow, John. - [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,923114-5,00.html "Verdict on a Superstar"] . - "TIME". - December 6, 1982.] Newman's mother worked in his father's store, while raising Paul and his brother Arthur (who later became a producer and production manager). [http://www.tiscali.co.uk/entertainment/film/biographies/paul_newman_biog.html "Paul Newman biography"] . - Tiscali.co.uk.com.]
Newman showed an early interest in the theater, which his mother encouraged. At the age of seven, he made his acting debut, playing the court jester in a school production of "Robin Hood". Graduating from
Shaker Heights High Schoolin 1943, he briefly attended Ohio Universityin Athens, Ohio, where he was initiated into the Phi Kappa Taufraternity.
Newman served in the Navy in
World War IIin the Pacific theater. Newman was sent to the Navy V-12 program at Ohio University, hoping to be accepted for pilot training, but this failed when it was discovered he was color blind. [http://www.history.navy.mil/bios/newman_p.htm "Paul Newman"] . - Biographies in Naval History. - Navy.mil.] He was sent instead to boot camp and then on to further training as a radioman and gunner. Qualifying as a rear-seat radioman and gunner in torpedo bombers, in 1944 Aviation Radioman Third Class Newman was sent to Barber's Point, Hawaii, and was subsequently assigned to Pacific-based replacement torpedo squadrons (VT-98, VT-99, and VT-100). These torpedo squadrons were responsible primarily for training replacement pilots and combat air crewmen, placing particular importance on carrier landings. He later flew from aircraft carriers as a tail gunner in the Avenger torpedo bomber. As a radioman/gunner, he served aboard the "USS Bunker Hill" during the battle for Okinawa in the spring of 1945. He was ordered to the ship with a draft of replacements shortly before the attack but, by a fluke of war, was held back because his pilot had an ear infection. The rest of his detail died. [Hastings, Max, (2008). - [http://books.google.com/books?id=JveaGQAACAAJ "Retribution: The Battle for Japan, 1944-45"] . - Random House. - ISBN 0307263517.]
After the war, he completed his degree at
Kenyon College, graduating in 1949. Newman later studied Drama at Yale University, graduating in 1954, and under Lee Strasbergat the Actors' Studioin New York City.
Oscar Levant wrote that Newman was initially hesitant to leave New York for Hollywood: "Too close to the cake," he reported him saying, "Also, no place to study." [Levant, Oscar, (1969). - "
The Unimportance of Being Oscar". - Pocket Books. - p.56. ISBN 0671771043.]
Newman made his
Broadway theaterdebut in the original production of William Inge's "Picnic" with Kim Stanley. He later appeared in the original Broadway productions of "The Desperate Hours" and " Sweet Bird of Youth" with Geraldine Page. He would later star in the film version of "Sweet Bird of Youth", which also starred Page.
His first movie was "The Silver Chalice" (1954), followed by acclaimed roles in "
Somebody Up There Likes Me" (1956), as boxer Rocky Graziano; "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" (1958), opposite Elizabeth Taylor; and " The Young Philadelphians" (1959), with Barbara Rushand Robert Vaughn.
Newman appeared in a screen test with
James Deanfor "East of Eden" (1955). Newman was testing for the role of Aron Trask; Dean was testing for the role of Aron's fraternal twin brother, Cal Trask. Dean won the part of Cal, while the role Newman was up for went to Richard Davalos. The same year Newman would co-star with Eva Marie Saintand Frank Sinatrain a live —and color—television broadcast of the Thornton Wilderstage play " Our Town". In 2003 Newmanwould act in a remake of "Our Town", taking on Sinatra's role as the stage manager.
Newman was one of the few actors who successfully made the transition from 1950s cinema to that of the 1960s and 1970s. His rebellious persona translated well to a subsequent generation. Newman starred in "Exodus" (1960), "The Hustler" (1961), "Hud" (1963), "Harper" (1966), "
Hombre" (1967), " Cool Hand Luke" (1967), " The Towering Inferno" (1974), "Slap Shot" (1977) and " The Verdict" (1982). He teamed with fellow actor Robert Redfordand director George Roy Hillfor " Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid" (1969) and " The Sting" (1973).
He appeared with his wife,
Joanne Woodward, in the feature films " The Long, Hot Summer" (1958), " Rally 'Round the Flag, Boys!", (1958), " From the Terrace" (1960), " Paris Blues" (1961), " A New Kind of Love" (1963), " Winning" (1969), "WUSA" (1970), " The Drowning Pool" (1975), " Harry & Son" (1984) and " Mr. and Mrs. Bridge" (1990). They also both starred in the HBO miniseries"Empire Falls", but did not have any scenes together.
In addition to starring in and directing "Harry & Son", Newman also directed four feature films (in which he did not act) starring Woodward. They were "
Rachel, Rachel" (1968), based on Margaret Laurence's "A Jest of God", the screen version of the Pulitzer Prize-winning play " The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds" (1972), the television screen version of the Pulitzer Prize-winning play " The Shadow Box" (1980) and a screen version of Tennessee Williams' " The Glass Menagerie" (1987).
Twenty-five years after "The Hustler", Newman reprised his role of "Fast" Eddie Felson in the
Martin Scorsese-directed " The Color of Money" (1986), for which he won the Academy Award for Best Actor.
In 2003, he appeared in a
Broadway theatrerevival of Thornton Wilder's " Our Town", receiving his first Tony Awardnomination for his performance. PBSand the cable network Showtimeaired a taping of the production, and Newman was nominated for an Emmy Awardfor Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or TV Movie.
His last screen appearance was as a conflicted mob boss in the 2002 film "
Road to Perdition" opposite Tom Hanks, although he continued to provide voice work for films. In keeping with his strong interest in car racing, he provided the voice of Doc Hudson, a retired race car in Disney/ Pixar's "Cars". Similarly, he served as narrator for the 2007 film "Dale", about the life of the legendary NASCARdriver Dale Earnhardt, which turned out to be Newman's final film performance in any form.
Retirement from acting
Newman announced that he would entirely retire from acting on May 25, 2007. He told US broadcaster ABC that he did not feel he could continue acting on the level that he would want to. "You start to lose your memory, you start to lose your confidence, you start to lose your invention. So I think that's pretty much a closed book for me." [ [http://www.news.com.au/story/0,23599,21797406-2,00.html "Paul Newman quits films after stellar career"] . News.com.au. May 27, 2007.] [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/6695939.stm "Hollywood star Newman to retire"] . BBC News. May 27, 2007.]
A.E. Hotchner, Newman founded Newman's Own, a line of foodproducts, in 1982. The brand started with salad dressing, and has expanded to include pastasauce, lemonade, popcorn, salsa, and wine, among other things. Newman established a policy that all proceeds from the sale of Newman's Own products, after taxes, would be donated to charity. As of early 2006, the franchise has resulted in excess of $200 million in donations. He co-wrote a memoirabout the subject with Hotchner, "Shameless Exploitation in Pursuit of the Common Good". Among other awards, Newman's Own co-sponsors the PEN/Newman's Own First Amendment Award, a $25,000 reward designed to recognize those who protect the First Amendment as it applies to the written word. His daughter, Nell Newman, took the helm of the company with his death. [ [http://www.news.com.au/heraldsun/story/0,21985,24149703-663,00.html "Paul Newman says he will die at home."] " Herald Sun". August 9, 2008.]
One beneficiary of his
philanthropyis the Hole in the Wall Gang Camp, a residential summer camp for seriously ill children, which is located in Ashford, Connecticut. Newman cofounded the camp in 1988; it was named after the gang in his film " Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid" (1969). Newman's college fraternity, Phi Kappa Tau, adopted "Hole in the Wall" as their "national philanthropy" in 1995. One camp has expanded to become several Hole in the Wall Camps in the U.S., Ireland, France and Israel. The camp serves 13,000 children every year, free of charge.
In June 1999 Newman donated $250,000 to
Catholic Relief Servicesin aid refugees in Kosovo. [ [http://cnn.tv/US/9904/07/us.kosovo.refugees/ CNN - Incoming Kosovo refugees, outgoing U.S. donations - April 7, 1999 ] ]
On June 1, 2007,
Kenyon Collegeannounced that Newman had donated $10 million to the school to establish a scholarship fund as part of the college's current $230 million fund-raising campaign. Newman and Woodward were honorary co-chairs of a previous campaign.cite news |title=Paul Newman donates $10 mln to Kenyon College |publisher=Reuters |url=http://www.reuters.com/article/entertainmentNews/idUSN0238991920070602 |date= 2007-06-02|accessdate=2007-06-04]
Paul Newman was one of the founders of the Committee Encouraging Corporate Philanthropy (CECP), a membership organization of CEOs and corporate chairpersons committed to raising the level and quality of global corporate philanthropy. Founded in 1999 by Newman and a few leading CEOs, CECP has grown to include more than 175 members and, through annual executive convenings, extensive benchmarking research, and best practice publications, leads the business community in developing sustainable and strategic community partnerships through philanthropy. [ [http://www.corporatephilanthropy.org CECP - Committee Encouraging Corporate Philanthropy ] ]
Marriages and family
Newman was married twice. His first marriage to Jackie Witte lasted from 1949 to 1958. Together they had a son, Scott (1950), and two daughters, Susan Kendall (1953) and Stephanie. Scott Newman, who died in November 1978 from an accidental
drug overdose, [Clark, Hunter S. [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,960672,00.html?promoid=googlep "People"] . Time magazine. February 17, 1986.] appeared in the films "Breakheart Pass", " The Towering Inferno" and the 1977 film "Fraternity Row". Paul Newman started the Scott Newman Center for drug abuse prevention in memory of his son. [ [http://www.scottnewmancenter.org/ "Welcome"] . Scott Newman Center.org.] Susan is a documentary filmmaker and philanthropistand has Broadway and screen credits, including a starring role as one of four Beatles fans in 1978's "I Wanna Hold Your Hand". She also received an Emmy nomination as co-producer of his telefilm, "The Shadow Box". Newman had two grandsons.
Newman married actress
Joanne Woodwardon February 2, 1958. [ [http://www.people.com/people/package/gallery/0,,20229386_20219605_3,00.html "Remembering Paul Newman."] "People". September 27, 2008.] They had three daughters: Elinor "Nell" Teresa (1959), Melissa "Lissy" Stewart (1961), and Claire "Clea" Olivia (1965). Newman directed Elinor (stage name Nell Potts) in the central role alongside her mother in the film " The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds".
Newman lived away from the Hollywood environment. He made his home quietly in
Westport, Connecticut, and was devoted to his wife and family. When asked about infidelity, he quipped, "Why go out for hamburger when you have steak at home?" [cite web|url=http://lifeafter50.com/work.php?news_id=96&start=0&category_id=24&parent_id24&arcyear=&arcmonth= | title=I Thee Wed... | publisher=LifeAfter50.com |accessdate=2008-07-23] [cite news|url=http://www.nydailynews.com/gossip/2008/03/13/2008-03-13_concern_about_paul_newmans_health.html |title=Concern about Paul Newman's health |publisher= New York Daily News|date=2008-03-12 |accessdate=2008-07-23] [cite news|url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/lifeandstyle/2006/oct/08/familyandrelationships5 |title=It's an age-old quandary — why do men, like dogs, stray? |publisher= The Guardian|date=2006-10-08 |accessdate=2008-07-23]
For his strong support of
Eugene McCarthyin 1968 (and effective use of television commercials in California), Newman was 19th on Richard Nixon's enemies list. [http://web.archive.org/web/20030621235432/www.artsci.wustl.edu/~polisci/calvert/PolSci3103/watergate/enemy.htm]
Consistent with his work for liberal causes, Newman publicly supported
Ned Lamont's candidacy in the 2006 Connecticut Democratic Primary against Senator Joe Lieberman, and was even rumored as a candidate himself until Lamont emerged as a credible alternative. He had donated to Chris Dodd's presidential campaign. [ [http://www.wfsb.com/politics/12281464/detail.html?rss=hart&psp=news "Dodd Gets Financial Boost From Celebs"] . WFSB.com. 17 Apr 2007.]
Newman was also a vocal supporter of gay rights and, in particular,
same-sex marriage. [ [http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2008/09/28/MN8R1194R6.DTL Paul Newman an icon of cool masculinity ] ]
Le Mans drivers
Years = 1979
Team(s) = Dick Barbour Racing
Best Finish = 2nd (1979)
Class Wins = 1 (1979)
Newman was an avid auto racing enthusiast, and first became interested in
motorsports("the first thing that I ever found I had any grace in") while training for and filming " Winning", a 1969 film. Newman's first professional event was in 1972, in Thompson, Connecticut, and he was a common competitor in Sports Car Club of Americaevents for the rest of the decade, eventually winning several championships. He later drove in the 1979 24 Hours of Le Mansin Dick Barbour's Porsche 935and finished the race in second place.citeweb | url = http://www.formula2.net/1979.htm | title = XLVII Grand Prix d'Endurance les 24 Heures du Mans 1979 | publisher = Le Mans & F2 Register | date = 2008-05-02 | accessdate = 2008-09-27] Newman rejoined Dick Barbour in 2000 to compete in the Petit Le Mans.citeweb | url = http://wsrp.ic.cz/alms2000.html#9 | title = American Le Mans Series 2000 | publisher = World Sports Racing Prototypes | date = 2005-10-02 | accessdate = 2008-09-27]
From the mid-'70s to the early '90s, he drove for the Bob Sharp Racing team, racing mainly
Datsuns (later rebranded as Nissans) in the Trans-Am Series. He became heavily associated with the brand during the '80s, even appearing in commercials for them. At the age of 70 he became the oldest driver to be part of a winning team in a major sanctioned race,Fact|date=September 2008 winning in his class at the 1995 24 Hours of Daytona.citeweb | url = http://wsrp.ic.cz/imsa1995.html#1 | title = International Motor Sports Association 1995 | publisher = World Sports Racing Prototypes | date = 2007-02-14 | accessdate = 2008-09-27] Among his final experiences in racing was competing in the Baja 1000in 2004 and the 24 Hours of Daytona once again in 2005.citeweb | url = http://wsrp.ic.cz/grandam2005.html#1 | title = Grand-American Road Racing Championship 2005 | publisher = World Sports Racing Prototypes | date = 2005-12-17 | accessdate = 2008-09-27]
Newman initially owned his own racing team, which competed in the
Can-Amseries, but later co-founded Newman/Haas Racing with Carl Haas, a Champ Carteam, in 1983. The 1996 racing season was chronicled in the IMAXfilm " Super Speedway", which Newman narrated. He was also a partner in the Atlantic Championshipteam Newman Wachs Racing. Newman also owned a car NASCAR Winston Cup before selling it to Penske Racing, where it now serves as the #12 car.
Illness and death
Newman was scheduled to make his professional stage directing debut with the
Westport Country Playhouse's 2008 production of John Steinbeck's " Of Mice and Men", but he stepped down on May 23, 2008, citing health issues. [cite news |url=http://www.playbill.com/news/article/118076.html |title=Citing Health, Newman Steps Down as Director of Westport's "Of Mice and Men" |date=2008-05-23 |accessdate=2008-06-15 |publisher= Playbill]
In June 2008 it was widely reported that Newman, a former
chain smoker, had been diagnosed with lung cancerand was receiving treatment at Sloan-Ketteringhospital in New York City. [ [http://www.news.com.au/dailytelegraph/story/0,22049,23833842-5001026,00.html?from=public_rss "Paul Newman has cancer"] . - "The Daily Telegraph". - June 9, 2008.] Photographs taken of Newman in May and June showed him looking gaunt. [ [http://www.sunjournal.com/story/269801-3/National/Gaunt_Paul_Newman_has_form_of_cancer_business_partner_says/ "Gaunt Paul Newman has 'form of cancer,' business partner says"] . - "Sun Journal". - June 12, 2008.] Writer A.E. Hotchner, who partnered with Newman to start Newman's Ownsalad dressing company in the 1980s, told the Associated Press that Newman told him about the disease about 18 months ago. [Christoffersen, John. [http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2008/06/11/entertainment/main4171952.shtml "Longtime friend: Paul Newman has cancer"] . " Associated Press". June 11, 2008.] Newman's spokesman told the press that the star is "doing nicely," but neither confirmed nor denied that he had cancer. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/7447668.stm "Newman says he is 'doing nicely'"] . - BBC- BBC.com. - June 11, 2008.] In August, Newman reportedly had finished chemotherapy and told his family he wished to die at home. He did so on September 26, 2008, aged 83, surrounded by his family and close friends.cite web |url=http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/26913988/|title=Acting legend Paul Newman dies at 83 |last=AP |publisher=msnbc |accessdate=2008-09-27] His remains were subsequently crematedafter a private funeral service near his home in Westport. [Hodge, Lisa. [http://www.ahlanlive.com/7128-paul-newmans-funeral "Legend laid to rest in private family ceremony."] ahlanlive.com. Retrieved October 11, 2008.]
References in popular culture
* Scottish rock band
Dogs Die In Hot Carswrote a song entitled "Paul Newman's Eyes" on their first album " Please Describe Yourself". [ [http://www.actionext.com/names_d/dogs_die_in_hot_cars_lyrics/paul_newmans_eyes.html Paul Newman's Eyes Lyrics - Dogs Die In Hot Cars ] ]
Gil Kanebased his original illustrations of Hal Jordan(the Green Lantern) on Paul Newman. [ [http://www.adherents.com/lit/comics/GreenLantern_II.html The religion of Green Lantern (Hal Jordan) ] ]
Filmography, awards, and nominations
As director or producer
Additional awards and honors
* For his "many and memorable and compelling screen performances" (1986)
Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award
* For his charity work (1994)
Golden Globe Awards
New Star of the Year — Actor
The Silver Chalice(1957)
*World Film Favorite — Male (1964; 1966)
Cecil B. DeMille Award
* Lifetime Achievement (1984)
In 1968, Newman was named "Man of the Year" by
Harvard University's performance group, the Hasty Pudding Theatricals. Newman Dayhas been celebrated at Kenyon College, Bates College, Princeton University, and other American colleges since the 1970s.
* Newman, Paul and A. E. Hotchner. "Newman's Own Cookbook". Simon & Schuster, 1998. ISBN 0684848325.
* Newman, Paul and A. E. Hotchner. "Shameless Exploitation in Pursuit of the Common Good". Doubleday Publishing, 2003. ISBN 0385508026.
* Lax, Eric. "Paul Newman: a Biography". Turner Publishing, Incorporated, 1999. ISBN 1-57036-286-6.
* Morella, Joe and Edward Z. Epsteiny. "Paul and Joanne: A Biography of Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward". Delacorte Press, 1988. ISBN 0440500044.
* O'Brien, Daniel. "Paul Newman". Faber & Faber, Limited, 2005. ISBN 057121987X.
* Oumano, Elena. "Paul Newman". St. Martin's Press, 1990. ISBN 0-517-05934-7.
* Quirk, Lawrence J. "The Films of Paul Newman". Taylor Pub., 1986. ISBN 0-8065-0385-8.
* Thomson, Kenneth. "The Films of Paul Newman". 1978. ISBN 0-912616-87-3.
*cite book |last=Dherbier |first=Yann-Brice |coauthors= and Verlhac, Pierre-Henri |title=Paul Newman: A Life in Pictures |year=2006 |publisher=Chronicle Books |location=San Francisco, CA |isbn=9780811857260 |oclc=71146543
*cite book |last=Godfrey |first=Lionel |title= Paul Newman, Superstar: A Critical Biography |year= 1979, ©1978 |publisher=St. Martin's Press |location=New York, NY |isbn=9780312598198 |oclc=4739913
*cite book |last=Hamblett |first=Charles |title=Paul Newman |year=1975 |publisher=H. Regnery |location=Chicago, IL |isbn=9780809282364 |oclc=1646636
*cite book |last=Landry |first=J. C. |title=Paul Newman |year=1983 |publisher=McGraw-Hill |location=New York, NY |isbn=9780070361898 |oclc=9556372
*cite book |last=Lax |first=Eric |title= Newman: Paul Newman, A Celebration |year=1996 |publisher=Pavilion |location=London, UK |isbn=9781857937305 |oclc=37355715
*cite book |last=Lax |first=Eric |title=Paul Newman: A Biography |year=1996 |publisher= Turner Pub. |location=Atlanta, GA |isbn=9781570362866 |oclc=33667112
*cite book |last=Morella |first=Joe |coauthors= and Epstein, Edward Z. |title=Paul and Joanne: A Biography of Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward |year=1988 |publisher= Delacorte Press |location=New York, NY |isbn=9780440500049 |oclc=18016049
*cite book |last=Netter |first=Susan |title=Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward |year=1989 |publisher=Piatkus |location=London, England |isbn=9780861888696 |oclc=19778734
*cite book |last=O'Brien |first=Daniel |title=Paul Newman |year=2004 |publisher=Faber |location=London, UK |isbn=9780571219865 |oclc=56658601
*cite book |last=Oumano |first=Elena |title=Paul Newman |year=1989 |publisher=St. Martin's Press |location=New York, NY |isbn=9780312026271 |oclc=18558929
*cite book |last=Quirk |first= Lawrence J. |title=The Films of Paul Newman |year=1971 |publisher=Citadel Press |location=New York, NY |isbn=0806502239 |oclc=171115
*cite book |last=Quirk |first= Lawrence J. |title=Paul Newman |year=1996 |publisher=Taylor Pub. Co. |location=Dallas, TX |isbn=9780878339624 |oclc=35884602
*cite book |last=Stern |first=Stewart |title=No Tricks in My Pocket: Paul Newman Directs |year=1989 |publisher=Grove Press |location=New York, NY |isbn=9780802111203 |oclc=18780705
*imdb name |id=0000056 |name=Paul Newman
* [http://www.newman-haas.com/ Newman/Haas/Lanigan Racing]
* [http://www.newmansown.com/ Newman's Own]
* [http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/gallery/2007/may/30/1?picture=329949384 Paul Newman image gallery at The Guardian]
* [http://www.irlfunds.org/aif/new_york/events_31_pn.asp Paul Newman speaks at The American Ireland Fund Dinner Gala 2007 - video]
* [http://www.cinemaretro.com/index.php?/archives/2282-STEVE-SARAGOSSI-CELEBRATING-PAUL-NEWMAN.html#extended Cinema Retro: Celebrating Paul Newman]
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A41391100 Paul Newman bio at h2g2]
NAME= Newman, Paul
ALTERNATIVE NAMES= Newman, Paul Leonard
Academy Award, Golden Globe, CannesAward, and Emmy Award-winning American actor and film director
DATE OF BIRTH= 1925-01-26
PLACE OF BIRTH=
Shaker Heights, Ohio, U.S.
DATE OF DEATH= 2008-09-26
PLACE OF DEATH=Westport,
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