Macon, Georgia

Macon, Georgia

Infobox Settlement
official_name = City of Macon
other_name =
native_name =
settlement_type = City
motto =

imagesize = 250px
image_size = 260px
image_caption = Downtown Macon skyline from northwest

flag_size =

seal_size =

flag_size =

seal_size =

mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in Bibb county in the state of Georgia

mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Georgia
subdivision_type2 = Counties
subdivision_name2 = Bibb, Jones
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Robert Reichert (D)
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
established_title =
established_date =
established_title2 =
established_date2 =
area_magnitude = 1 E8
unit_pref =

area_total_km2 = 145.7
area_land_km2 = 144.5
area_water_km2 = 3.2
area_total_sq_mi = 56.3
area_land_sq_mi = 55.8
area_water_sq_mi = 0.5
area_water_percent =
population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_note =
population_total = 97606
population_metro = 386534
population_density_sq_mi = 1742.8
population_blank1_title = Demonym
population_blank1 = Maconites
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 32 |latm = 50 |lats = 5 |latNS = N
longd = 83 |longm = 39 |longs = 6 |longEW = W
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 116
elevation_ft = 381
postal_code_type = ZIP codes
postal_code = 31200-31299
area_code = 478
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 13-49000GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0332301GR|3
website =
footnotes =

Macon is a city located in central Georgia, USA. It is among the largest metropolitan areas in Georgia, and the county seat of Bibb County. A small portion of the city extends into Jones County. It lies near the geographic center of Georgia, approximately 85 miles (136 km) south of Atlanta, hence the city's nickname as the "Heart of Georgia". As of the 2000 census, Macon had a population of 97,606; [ [ U.S. Census Bureau Population Finder] ] as of 2007, the Macon, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area had an estimated population of 229,846 and the Macon-Warner Robins-Fort Valley Combined Statistical Area had an estimated population of 386,534. [ [ Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1 2000 to July 1 2005 ] (Note: This is a Microsoft Excel-formatted file)] Macon is the sixth-largest city (by population), fifth largest Metropolitan Statistical Area, and third-largest Combined Statistical Area in Georgia, behind Atlanta and Augusta. Macon-Warner Robins-Fort Valley, GA Combined Statistical Area (CSA) includes 13 Georgia counties.

Robins Air Force Base, a major employer, is south of the city in Warner Robins. The area is also home to several institutions of higher education, as well as numerous museums and tourism sites. The area is served by the Middle Georgia Regional Airport and the Herbert Smart Downtown Airport. The current mayor of Macon is Robert Reichert, a former Democratic member of the Georgia House of Representatives. Perhaps its most colorful mayor with national recognition was Ronnie Thompson, who served from 1967-1975 and was the first of thus far two Republicans to have held the position, the other being George Israel (1979-1987).


were cultivated by the Creeks, who built temple and funeral mounds that survive today.

Prior to its establishment as a city, Macon was the site of Fort Benjamin Hawkins. After the Creeks ceded their lands east of the Ocmulgee River, President Thomas Jefferson ordered the fort built in 1806 on the fall line of the Ocmulgee River to protect the new frontier, as it was a major military distribution point during the War of 1812 and the Creek War of 1813. Afterward, the fort became a trading post for a few more years before it fell to disuse. A replica of the fort, however, stands today on a hill in east Macon. By this time, many settlers had already begun to move into the area and later renamed Fort Hawkins “Newtown.” After the establishment of Bibb County in 1822, the city was chartered as the county seat in 1823 and officially named Macon, in honor of North Carolina statesman Nathaniel Macon because many of the city's early settlers hailed from North Carolina. The city planners of Macon envisioned "a city within a park" and went about creating a city of spacious streets and parks. They also designated 250 acres (1 km²) for Central City Park and citizens were required by ordinances to plant shade trees in their front yards.

The city thrived due to its location on the Ocmulgee River and cotton became the mainstay of Macon's early economy. Cotton boats, stage coaches, and later, in 1843, a railroad all brought economic prosperity to Macon. In 1836, Wesleyan College, one of the oldest women's colleges in the world, was founded in Macon. In 1855 a referendum was held to determine a capital city for Georgia. Macon came in last with 3,802 votes [] .

During the American Civil War, Macon served as the official arsenal of the Confederacy and Macon City Hall, which would serve as the temporary state capitol in 1864, was converted to use as a hospital for the wounded. However, Macon was spared by General William Tecumseh Sherman on his march to the sea. The nearby state capital of Milledgeville had been sacked and Maconites prepared for an attack. But General Sherman feared that Confederate forces were preparing a unified attack of their own and therefore bypassed Macon. Throughout the era of Reconstruction and into the twentieth century, Macon grew into a prospering town in Middle Georgia, and began to serve as a transportation hub for the entire state.

In 1994 Tropical Storm Alberto made in Florida dumping 24" inches of rain resulting in major flooding in Georgia. Macon was one of the worst flooded cities,Fact|date=May 2007

Macon was famous for being the home of the murderess Anjette Lyles, [ [ Southern Scribe ] ] as well as alleged axe murderer Thomas Woolfolk. [While Woolfolk was convicted and hung for the crime, he never confessed, and a note found on a lynched man has cast doubt on his guilt.]

.On Mothers Day 2008, a EF3 tornado touched down about 5:30 AM. The storm ravaged the area in less than 30 minutes. Many structures were damaged, including the area's largest mall, the Macon Mall. Three people died in the awful storm,nicknamed "the Mothers Day storm of 08'"


Macon is one of Georgia's three Fall Line Cities, along with Augusta and Columbus. The Fall Line is where the hilly lands of the Piedmont plateau meet the flat terrain of the coastal plain. As such, Macon has a varied landscape of rolling hills on the north side and flat plains on the south. The fall line causes rivers in the area to decline rapidly towards sea level, making it an ideal location for textile mills in the past. The Ocmulgee River is the major river that runs through Macon.

Macon is located at coor dms|32|50|5|N|83|39|6|W|city (32.834839, -83.651672).GR|1

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 56.3 square miles (145.7 km²), of which, 55.8 square miles (144.5 km²) of it is land and 0.5 square miles (1.2 km²) of it (0.82%) is water.

Macon is approximately 381 feet (116 m) above sea level.GR|3


Macon has a humid, subtropical temperature. The summer often reaches its high in the mid-90s, and the winters have lows in the mid-40s. The city has an average annual precipitation of convert|45|in|mm. Macon is often considered a dividing line or "natural snowline" of the southeastern United States with areas north of the city receiving snowfall annually, while areas to the south typically not receiving snowfall every year or at all.

Infobox Weather
location =Macon, Georgia
Jan_Hi_°F =56.6 |Jan_REC_Hi_°F =84
Feb_Hi_°F =60.9 |Feb_REC_Hi_°F =85
Mar_Hi_°F =68.5 |Mar_REC_Hi_°F =95
Apr_Hi_°F =75.9 |Apr_REC_Hi_°F =96
May_Hi_°F = 83.4 |May_REC_Hi_°F =99
Jun_Hi_°F =89.5 |Jun_REC_Hi_°F =106
Jul_Hi_°F = 91.8 |Jul_REC_Hi_°F = 108
Aug_Hi_°F = 90.5 |Aug_REC_Hi_°F =105
Sep_Hi_°F = 85.4 |Sep_REC_Hi_°F =102
Oct_Hi_°F = 76.8 |Oct_REC_Hi_°F =100
Nov_Hi_°F =67.8 |Nov_REC_Hi_°F =88
Dec_Hi_°F =59.2 |Dec_REC_Hi_°F =82

Jan_Lo_°F =34.5 |Jan_REC_Lo_°F =-6
Feb_Lo_°F =37.0 |Feb_REC_Lo_°F =9
Mar_Lo_°F =43.8 |Mar_REC_Lo_°F =14
Apr_Lo_°F =49.5 |Apr_REC_Lo_°F =29
May_Lo_°F = 58.6 |May_REC_Lo_°F =40
Jun_Lo_°F =66.6 |Jun_REC_Lo_°F =46
Jul_Lo_°F =70.5 |Jul_REC_Lo_°F =54
Aug_Lo_°F =69.5 |Aug_REC_Lo_°F =55
Sep_Lo_°F =63.7 |Sep_REC_Lo_°F =35
Oct_Lo_°F =51.1 |Oct_REC_Lo_°F =26
Nov_Lo_°F =42.5 |Nov_REC_Lo_°F =10
Dec_Lo_°F =36.3 |Dec_REC_Lo_°F =5

Jan_Precip_inch = 5
Feb_Precip_inch = 4.55
Mar_Precip_inch = 4.90
Apr_Precip_inch = 3.14
May_Precip_inch =2.98
Jun_Precip_inch =3.54
Jul_Precip_inch =4.32
Aug_Precip_inch =3.79
Sep_Precip_inch =3.26
Oct_Precip_inch =2.37
Nov_Precip_inch =3.22
Dec_Precip_inch =3.93
Year_Precip_inch =

source =USTravelWeather.comcite web
url = | title =Macon Weather | accessmonthday =Oct 3 | accessyear =2007
publisher = | language =
accessdate = 2007-10-03

urrounding cities and towns

"Main Article:" Macon Metropolitan Area
*Fort Valley
*Payne City
*Robins AFB
*Warner Robins


thumb|right|300px|Location of the Macon-Warner Robins-Fort Valley CSA and its components:

Macon is the largest principal city of the Macon-Warner Robins-Fort Valley CSA, a Combined Statistical Area that includes the Macon metropolitan area (Bibb, Crawford, Jones, Monroe, and Twiggs counties), the Warner Robins metropolitan area (Houston County), and the Fort Valley micropolitan area (Peach County), [ [ METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENTS] , Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-08-01.] [ [ MICROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENTS] , Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-08-01.] [ [ COMBINED STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENT CORE BASED STATISTICAL AREAS] , Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-08-01.] which had a combined population of 346,801 at the 2000 census.GR|2

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 97,255 people, 38,444 households, and 24,219 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,742.8 people per square mile (672.9/km²). There were 44,341 housing units at an average density of 794.6/sq mi (306.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 62.45% African American, 35.46% White, 0.19% Native American, 0.65 Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.20% of the population.

There were 38,444 households out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.0% were married couples living together, 25.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.0% were non-families. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.9% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 79.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 72.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,405, and the median income for a family was $33,699. Males had a median income of $29,950 versus $22,865 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,082. About 21.6% of families and 25.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.7% of those under age 18 and 16.0% of those age 65 or over.


Musical heritage

. ]

Partly as a result of this musical heritage, Macon became the home of the Georgia Music Hall of Fame. [ [ Georgia Music Hall of Fame website] ] Musicians from around the state are enshrined at the hall for their contributions, and the building features a museum showcasing Georgia's music history.

In 2007 the city hosted the Macon Symphony Orchestra, [ [ Macon Symphony Orchestra Website] ] which performed at the Grand Opera House in downtown Macon, as well as a youth symphony, the Middle Georgia Concert Band, [ [ Middle Georgia Concert Band website] ] and other groups, some associated with the local universities.Fact|date=February 2008


*International Cherry Blossom Festival - Macon has referred to itself as the "Cherry Blossom Capital of the World." It had over 300,000 Yoshino Cherry Tree,more than any other city in the world.Fact|date=October 2007 During mid-March of every year, the height of the trees' bloom, Macon has held a 10-day celebration of concerts, food festivals, arts and crafts shows, parades, street markets, picnics, dances, and exhibitions of artists from around the world. The city became bathed in pink, the symbolizing color of this event, reflecting the color of the blossoms. The festival has been Macon's largest and best-known event. In 2007, it was among the top 20 events in the South, top 50 in the United States, and one of the top 100 in North America. Fact|date=January 2008

*First Night Macon - First Night Macon has been a family-oriented arts festival held in Macon on New Year's Eve. It has featured concerts, dances, art shows, and theatrical performances at different venues and galleries around the downtown area, and a grand finale of fireworks at midnight.
*Pan African Festival - Macon has a African American cultural heritage. In April, Macon has held the Pan-African Festival featuring parades, African and Caribbean musical performances, African dancing, films, food festival, cultural shows, and exhibitions.
*Ocmulgee Indian Celebration - A celebration of Macon's original Native American Heritage, this festival has been held every September at Ocmulgee National Monument. Representatives from diverse backgrounds of Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Seminole, and other nations have come to share stories, exhibit native art, perform dances, and play live music.
*The Georgia State Fair - The Fair has been held in Central City Park every year starting in late September.
*The Georgia Music Hall of Fame has hosted Georgia Music Week in September. During the museum's free Brown Bag Boogie concert series, artists from across the state have performed outdoors at noon. Festivities have also included the annual Georgia Music Hall of Fame Awards held in Atlanta.
*Macon's annual Bragg Jam festival features an Art and Kids' Festival along the Ocmulgee Heritage Trail and a nighttime Pub Crawl featuring local and national musical acts. The event has paid tribute to the lives of musicians Brax and Taylor Bragg, two brothers who were killed in an automobile accident. Proceeds have benefited the Ocmulgee Heritage Trail

Points Of Interest

*Ocmulgee National Monument is located near downtown Macon. It preserves some of the largest mounds in Georgia built by the Native Americans of the Mississippian culture a millennium ago. The park features a spiral mound, funeral mound, temple mounds, burial mounds, an earth lodge, as well as other smaller sites used for ceremonial purposes.

*Rose Hill Cemetery is one of Macon's oldest cemeteries. It is a popular attraction with many fans of the Allman Brothers Band, as two members of the band (Duane Allman and Berry Oakley), are interred there, as are many Civil War soldiers.

*Tubman African American Museum - the largest African American museum in Georgia []

*Waddell Barnes Botanical Gardens

*Hay House - also known as the "Johnston-Felton-Hay House", it has been referred to as the "Palace of the South"

*Sidney Lanier Cottage - historical home to poet Sidney Lanier []

*Neel Reid Federated Garden Club Center
*Cannonball House and Civil War Museum
*Woodruff House
*Douglass Theatre, historical African-American theater
*The Grand Opera House, home to the Macon Symphony Orchestra.
*Museum of Arts and Sciences (Macon) and Planetarium
*Georgia Music Hall of Fame
*Georgia Sports Hall of Fame and Museum []
*Mercer University
*Fort Hawkins, the original white settlement in the area
*City Hall, Georgia's capitol for part of the Civil War
*City Auditorium, the world's largest copper dome
*Macon Little Theatre, established in 1934, the area's oldest community theatre producing 7 plays/musicals per season
* The Macon Terminal Station
*Wesleyan College - First Chartered Women's College
*The Georgia Children's Museum - Five Stories of interactive education located in the downtown Museum District
*Ocmulgee Heritage Trail - a green way of parks, plazas, and landmarks along the Ocmulgee River in downtown Macon
* Cannonball House - Historic site []
* Georgia Music Hall of Fame []



", a daily newspaper, is the primary newspaper in Macon.


*Around Town Macon magazine - Monthly Community Magazine []
*M Food & Culture - Dining and Entertainment Magazine *The 11th Hour
* Macon Magazine - bi-monthly publication
*Address Macon - Business Magazine, bi-monthly [ retrieved July 19, 2007]

Television stations

*03 WBMN - CW (Cable Only)
*13 WMAZ - CBS
*24 WGXA - FOX
*31 WDMA-CA - Daystar
*45 WGNM - CTN (Digital)
*50 W50DA - TBN
*55 WSST-TV - Ind. (Cordele, Georgia)

Radio stations

*WBKG 88.9 - Macon (Religious)
*WMUM-FM 89.7 - Macon (Georgia Public Broadcasting/National Public Radio)
*WLZN 92.3 - Macon (Urban Hip-Hop - "Blazin' 92.3")
*WPEZ 93.7 - Macon (Z93.7)
* [ WMGB] 95.1 ("B95.1") - Macon
*WZCH 96.5 - Macon (Oldies/Adult Contemporary - "The New Peach" - Simulcast)
*WDXQ 96.7 - Cochran (Classic Hits - "96Q")
*WQXZ 98.3 - Pinehurst/Hawkinsville/Warner Robins (Oldies - "Qwixie 98.3")
*WDEN 99.1 - Macon (Country)
*WQSA 99.9 - Unadilla/Warner Robins (AC - "Sunny 99.9FM")
*WMGZ 97.7 FM - Macon
*WIBB-FM 97.9 - Macon (Urban - Hip Hop "97.9 WIBB")
*WRBV 101.7 - Macon (Urban AC - "V101.7")
*WPCH 102.5 - Macon (Oldies/Adult Contemporary - "The New Peach")
*WRPG 103.9 - Hawkinsville/Warner Robins (News/Talk - "103-9 The Patriot")
*WIFN 105.5 - Macon (105.5 "The Fan") Sports
*WQBZ 106.3 - Macon ( The Rock Station "Q106")
*WFXM 107.1 - Macon (Hip-Hop & R&B "Power 107")

*WMVG AM - Macon
*WCEH 610 AM - Hawkinsville (Country - Real Country 610)
*WBML 900 AM - Macon (Religious)
*WMAC 940 AM - Macon (Talk)
*WDDO 1240 AM - Macon (Gospel)
*WIBB 1280 AM - Macon (Oldies/Old School)
*WNNG 1350 AM - Warner Robins (Adult Standards - "Wing 1350")
*WNEX 1400 AM - Macon (Radio Disney)
*WDCO 1400 AM - Cochran (Gospel - "Solid Gospel 1440")
*WAYS 1500 AM - Macon (Oldies)
*WVVM 1670 AM - Macon (Regional Mexican - "VIVA 1670")

Major venues

* Al Sihah Shrine Park
* Henderson Stadium
* Central City Park
*Luther Williams Field
*Macon Coliseum
*Macon City Auditorium
* Cox Capitol Theatre
* Macon Little Theater
*Douglass Theatre
*Grand Opera House
*Mercer's University Center
*Macon Coliseum
* Theatre Macon
* Arrowhead Park


Colleges and universities

Colleges and Universities

*Central Georgia Technical College
*Fort Valley State University - main campus in Fort Valley, GA
*Georgia College and State University - main campus in Milledgeville
*Macon State College
*Mercer University
*Wesleyan College
*Troy University - main campus in Troy, Alabama

Public High Schools

*Central High School
*Howard High School
*Hutchings High School
*Northeast Magnet High School
*Rutland High School
*Southwest Magnet High School
*Westside High School

Private High Schools

* Fellowship Christian Academy
*First Presbyterian Day School
* Gilead Christian Academy
*Mount de Sales Academy
*Stratford Academy
*Tattnall Square Academy
*Twiggs Academy
*Windsor Academy

pecialty schools

*Elam Alexander
*Georgia Academy for the Blind
*Teen Parent Center



*Central Georgia Rehabilitation Hospital
*Coliseum Medical Centers
*Coliseum Northside Hospital
*Medical Center of Central Georgia


Air travel

Middle Georgia Regional Airport (IATA: MCN, ICAO: KMCN), provides public air service to Macon as well as cargo flights. The airport is situated 9 miles (14 km) south of downtown. Herbert Smart Downtown Airport (IATA: MAC, ICAO: KMAC) also provides air service to Macon.

Ground transportation

Interstate highways


tate highways


Other roads


Bus service

The Macon Transit Authority (MTA) is Macon's public-transit system, operating the bus system within Bibb County. However, many commuters in Macon and the surrounding suburbs use private automobiles as their primary transportation. This results in heavy traffic during rush hour and contributes to Macon's air pollution.

Macon Transit Authority has also started a trolley system. The trolleys have been offering tours in the downtown Macon area since 1999. The tour consist of all of the major historical sites such as the Georgia Music Hall of Fame, the Hay House, and the Tubman Museum. There are three trolleys; MITSI, Miss Molly, and Sweet Melissa and each holds up to 39 passengers. Greyhound Lines provides intercity bus service between Macon and many locations throughout the United States and Canada. The Greyhound terminal is situated at 65 Spring Street, on the eastern edge of the downtown area.


ister cities

* Mâcon, France
* Elmina, Ghana
* Kurobe, Japan
* Ulyanovsk, Russia
* Gwacheon City, South Korea
* Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Notable Maconites

ee also

*Downtown Macon
*The Shoppes at River Crossing
*Macon Mall
*Notable Maconites
*Macon Metropolitan Area
*List of mayors of Macon, Georgia


External links

* [ Official City Government Website]
* [ Macon-Bibb County Convention and Visitors Bureau]
* [ Macon] (the New Georgia Encyclopedia)

Geographic Location
Centre =Macon
North =Atlanta
Northeast =
East =Savannah
Southeast =
South = Valdosta
Southwest =
West = Columbus
Northwest =

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