German Spaniel

German Spaniel
German Spaniel
German Spaniel
Other names Deutscher Wachtelhund
Deutscher Wachtel
German Quail Dog
Country of origin Germany
Dog (Canis lupus familiaris)

The German Spaniel, also known as the Deutscher Wachtelhund, is a breed of dog that was developed in Germany around 1890, and is used as a hunting dog. Descended from the old German breed, the Stoeberer, which became popular with commoners following the Revolutions of 1848 in the German states, who required a versatile hunting dog. Stoeberer is now a type of hunting dog in Germany with the Wachtelhund being its sole member. The breed is not very well known outside of Germany, but was recognised by the United Kennel Club in 1996.

A well built breed, its coat comes in brown shades with occasional white markings. It can be trained to retrieve game, as well as for tracking. In Canada, they are used to flush out American black bears.



A German Spaniel photographed in 1915.

Frederick Roberth, a German dog breeder, is credited with creating the modern Deutscher Wachtelhund around 1890. While several breeds feature in its makeup, the most prominent dog breed to be bred into the modern breed is the now extinct Stoeberer. The Stoeberer has been mentioned in literature as far back as 1719, and was thought to have a nose as powerful as a Bloodhound. Following the Revolutions of 1848 in the German states, the common man in the German states was allowed to hunt and needed a versatile hunting dog; this dog was the Stoeberer. In the late 19th century when Roberth was working on his new breed, he found specimens of the Stoeberer in Bavaria, and these dogs were crossed with water dogs and sporting spaniels to become the modern German Spaniel.[1]

In 1903, the Deutscher Wachtelhund was recognised as a breed, and following this the German breed club, the Verein fur Deutsche Wachtelhund (VDW), was organised. The term Stoeberer has since become a category of hunting dog in Germany with the Wachtelhund being the sole member of that category.[1] In 1910, the VDW selected four male dogs and seven female dogs upon which to base the breed standard for the Wachtelhund. These dogs were selected from all over Germany, one coming from each region with two coming from Hannover. All of the modern registered German Spaniels today are descended from these eleven dogs.[2]

A modern German Spaniel

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain owned a German Spaniel named Pincher, thought to be his favourite dog, which was painted by Edwin Henry Landseer.[3] The dog originally belonged to his son William Henry, but became his constant companion. Lord Eldon would write of Pincher's behaviour in correspondence, for example to Lady F. J. Bankes in December 1831, "When I got to Southampton, Pincher, who sends his kindest regards, marched up to the bed-room, in which I slept the last two times I was there. The chambermaid provided another room for me, the house being full of company, there being a ball at Southampton. Pincher was uneasy at this, and out of humour, and if he could speak, he would not have allowed it."[4] Following Lord Eldon' death, a sum was left to his daughter Lady Frances specifically to pay for the care of the dog.[5]

Not usually kept as pets, these dogs owned by German foresters and professional hunters. In the 1960s and 70s several German Spaniels were imported into the United States, and descendants of those dogs are now used in Canada to track down and flush out American black bear.[1] A further pair of dogs were brought to the United States in 1994, and the United Kennel Club recognised the breed in 1996, placing it in the Gundog Group.[6] There is thought to be about 100 German Spaniels in North America.[1]


A three month old puppy, showing the variation in the shades of color in the breed

The Deutscher Wachtelhund is a strong boned, muscular, medium sized gundog with long thick wavy hair. It is solidly-built which allows it to retrieve heavy game such as hares and foxes. The ears are fairly long and should reach from half way to the nose, to the tip of the nose. The size is approximately 18–21 inches (46–53 cm) at the withers.[1] Body length, from the nose to the base of the tail is twice the length of the dogs height. Average weight for both males and females of the breed is between 44–66 pounds (20–30 kg).[1]

The coat is short and fine on the head, and of long on the body, where it is strong, thick, wavy or curly, with enough undercoat to provide protection. It has a well feathered coat which is usually either brown or brown roan. Although brown, it can have white markings chest and/or legs, and may have white ticking anywhere on its body.[1] Other colors that the coat can come in include red and white, and solid red. Plain black coats do not occur in the breed.[7]


The Deutscher Wachtelhund is an exceptional versatile gundog. [8] They are used to hunt upland game, will match the retrieving ability of any other breed, excel at tracking and blood trailing large game. All round bird dogs and will hunt all other types of game. Vibrant friendly personality, intelligent, aggressive hunters, and love water work.

This is a dog that needs to be activated with a firm but gentle hand as it may overpass or underride orders given by an "unworthy" master. A German saying runs along the lines of "a wachtelhund will abuse any weakness you provide". Given the right owner a wachtelhund will give you anything you could ever desire in a hunting or family dog, especially in a small hunting area as they are bred to chase in fairly small areas. This breed has gained numbers in Sweden along with the increase of the wild boar population in the south of the country as well as crossbreeds with native spitzhounds to produce tough and brave dogs that will both give chase and "put" or "stand" the boar giving the hunter the chance to sneak in to kill the prey. They will also give deathbark or take down wounded game if trained to.


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "German Spaniel Information". Sarah's Dogs. Retrieved 29 January 2011. 
  2. ^ Pepe, Dave. "What is A Deutscher Wachtelhund?". Deutscher Wachtelhund of North America. Retrieved 29 January 2011. 
  3. ^ The Literary Gazette; A Journal of the Belles Letters, It's Sciences &c for the year 1840. London: Moyles and Barcy. 1840. p. 348. 
  4. ^ Twiss, Horace (1844). The Public and Private Life of Chancellor Eldon. III. London: John Murray. p. 161. 
  5. ^ Tait's Edinburgh Magazine. XI. Edinburgh: William Tait. 1844. p. 661. 
  6. ^ "Deutscher Wachtelhund (German Spaniel) Revised July 1, 2009". United Kennel Club. Retrieved 29 January 2011. 
  7. ^ Kienle, Armin. "Der Deutsche Wachtelhund - ein Porträt der Rasse" (in German) (PDF). Verein fur Deutsche Wachtelhund. Retrieved 29 January 2011. 
  8. ^ "German Spaniel - Royal Canin". Royal Canin. Retrieved 3 November. 

Deutscher Wachtelhund of North America, wachtelhund

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