A Spaniel is a type of gun dog. Spaniels are generally small dogs with long coats and drop ears. Spaniels assist in bird hunting.

It is desirable that Spaniels work within gun range, are steady to shot, are able to mark the fall and retrieve shot game to hand with a soft mouth. A good nose is highly valued, as it is in most gun dog breeds. They are versatile hunters traditionally being used for upland game birds, but are equally adept at hunting rabbit and waterfowl. Whether hunting in open fields, woodlands, farm lands - in briars, along fencerows or marshlands, a spaniel can get the job done. [ [ Spaniel Journal] ]

On the basis of function and hunting style, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) draws a distinction between continental and Anglo-American spaniels. FCI places continental dogs of the spaniel type in the pointing group (Group 7, sect. 1.2) because they function more like setters which "freeze" and point to game. Breeds in this group include the Blue Picardy Spaniel, the French Spaniel, the Brittany, the Pont-Audemer Spaniel, and the Small Münsterländer. FCI classifies most other dogs of the spaniel type as flushing or water dogs (Group 8, sections 2 and 3). [ [ FCI - Breeds nomenclature ] ] [ [ FCI - Breeds nomenclature ] ]

Not much has changed about spaniels in general over the years, as can be seen in this 1921 entry in "Collier's New Encyclopedia"::Their distinguishing characteristics are a rather broad muzzle, remarkably long and full ears, hair plentiful and beautifully waved, particularly that of the ears, tail, and hinder parts of the thighs and legs. The prevailing color is liver and white, sometimes red and white or black and white, and sometimes deep brown, or black on the face and breast, with a tan spot over each eye. The English spaniel is a superior and very pure breed. The King Charles is a small variety of the spaniel used as a lapdog. The water spaniels, large and small, differ from the common spaniel only in the roughness of their coats, and in uniting the aquatic propensities of the Newfoundland dog with the fine hunting qualities of their own race. Spaniels possess a great share of intelligence, affection, and obedience, which qualities, combined with much beauty, make them highly prized as companions.

The name comes from the word for Spanish (Español).


Extinct breeds


ee also

*Hunting dog
*List of dog types for a list of dog types
*List of dog breeds for a complete list of breeds

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Spaniel — Sm (eine Hunderasse) per. Wortschatz fach. (19. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus ne. spaniel, dieses aus afrz. espagneul, aus span. español spanisch .    Ebenso nndl. spaniel, ne. spaniel, nfrz. épagneul, nschw. spaniel, nnorw. spaniel. ✎ Ganz… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Spaniel — Span iel, n. [OF. espagneul, F. [ e]pagneul, espagnol Spanish, Sp. espa[ n]nol, fr. Espa[ n]a Spain, from L. Hispania.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) One of a breed of small dogs having long and thick hair and large drooping ears. The legs are usually strongly… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • spaniel — spaniél s. m., pl. spaniéli Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  SPANIÉL s. m. câine de vânătoare care stârneşte vânatul fără a face aret. (< germ. Spaniel, fr., engl. spaniel) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • Spaniel — Span iel, v. t. To follow like a spaniel. [R.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • spaniel — ● spaniel nom masculin (anglais spaniel, épagneul) Type de chien épagneul anglais …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Spaniel — Spaniel: Die im 19. Jh. aus dem Engl. übernommene Rassenbezeichnung für einen langhaarigen kleinen Jagd und Haushund (engl. spaniel) stammt aus gleichbed. afrz. espagneul (= frz. épagneul), das auf span. español (über das Vlat. aus lat. Hispanus… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Spaniel — Span iel, a. Cringing; fawning. Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Spaniel — Span iel, v. i. To fawn; to cringe; to be obsequious. [R.] Churchill. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Spanĭel — Spanĭel, Stöberhund, s. Hund, S. 647 …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Spaniel — Spanĭel (engl., spr. spänn ), Hunderasse mit langem, rauhem Haar, langen, befederten Behängen und schöner Fahne, teils Jagd , teils Luxushunde; erstere unterschieden in Feld S. (Sussex , Clumber , schwarzer, Norfolk , Cocker S.) und Wasser S.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • spaniel — (n.) 13c., as a surname meaning Spaniard; as a name for a breed of dog of Spanish origin, late 14c., from O.Fr. espagneul, lit. Spanish (dog), from V.L. *Hispaniolus of Spain, dim. of L. Hispanus Spanish, Hispanic (see SPANIARD (Cf. Spaniard)) …   Etymology dictionary

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