Wildlife of Morocco

Wildlife of Morocco

The Wildlife of Morocco includes its flora and fauna and their natural habitats. The country has 454 species of birds.

ubclass: Theria

Infraclass: Eutheria

Order: Macroscelidea (elephant-shrews)


Often called sengisi, the elephant shrews or jumping shrews are native to southern Africa. Their common English name derives from their elongated flexible snout and their resemblance to the true shrews.

*Family: Macroscelididae (elephant-shrews)
***Genus: Elephantulus
**** North African Sengi "Elephantulus rozeti" LC

Order: Primates

----The order Primates contains all the species commonly related to the lemurs, monkeys, and apes, with the latter category including humans. It is divided informally into three main groupings: prosimians, monkeys of the New World, and monkeys and apes of the Old World.

*Suborder: Haplorrhini
**Infraorder: Simiiformes
***Parvorder: Catarrhini
****Superfamily: Cercopithecoidea
*****Family: Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys)
*******Genus: Macaca
******** Barbary Macaque "Macaca sylvanus" VU

Order: Rodentia (rodents)

----Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40 percent of mammalian species. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be keep short by gnawing. Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg (100 lb).

*Suborder: Hystricognathi
**Family: Hystricidae (Old World porcupines)
****Genus: Hystrix
***** Crested Porcupine "Hystrix cristata" LC
*Suborder: Sciurognathi
**Family: Sciuridae (squirrels)
***Subfamily: Xerinae
****Tribe: Xerini
*****Genus: Atlantoxerus
****** Barbary Ground Squirrel "Atlantoxerus getulus" LC
*****Genus: Xerus
****** Striped ground squirrel "Xerus erythropus" LC
**Family: Gliridae (dormice)
***Subfamily: Leithiinae
****Genus: Eliomys
***** Asian Garden Dormouse "Eliomys melanurus" LC
**Family: Dipodidae (jerboas)
***Subfamily: Dipodinae
****Genus: Jaculus
***** Lesser Egyptian Jerboa "Jaculus jaculus" LC
***** Greater Egyptian Jerboa "Jaculus orientalis" LC
**Family: Muridae (mice, rats, voles, gerbils, hamsters, etc.)
***Subfamily: Deomyinae
****Genus: Acomys
***** Chudeau's Spiny Mouse "Acomys chudeaui" LC
***Subfamily: Gerbillinae
****Genus: Dipodillus
***** North African Gerbil "Dipodillus campestris" LC
****Genus: Gerbillus
***** "Gerbillus gerbillus" LC
***** Western Gerbil "Gerbillus hesperinus" VU
***** "Gerbillus hoogstraali" NT
***** "Gerbillus maghrebi" LC
***** "Gerbillus nanus" LC
***** Occidental Gerbil "Gerbillus occiduus" DD
***** "Gerbillus simoni" LC
***** Tarabul's Gerbil "Gerbillus tarabuli" LC
****Genus: Meriones
***** Sundevall's Jird "Meriones crassus" LC
***** Libyan Jird "Meriones libycus" LC
***** Shaw's Jird "Meriones shawi" LC
****Genus: Pachyuromys
***** Fat-tailed Gerbil "Pachyuromys duprasi" LC
****Genus: Psammomys
***** Sand Rat "Psammomys obesus" LC
***Subfamily: Murinae
****Genus: Apodemus
***** Wood mouse "Apodemus sylvaticus" LC
****Genus: Lemniscomys
***** Barbary Striped Grass Mouse "Lemniscomys barbarus" LC
****Genus: Mastomys
***** Guinea Multimammate Mouse "Mastomys erythroleucus" LC
****Genus: Mus
***** Algerian Mouse "Mus spretus" LC
**Family: Ctenodactylidae
***Genus: Ctenodactylus
**** Gundi "Ctenodactylus gundi" LC
**** Val's Gundi "Ctenodactylus vali" DD

Order: Lagomorpha (lagomorphs)

----The lagomorphs comprise two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas). Though they can resemble rodents, and were classified as a superfamily in that order until the early twentieth century, they have since been considered a separate order. They differ from rodents in a number of physical characteristics, such as having four incisors in the upper jaw rather than two.

*Family: Leporidae (rabbits, hares)
**Genus: Oryctolagus
*** European Rabbit "Oryctolagus cuniculus" LR/lc
**Genus: Lepus
*** Cape Hare "Lepus capensis" LR/lc
*** African Savanna Hare "Lepus microtis" LR/lc

Order: Erinaceomorpha (hedgehogs and gymnures)

----The order Erinaceomorpha contains a single family, Erinaceidae, which comprise the hedgehogs and gymnures. The hedgehogs are easily recognised by their spines while gymnures look more like large rats.

*Family: Erinaceidae (hedgehogs)
**Subfamily: Erinaceinae
***Genus: Atelerix
**** North African Hedgehog "Atelerix algirus" LR/lc
***Genus: Hemiechinus
**** Desert Hedgehog "Hemiechinus aethiopicus" LR/lc

Order: Soricomorpha (shrews, moles, and soledons)

----The "shrew-forms" are insectivorous mmmals. The shrews and soledons closely resemble mice while the moles are stout bodied burrowers.

*Family: Soricidae (shrews)
**Subfamily: Crocidurinae
***Genus: Crocidura
**** Mauritanian Shrew "Crocidura lusitania" LC
**** Greater White-toothed Shrew "Crocidura russula" LC
**** Lesser White-toothed Shrew "Crocidura suaveolens" LR/lc
**** Tarfaya Shrew "Crocidura tarfayensis" DD
**** Savanna Path Shrew "Crocidura viaria" LC
**** Whitaker's Shrew "Crocidura whitakeri" LC
***Genus: Suncus
**** Etruscan Shrew "Suncus etruscus" LC

Order: Chiroptera (bats)

----The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals in the world naturally capable of flight. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals.

*Family: Vespertilionidae
**Subfamily: Myotinae
***Genus: Myotis
**** Long-fingered Bat "Myotis capaccinii" VU
**** Geoffroy's Bat "Myotis emarginatus" VU
**** Whiskered bat "Myotis mystacinus" LR/lc
**** Natterer's bat "Myotis nattereri" LR/lc
**** Felten's Myotis "Myotis punicus" DD
**Subfamily: Vespertilioninae
***Genus: Barbastella
**** Barbastelle "Barbastella barbastellus" VU
***Genus: Hypsugo
**** Savi's Pipistrelle "Hypsugo savii" LR/lc
***Genus: Nyctalus
**** Greater Noctule bat "Nyctalus lasiopterus" LR/nt
**** Lesser Noctule "Nyctalus leisleri" LR/nt
**** Common Noctule "Nyctalus noctula" LR/lc
***Genus: Otonycteris
**** Desert Long-eared Bat "Otonycteris hemprichii" LR/lc
***Genus: Pipistrellus
**** Kuhl's Pipistrelle "Pipistrellus kuhlii" LC
**** Common Pipistrelle "Pipistrellus pipistrellus" LC
**** RÜppel's Pipistrelle "Pipistrellus rueppelli" LC
***Genus: Plecotus
**** Canary Big-eared Bat "Plecotus teneriffae" DD
**Subfamily: Miniopterinae
***Genus: Miniopterus
**** Schreiber's Long-fingered Bat "Miniopterus schreibersii" LC
*Family: Rhinopomatidae
**Genus: Rhinopoma
*** Lesser Mouse-tailed Bat "Rhinopoma hardwickei" LC
*** Greater Mouse-tailed Bat "Rhinopoma microphyllum" LC
*Family: Molossidae
**Genus: Tadarida
*** Egyptian Free-tailed Bat "Tadarida aegyptiaca" LC
*** European Free-tailed Bat "Tadarida teniotis" LR/lc
*Family: Emballonuridae
**Genus: Taphozous
*** Naked-rumped Tomb Bat "Taphozous nudiventris" LC
*Family: Nycteridae
**Genus: Nycteris
*** Egyptian Slit-Faced Bat "Nycteris thebaica" LC
*Family: Rhinolophidae
**Subfamily: Rhinolophinae
***Genus: Rhinolophus
**** Blasius's Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus blasii" NT
**** Mediterranean Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus euryale" VU
**** Greater Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus ferrumequinum" LR/nt
**** Lesser horseshoe bat "Rhinolophus hipposideros" LC
**** Mehely's Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus mehelyi" VU
**Subfamily: Hipposiderinae
***Genus: Asellia
**** Trident Leaf-nosed Bat "Asellia tridens" LC
***Genus: Hipposideros
**** Sundevall's Roundleaf Bat "Hipposideros caffer" LC

Order: Cetacea (whales)


The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater.

*Suborder: Mysticeti
**Family: Balaenidae
***Genus: Eubalaena
**** North Atlantic Right Whale "Eubalaena glacialis" EN
*Suborder: Odontoceti
**Superfamily: Platanistoidea
***Family: Phocoenidae
****Genus: Phocoena
***** Harbour Porpoise "Phocoena phocoena" VU
***Family: Kogiidae
****Genus: Kogia
***** Pygmy Sperm Whale "Kogia breviceps" LR/lc
***** Dwarf Sperm Whale "Kogia sima" LR/lc
***Family: Ziphidae
****Genus: Ziphius
***** Cuvier's Beaked Whale "Ziphius cavirostris" DD
****Subfamily: Hyperoodontidae
*****Genus: Mesoplodon
****** Blainville's Beaked Whale "Mesoplodon densirostris" DD
****** True's Beaked Whale "Mesoplodon mirus" DD
***Family: Delphinidae (marine dolphins)
****Genus: Steno
***** Rough-toothed Dolphin "Steno bredanensis" DD
****Genus: Stenella
***** Atlantic Spotted Dolphin "Stenella frontalis" DD
****Genus: Delphinus
***** Common dolphin "Delphinus delphis" LR/lc
****Genus: Lagenodelphis
***** Fraser's Dolphin "Lagenodelphis hosei" DD
****Genus: Feresa
***** Pygmy Killer Whale "Feresa attenuata" DD
****Genus: Orcinus
***** Orca "Orcinus orca" LR/cd
****Genus: Globicephala
***** Pilot whale "Globicephala melas" LR/lc

Order: Carnivora (carnivores)

----The carnivores include over 260 species, the majority of which eat meat as their primary dietary item. Carnivores have a characteristic skull shape and dentition.

*Suborder: Feliformia
**Family: Felidae (cats)
***Subfamily: Felinae
****Genus: Acinonyx
***** Cheetah "Acinonyx jubatus" VU
****Genus: Caracal
***** Caracal "Caracal caracal" LC
****Genus: Felis
***** Sand Cat "Felis margarita" NT
***** Wildcat "Felis silvestris" LC
****Genus: Leptailurus
***** Serval "Leptailurus serval" LC
***Subfamily: Pantherinae
****Genus: Panthera
***** Lion "Panthera leo" VU
***** Leopard "Panthera pardus" LC
**Family: Viverridae (civets, mongooses, etc.)
***Subfamily: Viverrinae
****Genus: Genetta
***** Common Genet "Genetta genetta" LR/lc
**Family: Herpestidae (mongooses)
***Genus: Herpestes
**** Egyptian Mongoose "Herpestes ichneumon" LR/lc
**Family: Hyaenidae (hyaenas)
***Genus: Hyaena
**** Striped Hyena "Hyaena hyaena" LR/nt
*Suborder: Caniformia
**Family: Canidae (dogs, foxes)
***Genus: Vulpes
**** Rueppell's Fox "Vulpes rueppelli" DD
**** Red Fox "Vulpes vulpes" LC
**** Fennec "Vulpes zerda" DD
***Genus: Canis
**** Golden Jackal "Canis aureus" LC
**Family: Mustelidae (mustelids)
***Genus: Mustela
**** Least Weasel "Mustela nivalis" LR/lc
***Genus: Ictonyx
**** Saharan Striped Polecat "Ictonyx libyca" LR/lc
***Genus: Mellivora
**** Ratel "Mellivora capensis" LR/lc
***Genus: Lutra
**** European Otter "Lutra lutra" NT
**Family: Phocidae (earless seals)
***Genus: Monachus
**** Mediterranean Monk Seal "Monachus monachus" CR

Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)

----The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans.

*Family: Suidae (pigs)
**Subfamily: Suinae
***Genus: Sus
**** Boar "Sus scrofa" LR/lc
*Family: Cervidae (deer)
**Subfamily: Cervinae
***Genus: Cervus
**** Red Deer "Cervus elaphus" LR/lc
*Family: Bovidae (cattle, antelope, sheep, goats)
**Subfamily: Alcelaphinae
***Genus: Alcelaphus
**** Hartebeest "Alcelaphus buselaphus" LR/cd
**Subfamily: Antilopinae
***Genus: Gazella
**** Cuvier's Gazelle "Gazella cuvieri" EN
**** Dama Gazelle "Gazella dama" CR
**** Dorcas Gazelle "Gazella dorcas" VU
**Subfamily: Caprinae
***Genus: Ammotragus
**** Barbary Sheep "Ammotragus lervia" VU
**Subfamily: Hippotraginae
***Genus: Addax
**** Addax "Addax nasomaculatus" CR
***Genus: Oryx
**** Scimitar Oryx "Oryx dammah" EW



Order: StruthioniformesFamily: Struthionidae

The Ostrich is a flightless bird native to Africa. It is the largest living species of bird. It is distinctive in its appearance, with a long neck and legs and the ability to run at high speeds. It became extinct in Morocco some time before 1990 (Snow & Perrins 1998); a re-introduction programme is in progress (National Environment Observatory of Morocco 2001).

*Ostrich "Struthio camelus" (Ex A)

wans, Geese and Ducks

Order: AnseriformesFamily: Anatidae

The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as swans and geese. There are 131 species worldwide, of which 39 species occur in Morocco.

*Fulvous Whistling Duck "Dendrocygna bicolor" (A)
*Mute Swan "Cygnus olor" (A)
*Whooper Swan "Cygnus cygnus" (A)
*Bean Goose "Anser fabalis" (A)
*White-fronted Goose "Anser albifrons" (A)
*Greylag Goose "Anser anser"
*Snow Goose "Anser caerulescens" (A)
*Barnacle Goose "Branta leucopsis" (A)
*Brent Goose "Branta bernicla" (A)
*Ruddy Shelduck "Tadorna ferruginea"
*Common Shelduck "Tadorna tadorna"
*Spur-winged Goose "Plectropterus gambensis" (A)
*Mandarin Duck "Aix galericulata" (I A)
*Eurasian Wigeon "Anas penelope"
*American Wigeon "Anas americana" (A)
*Gadwall "Anas strepera"
*Common Teal "Anas crecca"
*Green-winged Teal "Anas carolinensis" (A)
*Mallard "Anas platyrhynchos"
*Northern Pintail "Anas acuta"
*Garganey "Anas querquedula"
*Blue-winged Teal "Anas discors" (A)
*Cape Shoveler "Anas smithii" (A)
*Northern Shoveler "Anas clypeata"
*Marbled Teal "Marmaronetta angustirostris"
*Red-crested Pochard "Netta rufina"
*Pochard "Aythya ferina"
*Ring-necked Duck "Aythya collaris" (A)
*Ferruginous Duck "Aythya nyroca"
*Tufted Duck "Aythya fuligula"
*Greater Scaup "Aythya marila" (A)
*Lesser Scaup "Aythya affinis" (A)
*Common Scoter "Melanitta nigra"
*Velvet Scoter "Melanitta fusca" (A)
*Common Goldeneye "Bucephala clangula" (A)
*Red-breasted Merganser "Mergus serrator" (A)
*Goosander "Mergus merganser" (A)
*Ruddy Duck "Oxyura jamaicensis" (I A)
*White-headed Duck "Oxyura leucocephala" (A)

Pheasants and Partridges

Order: GalliformesFamily: Phasianidae

The Phasianidae are a family of terrestrial birds which consists of quails, partridges, francolins, and pheasants. In general, they are plump (although they may vary in size) and have broad, relatively short wings. There are 156 species worldwide, of which 4 species occur in Morocco.

*Barbary Partridge "Alectoris barbara"
*Double-spurred Francolin "Francolinus bicalcaratus"
*Common Quail "Coturnix coturnix"
*Ring-necked Pheasant "Phasianus colchicus" (I)


Order: GalliformesFamily: Numididae

Guineafowl are a group of African birds that resemble partridges, but with featherless heads and spangled grey plumage. There are 6 species worldwide, of which 1 species (extinct since about 1980) occurred in Morocco.

*Helmeted Guineafowl "Numida meleagris" (Ex A)


Order: GaviiformesFamily: Gaviidae

Divers are group of aquatic birds found in many parts of the Northern Hemisphere. There are 5 species worldwide, of which 3 species occur in Morocco.

*Red-throated Diver "Gavia stellata" (A)
*Black-throated Diver "Gavia arctica" (A)
*Great Northern Diver "Gavia immer" (A)


Order: PodicipediformesFamily: Podicipedidae

Grebes are small to medium-large sized freshwater diving birds. There are 20 species worldwide, of which 4 species occur in Morocco.

*Little Grebe "Tachybaptus ruficollis"
*Great Crested Grebe "Podiceps cristatus"
*Slavonian Grebe "Podiceps auritus" (A)
*Black-necked Grebe "Podiceps nigricollis"


Order: ProcellariiformesFamily: Diomedeidae

The albatrosses are among the largest of flying birds, and the great albatrosses from the genus "Diomedea" have the largest wingspans of any extant birds. There are 21 species worldwide, of which 1 species occurs in Morocco.

*Black-browed Albatross "Thalassarche melanophris" (A)

hearwaters and Petrels

Order: ProcellariiformesFamily: Procellariidae

The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized 'true petrels', characterised by united nostrils with a medium septum, and a long outer functional primary. There are 75 species worldwide, of which 10 species occur in Morocco.

*Northern Fulmar "Fulmarus glacialis" (A)
*Bulwer's Petrel "Bulweria bulwerii" (A)
*Cory's Shearwater "Calonectris diomedea"
*Cape Verde Shearwater "Calonectris edwardsii" (A)
*Great Shearwater "Puffinus gravis" (A)
*Sooty Shearwater "Puffinus griseus" (A)
*Manx Shearwater "Puffinus puffinus" (A)
*Balearic Shearwater "Puffinus mauretanicus"
*Yelkouan Shearwater "Puffinus yelkouan"
*Macaronesian Shearwater "Puffinus baroli" (A)


Order: ProcellariiformesFamily: Hydrobatidae

The storm-petrels are relatives of the petrels, and are the smallest of seabirds. There are 21 species worldwide, of which 5 species occur in Morocco.

*Wilson's Storm-petrel "Oceanites oceanicus" (A)
*White-faced Storm-petrel "Pelagodroma marina" (A)
*European Storm-petrel "Hydrobates pelagicus"
*Leach's Storm-petrel "Oceanodroma leucorhoa" (A)
*Madeiran Storm-petrel "Oceanodroma castro" (A)

Gannets and Boobies

Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Sulidae

The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Both groups comprise seabirds that plunge-dive for fish. There are 9 species worldwide, of which 3 species occur in Morocco.

*Brown Booby "Sula leucogaster" (A)
*Gannet "Morus bassanus"
*Cape Gannet "Morus capensis" (A)


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Phalacrocoracidae

The Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium-to-large coastal, fish-eating seabirds that includes cormorants and shags. There are 38 species worldwide, of which 3 species occur in Morocco.

*Cormorant "Phalacrocorax carbo"
*Shag "Phalacrocorax aristotelis"
*Long-tailed Cormorant "Phalacrocorax africanus" (A)


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Anhingidae

Darters are water birds with a distinctive long slender neck and bill. There are 4 species worldwide, of which 1 species occurs in Morocco.

*Darter "Anhinga rufa" (A)


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Pelecanidae

Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak. There are 8 species worldwide, of which 1 species occurs in Morocco.

*White Pelican "Pelecanus onocrotalus" (A)

Bitterns, Herons and Egrets

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Ardeidae

The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. There are 61 species worldwide, of which 10 species occur in Morocco.

*Bittern "Botaurus stellaris" (A)
*Little Bittern "Ixobrychus minutus"
*Night Heron "Nycticorax nycticorax"
*Squacco Heron "Ardeola ralloides"
*Cattle Egret "Bubulcus ibis"
*Western Reef Heron "Egretta gularis" (A)
*Little Egret "Egretta garzetta"
*Great White Egret "Ardea alba" (A)
*Grey Heron "Ardea cinerea"
*Purple Heron "Ardea purpurea"


Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Ciconiidae

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked, wading birds with long, stout bills. Their nests can be large and may be reused for many years. Many species are migratory. There are 19 species worldwide of which 3 species occur in Morocco.

*Yellow-billed Stork "Mycteria ibis" (A)
*Black Stork "Ciconia nigra"
*White Stork "Ciconia ciconia"

Ibises and Spoonbills

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Threskiornithidae

The Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. There are 36 species worldwide of which three species occur in Morocco.

*Glossy Ibis "Plegadis falcinellus"
*Bald Ibis "Geronticus eremita"
*Spoonbill "Platalea leucorodia"


Order: PhoenicopteriformesFamily: Phoenicopteridae

Flamingos are gregarious wading birds, usually 1-1.5 m high, found in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. There are 6 species worldwide of which 2 species occur in Morocco.

*Greater Flamingo "Phoenicopterus roseus"
*Lesser Flamingo "Phoenicopterus minor" (A)

Kites, Hawks and Eagles

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Accipitridae

The Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey and include hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. There are 233 species worldwide, of which 29 species occur in Morocco. Lammergeier, Dark Chanting Goshawk, and Tawny Eagle are all close to extinction in Morocco.

*Honey Buzzard "Pernis apivorus"
*Black-winged Kite "Elanus caeruleus"
*Black Kite "Milvus migrans"
*Red Kite "Milvus milvus"
*White-tailed Eagle "Haliaeetus albicilla" (A)
*Lammergeier "Gypaetus barbatus" (A)
*Egyptian Vulture "Neophron percnopterus"
*Hooded Vulture "Necrosyrtes monachus" (A)
*Griffon Vulture "Gyps fulvus"
*Rüppell's Vulture "Gyps rueppellii" (A)
*Lappet-faced Vulture "Torgos tracheliotus" (A)
*Black Vulture "Aegypius monachus" (A)
*Short-toed Eagle "Circaetus gallicus"
*Marsh Harrier "Circus aeruginosus"
*Hen Harrier "Circus cyaneus"
*Pallid Harrier "Circus macrourus" (A)
*Montagu's Harrier "Circus pygargus"
*Dark Chanting Goshawk "Melierax metabates" (A)
*Goshawk "Accipiter gentilis"
*Sparrowhawk "Accipiter nisus"
*Common Buzzard "Buteo buteo"
*Long-legged Buzzard "Buteo rufinus"
*Lesser Spotted Eagle "Aquila pomarina" (A)
*Spotted Eagle "Aquila clanga" (A)
*Booted Eagle "Aquila pennatus"
*Golden Eagle "Aquila chrysaetos"
*Bonelli's Eagle "Aquila fasciatus"
*Tawny Eagle "Aquila rapax" (A)
*Spanish Eagle "Aquila adalberti" (Ex A)


Order: FalconiformesFamily: Pandionidae

The Pandionidae family contains only one species, the Osprey, a medium large bird of prey with a worldwide distribution.

*Osprey "Pandion haliaetus"


Order: FalconiformesFamily: Falconidae

Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles, and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their feet. There are 62 species worldwide, of which 11 species occur in Morocco.

*Lesser Kestrel "Falco naumanni"
*Kestrel "Falco tinnunculus"
*Red-footed Falcon "Falco vespertinus" (A)
*Merlin "Falco columbarius"
*Eurasian Hobby "Falco subbuteo"
*Eleonora's Falcon "Falco eleonorae"
*Sooty Falcon "Falco concolor" (A)
*Lanner Falcon "Falco biarmicus"
*Saker Falcon "Falco cherrug" (A)
*Peregrine Falcon "Falco peregrinus"
*Barbary Falcon "Falco pelegrinoides" (A)


Order: GruiformesFamily: Turnicidae

The buttonquails are small, drab, running birds which resemble the true quails. There are 16 species worldwide, of which 1 species occurs in Morocco; it is close to extinction in Morocco.

*Small Buttonquail "Turnix sylvaticus" (A)

Rails, Crakes, Gallinules, and Coots

Order: GruiformesFamily: Rallidae

Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. There are 143 species worldwide, of which 11 species occur in Morocco.

*Water Rail "Rallus aquaticus"
*Spotted Crake "Porzana porzana" (A)
*Sora Crake "Porzana carolina" (A)
*Little Crake "Porzana parva" (A)
*Baillon's Crake "Porzana pusilla" (A)
*Corn Crake "Crex crex" (A)
*Common Moorhen "Gallinula chloropus"
*Allen's Gallinule "Porphyrio alleni" (A)
*Purple Swamphen "Porphyrio porphyrio"
*Eurasian Coot "Fulica atra"
*Red-knobbed Coot "Fulica cristata"


Order: GruiformesFamily: Gruidae

Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds. There are 15 species worldwide, of which 2 species occur in Morocco, though Demoiselle Crane has been extinct since 1985.

*Common Crane "Grus grus"
*Demoiselle Crane "Anthropoides virgo" (Ex A)


Order: GruiformesFamily: Otididae

Bustards are large terrestrial birds mainly associated with dry open country and steppes in the Old World. There are 26 species worldwide, of which 4 species occur in Morocco. Arabian Bustard has been extinct in Morocco since about 1985, and Houbara Bustard is close to extinction.

*Little Bustard "Tetrax tetrax" (A)
*Houbara Bustard "Chlamydotis undulata"
*Arabian Bustard "Ardeotis arabs" (Ex A)
*Great Bustard "Otis tarda"

Painted Snipes

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Rostratulidae

Painted Snipes are short-legged, long-billed birds similar in shape to the true snipes, but more brightly coloured. There are 2 species worldwide, of which 1 species occurs in Morocco.

*Painted Snipe "Rostratula benghalensis"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Haematopodidae

The oystercatchers are large and noisy plover-like birds, with strong bills used for smashing or prising open molluscs. There are 11 species worldwide, of which 1 species occurs in Morocco.

*Eurasian Oystercatcher "Haematopus ostralegus"

Avocets and Stilts

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Recurvirostridae

Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and the stilts. There are 9 species worldwide, of which 2 species occur in Morocco.

*Black-winged Stilt "Himantopus himantopus"
*Pied Avocet "Recurvirostra avosetta"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Burhinidae

The thick-knees are a group of largely tropical waders in the family Burhinidae. Despite being classed as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats. There are 9 species worldwide, of which 1 species occurs in Morocco.

*Eurasian Thick-knee "Burhinus oedicnemus"

Pratincoles and Coursers

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Glareolidae

Glareolidae is a family of wading birds comprising the pratincoles, which have short legs, long pointed wings and long forked tails, and the coursers, which have long legs, short wings and long pointed bills which curve downwards. There are 17 species worldwide, of which 3 species occur in Morocco.

*Cream-coloured Courser "Cursorius cursor"
*Collared Pratincole "Glareola pratincola"
*Black-winged Pratincole "Glareola nordmanni" (A)

Plovers and Lapwings

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Charadriidae

The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. There are 66 species worldwide, of which 11 species occur in Morocco.

*Little Ringed Plover "Charadrius dubius"
*Ringed Plover "Charadrius hiaticula"
*Kittlitz's Plover "Charadrius pecuarius" (A)
*Kentish Plover "Charadrius alexandrinus"
*Dotterel "Charadrius morinellus"
*American Golden Plover "Pluvialis dominica" (A)
*Eurasian Golden Plover "Pluvialis apricaria"
*Grey Plover "Pluvialis squatarola"
*Sociable Lapwing "Vanellus gregarius" (A)
*White-tailed Lapwing "Vanellus leucurus" (A)
*Northern Lapwing "Vanellus vanellus"

andpipers and allies

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Scolopacidae

The Scolopacidae are a large diverse family of small to medium sized waders including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. The majority of species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Variation in length of legs and bills enable different species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. There are 89 species worldwide, of which 39 species occur in Morocco.

*Great Knot "Calidris tenuirostris" (A)
*Red Knot "Calidris canutus"
*Sanderling "Calidris alba"
*Semipalmated Sandpiper "Calidris pusilla" (A)
*Little Stint "Calidris minuta"
*Temminck's Stint "Calidris temminckii"
*White-rumped Sandpiper "Calidris fuscicollis" (A)
*Pectoral Sandpiper "Calidris melanotos" (A)
*Curlew Sandpiper "Calidris ferruginea"
*Stilt Sandpiper "Calidris himantopus" (A)
*Purple Sandpiper "Calidris maritima" (A)
*Dunlin "Calidris alpina"
*Broad-billed Sandpiper "Limicola falcinellus" (A)
*Buff-breasted Sandpiper "Tryngites subruficollis" (A)
*Ruff "Philomachus pugnax"
*Jack Snipe "Lymnocryptes minimus"
*Common Snipe "Gallinago gallinago"
*Great Snipe "Gallinago media" (A)
*Long-billed Dowitcher "Limnodromus scolopaceus" (A)
*Eurasian Woodcock "Scolopax rusticola"
*Black-tailed Godwit "Limosa limosa"
*Bar-tailed Godwit "Limosa lapponica"
*Whimbrel "Numenius phaeopus"
*Slender-billed Curlew "Numenius tenuirostris" (Ex A)
*Eurasian Curlew "Numenius arquata"
*Spotted Redshank "Tringa erythropus"
*Common Redshank "Tringa totanus"
*Marsh Sandpiper "Tringa stagnatilis"
*Common Greenshank "Tringa nebularia"
*Lesser Yellowlegs "Tringa flavipes" (A)
*Green Sandpiper "Tringa ochropus"
*Wood Sandpiper "Tringa glareola"
*Terek Sandpiper "Tringa cinereus" (A)
*Common Sandpiper "Actitis hypoleucos"
*Spotted Sandpiper "Actitis macularia" (A)
*Ruddy Turnstone "Arenaria interpres"
*Wilson's Phalarope "Phalaropus tricolor" (A)
*Red-necked Phalarope "Phalaropus lobatus" (A)
*Grey Phalarope "Phalaropus fulicarius"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Stercorariidae

The family Stercorariidae are, in general, medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. There are 7 species worldwide, of which 4 species occur in Morocco.

*Great Skua "Stercorarius skua"
*Pomarine Skua "Stercorarius pomarinus"
*Arctic Skua "Stercorarius parasiticus"
*Long-tailed Skua "Stercorarius longicaudus" (A)


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Laridae

Laridae is a family of medium to large birds seabirds and includes gulls and kittiwakes. There are 55 species worldwide, of which 20 species occur in Morocco.

*Mediterranean Gull "Larus melanocephalus"
*Laughing Gull "Larus atricilla" (A)
*Franklin's Gull "Larus pipixcan" (A)
*Little Gull "Larus minutus"
*Sabine's Gull "Larus sabini" (A)
*Bonaparte's Gull "Larus philadelphia" (A)
*Black-headed Gull "Larus ridibundus"
*Grey-headed Gull "Larus cirrocephalus" (A)
*Slender-billed Gull "Larus genei"
*Audouin's Gull "Larus audouinii"
*Ring-billed Gull "Larus delawarensis" (A)
*Common Gull "Larus canus" (A)
*Lesser Black-backed Gull "Larus fuscus"
*Herring Gull "Larus argentatus" (A)
*Yellow-legged Gull "Larus michahellis"
*Glaucous-winged Gull "Larus glaucescens" (A)
*Iceland Gull "Larus glaucoides" (A)
*Glaucous Gull "Larus hyperboreus" (A)
*Great Black-backed Gull "Larus marinus" (A)
*Kittiwake "Rissa tridactyla"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Sternidae

Terns are a group of generally general medium to large seabirds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. There are 44 species worldwide, of which 15 species occur in Morocco.

*Brown Noddy "Anous stolidus" (A)
*Sooty Tern "Onychoprion fuscata" (A)
*Bridled Tern "Onychoprion anaethetus" (A)
*Little Tern "Sternula albifrons"
*Gull-billed Tern "Gelochelidon nilotica"
*Caspian Tern "Hydroprogne caspia"
*Whiskered Tern "Chlidonias hybrida"
*Black Tern "Chlidonias niger"
*White-winged Tern "Chlidonias leucopterus"
*Sandwich Tern "Thalasseus sandvicensis"
*Royal Tern "Thalasseus maxima"
*Lesser Crested Tern "Thalasseus bengalensis"
*Common Tern "Sterna hirundo"
*Arctic Tern "Sterna paradisaea" (A)
*Roseate Tern "Sterna dougallii" (A)


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Rynchopidae

Skimmers are a small family of tropical tern-like birds. There are 3 species worldwide, of which 1 species occurs in Morocco.

*African Skimmer "Rynchops flavirostris" (A)


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Alcidae

Auks live on the open sea, only deliberately coming ashore to nest. There are 24 species worldwide, of which 4 species occur in Morocco.

*Common Guillemot "Uria aalge" (A)
*Razorbill "Alca torda"
*Little Auk "Alle alle" (A)
*Atlantic Puffin "Fratercula arctica"


Order: PterocliformesFamily: Pteroclidae

Sandgrouse have small, pigeon like heads and necks, but sturdy compact bodies. There are 16 species worldwide, of 5 which species occur in Morocco.

*Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse "Pterocles lichtensteinii" (A)
*Crowned Sandgrouse "Pterocles coronatus"
*Spotted Sandgrouse "Pterocles senegallus"
*Black-bellied Sandgrouse "Pterocles orientalis"
*Pin-tailed Sandgrouse "Pterocles alchata"

Pigeons and Doves

Order: ColumbiformesFamily: Columbidae

Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere. There are 308 species worldwide, of which 7 species occur in Morocco.

*Rock Pigeon "Columba livia"
*Stock Pigeon "Columba oenas"
*Wood Pigeon "Columba palumbus"
*Collared Dove "Streptopelia decaocto"
*Turtle Dove "Streptopelia turtur"
*Laughing Dove "Streptopelia senegalensis"
*Namaqua Dove "Oena capensis" (A)


Order: PsittaciformesFamily: Psittacidae

Parrots are small to large birds with a characteristic curved beak shape. There are 335 species worldwide, of which 1 species occurs in Morocco.

*Rose-ringed Parakeet "Psittacula krameri" (I A)


Order: CuculiformesFamily: Cuculidae

The cuckoos are birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. There are 138 species worldwide, of which 3 species occur in Morocco.

*Great Spotted Cuckoo "Clamator glandarius"
*Common Cuckoo "Cuculus canorus"
*Yellow-billed Cuckoo "Coccyzus americanus" (A)

Barn Owls

Order: StrigiformesFamily: Tytonidae

Barn Owls are medium to large sized owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. There are 16 species worldwide, of which 1 species occurs in Morocco.

*Barn Owl "Tyto alba"

Typical Owls

Order: StrigiformesFamily: Strigidae

Typical Owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. There are 195 species worldwide, of which 7 species occur in Morocco.

*European Scops Owl "Otus scops"
*Pharaoh Eagle Owl "Bubo ascalaphus"
*Little Owl "Athene noctua"
*Tawny Owl "Strix aluco"
*Long-eared Owl "Asio otus"
*Short-eared Owl "Asio flammeus" (A)
*Marsh Owl "Asio capensis"


Order: CaprimulgiformesFamily: Caprimulgidae

Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds with long wings, short legs and very short bills. There are 86 species worldwide, of which 3 species occur in Morocco.

*Eurasian Nightjar "Caprimulgus europaeus"
*Red-necked Nightjar "Caprimulgus ruficollis"
*Egyptian Nightjar "Caprimulgus aegyptius"


Order: ApodiformesFamily: Apodidae

Swifts are small aerial birds, spending the majority of their lives flying. There are 98 species worldwide, of which 7 species occur in Morocco.

*Chimney Swift "Chaetura pelagica" (A)
*Alpine Swift "Apus melba"
*Plain Swift "Apus unicolor" (A)
*Common Swift "Apus apus"
*Pallid Swift "Apus pallidus"
*White-rumped Swift "Apus caffer" (A)
*Little Swift "Apus affinis"


Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Alcedinidae

Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. There are 93 species worldwide, of which 1 species occurs in Morocco.

*Common Kingfisher "Alcedo atthis"


Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Meropidae

The bee-eaters are a group of near passerine birds in the family Meropidae. There are 26 species worldwide, of which 2 species occur in Morocco.

*Blue-cheeked Bee-eater "Merops persicus"
*European Bee-eater "Merops apiaster"


Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Coraciidae

Rollers resemble crows in size and build, but are more closely related to the kingfishers and bee-eaters. There are 12 species worldwide, of which 1 species occurs in Morocco.

*European Roller "Coracias garrulus"


Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Upupidae

Hoopoes have black, white and orangey-pink colouring with a large erectile crest on their head. There are 2 species worldwide, of which 1 species occurs in Morocco.

*Hoopoe "Upupa epops"

Woodpeckers and allies

Order: PiciformesFamily: Picidae

Woodpeckers are small to medium sized birds with chisel like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues. There are 218 species worldwide, of which 3 species occur in Morocco.

*Eurasian Wryneck "Jynx torquilla"
*Levaillant's Woodpecker "Picus vaillantii"
*Great Spotted Woodpecker "Dendrocopos major"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Alaudidae

Larks are small terrestrial birds, mostly fairly dull in appearance. There are 91 species worldwide, of which 15 species occur in Morocco.

*Black-crowned Finch Lark "Eremopterix nigriceps" (A)
*Bar-tailed Lark "Ammomanes cinctura"
*Desert Lark "Ammomanes deserti"
*Hoopoe Lark "Alaemon alaudipes"
*Dupont's Lark "Chersophilus duponti"
*Thick-billed Lark "Ramphocoris clotbey"
*Calandra Lark "Melanocorypha calandra"
*Short-toed Lark "Calandrella brachydactyla"
*Lesser Short-toed Lark "Calandrella rufescens"
*Crested Lark "Galerida cristata"
*Thekla Lark "Galerida theklae"
*Wood Lark "Lullula arborea"
*Eurasian Skylark "Alauda arvensis"
*Horned Lark "Eremophila alpestris"
*Temminck's Lark "Eremophila bilopha"

wallows and Martins

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Hirundinidae

The Hirundinidae family is a group of passerines characterized by their adaptation to aerial feeding. There are 75 species worldwide, of which 7 species occur in Morocco.

*Plain Martin "Riparia paludicola"
*Sand Martin "Riparia riparia"
*Rock Martin "Ptyonoprogne fuligula" (A)
*Crag Martin "Ptyonoprogne rupestris"
*Barn Swallow "Hirundo rustica"
*House Martin "Delichon urbicum"
*Red-rumped Swallow "Cecropis daurica"

Wagtails and Pipits

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Motacillidae

The Motacillidae is a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They include the wagtails and pipits. There are 54 species worldwide, of which 11 species occur in Morocco.

*Richard's Pipit "Anthus richardi"
*Tawny Pipit "Anthus campestris"
*Tree Pipit "Anthus trivialis"
*Meadow Pipit "Anthus pratensis"
*Red-throated Pipit "Anthus cervinus"
*Water Pipit "Anthus spinoletta"
*Rock Pipit "Anthus petrosus" (A)
*Yellow Wagtail "Motacilla flava"
*Citrine Wagtail "Motacilla citreola" (A)
*Grey Wagtail "Motacilla cinerea"
*White Wagtail "Motacilla alba"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Pycnonotidae

Bulbuls are medium-sized songbirds. There are 130 species worldwide, of which 1 species occurs in Morocco.

*Common Bulbul "Pycnonotus barbatus"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cinclidae

Dippers are a group of perching birds which specialise in feeding in running water. There are 5 species worldwide, of which 1 species occurs in Morocco.

*Dipper "Cinclus cinclus"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Troglodytidae

The wrens have short wings and a thin down-turned bill. There are 80 species worldwide (all but one in the New World); 1 species occurs in Morocco.

*Wren "Troglodytes troglodytes"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Prunellidae

The accentors are in the only bird family which is completely endemic to the Palearctic. There are 13 species worldwide, of which 2 species occur in Morocco.

*Dunnock "Prunella modularis" (A)
*Alpine Accentor "Prunella collaris"

Thrushes and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Turdidae

The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. There are 335 species worldwide, of which 26 species occur in Morocco.

*Rufous Bush Robin "Cercotrichas galactotes"
*Robin "Erithacus rubecula"
*Common Nightingale "Luscinia megarhynchos"
*Bluethroat "Luscinia svecica"
*Black Redstart "Phoenicurus ochruros"
*Common Redstart "Phoenicurus phoenicurus"
*Moussier's Redstart "Phoenicurus moussieri"
*Whinchat "Saxicola rubetra"
*European Stonechat "Saxicola rubicola"
*Isabelline Wheatear "Oenanthe isabellina" (A)
*Northern Wheatear "Oenanthe oenanthe"
*Seebohm's Wheatear "Oenanthe seebohmi"
*Black-eared Wheatear "Oenanthe hispanica"
*Desert Wheatear "Oenanthe deserti"
*Red-rumped Wheatear "Oenanthe moesta"
*Mourning Wheatear "Oenanthe halophila"
*White-crowned Black Wheatear "Oenanthe leucopyga"
*Black Wheatear "Oenanthe leucura"
*Rufous-tailed Rock Thrush "Monticola saxatilis"
*Blue Rock Thrush "Monticola solitarius"
*Ring Ouzel "Turdus torquatus"
*Blackbird "Turdus merula"
*Fieldfare "Turdus pilaris" (A)
*Song Thrush "Turdus philomelos"
*Redwing "Turdus iliacus"
*Mistle Thrush "Turdus viscivorus"

Cisticolas and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cisticolidae

The Cisticolidae are warblers found mainly in warmer regions of the Old World. There are 111 species worldwide, of which 2 species occur in Morocco.

*Zitting Cisticola "Cisticola juncidis"
*Streaked Scrub Warbler "Scotocerca inquieta"

Old World Warblers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Sylviidae

The family Sylviidae is a group of small insectivorous passerine birds. There are 291 species worldwide, of which 35 species occur in Morocco.

*Cetti's Warbler "Cettia cetti"
*Pallas's Grasshopper Warbler "Locustella certhiola" (A)
*Grasshopper Warbler "Locustella naevia"
*Eurasian River Warbler "Locustella fluviatilis" (A)
*Savi's Warbler "Locustella luscinioides"
*Moustached Warbler "Acrocephalus melanopogon"
*Aquatic Warbler "Acrocephalus paludicola" (A)
*Sedge Warbler "Acrocephalus schoenobaenus"
*Eurasian Reed-Warbler "Acrocephalus scirpaceus"
*Marsh Warbler "Acrocephalus palustris" (A)
*Great Reed-Warbler "Acrocephalus arundinaceus"
*Eastern Olivaceous Warbler "Hippolais pallida" (A)
*Western Olivaceous Warbler "Hippolais opaca"
*Icterine Warbler "Hippolais icterina" (A)
*Melodious Warbler "Hippolais polyglotta"
*Blackcap "Sylvia atricapilla"
*Garden Warbler "Sylvia borin"
*Lesser Whitethroat "Sylvia curruca" (A)
*Orphean Warbler "Sylvia hortensis"
*African Desert Warbler "Sylvia deserti"
*Common Whitethroat "Sylvia communis"
*Spectacled Warbler "Sylvia conspicillata"
*Tristram's Warbler "Sylvia deserticola"
*Dartford Warbler "Sylvia undata"
*Marmora's Warbler "Sylvia sarda" (A)
*Subalpine Warbler "Sylvia cantillans"
*Sardinian Warbler "Sylvia melanocephala"
*Pallas's Warbler "Phylloscopus proregulus" (A)
*Yellow-browed Warbler "Phylloscopus inornatus" (A)
*Dusky Warbler "Phylloscopus fuscatus" (A)
*Bonelli's Warbler "Phylloscopus bonelli"
*Wood Warbler "Phylloscopus sibilatrix"
*Common Chiffchaff "Phylloscopus collybita"
*Iberian Chiffchaff "Phylloscopus ibericus" (A)
*Willow Warbler "Phylloscopus trochilus"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Regulidae

The kinglets or crests are a small group of birds often included in the Old World warblers, but frequently given family status. There are 7 species worldwide, of which 2 species occur in Morocco.

*Goldcrest "Regulus regulus" (A)
*Firecrest "Regulus ignicapillus"

Old World Flycatchers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Muscicapidae

Old World flycatchers are a group of small passerine birds native to the Old World. There 274 species worldwide, of which 5 species occur in Morocco.

*Spotted Flycatcher "Muscicapa striata"
*Red-breasted Flycatcher "Ficedula parva" (A)
*Collared Flycatcher "Ficedula albicollis" (A)
*Pied Flycatcher "Ficedula hypoleuca"
*Atlas Flycatcher "Ficedula speculigera"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Paradoxornithidae

The parrotbills are a group of birds mainly native to east and southeast Asia. They are generally small, long-tailed birds which inhabit reedbeds and similar habitats. There are 20 species worldwide, of which 1 species occurs in Morocco.

*Bearded Reedling "Panurus biarmicus"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Timaliidae

The babblers or timaliids are somewhat diverse in size and coloration, but are characterised by soft fluffy plumage. There are 270 species worldwide, of which 1 species occurs in Morocco.

*Fulvous Babbler "Turdoides fulva"

Long-tailed Tits

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed Tits are a group of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. There are 9 species worldwide, of which 1 species occurs in Morocco.

*Long-tailed Tit "Aegithalos caudatus"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Paridae

The Paridae are mainly small stocky woodland species with short stout bills. There are 59 species worldwide, of which 4 species occur in Morocco.

*Crested Tit "Lophophanes cristatus" (A)
*Coal Tit "Periparus ater"
*African Blue Tit "Cyanistes teneriffae"
*Great Tit "Parus major"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Sittidae

Nuthatches are small woodland birds. There are 24 species worldwide, of which 1 species occurs in Morocco.

*Eurasian Nuthatch "Sitta europaea"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Tichodromidae

The Wallcreeper is a small bird with crimson, grey and black plumage, related to the nuthatches.

*Wallcreeper "Tichodroma muraria" (A)


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Certhiidae

Treecreepers are small woodland birds, brown above and white below. There are 6 species worldwide, of which 1 species occurs in Morocco.

*Short-toed Treecreeper "Certhia brachydactyla"

Penduline Tits

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Remizidae

The penduline tits are a group of small passerine birds, related to the true tits. There are 13 species worldwide, of which 1 species occurs in Morocco.

*Penduline Tit "Remiz pendulinus" (A)

Old World Orioles

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Oriolidae

The Old World Orioles are colourful passerine birds, not related to the New World orioles. There are 29 species worldwide, of which 1 species occurs in Morocco.

*Golden Oriole "Oriolus oriolus"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Malaconotidae

Bushshrikes are similar in habits to shrikes, hunting insects and other small prey from a perch on a bush. There are 46 species worldwide, of which 1 species occurs in Morocco.

*Black-crowned Tchagra "Tchagra senegala"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Laniidae

Shrikes are passerine birds known for their habit of catching other birds and small animals and impaling the uneaten portions on thorns. There are 31 species worldwide, of which 5 species occur in Morocco.

*Red-backed Shrike "Lanius collurio" (A)
*Isabelline Shrike "Lanius isabellinus" (A)
*Southern Grey Shrike "Lanius meridionalis"
*Masked Shrike "Lanius nubicus" (A)
*Woodchat Shrike "Lanius senator"

Crows, Ravens, Jays and Magpies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Corvidae

The Corvidae includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, and magpies. There are 120 species worldwide, of which 9 species occur in Morocco.

*Eurasian Jay "Garrulus glandarius"
*Eurasian Magpie "Pica pica"
*Yellow-billed Chough "Pyrrhocorax graculus"
*Red-billed Chough "Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax"
*Eurasian Jackdaw "Corvus monedula"
*House Crow "Corvus splendens" (A)
*Carrion Crow "Corvus corone" (A)
*Brown-necked Raven "Corvus ruficollis"
*Common Raven "Corvus corax"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Sturnidae

Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. There are 125 species worldwide, of which 2 species occur in Morocco.

*European Starling "Sturnus vulgaris"
*Spotless Starling "Sturnus unicolor"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Passeridae

Sparrows are small passerine birds. There are 35 species worldwide, of which 5 species occur in Morocco.

*House Sparrow "Passer domesticus"
*Spanish Sparrow "Passer hispaniolensis"
*Desert Sparrow "Passer simplex"
*Tree Sparrow "Passer montanus"
*Rock Sparrow "Petronia petronia"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Estrildidae

The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. There are 141 species worldwide, of which 1 species occurs in Morocco.

*Red-billed Firefinch "Lagonosticta senegala" (I A)


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Vireonidae

The vireos are a group of small to medium sized passerine birds restricted to the New World. There are 52 species worldwide, of which 1 species occurs in Morocco.

*Red-eyed Vireo "Vireo olivaceus" (A)


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Fringillidae

Finches are seed-eating passerine birds. There are 137 species worldwide, of which 15 species occur in Morocco.

*Chaffinch "Fringilla coelebs"
*Brambling "Fringilla montifringilla"
*European Serin "Serinus serinus"
*Citril Finch "Carduelis citrinella" (A)
*European Greenfinch "Carduelis chloris"
*European Goldfinch "Carduelis carduelis"
*Eurasian Siskin "Carduelis spinus"
*Eurasian Linnet "Carduelis cannabina"
*Lesser Redpoll "Carduelis cabaret" (A)
*Crossbill "Loxia curvirostra"
*Crimson-winged Finch "Rhodopechys sanguinea"
*Trumpeter Finch "Bucanetes githaginea"
*Common Rosefinch "Carpodacus erythrinus" (A)
*Eurasian Bullfinch "Pyrrhula pyrrhula" (A)
*Hawfinch "Coccothraustes coccothraustes"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Emberizidae

The buntings are a large family of passerine birds. There are species 275 worldwide, of which 9 species occur in Morocco.

*Snow Bunting "Plectrophenax nivalis" (A)
*Yellowhammer "Emberiza citrinella" (A)
*Cirl Bunting "Emberiza cirlus"
*Rock Bunting "Emberiza cia"
*House Bunting "Emberiza sahari"
*Ortolan Bunting "Emberiza hortulana"
*Reed Bunting "Emberiza schoeniclus"
*Black-headed Bunting "Emberiza melanocephala" (A)
*Corn Bunting "Emberiza calandra"




*cite web
title=The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Mammals of Morocco
accessdaymonth = 22 May

*cite web
title=Mammal Species of the World
publisher=Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
accessdaymonth = 22 May

*cite web
title=Animal Diversity Web
publisher=University of Michigan Museum of Zoology
accessdaymonth = 22 May

*cite web
last = Bergier
first = P.,
authorlink =
coauthors = & Thévenot, M.
year = 2006
url = http://go-south.org/lists/birds.htm
title = Liste des oiseaux du Maroc / The List of the Birds of Morocco
format =
work = Go-South Bull. 3: 51-83
publisher = Go-South
accessdate = 23 July
accessyear = 2007

*cite book
title=Birds of the Western Palearctic: Concise Edition
last = Snow, D. W. & Perrins, C. M.
publisher = Oxford University Press
year = 1998
id = ISBN 0-19-854099-X
pages =

*cite web
last = The National Environment Observatory of Morocco
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
year = 2001
url = http://easd.org.za/store/Docs/Morocco_SOE_2001_synthesis.pdf
title = Report on the state of the environment in Morocco: A synthesis
format = pdf
work =
publisher = Kingdom of Morocco, Secretariat of State of Environment
accessdate = 23 July
accessyear = 2007

*cite web
last = Lepage
first = D.
authorlink =
coauthors =
year =
url = http://www.bsc-eoc.org/avibase/avibase.jsp?region=ma&pg=checklist&list=clements
title = Checklist of birds of Morocco
format =
work = Bird Checklists of the World
publisher = Avibase
accessdate = 26 April
accessyear = 2007

*cite book
title=Birds of the World: a Checklist
first= J. F.
last = Clements
publisher = Cornell University Press
year = 2000
id = ISBN 0934797161
pages = 880

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