Blue Mockingbird

Blue Mockingbird
Blue Mockingbird
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Mimidae
Genus: Melanotis
Species: M. caerulescens
Binomial name
Melanotis caerulescens
(Swainson, 1827)

The Blue Mockingbird (Melanotis caerulescens) is a species of bird in the Mimidae family. It is endemic to Mexico, but has occurred as a vagrant in the southern United States. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist montanes, and heavily degraded former forest.

The Blue Mockingbird is uniformly blue on its back, tail, wings, head and underbelly. This color is a result of feather structure rather than pigment, and therefore can look gray in the shade. It has a black "mask" surrounding its reddish-brown eyes. It has a rather long, slightly graduated tail, and dark blue streaks over its breast. Its bill is long, thin and slightly curved, and its legs and feet are black.



When he first described the Blue Mockingbird in 1827, William John Swainson assigned it to the mockingbird genus Orpheus, and when Orpheus became a junior synonym for the genus Mimus, the species was moved accordingly. Not all authorities agreed; several placed it in the thrush genus Turdus. However, when Charles Lucien Bonaparte moved it to its current genus Melanotis in 1850, most authorities quickly followed suit.[2] There is disagreement as to whether it is monotypic[3] or not.[4]

Among taxonomists who believe the species is polytypic, two subspecies are generally recognized.

  • M. c. caerulescens, the nominate subspecies, is found in the pine-oak zone of western Mexico, from southern Sonora south to the Isthmus of Tehuantepec.
  • M. c. longirostris is found only on the Tres Marías Islands, off the coast of western Mexico.[4]

The Blue Mockingbird has historically been considered conspecific with the closely related Blue-and-white Mockingbird.[5] Its generic name is derived from the Ancient Greek roots melano-/μελανο- meaning "black" and ot-/ὠτ- meaning "ear",[6] while its species name is derived from the Latin adjective caerǔlěus, meaning "blue".[7]

Habitat and range

The Blue Mockingbird lives in a variety of woodlands: humid forest, riparian thickets, scrub, pine-oak forests and second growth. They are found at elevations ranging from lowlands to 2,450 m (8,040 ft).[8]



The Blue Mockingbird builds a cup nest of twigs and rootlets.[8]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2008). Melanotis caerulescens. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 2009-04-21.
  2. ^ United States National Museum (1907). Bulletin of the United States National Museum, Volume 50, part 4. Washington, D.C.: Government Publishing Office. pp. 209–212. 
  3. ^ Monroe, Burt L; Sibley, Charles G (1997). A World Checklist of Birds. Yale University Press. p. 237. ISBN 0300070837. 
  4. ^ a b Clements, James F. (2000). Birds of the World: A Checklist (5 ed.). Robertsbridge, UK: Pica Press. p. 408. ISBN 1-873403-93-3. 
  5. ^ Sibley, Charles Gald (1990). Distribution and Taxonomy of the Birds of the World. Yale University Press. p. 522. ISBN 0300049692. 
  6. ^ Liddell, Henry George and Robert Scott (1980). A Greek-English Lexicon (Abridged Edition). United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. pp. 431, 507. ISBN 0-19-910207-4. 
  7. ^ Simpson DP (1979). Cassell's Latin Dictionary (5 ed.). London: Cassell Ltd.. p. 84. ISBN 0-304-52257-0. 
  8. ^ a b Howell, Steve N.G.; Webb, Sophie (1995). A Guide to the Birds of Mexico and Northern Central America. Oxford University Press. p. 597. ISBN 0-19-854012-4. 

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • blue mockingbird — paprastasis mėgdžiotojas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Melanotis caerulescens angl. blue mockingbird vok. Blauspottdrossel, f rus. синий черноухий пересмешник, m pranc. moqueur bleu, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas –… …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • blue mockingbird — mėlynieji mėgdžiotojai statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Melanotis angl. blue mockingbird rus. черноухий пересмешник, m pranc. moqueur bleu, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – strazdai mėgdžiotojai siauresnis terminas –… …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • blue mockingbird. — See under mockingbird (def. 2). * * * …   Universalium

  • blue mockingbird — noun mockingbird of Mexico • Syn: ↑Melanotis caerulescens • Hypernyms: ↑oscine, ↑oscine bird • Member Holonyms: ↑Melanotis, ↑genus Melanotis …   Useful english dictionary

  • blue mockingbird. — See under mockingbird (def. 2) …   Useful english dictionary

  • mockingbird — mockingbird, mocking bird mocking bird . (Zo[ o]l.), A long tailed gray and white songbird of North America ({Mimus polyglottos}), remarkable for its exact imitations of the notes of other birds. Its back is gray; the tail and wings are blackish …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Mockingbird — For other uses, see Mockingbird (disambiguation). This article is about family of birds. For the bird found in United States and Canada, see Northern Mockingbird. Mockingbird Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos …   Wikipedia

  • mockingbird — /mok ing berrd /, n. 1. any of several gray, black, and white songbirds of the genus Mimus, esp. M. polyglottos, of the U.S. and Mexico, noted for their ability to mimic the songs of other birds. 2. any of various related or similar birds, as… …   Universalium

  • mockingbird — /ˈmɒkɪŋbɜd / (say mokingberd) noun 1. any of several grey, black, and white songbirds of the genus Mimus, remarkable for their imitative powers, especially the celebrated mocker, M. polyglottos, of the southern US and Mexico. 2. in Australia, the …  

  • Mockingbird (Inez & Charlie Foxx song) — Mockingbird Single by Inez and Charlie Foxx B side Jaybirds Released 1963 Format 7 Genre …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”