List of birds of Ecuador

List of birds of Ecuador

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Ecuador. The avifauna of Ecuador includes a total of 1663 species, of which 16 are endemic, 2 have been introduced by humans, and 19 are rare or accidental. 77 species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families, and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follows the conventions of Clements's 5th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflects this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Ecuador.

The following tags have been used to highlight certain relevant categories. It must be noted that not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring, native species.

* (A) Accidental A species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Ecuador.
* (E) Endemic A species endemic to Ecuador.
* (I) Introduced A species introduced to Ecuador as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions.



Order: TinamiformesFamily: Tinamidae

The tinamous are one of the most ancient groups of bird. Although they look similar to other ground-dwelling birds like quail and grouse, they have no close relatives and are classified as a single family Tinamidae within their own order, the Tinamiformes. They are distantly related to the ratites (order Struthioniformes), that includes the rheas, emu, and kiwi. There are 47 species worldwide and 16 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Gray Tinamou "Tinamus tao"
*Great Tinamou "Tinamus major"
*White-throated Tinamou "Tinamus guttatus"
*Highland Tinamou "Nothocercus bonapartei"
*Tawny-breasted Tinamou "Nothocercus julius"
*Berlepsch's Tinamou "Crypturellus berlepschi"
*Cinereous Tinamou "Crypturellus cinereus"
*Little Tinamou "Crypturellus soui"
*Brown Tinamou "Crypturellus obsoletus"
*Undulated Tinamou "Crypturellus undulatus"
*Pale-browed Tinamou "Crypturellus transfasciatus"
*Variegated Tinamou "Crypturellus variegatus"
*Bartlett's Tinamou "Crypturellus bartletti"
*Tataupa Tinamou "Crypturellus tataupa"
*Andean Tinamou "Nothoprocta pentlandii"
*Curve-billed Tinamou "Nothoprocta curvirostris"


Order: SphenisciformesFamily: Spheniscidae

The penguins are a group of aquatic, flightless birds living almost exclusively in the Southern Hemisphere. Most penguins feed on krill, fish, squid, and other forms of sealife caught while swimming underwater. There are 17 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Humboldt Penguin "Spheniscus humboldti"
*Galapagos Penguin "Spheniscus mendiculus"


Order: PodicipediformesFamily: Podicipedidae

Grebes are small to medium-large sized freshwater diving birds. They have lobed toes, and are excellent swimmers and divers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. There are 20 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Least Grebe "Tachybaptus dominicus"
*Pied-billed Grebe "Podilymbus podiceps"
*Silvery Grebe "Podiceps occipitalis"


Order: ProcellariiformesFamily: Diomedeidae

The albatrosses are among the largest of flying birds, and the great albatrosses from the genus Diomedea have the largest wingspans of any extant birds. There are 21 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Wandering Albatross "Diomedea exulans"
*Waved Albatross "Phoebastria irrorata"
*Black-footed Albatross "Phoebastria nigripes"
*Black-browed Albatross "Thalassarche melanophris"
*Shy Albatross "Thalassarche cauta"

hearwaters and Petrels

Order: ProcellariiformesFamily: Procellariidae

The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized 'true petrels', characterised by united nostrils with a medium septum, and a long outer functional primary. There are 75 species worldwide and 17 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Antarctic Giant Petrel "Macronectes giganteus"
*Hall's Giant Petrel "Macronectes halli"
*Southern Fulmar "Fulmarus glacialoides"
*Cape Petrel "Daption capense"
*Mottled Petrel "Pterodroma inexpectata"
*Galapagos Petrel "Pterodroma phaeopygia"
*Defilippe's Petrel "Pterodroma defilippiana"
*Gould's Petrel "Pterodroma leucoptera"
*Antarctic Prion "Pachyptila desolata"
*White-chinned Petrel "Procellaria aequinoctialis"
*Parkinson's Petrel "Procellaria parkinsoni"
*Pink-footed Shearwater "Puffinus creatopus"
*Flesh-footed Shearwater "Puffinus carneipes"
*Wedge-tailed Shearwater "Puffinus pacificus"
*Buller's Shearwater "Puffinus bulleri"
*Sooty Shearwater "Puffinus griseus"
*Audubon's Shearwater "Puffinus lherminieri"


Order: ProcellariiformesFamily: Hydrobatidae

The storm-petrels are relatives of the petrels, and are the smallest of sea-birds. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. The flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. There are 21 species worldwide and 13 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Wilson's Storm-Petrel "Oceanites oceanicus"
*White-vented Storm-Petrel "Oceanites gracilis"
*White-faced Storm-Petrel "Pelagodroma marina"
*White-bellied Storm-Petrel "Fregetta grallaria"
*Polynesian Storm-Petrel "Nesofregetta fuliginosa"
*Least Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma microsoma"
*Wedge-rumped Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma tethys"
*Band-rumped Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma castro" (A)
*Leach's Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma leucorhoa"
*Markham's Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma markhami"
*Black Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma melania"
*Ashy Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma homochroa" (A)
*Ringed Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma hornbyi"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Phaethontidae

Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans, with exceptionally long central tail feathers. Their heads and long wings have black markings. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Ecuador.

*Red-billed Tropicbird "Phaethon aethereus"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Pelecanidae

Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak. As with other members of the order Pelecaniformes, they have webbed feet with four toes. There are 8 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Peruvian Pelican "Pelecanus thagus"
*Brown Pelican "Pelecanus occidentalis"

Boobies and Gannets

Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Sulidae

The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Both groups comprise medium-to-large coastal sea-birds that plunge-dive for fish. There are 9 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Blue-footed Booby "Sula nebouxii"
*Peruvian Booby "Sula variegata"
*Masked Booby "Sula dactylatra"
*Nazca Booby "Sula granti"
*Red-footed Booby "Sula sula"
*Brown Booby "Sula leucogaster"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Phalacrocoracidae

The Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium-to-large coastal, fish-eating sea-birds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black and white, and a few being colourful. There are 38 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Neotropic Cormorant "Phalacrocorax brasilianus"
*Guanay Cormorant "Phalacrocorax bougainvillii"
*Flightless Cormorant "Phalacrocorax harrisi"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Anhingidae

Darters are frequently referred to as "snake-birds" because of their long thin neck, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged.The males have black and dark brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the female. The females have a much paler plumage especially on the neck and underparts. The darters have completely webbed feet, and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving. There are 4 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Ecuador.

*Anhinga "Anhinga anhinga"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Fregatidae

Frigatebirds are large sea-birds usually found over tropical oceans. They are large, black and white or completely black, with long wings and deeply-forked tails. The males have inflatable coloured throat pouches. They do not swim or walk, and cannot take off from a flat surface. Having the largest wingspan to body weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week. There are 5 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Magnificent Frigatebird "Fregata magnificens"
*Great Frigatebird "Fregata minor"

Bitterns, Herons and Egrets

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Ardeidae

The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large sized wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Unlike other long-necked birds such as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted. There are 61 species worldwide and 22 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Capped Heron "Pilherodius pileatus"
*Great Blue Heron "Ardea herodias"
*Cocoi Heron "Ardea cocoi"
*Great Egret "Ardea alba"
*Tricolored Heron "Egretta tricolor"
*Little Blue Heron "Egretta caerulea"
*Snowy Egret "Egretta thula"
*Little Egret "Egretta garzetta"
*Cattle Egret "Bubulcus ibis"
*Striated Heron "Butorides striata"
*Lava Heron "Butorides sundevalli"
*Green Heron "Butorides virescens"
*Agami Heron "Agamia agami"
*Black-crowned Night-Heron "Nycticorax nycticorax"
*Yellow-crowned Night-Heron "Nyctanassa violacea"
*Boat-billed Heron "Cochlearius cochlearius"
*Fasciated Tiger-Heron "Tigrisoma fasciatum"
*Rufescent Tiger-Heron "Tigrisoma lineatum"
*Zigzag Heron "Zebrilus undulatus"
*Stripe-backed Bittern "Ixobrychus involucris"
*Least Bittern "Ixobrychus exilis"
*Pinnated Bittern "Botaurus pinnatus"


Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Ciconiidae

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked, wading birds with long, stout bills. Storks are mute; bill-clattering is an important mode of stork communication at the nest. Their nests can be large and may be reused for many years. Many species are migratory. There are 19 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Wood Stork "Mycteria americana"
*Jabiru "Jabiru mycteria"

Ibises and Spoonbills

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Threskiornithidae

The Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. There are 36 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Andean Ibis "Theristicus branickii"
*Black-faced Ibis "Theristicus melanopis"
*Green Ibis "Mesembrinibis cayennensis"
*Bare-faced Ibis "Phimosus infuscatus"
*White Ibis "Eudocimus albus"
*Scarlet Ibis "Eudocimus ruber"
*Glossy Ibis "Plegadis falcinellus" (A)
*Roseate Spoonbill "Platalea ajaja"


Order: PhoenicopteriformesFamily: Phoenicopteridae

Flamingos are gregarious wading birds, usually 3 to 5 feet high, found in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. They are more numerous in the latter. Flamingos filter-feed on shellfish and algae. Their oddly-shaped beaks are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the food they consume, and are uniquely used upside-down. There are 6 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Caribbean Flamingo "Phoenicopterus ruber"
*Chilean Flamingo "Phoenicopterus chilensis"


Order: AnseriformesFamily: Anhimidae

The screamers are a small family of birds related to the ducks. They are large, bulky birds, with a small downy head, long legs and large feet which are only partially webbed. They have large spurs on their wings which are used in fights over mates and territorial disputes. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Ecuador.

*Horned Screamer "Anhima cornuta"

Ducks, Geese and Swans

Order: AnseriformesFamily: Anatidae

The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These are birds that are modified for an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating. There are 131 species worldwide and 18 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Fulvous Whistling-Duck "Dendrocygna bicolor"
*White-faced Whistling-Duck "Dendrocygna viduata"
*Black-bellied Whistling-Duck "Dendrocygna autumnalis"
*Orinoco Goose "Neochen jubata"
*Muscovy Duck "Cairina moschata"
*Comb Duck "Sarkidiornis melanotos"
*Brazilian Teal "Amazonetta brasiliensis"
*Torrent Duck "Merganetta armata"
*Speckled Teal "Anas flavirostris"
*Yellow-billed Pintail "Anas georgica"
*White-cheeked Pintail "Anas bahamensis"
*Blue-winged Teal "Anas discors"
*Cinnamon Teal "Anas cyanoptera"
*Northern Shoveler "Anas clypeata"
*Southern Pochard "Netta erythrophthalma"
*Lesser Scaup "Aythya affinis"
*Masked Duck "Nomonyx dominica"
*Andean Duck "Oxyura ferruginea"

New World vultures

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Cathartidae

The New World vultures are not closely related to Old World vultures, but superficially resemble them because of convergent evolution. Like the Old World vultures, they are scavengers. However, unlike Old World vultures, which find carcasses by sight, New World vultures have a good sense of smell with which they locate carrion. There are 7 species worldwide, all of which are found only in the Americas, and 5 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Black Vulture "Coragyps atratus"
*Turkey Vulture "Cathartes aura"
*Greater Yellow-headed Vulture "Cathartes melambrotus"
*Andean Condor "Vultur gryphus"
*King Vulture "Sarcoramphus papa"


Order: FalconiformesFamily: Pandionidae

The Pandionidae family contains only one species, the Osprey. The Osprey is a medium large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution.

*Osprey "Pandion haliaetus"

Hawks, Kites and Eagles

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Accipitridae

Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey and include hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. These birds have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons, and keen eyesight. There are 233 species worldwide and 49 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Gray-headed Kite "Leptodon cayanensis"
*Hook-billed Kite "Chondrohierax uncinatus"
*Swallow-tailed Kite "Elanoides forficatus"
*Pearl Kite "Gampsonyx swainsonii"
*White-tailed Kite "Elanus leucurus"
*Snail Kite "Rostrhamus sociabilis"
*Slender-billed Kite "Rostrhamus hamatus"
*Double-toothed Kite "Harpagus bidentatus"
*Rufous-thighed Kite "Harpagus diodon"
*Mississippi Kite "Ictinia mississippiensis"
*Plumbeous Kite "Ictinia plumbea"
*Cinereous Harrier "Circus cinereus"
*Gray-bellied Goshawk "Accipiter poliogaster"
*Tiny Hawk "Accipiter superciliosus"
*Semicollared Hawk "Accipiter collaris"
*Plain-breasted Hawk "Accipiter ventralis"
*Bicolored Hawk "Accipiter bicolor"
*Crane Hawk "Geranospiza caerulescens"
*Plumbeous Hawk "Leucopternis plumbeus"
*Slate-colored Hawk "Leucopternis schistaceus"
*Barred Hawk "Leucopternis princeps"
*Black-faced Hawk "Leucopternis melanops"
*Semiplumbeous Hawk "Leucopternis semiplumbeus"
*White Hawk "Leucopternis albicollis"
*Gray-backed Hawk "Leucopternis occidentalis"
*Mangrove Black-Hawk "Buteogallus subtilis"
*Great Black-Hawk "Buteogallus urubitinga"
*Savanna Hawk "Buteogallus meridionalis"
*Harris's Hawk "Parabuteo unicinctus"
*Black-collared Hawk "Busarellus nigricollis"
*Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle "Geranoaetus melanoleucus"
*Solitary Eagle "Harpyhaliaetus solitarius"
*Gray Hawk "Asturina nitida"
*Roadside Hawk "Buteo magnirostris"
*Broad-winged Hawk "Buteo platypterus"
*White-rumped Hawk "Buteo leucorrhous"
*Short-tailed Hawk "Buteo brachyurus"
*White-throated Hawk "Buteo albigula"
*Swainson's Hawk "Buteo swainsoni"
*Galapagos Hawk "Buteo galapagoensis"
*Red-backed Hawk "Buteo polyosoma"
*Puna Hawk "Buteo poecilochrous"
*Zone-tailed Hawk "Buteo albonotatus"
*Crested Eagle "Morphnus guianensis"
*Harpy Eagle "Harpia harpyja"
*Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle "Spizastur melanoleucus"
*Black Hawk-Eagle "Spizaetus tyrannus"
*Ornate Hawk-Eagle "Spizaetus ornatus"
*Black-and-chestnut Eagle "Oroaetus isidori"

Caracaras and Falcons

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Falconidae

Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles, and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their feet. There are 62 species worldwide and 19 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Black Caracara "Daptrius ater"
*Red-throated Caracara "Ibycter americanus"
*Carunculated Caracara "Phalcoboenus carunculatus"
*Mountain Caracara "Phalcoboenus megalopterus"
*Crested Caracara "Caracara cheriway"
*Yellow-headed Caracara "Milvago chimachima"
*Laughing Falcon "Herpetotheres cachinnans"
*Barred Forest-Falcon "Micrastur ruficollis"
*Plumbeous Forest-Falcon "Micrastur plumbeus"
*Lined Forest-Falcon "Micrastur gilvicollis"
*Slaty-backed Forest-Falcon "Micrastur mirandollei"
*Collared Forest-Falcon "Micrastur semitorquatus"
*Buckley's Forest-Falcon "Micrastur buckleyi"
*American Kestrel "Falco sparverius"
*Aplomado Falcon "Falco femoralis"
*Merlin "Falco columbarius"
*Bat Falcon "Falco rufigularis"
*Orange-breasted Falcon "Falco deiroleucus"
*Peregrine Falcon "Falco peregrinus"

Guans, Chachalacas and allies

Order: GalliformesFamily: Cracidae

The Cracidae are large birds, similar in general appearance to turkeys. The guans and curassows live in trees, but the smaller chachalacas are found in more open scrubby habitats. They are generally dull-plumaged, but the curassows and some guans have colourful facial ornaments. There are 50 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Rufous-headed Chachalaca "Ortalis erythroptera"
*Speckled Chachalaca "Ortalis guttata"
*Bearded Guan "Penelope barbata"
*Baudo Guan "Penelope ortoni"
*Andean Guan "Penelope montagnii"
*Crested Guan "Penelope purpurascens"
*White-winged Guan "Penelope albipennis"
*Spix's Guan "Penelope jacquacu"
*Blue-throated Piping-Guan "Pipile cumanensis"
*Wattled Guan "Aburria aburri"
*Sickle-winged Guan "Chamaepetes goudotii"
*Nocturnal Curassow "Nothocrax urumutum"
*Salvin's Curassow "Mitu salvini"
*Great Curassow "Crax rubra"
*Wattled Curassow "Crax globulosa"

New World quails

Order: GalliformesFamily: Odontophoridae

The New World quails are small, plump terrestrial birds only distantly related to the quails of the Old World, but named for their similar appearance and habits. There are 32 species worldwide, all found only in the Americas, and 6 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Marbled Wood-Quail "Odontophorus gujanensis"
*Rufous-fronted Wood-Quail "Odontophorus erythrops"
*Dark-backed Wood-Quail "Odontophorus melanonotus" (E)
*Rufous-breasted Wood-Quail "Odontophorus speciosus"
*Starred Wood-Quail "Odontophorus stellatus"
*Tawny-faced Quail "Rhynchortyx cinctus"


Order: OpisthocomiformesFamily: Opisthocomidae

The Hoatzin is pheasant-sized - but much slimmer - long-tailed, long-necked and has a small head. It has an unfeathered blue face with red eyes, and its head is topped by spiky crest. It is a weak flier which is found in te swamps of the Amazon and Orinoco rivers.

*Hoatzin "Opisthocomus hoazin"


Order: GruiformesFamily: Aramidae

The Limpkin resembles a large rail. It has drab brown plumage and a greyer head and neck.

*Limpkin "Aramus guarauna"


Order: GruiformesFamily: Psophiidae

The trumpeters are dumpy birds with long necks and legs, and chicken-like bills. They are named for the trumpeting call of the males. There are 3 species worldwide, restricted to the Amazon basin, and 1 species which occurs in Ecuador.

*Gray-winged Trumpeter "Psophia crepitans"

Rails, Crakes, Gallinules, and Coots

Order: GruiformesFamily: Rallidae

Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs, and have long toes which are well adapted to soft, uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and be weak fliers. There are 143 species worldwide and 26 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Chestnut-headed Crake "Anurolimnas castaneiceps"
*Russet-crowned Crake "Anurolimnas viridis"
*Black-banded Crake "Anurolimnas fasciatus"
*Rufous-sided Crake "Laterallus melanophaius"
*White-throated Crake "Laterallus albigularis"
*Gray-breasted Crake "Laterallus exilis"
*Galapagos Rail "Laterallus spilonotus"
*Clapper Rail "Rallus longirostris"
*Virginia Rail "Rallus limicola"
*Rufous-necked Wood-Rail "Aramides axillaris"
*Gray-necked Wood-Rail "Aramides cajanea"
*Brown Wood-Rail "Aramides wolfi"
*Red-winged Wood-Rail "Aramides calopterus"
*Uniform Crake "Amaurolimnas concolor"
*Sora "Porzana carolina"
*Yellow-breasted Crake "Porzana flaviventer"
*Colombian Crake "Neocrex colombianus"
*Paint-billed Crake "Neocrex erythrops"
*Spotted Rail "Pardirallus maculatus"
*Blackish Rail "Pardirallus nigricans"
*Plumbeous Rail "Pardirallus sanguinolentus"
*Purple Gallinule "Porphyrio martinica"
*Azure Gallinule "Porphyrio flavirostris"
*Common Moorhen "Gallinula chloropus"
*American Coot "Fulica americana"
*Slate-colored Coot "Fulica ardesiaca"

ungrebe and Finfoots

Order: GruiformesFamily: Heliornithidae

The Heliornithidae are small family of tropical birds with webbed lobes on their feet similar to those of grebes and coots. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Ecuador.

*Sungrebe "Heliornis fulica"


Order: GruiformesFamily: Eurypygidae

The Sunbittern is a bittern-like bird of tropical regions of the Americas, and the sole member of the family Eurypygidae (sometimes spelled Eurypigidae) and genus Eurypyga.

*Sunbittern "Eurypyga helias"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Jacanidae

The jacanas are a group of tropical waders in the family Jacanidae. They are found worldwide in the Tropics. They are identifiable by their huge feet and claws which enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat. There 8 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Ecuador.

*Wattled Jacana "Jacana jacana"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Haematopodidae

The oystercatchers are large and noisy plover-like birds, with strong bills used for smashing or prising open molluscs. There are 11 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Ecuador.

*American Oystercatcher "Haematopus palliatus"

Avocets and Stilts

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Recurvirostridae

Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and the stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. There are 9 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Black-necked Stilt "Himantopus mexicanus"
*American Avocet "Recurvirostra americana"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Burhinidae

The thick-knees are a group of largely tropical waders in the family Burhinidae. They are found worldwide within the tropical zone, with some species also breeding in temperate Europe and Australia. They are medium to large waders with strong black or yellow black bills, large yellow eyes and cryptic plumage. Despite being classed as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats. There are 9 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Ecuador.

*Peruvian Thick-knee "Burhinus superciliaris"

Plovers and Lapwings

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Charadriidae

The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water, although there are some exceptions. There are 66 species worldwide and 13 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Pied Lapwing "Vanellus cayanus"
*Southern Lapwing "Vanellus chilensis"
*Andean Lapwing "Vanellus resplendens"
*Pacific Golden-Plover "Pluvialis fulva" (A)
*American Golden-Plover "Pluvialis dominica"
*Black-bellied Plover "Pluvialis squatarola"
*Semipalmated Plover "Charadrius semipalmatus"
*Wilson's Plover "Charadrius wilsonia"
*Killdeer "Charadrius vociferus"
*Piping Plover "Charadrius melodus" (A)
*Snowy Plover "Charadrius alexandrinus"
*Collared Plover "Charadrius collaris"
*Tawny-throated Dotterel "Oreopholus ruficollis"

andpipers and allies

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Scolopacidae

The Scolopacidae are a large diverse family of small to medium sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. The majority of species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Variation in length of legs and bills enable different species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. There are 89 species worldwide and 36 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Wilson's Snipe "Gallinago delicata"
*South American Snipe "Gallinago paraguaiae"
*Puna Snipe "Gallinago andina"
*Noble Snipe "Gallinago nobilis"
*Andean Snipe "Gallinago jamesoni"
*Imperial Snipe "Gallinago imperialis"
*Short-billed Dowitcher "Limnodromus griseus"
*Long-billed Dowitcher "Limnodromus scolopaceus"
*Hudsonian Godwit "Limosa haemastica"
*Marbled Godwit "Limosa fedoa"
*Whimbrel "Numenius phaeopus"
*Upland Sandpiper "Bartramia longicauda"
*Greater Yellowlegs "Tringa melanoleuca"
*Lesser Yellowlegs "Tringa flavipes"
*Solitary Sandpiper "Tringa solitaria"
*Spotted Sandpiper "Actitis macularia"
*Wandering Tattler "Heterosceles incanus"
*Willet "Catoptrophorus semipalmatus"
*Ruddy Turnstone "Arenaria interpres"
*Black Turnstone "Arenaria melanocephala"
*Surfbird "Aphriza virgata"
*Red Knot "Calidris canutus"
*Sanderling "Calidris alba"
*Semipalmated Sandpiper "Calidris pusilla"
*Western Sandpiper "Calidris mauri"
*Least Sandpiper "Calidris minutilla"
*White-rumped Sandpiper "Calidris fuscicollis"
*Baird's Sandpiper "Calidris bairdii"
*Pectoral Sandpiper "Calidris melanotos"
*Curlew Sandpiper "Calidris ferruginea" (A)
*Dunlin "Calidris alpina" (A)
*Stilt Sandpiper "Calidris himantopus"
*Buff-breasted Sandpiper "Tryngites subruficollis"
*Wilson's Phalarope "Phalaropus tricolor"
*Red-necked Phalarope "Phalaropus lobatus"
*Red Phalarope "Phalaropus fulicarius"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Thinocoridae

The seedsnipes are a small family of birds that superficially resemble sparrows. They have short legs and long wings and are herbivorous waders. There are 4 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe "Attagis gayi"
*Least Seedsnipe "Thinocorus rumicivorus"

kuas and Jaegers

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Stercorariidae

The family Stercorariidae are, in general, medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants. There are 7 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Chilean Skua "Stercorarius chilensis"
*South Polar Skua "Stercorarius maccormicki"
*Great Skua "Stercorarius skua"
*Pomarine Jaeger "Stercorarius pomarinus"
*Parasitic Jaeger "Stercorarius parasiticus"
*Long-tailed Jaeger "Stercorarius longicaudus"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Laridae

Laridae is a family of medium to large birds seabirds and includes gulls and kittiwakes. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. There are 55 species worldwide and 13 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Belcher's Gull "Larus belcheri"
*Gray Gull "Larus modestus"
*Ring-billed Gull "Larus delawarensis"
*Kelp Gull "Larus dominicanus"
*Lesser Black-backed Gull "Larus fuscus"
*American Herring Gull "Larus smithsonianus"
*Gray-headed Gull "Larus cirrocephalus"
*Andean Gull "Larus serranus"
*Lava Gull "Larus fuliginosus"
*Laughing Gull "Larus atricilla"
*Franklin's Gull "Larus pipixcan"
*Sabine's Gull "Xema sabini"
*Swallow-tailed Gull "Creagrus furcatus"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Sternidae

Terns are a group of generally general medium to large sea-birds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species now known to live in excess of 25 to 30 years. There are 44 species worldwide and 18 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Gull-billed Tern "Sterna nilotica"
*Caspian Tern "Sterna caspia"
*Elegant Tern "Sterna elegans"
*Sandwich Tern "Sterna sandvicensis"
*Royal Tern "Sterna maxima"
*South American Tern "Sterna hirundinacea"
*Common Tern "Sterna hirundo"
*Arctic Tern "Sterna paradisaea"
*Least Tern "Sterna antillarum"
*Yellow-billed Tern "Sterna superciliaris"
*Peruvian Tern "Sterna lorata"
*Bridled Tern "Sterna anaethetus"
*Sooty Tern "Sterna fuscata"
*Black Tern "Chlidonias niger"
*Large-billed Tern "Phaetusa simplex"
*Brown Noddy "Anous stolidus"
*White Tern "Gygis alba"
*Inca Tern "Larosterna inca"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Rynchopidae

Skimmers are a small family of tropical tern-like birds. They have an elongated lower mandible which they use to feed by flying low over the water surface and skimming the water for small fish. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Ecuador.

*Black Skimmer "Rynchops niger"

Pigeons and Doves

Order: ColumbiformesFamily: Columbidae

Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere. There are 308 species worldwide and 28 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Rock Pigeon "Columba livia" (I)
*Scaled Pigeon "Patagioenas speciosa"
*Band-tailed Pigeon "Patagioenas fasciata"
*Pale-vented Pigeon "Patagioenas cayennensis"
*Peruvian Pigeon "Patagioenas oenops"
*Plumbeous Pigeon "Patagioenas plumbea"
*Ruddy Pigeon "Patagioenas subvinacea"
*Dusky Pigeon "Patagioenas goodsoni"
*Eared Dove "Zenaida auriculata"
*Galapagos Dove "Zenaida galapagoensis"
*Pacific Dove "Zenaida meloda"
*Common Ground Dove "Columbina passerina"
*Plain-breasted Ground Dove "Columbina minuta"
*Ecuadorian Ground Dove "Columbina buckleyi"
*Ruddy Ground Dove "Columbina talpacoti"
*Croaking Ground Dove "Columbina cruziana"
*Blue Ground Dove "Claravis pretiosa"
*Maroon-chested Ground Dove "Claravis mondetoura"
*Black-winged Ground Dove "Metriopelia melanoptera"
*White-tipped Dove "Leptotila verreauxi"
*Gray-fronted Dove "Leptotila rufaxilla"
*Pallid Dove "Leptotila pallida"
*Ochre-bellied Dove "Leptotila ochraceiventris"
*Sapphire Quail Dove "Geotrygon saphirina"
*Olive-backed Quail Dove "Geotrygon veraguensis"
*White-throated Quail Dove "Geotrygon frenata"
*Violaceous Quail Dove "Geotrygon violacea"
*Ruddy Quail Dove "Geotrygon montana"

Parrots, Macaws and allies

Order: PsittaciformesFamily: Psittacidae

Parrots are small to large birds with a characteristic curved beak shape. Their upper mandibles have slight mobility in the joint with the skull and the have a generally erect stance. All parrots are zygodactyl, having the four toes on each foot placed two at the front and two back. There are 335 species worldwide and 49 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Blue-and-yellow Macaw "Ara ararauna"
*Military Macaw "Ara militaris"
*Great Green Macaw "Ara ambigua"
*Scarlet Macaw "Ara macao"
*Red-and-green Macaw "Ara chloroptera"
*Chestnut-fronted Macaw "Ara severa"
*Red-bellied Macaw "Orthopsittaca manilata"
*Yellow-eared Parrot "Ognorhynchus icterotis"
*Scarlet-fronted Parakeet "Aratinga wagleri"
*Red-masked Parakeet "Aratinga erythrogenys"
*White-eyed Parakeet "Aratinga leucophthalmus"
*Dusky-headed Parakeet "Aratinga weddellii"
*Golden-plumed Parakeet "Leptosittaca branickii"
*Deville's Parakeet "Pyrrhura lucianii"
*Wavy-breasted Parakeet "Pyrrhura peruviana"
*Maroon-tailed Parakeet "Pyrrhura melanura"
*El Oro Parakeet "Pyrrhura orcesi" (E)
*White-necked Parakeet "Pyrrhura albipectus" (E)
*Barred Parakeet "Bolborhynchus lineola"
*Blue-winged Parrotlet "Forpus xanthopterygius"
*Dusky-billed Parrotlet "Forpus sclateri"
*Pacific Parrotlet "Forpus coelestis"
*White-winged Parakeet "Brotogeris versicolurus" (A)
*Gray-cheeked Parakeet "Brotogeris pyrrhopterus"
*Cobalt-winged Parakeet "Brotogeris cyanoptera"
*Tui Parakeet "Brotogeris sanctithomae"
*Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet "Touit huetii"
*Blue-fronted Parrotlet "Touit dilectissima"
*Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet "Touit purpurata"
*Spot-winged Parrotlet "Touit stictoptera"
*Black-headed Parrot "Pionites melanocephala"
*White-bellied Parrot "Pionites leucogaster"
*Rose-faced Parrot "Pionopsitta pulchra"
*Orange-cheeked Parrot "Pionopsitta barrabandi"
*Saffron-headed Parrot "Pionopsitta pyrilia"
*Rusty-faced Parrot "Hapalopsittaca amazonina"
*Red-faced Parrot "Hapalopsittaca pyrrhops"
*Short-tailed Parrot "Graydidascalus brachyurus"
*Blue-headed Parrot "Pionus menstruus"
*Red-billed Parrot "Pionus sordidus"
*Speckle-faced Parrot "Pionus tumultuosus"
*Bronze-winged Parrot "Pionus chalcopterus"
*Red-lored Amazon "Amazona autumnalis"
*Festive Amazon "Amazona festiva"
*Yellow-crowned Amazon "Amazona ochrocephala"
*Orange-winged Amazon "Amazona amazonica"
*Scaly-naped Amazon "Amazona mercenaria"
*Mealy Amazon "Amazona farinosa"
*Red-fan Parrot "Deroptyus accipitrinus"

Cuckoos and Anis

Order: CuculiformesFamily: Cuculidae

The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. Unlike the cuckoo species of the Old World, North American cuckoos are not brood parasites. There are 138 species worldwide and 17 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Black-billed Cuckoo "Coccyzus erythropthalmus"
*Yellow-billed Cuckoo "Coccyzus americanus"
*Pearly-breasted Cuckoo "Coccyzus euleri"
*Dark-billed Cuckoo "Coccyzus melacoryphus"
*Gray-capped Cuckoo "Coccyzus lansbergi"
*Squirrel Cuckoo "Piaya cayana"
*Black-bellied Cuckoo "Piaya melanogaster"
*Little Cuckoo "Piaya minuta"
*Greater Ani "Crotophaga major"
*Smooth-billed Ani "Crotophaga ani"
*Groove-billed Ani "Crotophaga sulcirostris"
*Striped Cuckoo "Tapera naevia"
*Pheasant Cuckoo "Dromococcyx phasianellus"
*Pavonine Cuckoo "Dromococcyx pavoninus"
*Rufous-vented Ground-Cuckoo "Neomorphus geoffroyi"
*Banded Ground-Cuckoo "Neomorphus radiolosus"
*Red-billed Ground-Cuckoo "Neomorphus pucheranii"

Barn owls

Order: StrigiformesFamily: Tytonidae

Barn owls are medium to large sized owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons. There are 16 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Ecuador.

*Barn Owl "Tyto alba"

Typical owls

Order: StrigiformesFamily: Strigidae

Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak, and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. There are 195 species worldwide and 29 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Tropical Screech-Owl "Megascops choliba"
*West Peruvian Screech-Owl "Megascops roboratus"
*Rufescent Screech-Owl "Megascops ingens"
*Colombian Screech-Owl "Megascops colombianus"
*Cinnamon Screech-Owl "Megascops petersoni"
*Tawny-bellied Screech-Owl "Megascops watsonii"
*Roraima Screech-Owl "Megascops roraimae"
*Rio Napo Screech-Owl "Megascops napensis"
*White-throated Screech-Owl "Megascops albogularis"
*Great Horned Owl "Bubo virginianus"
*Mottled Owl "Ciccaba virgata"
*Black-and-white Owl "Ciccaba nigrolineata"
*Black-banded Owl "Ciccaba huhula"
*Rufous-banded Owl "Ciccaba albitarsus"
*Crested Owl "Lophostrix cristata"
*Spectacled Owl "Pulsatrix perspicillata"
*Band-bellied Owl "Pulsatrix melanota"
*Cloud-forest Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium nubicola"
*Andean Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium jardinii"
*Central American Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium griseiceps"
*Subtropical Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium parkeri"
*Amazonian Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium hardyi"
*Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium brasilianum"
*Peruvian Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium peruanum"
*Burrowing Owl "Athene cunicularia"
*Buff-fronted Owl "Aegolius harrisii"
*Striped Owl "Pseudoscops clamator"
*Stygian Owl "Asio stygius"
*Short-eared Owl "Asio flammeus"


Order: CaprimulgiformesFamily: Steatornithidae

The Oilbird is a slim, long-winged bird related to the nightjars. It is nocturnal and a specialist feeder on the fruit of the Oil palm.

*Oilbird "Steatornis caripensis"


Order: CaprimulgiformesFamily: Nyctibiidae

The potoos (sometimes called Poor-Me-Ones) are large near passerine birds related to the nightjars and frogmouths. They are nocturnal insectivores which lack the bristles around the mouth found in the true nightjars. There are 5 species, all of which are from the South American tropical region, and 5 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Great Potoo "Nyctibius grandis"
*Long-tailed Potoo "Nyctibius aethereus"
*Andean Potoo "Nyctibius maculosus"
*Common Potoo "Nyctibius griseus"
*Rufous Potoo "Nyctibius bracteatus"


Order: CaprimulgiformesFamily: Caprimulgidae

Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds with long wings, short legs and very short bills that usually nest on the ground. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves. There are 86 species worldwide and 19 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Short-tailed Nighthawk "Lurocalis semitorquatus"
*Rufous-bellied Nighthawk "Lurocalis rufiventris"
*Sand-colored Nighthawk "Chordeiles rupestris"
*Lesser Nighthawk "Chordeiles acutipennis"
*Common Nighthawk "Chordeiles minor"
*Nacunda Nighthawk "Podager nacunda"
*Band-tailed Nighthawk "Nyctiprogne leucopyga"
*Pauraque "Nyctidromus albicollis"
*Choco Poorwill "Nyctiphrynus rosenbergi"
*Ocellated Poorwill "Nyctiphrynus ocellatus"
*Rufous Nightjar "Caprimulgus rufus"
*Band-winged Nightjar "Caprimulgus longirostris"
*Spot-tailed Nightjar "Caprimulgus maculicaudus"
*White-tailed Nightjar "Caprimulgus cayennensis"
*Scrub Nightjar "Caprimulgus anthonyi"
*Blackish Nightjar "Caprimulgus nigrescens"
*Lyre-tailed Nightjar "Uropsalis lyra"
*Swallow-tailed Nightjar "Uropsalis segmentata"
*Ladder-tailed Nightjar "Hydropsalis climacocerca"


Order: ApodiformesFamily: Apodidae

Swifts are small aerial birds, spending the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings that resemble a crescent or a boomerang. There are 98 species worldwide and 14 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Spot-fronted Swift "Cypseloides cherriei"
*White-chinned Swift "Cypseloides cryptus"
*Chestnut-collared Swift "Streptoprocne rutila"
*White-collared Swift "Streptoprocne zonaris"
*Band-rumped Swift "Chaetura spinicaudus"
*Gray-rumped Swift "Chaetura cinereiventris"
*Pale-rumped Swift "Chaetura egregia"
*Chimney Swift "Chaetura pelagica"
*Chapman's Swift "Chaetura chapmani"
*Short-tailed Swift "Chaetura brachyura"
*Tumbes Swift "Chaetura ocypetes"
*White-tipped Swift "Aeronautes montivagus"
*Fork-tailed Palm-Swift "Tachornis squamata"
*Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift "Panyptila cayennensis"


Order: TrochiliformesFamily: Trochilidae

Hummingbirds are small birds capable of hovering in mid-air due to the rapid flapping of their wings. They are the only birds that can fly backwards. There are 337 species worldwide and 135 species which occur in Ecuador.

*White-tipped Sicklebill "Eutoxeres aquila"
*Buff-tailed Sicklebill "Eutoxeres condamini"
*Rufous-breasted Hermit "Glaucis hirsuta"
*Bronzy Hermit "Glaucis aenea"
*Band-tailed Barbthroat "Threnetes ruckeri"
*Pale-tailed Barbthroat "Threnetes niger"
*White-whiskered Hermit "Phaethornis yaruqui"
*Green Hermit "Phaethornis guy"
*White-bearded Hermit "Phaethornis hispidus"
*Eastern Long-tailed Hermit "Phaethornis superciliosus"
*Great-billed Hermit "Phaethornis malaris"
*Tawny-bellied Hermit "Phaethornis syrmatophorus"
*Straight-billed Hermit "Phaethornis bourcieri"
*Reddish Hermit "Phaethornis ruber"
*Black-throated Hermit "Phaethornis atrimentalis"
*Stripe-throated Hermit "Phaethornis striigularis"
*Gray-chinned Hermit "Phaethornis griseogularis"
*Tooth-billed Hummingbird "Androdon aequatorialis"
*Green-fronted Lancebill "Doryfera ludovicae"
*Blue-fronted Lancebill "Doryfera johannae"
*Gray-breasted Sabrewing "Campylopterus largipennis"
*Lazuline Sabrewing "Campylopterus falcatus"
*Napo Sabrewing "Campylopterus villaviscensio"
*White-necked Jacobin "Florisuga mellivora"
*Brown Violet-ear "Colibri delphinae"
*Green Violet-ear "Colibri thalassinus"
*Sparkling Violet-ear "Colibri coruscans"
*Green-breasted Mango "Anthracothorax prevostii"
*Black-throated Mango "Anthracothorax nigricollis"
*Fiery-tailed Awlbill "Avocettula recurvirostris"
*Crimson Topaz "Topaza pella"
*Fiery Topaz "Topaza pyra"
*Violet-headed Hummingbird "Klais guimeti"
*Rufous-crested Coquette "Lophornis delattrei"
*Spangled Coquette "Lophornis stictolophus"
*Festive Coquette "Lophornis chalybeus"
*Wire-crested Thorntail "Popelairia popelairii"
*Black-bellied Thorntail "Popelairia langsdorffi"
*Green Thorntail "Discosura conversii"
*Blue-chinned Sapphire "Chlorostilbon notatus"
*Blue-tailed Emerald "Chlorostilbon mellisugus"
*Narrow-tailed Emerald "Chlorostilbon stenurus"
*Green-crowned Woodnymph "Thalurania fannyi"
*Fork-tailed Woodnymph "Thalurania furcata"
*Violet-bellied Hummingbird "Damophila julie"
*Rufous-throated Sapphire "Hylocharis sapphirina"
*White-chinned Sapphire "Hylocharis cyanus"
*Blue-headed Sapphire "Hylocharis grayi"
*Golden-tailed Sapphire "Chrysuronia oenone"
*Green-tailed Goldenthroat "Polytmus theresiae"
*Tumbes Hummingbird "Leucippus baeri"
*Olive-spotted Hummingbird "Leucippus chlorocercus"
*Many-spotted Hummingbird "Leucippus hypostictus"
*Rufous-tailed Hummingbird "Amazilia tzacatl"
*Amazilia Hummingbird "Amazilia amazilia"
*Loja Hummingbird "Amazilia alticola" (E)
*Andean Emerald "Agyrtria franciae"
*Sapphire-spangled Emerald "Polyerata lactea"
*Glittering-throated Emerald "Polyerata fimbriata"
*Blue-chested Hummingbird "Polyerata amabilis"
*Purple-chested Hummingbird "Polyerata rosenbergi"
*Steely-vented Hummingbird "Saucerottia saucerrottei"
*White-vented Plumeleteer "Chalybura buffonii"
*Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer "Chalybura urochrysia"
*Ecuadorian Piedtail "Phlogophilus hemileucurus"
*Speckled Hummingbird "Adelomyia melanogenys"
*Gould's Jewelfront "Heliodoxa aurescens"
*Fawn-breasted Brilliant "Heliodoxa rubinoides"
*Violet-fronted Brilliant "Heliodoxa leadbeateri"
*Black-throated Brilliant "Heliodoxa schreibersii"
*Pink-throated Brilliant "Heliodoxa gularis"
*Empress Brilliant "Heliodoxa imperatrix"
*Green-crowned Brilliant "Heliodoxa jacula"
*White-tailed Hillstar "Urochroa bougueri"
*Chestnut-breasted Coronet "Boissonneaua matthewsii"
*Buff-tailed Coronet "Boissonneaua flavescens"
*Velvet-purple Coronet "Boissonneaua jardini"
*Shining Sunbeam "Aglaeactis cupripennis"
*Andean Hillstar "Oreotrochilus estella"
*Chimborazo Hillstar "Oreotrochilus chimborazo" (E)
*Mountain Velvetbreast "Lafresnaya lafresnayi"
*Bronzy Inca "Coeligena coeligena"
*Brown Inca "Coeligena wilsoni"
*Collared Inca "Coeligena torquata"
*Buff-winged Starfrontlet "Coeligena lutetiae"
*Violet-throated Starfrontlet "Coeligena violifer"
*Rainbow Starfrontlet "Coeligena iris"
*Sword-billed Hummingbird "Ensifera ensifera"
*Great Sapphirewing "Pterophanes cyanopterus"
*Giant Hummingbird "Patagona gigas"
*Amethyst-throated Sunangel "Heliangelus amethysticollis"
*Gorgeted Sunangel "Heliangelus strophianus"
*Tourmaline Sunangel "Heliangelus exortis"
*Little Sunangel "Heliangelus micraster"
*Purple-throated Sunangel "Heliangelus viola"
*Royal Sunangel "Heliangelus regalis"
*Black-breasted Puffleg "Eriocnemis nigrivestis" (E)
*Glowing Puffleg "Eriocnemis vestitus"
*Black-thighed Puffleg "Eriocnemis derbyi"
*Turquoise-throated Puffleg "Eriocnemis godini" (E)
*Sapphire-vented Puffleg "Eriocnemis luciani"
*Golden-breasted Puffleg "Eriocnemis mosquera"
*Emerald-bellied Puffleg "Eriocnemis alinae"
*Greenish Puffleg "Haplophaedia aureliae"
*Hoary Puffleg "Haplophaedia lugens"
*Purple-bibbed Whitetip "Urosticte benjamini"
*Rufous-vented Whitetip "Urosticte ruficrissa"
*Booted Racket-tail "Ocreatus underwoodii"
*Black-tailed Trainbearer "Lesbia victoriae"
*Green-tailed Trainbearer "Lesbia nuna"
*Purple-backed Thornbill "Ramphomicron microrhynchum"
*Tyrian Metaltail "Metallura tyrianthina"
*Neblina Metaltail "Metallura odomae"
*Violet-throated Metaltail "Metallura baroni" (E)
*Viridian Metaltail "Metallura williami"
*Rufous-capped Thornbill "Chalcostigma ruficeps"
*Blue-mantled Thornbill "Chalcostigma stanleyi"
*Rainbow-bearded Thornbill "Chalcostigma herrani"
*Mountain Avocetbill "Opisthoprora euryptera"
*Long-tailed Sylph "Aglaiocercus kingi"
*Violet-tailed Sylph "Aglaiocercus coelestis"
*Wedge-billed Hummingbird "Augastes geoffroyi"
*Purple-crowned Fairy "Heliothryx barroti"
*Black-eared Fairy "Heliothryx aurita"
*Long-billed Starthroat "Heliomaster longirostris"
*Blue-tufted Starthroat "Heliomaster furcifer"
*Peruvian Sheartail "Thaumastura cora" (A)
*Purple-throated Woodstar "Calliphlox mitchellii"
*Amethyst Woodstar "Calliphlox amethystina"
*Purple-collared Woodstar "Myrtis fanny"
*Short-tailed Woodstar "Myrmia micrura"
*White-bellied Woodstar "Chaetocercus mulsant"
*Little Woodstar "Chaetocercus bombus"
*Gorgeted Woodstar "Chaetocercus heliodor"
*Esmeraldas Woodstar "Chaetocercus berlepschi" (E)

Trogons and Quetzals

Order: TrogoniformesFamily: Trogonidae

The family Trogonidae includes trogons and quetzals. Found in tropical woodlands worldwide, they feed on insects and fruit, and their broad bills and weak legs reflect their diet and arboreal habits. Although their flight is fast, they are reluctant to fly any distance. Trogons have soft, often colourful, feathers with distinctive male and female plumage. There are 33 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in Ecuador.

*White-tailed Trogon "Trogon viridis"
*Violaceous Trogon "Trogon violaceus"
*White-eyed Trogon "Trogon comptus"
*Collared Trogon "Trogon collaris"
*Masked Trogon "Trogon personatus"
*Black-throated Trogon "Trogon rufus"
*Blue-crowned Trogon "Trogon curucui"
*Black-tailed Trogon "Trogon melanurus"
*Slaty-tailed Trogon "Trogon massena"
*Crested Quetzal "Pharomachrus antisianus"
*Golden-headed Quetzal "Pharomachrus auriceps"
*Pavonine Quetzal "Pharomachrus pavoninus"


Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Alcedinidae

Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. There are 93 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Belted Kingfisher "Ceryle alcyon"
*Ringed Kingfisher "Ceryle torquatus"
*Amazon Kingfisher "Chloroceryle amazona"
*Green Kingfisher "Chloroceryle americana"
*Green-and-rufous Kingfisher "Chloroceryle inda"
*American Pygmy Kingfisher "Chloroceryle aenea"


Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Momotidae

The motmots have colorful plumage and long, graduated tails, which they display by waggling back and forth. In most of the species, the barbs near the ends of the two longest (central) tail feathers are weak and fall off, leaving a length of bare shaft, and creating a racket-shaped tail. There are 10 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Blue-crowned Motmot "Momotus momota"
*Highland Motmot "Momotus aequatorialis"
*Rufous Motmot "Baryphthengus martii"
*Broad-billed Motmot "Electron platyrhynchum"


Order: PiciformesFamily: Galbulidae

The jacamars are near passerine birds from tropical South America, with a range that extends up to Mexico. They are glossy elegant birds with long bills and tails, which feed on insects caught on the wing. In appearance and behaviour they show resemblances to the Old World bee-eaters, although they are more closely related to woodpeckers. There are 18 species and 9 species that occur in Ecuador.

*White-eared Jacamar "Galbalcyrhynchus leucotis"
*Brown Jacamar "Brachygalba lugubris"
*Yellow-billed Jacamar "Galbula albirostris"
*Rufous-tailed Jacamar "Galbula ruficauda"
*Coppery-chested Jacamar "Galbula pastazae" (E)
*White-chinned Jacamar "Galbula tombacea"
*Purplish Jacamar "Galbula chalcothorax"
*Paradise Jacamar "Galbula dea"
*Great Jacamar "Jacamerops aureus"


Order: PiciformesFamily: Bucconidae

The puffbirds are related to the jacamars, and have the same range, but lack the iridescent colours of that family. They are mainly brown, rufous or grey, with large heads and flattened bills with a hooked tip. The loose abundant plumage and short tails makes them look stout and puffy, giving rise to the English common name of the family. There are 34 species and 20 species which occur in Ecuador.

*White-necked Puffbird "Notharchus macrorhynchos"
*Black-breasted Puffbird "Notharchus pectoralis"
*Pied Puffbird "Notharchus tectus"
*Chestnut-capped Puffbird "Bucco macrodactylus"
*Spotted Puffbird "Bucco tamatia"
*Collared Puffbird "Bucco capensis"
*Barred Puffbird "Nystalus radiatus"
*Striolated Puffbird "Nystalus striolatus"
*White-chested Puffbird "Malacoptila fusca"
*Black-streaked Puffbird "Malacoptila fulvogularis"
*Rufous-necked Puffbird "Malacoptila rufa"
*White-whiskered Puffbird "Malacoptila panamensis"
*Lanceolated Monklet "Micromonacha lanceolata"
*Rusty-breasted Nunlet "Nonnula rubecula"
*Brown Nunlet "Nonnula brunnea"
*White-faced Nunbird "Hapaloptila castanea"
*Black-fronted Nunbird "Monasa nigrifrons"
*White-fronted Nunbird "Monasa morphoeus"
*Yellow-billed Nunbird "Monasa flavirostris"
*Swallow-wing "Chelidoptera tenebrosa"


Order: PiciformesFamily: Capitonidae

The barbets are plump birds, with short necks and large heads. They get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills. Most species are brightly coloured. There are 84 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Scarlet-crowned Barbet "Capito aurovirens"
*Orange-fronted Barbet "Capito squamatus"
*Five-colored Barbet "Capito quinticolor"
*Gilded Barbet "Capito auratus"
*Lemon-throated Barbet "Eubucco richardsoni"
*Red-headed Barbet "Eubucco bourcierii"
*Toucan Barbet "Semnornis ramphastinus"


Order: PiciformesFamily: Ramphastidae

Toucans are near passerine birds from the neotropics. They are brightly marked and have enormous, colourful bills which in some species may amount to half their body length. There are 40 species worldwide and 18 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Chestnut-tipped Toucanet "Aulacorhynchus derbianus"
*Crimson-rumped Toucanet "Aulacorhynchus haematopygus"
*Lettered Aracari "Pteroglossus inscriptus"
*Green Aracari "Pteroglossus viridis"
*Ivory-billed Aracari "Pteroglossus azara"
*Chestnut-eared Aracari "Pteroglossus castanotis"
*Collared Aracari "Pteroglossus torquatus"
*Many-banded Aracari "Pteroglossus pluricinctus"
*Plate-billed Mountain-Toucan "Andigena laminirostris"
*Gray-breasted Mountain-Toucan "Andigena hypoglauca"
*Black-billed Mountain-Toucan "Andigena nigrirostris"
*Yellow-eared Toucanet "Selenidera spectabilis"
*Golden-collared Toucanet "Selenidera reinwardtii"
*Choco Toucan "Ramphastos brevis"
*Channel-billed Toucan "Ramphastos vitellinus"
*Black-mandibled Toucan "Ramphastos ambiguus"
*Red-billed Toucan "Ramphastos tucanus"
*Andean Toucanet "Aulacorhynchus albivitta"

Woodpeckers and allies

Order: PiciformesFamily: Picidae

Woodpeckers are small to medium sized birds with chisel like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues used for capturing insects. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward, and two backward, while several species have only three toes. Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks. There are 218 species worldwide and 36 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Bar-breasted Piculet "Picumnus aurifrons"
*Lafresnaye's Piculet "Picumnus lafresnayi"
*Ecuadorian Piculet "Picumnus sclateri"
*Rufous-breasted Piculet "Picumnus rufiventris"
*Plain-breasted Piculet "Picumnus castelnau"
*Olivaceous Piculet "Picumnus olivaceus"
*Black-cheeked Woodpecker "Melanerpes pucherani"
*Yellow-tufted Woodpecker "Melanerpes cruentatus"
*Scarlet-backed Woodpecker "Veniliornis callonotus"
*Yellow-vented Woodpecker "Veniliornis dignus"
*Bar-bellied Woodpecker "Veniliornis nigriceps"
*Smoky-brown Woodpecker "Veniliornis fumigatus"
*Little Woodpecker "Veniliornis passerinus"
*Red-rumped Woodpecker "Veniliornis kirkii"
*Choco Woodpecker "Veniliornis chocoensis"
*Red-stained Woodpecker "Veniliornis affinis"
*Lita Woodpecker "Piculus litae"
*White-throated Woodpecker "Piculus leucolaemus"
*Yellow-throated Woodpecker "Piculus flavigula"
*Golden-green Woodpecker "Piculus chrysochloros"
*Golden-olive Woodpecker "Piculus rubiginosus"
*Crimson-mantled Woodpecker "Piculus rivolii"
*Spot-breasted Woodpecker "Colaptes punctigula"
*Andean Flicker "Colaptes rupicola"
*Cinnamon Woodpecker "Celeus loricatus"
*Scaly-breasted Woodpecker "Celeus grammicus"
*Chestnut Woodpecker "Celeus elegans"
*Cream-colored Woodpecker "Celeus flavus"
*Rufous-headed Woodpecker "Celeus spectabilis"
*Ringed Woodpecker "Celeus torquatus"
*Lineated Woodpecker "Dryocopus lineatus"
*Powerful Woodpecker "Campephilus pollens"
*Crimson-bellied Woodpecker "Campephilus haematogaster"
*Red-necked Woodpecker "Campephilus rubricollis"
*Crimson-crested Woodpecker "Campephilus melanoleucos"
*Guayaquil Woodpecker "Campephilus gayaquilensis"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Furnariidae

Ovenbirds comprise a large family of small sub-oscine passerine bird species found in Central and South America. They are a diverse group of insectivores which gets its name from the elaborate "oven-like" clay nests built by some species, although others build stick nests or nest in tunnels or clefts in rock. There are 243 species worldwide and 79 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Slender-billed Miner "Geositta tenuirostris"
*Bar-winged Cinclodes "Cinclodes fuscus"
*Stout-billed Cinclodes "Cinclodes excelsior"
*Pale-legged Hornero "Furnarius leucopus"
*Bay Hornero "Furnarius torridus"
*Lesser Hornero "Furnarius minor"
*Andean Tit-Spinetail "Leptasthenura andicola"
*Rufous Spinetail "Synallaxis unirufa"
*Azara's Spinetail "Synallaxis azarae"
*Dark-breasted Spinetail "Synallaxis albigularis"
*Slaty Spinetail "Synallaxis brachyura"
*Dusky Spinetail "Synallaxis moesta"
*Plain-crowned Spinetail "Synallaxis gujanensis"
*Maranon Spinetail "Synallaxis maranonica"
*White-bellied Spinetail "Synallaxis propinqua"
*Black-faced Spinetail "Synallaxis tithys"
*Ruddy Spinetail "Synallaxis rutilans"
*Chestnut-throated Spinetail "Synallaxis cherriei"
*Necklaced Spinetail "Synallaxis stictothorax"
*Chinchipe Spinetail "Synallaxis chinchipensis"
*White-browed Spinetail "Hellmayrea gularis"
*Line-cheeked Spinetail "Cranioleuca antisiensis"
*Ash-browed Spinetail "Cranioleuca curtata"
*Red-faced Spinetail "Cranioleuca erythrops"
*Rusty-backed Spinetail "Cranioleuca vulpina"
*Parker's Spinetail "Cranioleuca vulpecula"
*Speckled Spinetail "Cranioleuca gutturata"
*White-chinned Thistletail "Schizoeaca fuliginosa"
*Mouse-colored Thistletail "Schizoeaca griseomurina"
*Streak-backed Canastero "Asthenes wyatti"
*Many-striped Canastero "Asthenes flammulata"
*Plain Softtail "Phacellodomus fusciceps"
*Common Thornbird "Phacellodomus rufifrons"
*Orange-fronted Plushcrown "Metopothrix aurantiacus"
*Equatorial Graytail "Xenerpestes singularis"
*Double-banded Graytail "Xenerpestes minlosi"
*Spectacled Prickletail "Siptornis striaticollis"
*Rusty-winged Barbtail "Premnornis guttuligera"
*Spotted Barbtail "Premnoplex brunnescens"
*Fulvous-dotted Treerunner "Margarornis stellatus"
*Pearled Treerunner "Margarornis squamiger"
*Rufous-tailed Xenops "Xenops milleri"
*Slender-billed Xenops "Xenops tenuirostris"
*Plain Xenops "Xenops minutus"
*Streaked Xenops "Xenops rutilans"
*Montane Foliage-gleaner "Anabacerthia striaticollis"
*Scaly-throated Foliage-gleaner "Anabacerthia variegaticeps"
*Streaked Tuftedcheek "Pseudocolaptes boissonneautii"
*Pacific Tuftedcheek "Pseudocolaptes johnsoni"
*Flammulated Treehunter "Thripadectes flammulatus"
*Striped Treehunter "Thripadectes holostictus"
*Black-billed Treehunter "Thripadectes melanorhynchus"
*Streak-capped Treehunter "Thripadectes virgaticeps"
*Uniform Treehunter "Thripadectes ignobilis"
*Lineated Foliage-gleaner "Syndactyla subalaris"
*Buff-browed Foliage-gleaner "Syndactyla rufosuperciliata"
*Rufous-necked Foliage-gleaner "Syndactyla ruficollis"
*Point-tailed Palmcreeper "Berlepschia rikeri"
*Striped Woodhaunter "Hyloctistes subulatus"
*Chestnut-winged Hookbill "Ancistrops strigilatus"
*Chestnut-winged Foliage-gleaner "Philydor erythropterus"
*Rufous-rumped Foliage-gleaner "Philydor erythrocercus"
*Rufous-tailed Foliage-gleaner "Philydor ruficaudatus"
*Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner "Philydor rufus"
*Cinnamon-rumped Foliage-gleaner "Philydor pyrrhodes"
*Slaty-winged Foliage-gleaner "Philydor fuscipennis"
*Crested Foliage-gleaner "Automolus dorsalis"
*Chestnut-crowned Foliage-gleaner "Automolus rufipileatus"
*Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner "Automolus ochrolaemus"
*Olive-backed Foliage-gleaner "Automolus infuscatus"
*Brown-rumped Foliage-gleaner "Automolus melanopezus"
*Ruddy Foliage-gleaner "Automolus rubiginosus"
*Henna-hooded Foliage-gleaner "Hylocryptus erythrocephalus"
*Short-billed Leaftosser "Sclerurus rufigularis"
*Tawny-throated Leaftosser "Sclerurus mexicanus"
*Gray-throated Leaftosser "Sclerurus albigularis"
*Black-tailed Leaftosser "Sclerurus caudacutus"
*Scaly-throated Leaftosser "Sclerurus guatemalensis"
*Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper "Lochmias nematura"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Dendrocolaptidae

The Dendrocolaptidae are brownish birds and maintain an upright vertical posture, supported by their stiff tail vanes. They feed mainly on insects taken from tree trunks. There are 57 species worldwide and 28 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Tyrannine Woodcreeper "Dendrocincla tyrannina"
*Plain-brown Woodcreeper "Dendrocincla fuliginosa"
*White-chinned Woodcreeper "Dendrocincla merula"
*Long-tailed Woodcreeper "Deconychura longicauda"
*Spot-throated Woodcreeper "Deconychura stictolaema"
*Olivaceous Woodcreeper "Sittasomus griseicapillus"
*Wedge-billed Woodcreeper "Glyphorynchus spirurus"
*Long-billed Woodcreeper "Nasica longirostris"
*Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper "Dendrexetastes rufigula"
*Strong-billed Woodcreeper "Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus"
*Northern Barred-Woodcreeper "Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae"
*Amazonian Barred-Woodcreeper "Dendrocolaptes certhia"
*Black-banded Woodcreeper "Dendrocolaptes picumnus"
*Striped Woodcreeper "Xiphorhynchus obsoletus"
*Ocellated Woodcreeper "Xiphorhynchus ocellatus"
*Elegant Woodcreeper "Xiphorhynchus elegans"
*Buff-throated Woodcreeper "Xiphorhynchus guttatus"
*Black-striped Woodcreeper "Xiphorhynchus lachrymosus"
*Spotted Woodcreeper "Xiphorhynchus erythropygius"
*Olive-backed Woodcreeper "Xiphorhynchus triangularis"
*Straight-billed Woodcreeper "Dendroplex picus"
*Streak-headed Woodcreeper "Lepidocolaptes souleyetii"
*Montane Woodcreeper "Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger"
*Lineated Woodcreeper "Lepidocolaptes albolineatus"
*Greater Scythebill "Campylorhamphus pucherani"
*Red-billed Scythebill "Campylorhamphus trochilirostris"
*Brown-billed Scythebill "Campylorhamphus pusillus"
*Curve-billed Scythebill "Campylorhamphus procurvoides"

Typical antbirds

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Thamnophilidae

The antbirds are a large family of small passerine birds of subtropical and tropical Central and South America. They are forest birds, and tend to feed on insects at or near the ground. A sizable minority of them specialize in following columns of army ants to eat the small invertebrates that leave hiding to flee the ants.Many species lack bright colour; brown, black and white being the dominant tones. There are about 212 species worldwide and 96 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Fasciated Antshrike "Cymbilaimus lineatus"
*Undulated Antshrike "Frederickena unduligera"
*Great Antshrike "Taraba major"
*Collared Antshrike "Sakesphorus bernardi"
*Barred Antshrike "Thamnophilus doliatus"
*Chapman's Antshrike "Thamnophilus zarumae"
*Lined Antshrike "Thamnophilus tenuepunctatus"
*Cocha Antshrike "Thamnophilus praecox" (E)
*Castelnau's Antshrike "Thamnophilus cryptoleucus"
*White-shouldered Antshrike "Thamnophilus aethiops"
*Uniform Antshrike "Thamnophilus unicolor"
*Plain-winged Antshrike "Thamnophilus schistaceus"
*Mouse-colored Antshrike "Thamnophilus murinus"
*Western Slaty-Antshrike "Thamnophilus atrinucha"
*Marañón Slaty-Antshrike "Thamnophilus leucogaster"
*Amazonian Antshrike "Thamnophilus amazonicus"
*Spot-winged Antshrike "Pygiptila stellaris"
*Pearly Antshrike "Megastictus margaritatus"
*Black Bushbird "Neoctantes niger"
*Russet Antshrike "Thamnistes anabatinus"
*Plain Antvireo "Dysithamnus mentalis"
*Spot-crowned Antvireo "Dysithamnus puncticeps"
*White-streaked Antvireo "Dysithamnus leucostictus"
*Bicolored Antvireo "Dysithamnus occidentalis"
*Dusky-throated Antshrike "Thamnomanes ardesiacus"
*Cinereous Antshrike "Thamnomanes caesius"
*Pygmy Antwren "Myrmotherula brachyura"
*Moustached Antwren "Myrmotherula ignota"
*Pacific Antwren "Myrmotherula pacifica"
*Amazonian Antwren "Myrmotherula multostriata"
*Stripe-chested Antwren "Myrmotherula longicauda"
*Plain-throated Antwren "Myrmotherula hauxwelli"
*Checker-throated Antwren "Myrmotherula fulviventris"
*White-eyed Antwren "Myrmotherula leucophthalma" (A)
*Brown-backed Antwren "Myrmotherula fjeldsaai"
*Stipple-throated Antwren "Myrmotherula haematonota"
*Foothill Antwren "Myrmotherula spodionota"
*Ornate Antwren "Myrmotherula ornata"
*Rufous-tailed Antwren "Myrmotherula erythrura"
*White-flanked Antwren "Myrmotherula axillaris"
*Slaty Antwren "Myrmotherula schisticolor"
*Rio Suno Antwren "Myrmotherula sunensis"
*Long-winged Antwren "Myrmotherula longipennis"
*Plain-winged Antwren "Myrmotherula behni"
*Gray Antwren "Myrmotherula menetriesii"
*Banded Antwren "Dichrozona cincta"
*Spot-tailed Antwren "Herpsilochmus sticturus"
*Dugand's Antwren "Herpsilochmus dugandi"
*Ancient Antwren "Herpsilochmus gentryi"
*Yellow-breasted Antwren "Herpsilochmus axillaris"
*Rufous-winged Antwren "Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus"
*Dot-winged Antwren "Microrhopias quixensis"
*Striated Antbird "Drymophila devillei"
*Long-tailed Antbird "Drymophila caudata"
*Rufous-rumped Antwren "Terenura callinota"
*Chestnut-shouldered Antwren "Terenura humeralis"
*Ash-winged Antwren "Terenura spodioptila"
*Gray Antbird "Cercomacra cinerascens"
*Dusky Antbird "Cercomacra tyrannina"
*Blackish Antbird "Cercomacra nigrescens"
*Black Antbird "Cercomacra serva"
*Jet Antbird "Cercomacra nigricans"
*White-backed Fire-eye "Pyriglena leuconota"
*White-browed Antbird "Myrmoborus leucophrys"
*Ash-breasted Antbird "Myrmoborus lugubris"
*Black-faced Antbird "Myrmoborus myotherinus"
*Warbling Antbird "Hypocnemis cantator"
*Yellow-browed Antbird "Hypocnemis hypoxantha"
*Black-chinned Antbird "Hypocnemoides melanopogon"
*Black-and-white Antbird "Myrmochanes hemileucus"
*Silvered Antbird "Sclateria naevia"
*Slate-colored Antbird "Percnostola schistacea"
*Spot-winged Antbird "Percnostola leucostigma"
*Stub-tailed Antbird "Myrmeciza berlepschi"
*Chestnut-backed Antbird "Myrmeciza exsul"
*Esmeraldas Antbird "Myrmeciza nigricauda"
*Northern Chestnut-tailed Antbird "Myrmeciza castanea"
*Southern Chestnut-tailed Antbird "Myrmeciza hemimelaena"
*Plumbeous Antbird "Myrmeciza hyperythra"
*White-shouldered Antbird "Myrmeciza melanoceps"
*Sooty Antbird "Myrmeciza fortis"
*Immaculate Antbird "Myrmeciza immaculata"
*Gray-headed Antbird "Myrmeciza griseiceps"
*Black-throated Antbird "Myrmeciza atrothorax"
*White-plumed Antbird "Pithys albifrons"
*Bicolored Antbird "Gymnopithys leucaspis"
*Lunulated Antbird "Gymnopithys lunulata"
*Wing-banded Antbird "Myrmornis torquata"
*Hairy-crested Antbird "Rhegmatorhina melanosticta"
*Spotted Antbird "Hylophylax naevioides"
*Spot-backed Antbird "Hylophylax naevia"
*Dot-backed Antbird "Hylophylax punctulata"
*Scale-backed Antbird "Hylophylax poecilinota"
*Black-spotted Bare-eye "Phlegopsis nigromaculata"
*Reddish-winged Bare-eye "Phlegopsis erythroptera"
*Ocellated Antbird "Phaenostictus mcleannani"

Antthrushes and Antpittas

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Formicariidae

The ground antbirds are a family comprising the antthrushes and antpittas. Antthrushes resemble small rails while antpittas resemble the true pittas with longish strong legs, very short tails and stout bills. There are about 63 species worldwide and 30 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Rufous-capped Antthrush "Formicarius colma"
*Black-headed Antthrush "Formicarius nigricapillus"
*Black-faced Antthrush "Formicarius analis"
*Rufous-breasted Antthrush "Formicarius rufipectus"
*Striated Antthrush "Chamaeza nobilis"
*Short-tailed Antthrush "Chamaeza campanisona"
*Barred Antthrush "Chamaeza mollissima"
*Rufous-crowned Antpitta "Pittasoma rufopileatum"
*Undulated Antpitta "Grallaria squamigera"
*Giant Antpitta "Grallaria gigantea"
*Scaled Antpitta "Grallaria guatimalensis"
*Moustached Antpitta "Grallaria alleni"
*Plain-backed Antpitta "Grallaria haplonota"
*Ochre-striped Antpitta "Grallaria dignissima"
*Chestnut-crowned Antpitta "Grallaria ruficapilla"
*Watkins's Antpitta "Grallaria watkinsi"
*Bicolored Antpitta "Grallaria rufocinerea"
*Chestnut-naped Antpitta "Grallaria nuchalis"
*Jocotoco Antpitta "Grallaria ridgelyi" (E)
*Yellow-breasted Antpitta "Grallaria flavotincta"
*White-bellied Antpitta "Grallaria hypoleuca"
*Rufous Antpitta "Grallaria rufula"
*Tawny Antpitta "Grallaria quitensis"
*Streak-chested Antpitta "Hylopezus perspicillatus"
*White-lored Antpitta "Hylopezus fulviventris"
*Thrush-like Antpitta "Myrmothera campanisona"
*Ochre-breasted Antpitta "Grallaricula flavirostris"
*Peruvian Antpitta "Grallaricula peruviana"
*Slate-crowned Antpitta "Grallaricula nana"
*Crescent-faced Antpitta "Grallaricula lineifrons"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Conopophagidae

The gnateaters are round, short-tailed, and long-legged birds, which are closely related to the antbirds. There are 8 species worldwide, all found in South America, and 3 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Chestnut-belted Gnateater "Conopophaga aurita"
*Ash-throated Gnateater "Conopophaga peruviana"
*Chestnut-crowned Gnateater "Conopophaga castaneiceps"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Rhinocryptidae

The tapaculos are a group of small suboscine passeriform birds with numerous species, found in South America. They are terrestrial species that fly only poorly on their short wings. They have strong legs, well-suited to their habitat of grassland or forest undergrowth. The tail is cocked and pointed towards the head. There are 56 species worldwide and 17 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Rusty-belted Tapaculo "Liosceles thoracicus"
*Elegant Crescent-chest "Melanopareia elegans"
*Maranon Crescent-chest "Melanopareia maranonica"
*Ash-colored Tapaculo "Myornis senilis"
*Unicolored Tapaculo "Scytalopus unicolor"
*Blackish Tapaculo "Scytalopus latrans"
*Rufous-vented Tapaculo "Scytalopus femoralis"
*Long-tailed Tapaculo "Scytalopus micropterus"
*White-crowned Tapaculo "Scytalopus atratus"
*Nariño Tapaculo "Scytalopus vicinior"
*Spillman's Tapaculo "Scytalopus spillmanni"
*Paramo Tapaculo "Scytalopus canus"
*Matorral Tapaculo "Scytalopus griseicollis"
*Choco Tapaculo "Scytalopus chocoensis"
*Ecuadorian Tapaculo "Scytalopus robbinsi" (E)
*Chusquea Tapaculo "Scytalopus parkeri" (E)
*Ocellated Tapaculo "Acropternis orthonyx"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cotingidae

The cotingas are birds of forests or forest edges of tropical South America. Comparatively little is known about this diverse group, although all have broad bills with hooked tips, rounded wings, and strong legs. The males of many of the species are brightly coloured, or decorated with plumes or wattles. There are 71 species worldwide and 31 species which occur in Ecuador

*Sharpbill "Oxyruncus cristatus"
*Black-necked Red-Cotinga "Phoenicircus nigricollis"
*Shrike-like Cotinga "Laniisoma elegans"
*Red-crested Cotinga "Ampelion rubrocristata"
*Chestnut-crested Cotinga "Ampelion rufaxilla"
*Chestnut-bellied Cotinga "Doliornis remseni"
*Green-and-black Fruiteater "Pipreola riefferii"
*Barred Fruiteater "Pipreola arcuata"
*Orange-breasted Fruiteater "Pipreola jucunda"
*Black-chested Fruiteater "Pipreola lubomirskii"
*Fiery-throated Fruiteater "Pipreola chlorolepidota"
*Scarlet-breasted Fruiteater "Pipreola frontalis"
*Scaled Fruiteater "Ampelioides tschudii"
*White-browed Purpletuft "Iodopleura isabellae"
*Gray-tailed Piha "Snowornis subalaris"
*Olivaceous Piha "Snowornis cryptolophus"
*Dusky Piha "Lipaugus fuscocinereus"
*Screaming Piha "Lipaugus vociferans"
*Rufous Piha "Lipaugus unirufus"
*Purple-throated Cotinga "Porphyrolaema porphyrolaema"
*Blue Cotinga "Cotinga nattererii"
*Plum-throated Cotinga "Cotinga maynana"
*Spangled Cotinga "Cotinga cayana"
*Pompadour Cotinga "Xipholena punicea"
*Black-tipped Cotinga "Carpodectes hopkei"
*Bare-necked Fruitcrow "Gymnoderus foetidus"
*Purple-throated Fruitcrow "Querula purpurata"
*Red-ruffed Fruitcrow "Pyroderus scutatus"
*Long-wattled Umbrellabird "Cephalopterus penduliger"
*Amazonian Umbrellabird "Cephalopterus ornatus"
*Andean Cock-of-the-rock "Rupicola peruviana"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Pipridae

The manakins are a family bird species of subtropical and tropical mainland Central and South America, and Trinidad and Tobago. They are compact forest birds, the males typically being brightly coloured, although the females of most species are duller and usually green-plumaged. Manakins feed on small fruits, berries and insects. There are 57 species worldwide and 21 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Jet Manakin "Chloropipo unicolor"
*Green Manakin "Chloropipo holochlora"
*Yellow-headed Manakin "Chloropipo flavicapilla"
*Orange-collared Manakin "Manacus aurantiacus"
*White-bearded Manakin "Manacus manacus"
*Blue-backed Manakin "Chiroxiphia pareola"
*Wire-tailed Manakin "Pipra filicauda"
*White-crowned Manakin "Dixiphia pipra"
*Blue-crowned Manakin "Lepidothrix coronata"
*Golden-headed Manakin "Pipra erythrocephala"
*Red-capped Manakin "Pipra mentalis"
*Blue-rumped Manakin "Lepidothrix isidorei"
*Golden-winged Manakin "Masius chrysopterus"
*Western Striped Manakin "Machaeropterus striolatus"
*Club-winged Manakin "Machaeropterus deliciosus"
*Orange-crested Manakin "Heterocercus aurantiivertex"
*Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin "Tyranneutes stolzmanni"
*Wing-barred Piprites "Piprites chloris"
*Sapayoa "Sapayoa aenigma"
*Greater Schiffornis "Schiffornis major"
*Thrush-like Schiffornis "Schiffornis turdinus"

Tyrant flycatchers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Tyrannidae

Tyrant flycatchers are passerine birds which occur throughout North and South America. They superficially resemble the Old World flycatchers, but are more robust with stronger bills. They do not have the sophisticated vocal capabilities of the songbirds. Most, but not all, have plain colouring. As the name implies, most are insectivorous. There are 429 species worldwide, all found only in the Americas and 211 species which occur in Ecuador.

*White-lored Tyrannulet "Ornithion inerme"
*Brown-capped Tyrannulet "Ornithion brunneicapillus"
*Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet "Camptostoma obsoletum"
*Mouse-colored Tyrannulet "Phaeomyias murina"
*Yellow Tyrannulet "Capsiempis flaveola"
*Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet "Tyrannulus elatus"
*Forest Elaenia "Myiopagis gaimardii"
*Foothill Elaenia "Myiopagis olallai"
*Gray Elaenia "Myiopagis caniceps"
*Pacific Elaenia "Myiopagis subplacens"
*Yellow-crowned Elaenia "Myiopagis flavivertex"
*Greenish Elaenia "Myiopagis viridicata"
*Gray-and-white Tyrannulet "Pseudelaenia leucospodia"
*Large Elaenia "Elaenia spectabilis"
*Yellow-bellied Elaenia "Elaenia flavogaster"
*White-crested Elaenia "Elaenia albiceps"
*Small-billed Elaenia "Elaenia parvirostris"
*Mottle-backed Elaenia "Elaenia gigas"
*Lesser Elaenia "Elaenia chiriquensis"
*Highland Elaenia "Elaenia obscura"
*Sierran Elaenia "Elaenia pallatangae"
*Torrent Tyrannulet "Serpophaga cinerea"
*River Tyrannulet "Serpophaga hypoleuca"
*Ochre-bellied Flycatcher "Mionectes oleagineus"
*Streak-necked Flycatcher "Mionectes striaticollis"
*Olive-striped Flycatcher "Mionectes olivaceus"
*Rufous-breasted Flycatcher "Leptopogon rufipectus"
*Sepia-capped Flycatcher "Leptopogon amaurocephalus"
*Slaty-capped Flycatcher "Leptopogon superciliaris"
*Bronze-olive Pygmy-Tyrant "Pseudotriccus pelzelni"
*Rufous-headed Pygmy-Tyrant "Pseudotriccus ruficeps"
*Variegated Bristle-Tyrant "Pogonotriccus poecilotis"
*Marble-faced Bristle-Tyrant "Pogonotriccus ophthalmicus"
*Spectacled Bristle-Tyrant "Pogonotriccus orbitalis"
*Ecuadorian Tyrannulet "Phylloscartes gualaquizae"
*Rufous-browed Tyrannulet "Phylloscartes superciliaris"
*Rough-legged Tyrannulet "Phyllomyias burmeisteri"
*Sooty-headed Tyrannulet "Phyllomyias griseiceps"
*Plumbeous-crowned Tyrannulet "Phyllomyias plumbeiceps"
*Black-capped Tyrannulet "Phyllomyias nigrocapillus"
*Ashy-headed Tyrannulet "Phyllomyias cinereiceps"
*Tawny-rumped Tyrannulet "Phyllomyias uropygialis"
*Red-billed Tyrannulet "Zimmerius cinereicapillus"
*Slender-footed Tyrannulet "Zimmerius gracilipes"
*Golden-faced Tyrannulet "Zimmerius chrysops"
*Amazonian Scrub-Flycatcher "Sublegatus obscurior"
*White-throated Tyrannulet "Mecocerculus leucophrys"
*White-tailed Tyrannulet "Mecocerculus poecilocercus"
*Rufous-winged Tyrannulet "Mecocerculus calopterus"
*Sulphur-bellied Tyrannulet "Mecocerculus minor"
*White-banded Tyrannulet "Mecocerculus stictopterus"
*Lesser Wagtail-Tyrant "Stigmatura napensis"
*Agile Tit-Tyrant "Anairetes agilis"
*Black-crested Tit-Tyrant "Anairetes nigrocristatus"
*Tufted Tit-Tyrant "Anairetes parulus"
*Subtropical Doradito "Pseudocolopteryx acutipennis"
*Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant "Euscarthmus meloryphus"
*Black-capped Pygmy-Tyrant "Myiornis atricapillus"
*Short-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant "Myiornis ecaudatus"
*Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant "Lophotriccus pileatus"
*Double-banded Pygmy-Tyrant "Lophotriccus vitiosus"
*Rufous-crowned Tody-Tyrant "Poecilotriccus ruficeps"
*Black-and-white Tody-Tyrant "Poecilotriccus capitalis"
*Rusty-fronted Tody-Flycatcher "Poecilotriccus latirostris"
*White-eyed Tody-Tyrant "Hemitriccus zosterops"
*Zimmer's Tody-Tyrant "Hemitriccus minimus"
*Black-throated Tody-Tyrant "Hemitriccus granadensis"
*Buff-throated Tody-Tyrant "Hemitriccus rufigularis"
*Cinnamon-breasted Tody-Tyrant "Hemitriccus cinnamomeipectus"
*Common Tody-Flycatcher "Todirostrum cinereum"
*Spotted Tody-Flycatcher "Todirostrum maculatum"
*Black-headed Tody-Flycatcher "Todirostrum nigriceps"
*Golden-winged Tody-Flycatcher "Poecilotriccus calopterus"
*Yellow-browed Tody-Flycatcher "Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum"
*Ringed Antpipit "Corythopis torquata"
*Brownish Flycatcher "Cnipodectes subbrunneus"
*Large-headed Flatbill "Ramphotrigon megacephala"
*Dusky-tailed Flatbill "Ramphotrigon fuscicauda"
*Rufous-tailed Flatbill "Ramphotrigon ruficauda"
*Pacific Flatbill "Rhynchocyclus pacificus"
*Olivaceous Flatbill "Rhynchocyclus olivaceus"
*Fulvous-breasted Flatbill "Rhynchocyclus fulvipectus"
*Yellow-olive Flycatcher "Tolmomyias sulphurescens"
*Yellow-margined Flycatcher "Tolmomyias assimilis"
*Gray-crowned Flycatcher "Tolmomyias poliocephalus"
*Orange-eyed Flycatcher "Tolmomyias traylori"
*Yellow-breasted Flycatcher "Tolmomyias flaviventris"
*Cinnamon-crested Spadebill "Platyrinchus saturatus"
*Yellow-throated Spadebill "Platyrinchus flavigularis"
*Golden-crowned Spadebill "Platyrinchus coronatus"
*White-throated Spadebill "Platyrinchus mystaceus"
*White-crested Spadebill "Platyrinchus platyrhynchos"
*Amazonian Royal-Flycatcher "Onychorhynchus coronatus"
*Pacific Royal-Flycatcher "Onychorhynchus occidentalis" (E)
*Ornate Flycatcher "Myiotriccus ornatus"
*Flavescent Flycatcher "Myiophobus flavicans"
*Orange-crested Flycatcher "Myiophobus phoenicomitra"
*Roraiman Flycatcher "Myiophobus roraimae"
*Handsome Flycatcher "Myiophobus pulcher"
*Orange-banded Flycatcher "Myiophobus lintoni"
*Bran-colored Flycatcher "Myiophobus fasciatus"
*Olive-chested Flycatcher "Myiophobus cryptoxanthus"
*Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher "Terenotriccus erythrurus"
*Tawny-breasted Flycatcher "Myiobius villosus"
*Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher "Myiobius sulphureipygius"
*Whiskered Flycatcher "Myiobius barbatus"
*Black-tailed Flycatcher "Myiobius atricaudus"
*Cinnamon Tyrant "Neopipo cinnamomea"
*Cinnamon Flycatcher "Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea"
*Cliff Flycatcher "Hirundinea ferruginea"
*Fuscous Flycatcher "Cnemotriccus fuscatus"
*Euler's Flycatcher "Lathrotriccus euleri"
*Gray-breasted Flycatcher "Lathrotriccus griseipectus"
*Tufted Flycatcher "Mitrephanes phaeocercus"
*Olive Flycatcher "Mitrephanes olivaceus"
*Olive-sided Flycatcher "Contopus cooperi"
*Smoke-colored Pewee "Contopus fumigatus"
*Western Wood-Pewee "Contopus sordidulus"
*Eastern Wood-Pewee "Contopus virens"
*Tropical Pewee "Contopus cinereus"
*Blackish Pewee "Contopus nigrescens"
*Acadian Flycatcher "Empidonax virescens"
*Alder Flycatcher "Empidonax alnorum"
*Willow Flycatcher "Empidonax traillii"
*Black Phoebe "Sayornis nigricans"
*Vermilion Flycatcher "Pyrocephalus rubinus"
*Crowned Chat-Tyrant "Ochthoeca frontalis"
*Jelski's Chat-Tyrant "Ochthoeca jelskii"
*Yellow-bellied Chat-Tyrant "Ochthoeca diadema"
*Slaty-backed Chat-Tyrant "Ochthoeca cinnamomeiventris"
*Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant "Ochthoeca rufipectoralis"
*Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant "Ochthoeca fumicolor"
*White-browed Chat-Tyrant "Ochthoeca leucophrys"
*Drab Water-Tyrant "Ochthornis littoralis"
*Red-rumped Bush-Tyrant "Cnemarchus erythropygius"
*Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant "Myiotheretes striaticollis"
*Smoky Bush-Tyrant "Myiotheretes fumigatus"
*Black-billed Shrike-Tyrant "Agriornis montana"
*White-tailed Shrike-Tyrant "Agriornis andicola"
*Spot-billed Ground-Tyrant "Muscisaxicola maculirostris"
*Little Ground-Tyrant "Muscisaxicola fluviatilis"
*Dark-faced Ground-Tyrant "Muscisaxicola maclovianus" (A)
*White-browed Ground-Tyrant "Muscisaxicola albilora"
*Plain-capped Ground-Tyrant "Muscisaxicola alpinus"
*Short-tailed Field-Tyrant "Muscigralla brevicauda"
*Amazonian Black-Tyrant "Knipolegus poecilocercus"
*Andean Tyrant "Knipolegus signatus"
*Rufous-tailed Tyrant "Knipolegus poecilurus"
*Riverside Tyrant "Knipolegus orenocensis"
*Pied Water-Tyrant "Fluvicola pica"
*Black-backed Water-Tyrant "Fluvicola albiventer"
*Masked Water-Tyrant "Fluvicola nengeta"
*White-headed Marsh-Tyrant "Arundinicola leucocephala"
*Long-tailed Tyrant "Colonia colonus"
*Cinnamon Attila "Attila cinnamomeus"
*Ochraceous Attila "Attila torridus"
*Citron-bellied Attila "Attila citriniventris"
*Bright-rumped Attila "Attila spadiceus"
*Dull-capped Attila "Attila bolivianus"
*Speckled Mourner "Laniocera rufescens"
*Cinereous Mourner "Laniocera hypopyrra"
*Sirystes "Sirystes sibilator"
*Rufous Mourner "Rhytipterna holerythra"
*Grayish Mourner "Rhytipterna simplex"
*Dusky-capped Flycatcher "Myiarchus tuberculifer"
*Swainson's Flycatcher "Myiarchus swainsoni"
*Short-crested Flycatcher "Myiarchus ferox"
*Pale-edged Flycatcher "Myiarchus cephalotes"
*Sooty-crowned Flycatcher "Myiarchus phaeocephalus"
*Great Crested Flycatcher "Myiarchus crinitus"
*Galapagos Flycatcher "Myiarchus magnirostris"
*Lesser Kiskadee "Philohydor lictor"
*Great Kiskadee "Pitangus sulphuratus"
*Boat-billed Flycatcher "Megarynchus pitangua"
*Rusty-margined Flycatcher "Myiozetetes cayanensis"
*Social Flycatcher "Myiozetetes similis"
*Gray-capped Flycatcher "Myiozetetes granadensis"
*Dusky-chested Flycatcher "Myiozetetes luteiventris"
*White-ringed Flycatcher "Conopias albovittata"
*Three-striped Flycatcher "Conopias trivirgata"
*Yellow-throated Flycatcher "Conopias parva"
*Lemon-browed Flycatcher "Conopias cinchoneti"
*Golden-crowned Flycatcher "Myiodynastes chrysocephalus"
*Baird's Flycatcher "Myiodynastes bairdii"
*Streaked Flycatcher "Myiodynastes maculatus"
*Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher "Myiodynastes luteiventris"
*Piratic Flycatcher "Legatus leucophaius"
*Variegated Flycatcher "Empidonomus varius"
*Crowned Slaty Flycatcher "Griseotyrannus aurantioatrocristatus"
*Sulphury Flycatcher "Tyrannopsis sulphurea"
*Snowy-throated Kingbird "Tyrannus niveigularis"
*White-throated Kingbird "Tyrannus albogularis"
*Tropical Kingbird "Tyrannus melancholicus"
*Eastern Kingbird "Tyrannus tyrannus"
*Gray Kingbird "Tyrannus dominicensis" (A)
*Fork-tailed Flycatcher "Tyrannus savana"
*Chestnut-crowned Becard "Pachyramphus castaneus"
*Yellow-cheeked Becard "Pachyramphus xanthogenys"
*Barred Becard "Pachyramphus versicolor"
*Cinnamon Becard "Pachyramphus cinnamomeus"
*White-winged Becard "Pachyramphus polychopterus"
*Black-and-white Becard "Pachyramphus albogriseus"
*Black-capped Becard "Pachyramphus marginatus"
*Cinereous Becard "Pachyramphus rufus"
*Slaty Becard "Pachyramphus spodiurus"
*Pink-throated Becard "Pachyramphus minor"
*One-colored Becard "Pachyramphus homochrous"
*Crested Becard "Pachyramphus validus"
*Black-tailed Tityra "Tityra cayana"
*Masked Tityra "Tityra semifasciata"
*Black-crowned Tityra "Tityra inquisitor"

wallows and Martins

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Hirundinidae

The Hirundinidae family is a group of passerines characterized by their adaptation to aerial feeding. Their adaptations include a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and short bills with wide gape. The feet are designed for perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. There are 75 species worldwide and 18 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Brown-chested Martin "Progne tapera"
*Purple Martin "Progne subis"
*Gray-breasted Martin "Progne chalybea"
*Southern Martin "Progne elegans"
*Galapagos Martin "Progne modesta"
*Tree Swallow "Tachycineta bicolor"
*Tumbes Swallow "Tachycineta stolzmanni"
*White-winged Swallow "Tachycineta albiventer"
*Blue-and-white Swallow "Notiochelidon cyanoleuca"
*Brown-bellied Swallow "Notiochelidon murina"
*Pale-footed Swallow "Notiochelidon flavipes"
*White-banded Swallow "Atticora fasciata"
*White-thighed Swallow "Neochelidon tibialis"
*Southern Rough-winged Swallow "Stelgidopteryx ruficollis"
*Bank Swallow "Riparia riparia"
*Cliff Swallow "Petrochelidon pyrrhonota"
*Chestnut-collared Swallow "Petrochelidon rufocollaris"
*Barn Swallow "Hirundo rustica"

Wagtails and Pipits

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Motacillidae

The Motacillidae are a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They include the wagtails, longclaws and pipits. They are slender, ground feeding insectivores of open country. There are 54 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Ecuador.

*Paramo Pipit "Anthus bogotensis"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Bombycillidae

The waxwings are a group of passerine birds characterized by soft silky plumage and unique red tips to some of the wing feathers. In the Bohemian and Cedar Waxwings, these tips look like sealing wax, and give the group its name. These are arboreal birds of northern forests. They live on insects in summer and berries in winter. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Ecuador.

*Cedar Waxwing "Bombycilla cedrorum"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cinclidae

Dippers are a group of perching birds whose habitat includes aquatic environments in the Americas, Europe, and Asia. They are named for their bobbing or dipping movements. There are 5 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Ecuador.

*White-capped Dipper "Cinclus leucocephalus"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Troglodytidae

The wrens are mainly small and inconspicuous except for their loud songs. These birds have short wings and a thin down-turned bill. Several species often hold their tails upright. All are insectivorous. There are 80 species worldwide (of which all but one are New World species) and 25 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Black-capped Donacobius "Donacobius atricapilla"
*Band-backed Wren "Campylorhynchus zonatus"
*Thrush-like Wren "Campylorhynchus turdinus"
*Fasciated Wren "Campylorhynchus fasciatus"
*Gray-mantled Wren "Odontorchilus branickii"
*Rufous Wren "Cinnycerthia unirufa"
*Sharpe's Wren "Cinnycerthia olivascens"
*Whiskered Wren "Thryothorus mystacalis"
*Plain-tailed Wren "Thryothorus euophrys"
*Coraya Wren "Thryothorus coraya"
*Speckle-breasted Wren "Thryothorus sclateri"
*Bay Wren "Thryothorus nigricapillus"
*Stripe-throated Wren "Thryothorus leucopogon"
*Buff-breasted Wren "Thryothorus leucotis"
*Superciliated Wren "Thryothorus superciliaris"
*House Wren "Troglodytes aedon"
*Mountain Wren "Troglodytes solstitialis"
*Sedge Wren "Cistothorus platensis"
*White-breasted Wood-Wren "Henicorhina leucosticta"
*Gray-breasted Wood-Wren "Henicorhina leucophrys"
*Scaly-breasted Wren "Microcerculus marginatus"
*Wing-banded Wren "Microcerculus bambla"
*Song Wren "Cyphorhinus phaeocephalus"
*Chestnut-breasted Wren "Cyphorhinus thoracicus"
*Musician Wren "Cyphorhinus aradus"

Mockingbirds and Thrashers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Mimidae

The mimids are a family of passerine birds that includes thrashers, mockingbirds, tremblers, and the New World catbirds. These birds are notable for their vocalizations, especially their ability to mimic a wide variety of birds and other sounds heard outdoors. Their colouring tends towards dull greys and browns . There are 35 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Tropical Mockingbird "Mimus gilvus"
*Long-tailed Mockingbird "Mimus longicaudatus"
*Galapagos Mockingbird "Nesomimus parvulus"
*Charles Mockingbird "Nesomimus trifasciatus"
*Hood Mockingbird "Nesomimus macdonaldi"
*San Cristobal Mockingbird "Nesomimus melanotis"

Thrushes and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Turdidae

The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs. There are 335 species worldwide and 22 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Andean Solitaire "Myadestes ralloides"
*Rufous-brown Solitaire "Cichlopsis leucogenys"
*Black Solitaire "Entomodestes coracinus"
*Slaty-backed Nightingale-Thrush "Catharus fuscater"
*Spotted Nightingale-Thrush "Catharus dryas"
*Gray-cheeked Thrush "Catharus minimus"
*Swainson's Thrush "Catharus ustulatus"
*Pale-eyed Thrush "Platycichla leucops"
*Chiguanco Thrush "Turdus chiguanco"
*Great Thrush "Turdus fuscater"
*Glossy-black Thrush "Turdus serranus"
*Andean Slaty-Thrush "Turdus nigriceps" (A)
*Plumbeous-backed Thrush "Turdus reevei"
*Maranon Thrush "Turdus maranonicus"
*Chestnut-bellied Thrush "Turdus fulviventris"
*Black-billed Thrush "Turdus ignobilis"
*Lawrence's Thrush "Turdus lawrencii"
*Pale-vented Thrush "Turdus obsoletus"
*Hauxwell's Thrush "Turdus hauxwelli"
*Ecuadorian Thrush "Turdus maculirostris"
*White-throated Thrush "Turdus assimilis"
*White-necked Thrush "Turdus albicollis"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Polioptilidae

These dainty birds resemble Old World warblers in their build and habits, moving restlessly through the foliage seeking insects. The gnatcatchers and gnatwrens are mainly soft bluish grey in colour, and have the typical insectivore's long sharp bill. They are birds of fairly open woodland or scrub, and nest in bushes or trees. There are 15 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Collared Gnatwren "Microbates collaris"
*Tawny-faced Gnatwren "Microbates cinereiventris"
*Long-billed Gnatwren "Ramphocaenus melanurus"
*Tropical Gnatcatcher "Polioptila plumbea"
*Slate-throated Gnatcatcher "Polioptila schistaceigula"

Crows, Jays, Ravens and Magpies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Corvidae

The Corvidae family includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers, and ground jays. Corvids are above average in size for the bird order Passeriformes. Some of the larger species show high levels of learning behavior. There are 120 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Green Jay "Cyanocorax yncas"
*Violaceous Jay "Cyanocorax violaceus"
*White-tailed Jay "Cyanocorax mystacalis"
*Black-collared Jay "Cyanolyca armillata"
*Turquoise Jay "Cyanolyca turcosa"
*Beautiful Jay "Cyanolyca pulchra"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Vireonidae

The vireos are a group of small to medium sized passerine birds restricted to the New World. They are typically greenish in colour and resemble wood warblers apart from their heavier bills. There are 52 species worldwide and 13 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Brown-capped Vireo "Vireo leucophrys"
*Red-eyed Vireo "Vireo olivaceus"
*Choco Vireo "Vireo masteri" (A)
*Yellow-green Vireo "Vireo flavoviridis"
*Lemon-chested Greenlet "Hylophilus thoracicus"
*Dusky-capped Greenlet "Hylophilus hypoxanthus"
*Rufous-naped Greenlet "Hylophilus semibrunneus"
*Olivaceous Greenlet "Hylophilus olivaceus"
*Tawny-crowned Greenlet "Hylophilus ochraceiceps"
*Lesser Greenlet "Hylophilus decurtatus"
*Slaty-capped Shrike-Vireo "Vireolanius leucotis"
*Rufous-browed Peppershrike "Cyclarhis gujanensis"
*Black-billed Peppershrike "Cyclarhis nigrirostris"

New World warblers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Parulidae

The New World warblers are a group of small, often colourful, passerine birds restricted to the New World. Most are arboreal, but some are terrestrial. Most members of this family are insectivores. There are 119 species worldwide and 30 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Golden-winged Warbler "Vermivora chrysoptera" (A)
*Tennessee Warbler "Vermivora peregrina"
*Tropical Parula "Parula pitiayumi"
*Yellow Warbler "Dendroica petechia"
*Chestnut-sided Warbler "Dendroica pensylvanica"
*Black-throated Blue Warbler "Dendroica caerulescens" (A) [cite journal |last= Martin |first= Paul R. |coauthors= Robert C. Dobbs, Harold F. Greeney, Mark Doveston and Howard Creber |title= First record of Black-throated Blue Warbler "Dendroica caerulescens" for Ecuador |journal= Cotinga |volume= 21 |date= Spring 2004 |pages= 60–62 ]
*Black-throated Green Warbler "Dendroica virens"
*Blackburnian Warbler "Dendroica fusca"
*Bay-breasted Warbler "Dendroica castanea"
*Blackpoll Warbler "Dendroica striata"
*Cerulean Warbler "Dendroica cerulea"
*Black-and-white Warbler "Mniotilta varia"
*American Redstart "Setophaga ruticilla"
*Prothonotary Warbler "Protonotaria citrea"
*Ovenbird "Seiurus aurocapilla"
*Northern Waterthrush "Seiurus noveboracensis"
*Connecticut Warbler "Oporornis agilis"
*Mourning Warbler "Oporornis philadelphia"
*Olive-crowned Yellowthroat "Geothlypis semiflava"
*Masked Yellowthroat "Geothlypis aequinoctialis"
*Canada Warbler "Wilsonia canadensis"
*Slate-throated Redstart "Myioborus miniatus"
*Spectacled Redstart "Myioborus melanocephalus"
*Gray-and-gold Warbler "Basileuterus fraseri"
*Choco Warbler "Basileuterus chlorophrys"
*Citrine Warbler "Basileuterus luteoviridis"
*Black-crested Warbler "Basileuterus nigrocristatus"
*Russet-crowned Warbler "Basileuterus coronatus"
*Three-banded Warbler "Basileuterus trifasciatus"
*Three-striped Warbler "Basileuterus tristriatus"
*Buff-rumped Warbler "Basileuterus fulvicauda"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Coerebidae

The Bananaquit is a small passerine bird. It has a slender, curved bill, adapted to taking nectar from flowers and is the only member of the genus "Coereba" (Vieillot, 1809) and is normally placed within the family Coerebidae, although there is uncertainty whether that placement is correct.

*Bananaquit "Coereba flaveola"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Thraupidae

The tanagers are a large group of small to medium-sized passerine birds restricted to the New World, mainly in the tropics. Many species are brightly coloured. They are seed eaters, but their preference tends towards fruit and nectar. Most have short, rounded wings. There are 256 species worldwide and 135 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Chestnut-vented Conebill "Conirostrum speciosum"
*Bicolored Conebill "Conirostrum bicolor"
*Cinereous Conebill "Conirostrum cinereum"
*Blue-backed Conebill "Conirostrum sitticolor"
*Capped Conebill "Conirostrum albifrons"
*Giant Conebill "Oreomanes fraseri"
*Black-faced Tanager "Schistochlamys melanopis"
*Black-and-white Tanager "Conothraupis speculigera"
*Magpie Tanager "Cissopis leveriana"
*Grass-green Tanager "Chlorornis riefferii"
*White-capped Tanager "Sericossypha albocristata"
*Common Bush-Tanager "Chlorospingus ophthalmicus"
*Dusky Bush-Tanager "Chlorospingus semifuscus"
*Short-billed Bush-Tanager "Chlorospingus parvirostris"
*Yellow-throated Bush-Tanager "Chlorospingus flavigularis"
*Yellow-green Bush-Tanager "Chlorospingus flavovirens"
*Ashy-throated Bush-Tanager "Chlorospingus canigularis"
*Gray-hooded Bush-Tanager "Cnemoscopus rubrirostris"
*Black-capped Hemispingus "Hemispingus atropileus"
*Superciliaried Hemispingus "Hemispingus superciliaris"
*Oleaginous Hemispingus "Hemispingus frontalis"
*Black-eared Hemispingus "Hemispingus melanotis"
*Black-headed Hemispingus "Hemispingus verticalis"
*Rufous-chested Tanager "Thlypopsis ornata"
*Orange-headed Tanager "Thlypopsis sordida"
*Buff-bellied Tanager "Thlypopsis inornata"
*Guira Tanager "Hemithraupis guira"
*Yellow-backed Tanager "Hemithraupis flavicollis"
*Scarlet-and-white Tanager "Chrysothlypis salmoni"
*Dusky-faced Tanager "Mitrospingus cassinii"
*Olive Tanager "Chlorothraupis carmioli"
*Lemon-spectacled Tanager "Chlorothraupis olivacea"
*Ochre-breasted Tanager "Chlorothraupis stolzmanni"
*Gray-headed Tanager "Eucometis penicillata"
*Fulvous Shrike-Tanager "Lanio fulvus"
*Rufous-crested Tanager "Creurgops verticalis"
*Scarlet-browed Tanager "Heterospingus xanthopygius"
*Flame-crested Tanager "Tachyphonus cristatus"
*Fulvous-crested Tanager "Tachyphonus surinamus"
*White-shouldered Tanager "Tachyphonus luctuosus"
*Tawny-crested Tanager "Tachyphonus delatrii"
*White-lined Tanager "Tachyphonus rufus"
*Red-shouldered Tanager "Tachyphonus phoenicius"
*Red-crowned Ant-Tanager "Habia rubica"
*Hepatic Tanager "Piranga flava"
*Scarlet Tanager "Piranga olivacea"
*Summer Tanager "Piranga rubra"
*White-winged Tanager "Piranga leucoptera"
*Red-hooded Tanager "Piranga rubriceps"
*Vermilion Tanager "Calochaetes coccineus"
*Masked Crimson Tanager "Ramphocelus nigrogularis"
*Silver-beaked Tanager "Ramphocelus carbo"
*Flame-rumped Tanager "Ramphocelus flammigerus"
*Blue-gray Tanager "Thraupis episcopus"
*Blue-capped Tanager "Thraupis cyanocephala"
*Blue-and-yellow Tanager "Thraupis bonariensis"
*Palm Tanager "Thraupis palmarum"
*Golden-chested Tanager "Bangsia rothschildi"
*Moss-backed Tanager "Bangsia edwardsi"
*Hooded Mountain-Tanager "Buthraupis montana"
*Black-chested Mountain-Tanager "Buthraupis eximia"
*Masked Mountain-Tanager "Buthraupis wetmorei"
*Orange-throated Tanager "Wetmorethraupis sterrhopteron" (A)
*Lacrimose Mountain-Tanager "Anisognathus lacrymosus"
*Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager "Anisognathus igniventris"
*Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager "Anisognathus somptuosus"
*Black-chinned Mountain-Tanager "Anisognathus notabilis"
*Purplish-mantled Tanager "Iridosornis porphyrocephala"
*Yellow-throated Tanager "Iridosornis analis"
*Golden-crowned Tanager "Iridosornis rufivertex"
*Yellow-scarfed Tanager "Iridosornis reinhardti"
*Buff-breasted Mountain-Tanager "Dubusia taeniata"
*Fawn-breasted Tanager "Pipraeidea melanonota"
*Purple-throated Euphonia "Euphonia chlorotica"
*Orange-crowned Euphonia "Euphonia saturata"
*Thick-billed Euphonia "Euphonia laniirostris"
*Golden-rumped Euphonia "Euphonia cyanocephala"
*Fulvous-vented Euphonia "Euphonia fulvicrissa"
*Bronze-green Euphonia "Euphonia mesochrysa"
*White-lored Euphonia "Euphonia chrysopasta"
*White-vented Euphonia "Euphonia minuta"
*Orange-bellied Euphonia "Euphonia xanthogaster"
*Rufous-bellied Euphonia "Euphonia rufiventris"
*Yellow-collared Chlorophonia "Chlorophonia flavirostris"
*Blue-naped Chlorophonia "Chlorophonia cyanea"
*Chestnut-breasted Chlorophonia "Chlorophonia pyrrhophrys"
*Glistening-green Tanager "Chlorochrysa phoenicotis"
*Orange-eared Tanager "Chlorochrysa calliparaea"
*Turquoise Tanager "Tangara mexicana"
*Gray-and-gold Tanager "Tangara palmeri"
*Paradise Tanager "Tangara chilensis"
*Blue-whiskered Tanager "Tangara johannae"
*Green-and-gold Tanager "Tangara schrankii"
*Emerald Tanager "Tangara florida"
*Golden Tanager "Tangara arthus"
*Silver-throated Tanager "Tangara icterocephala"
*Golden-eared Tanager "Tangara chrysotis"
*Saffron-crowned Tanager "Tangara xanthocephala"
*Flame-faced Tanager "Tangara parzudakii"
*Yellow-bellied Tanager "Tangara xanthogastra"
*Spotted Tanager "Tangara punctata"
*Rufous-throated Tanager "Tangara rufigula"
*Bay-headed Tanager "Tangara gyrola"
*Rufous-winged Tanager "Tangara lavinia"
*Scrub Tanager "Tangara vitriolina"
*Golden-naped Tanager "Tangara ruficervix"
*Metallic-green Tanager "Tangara labradorides"
*Blue-browed Tanager "Tangara cyanotis"
*Blue-necked Tanager "Tangara cyanicollis"
*Golden-hooded Tanager "Tangara larvata"
*Masked Tanager "Tangara nigrocincta"
*Beryl-spangled Tanager "Tangara nigroviridis"
*Blue-and-black Tanager "Tangara vassorii"
*Black-capped Tanager "Tangara heinei"
*Silver-backed Tanager "Tangara viridicollis"
*Straw-backed Tanager "Tangara argyrofenges"
*Opal-rumped Tanager "Tangara velia"
*Opal-crowned Tanager "Tangara callophrys"
*Golden-collared Honeycreeper "Iridophanes pulcherrima"
*White-bellied Dacnis "Dacnis albiventris"
*Black-faced Dacnis "Dacnis lineata"
*Yellow-bellied Dacnis "Dacnis flaviventer"
*Scarlet-thighed Dacnis "Dacnis venusta"
*Blue Dacnis "Dacnis cayana"
*Scarlet-breasted Dacnis "Dacnis berlepschi"
*Green Honeycreeper "Chlorophanes spiza"
*Short-billed Honeycreeper "Cyanerpes nitidus"
*Purple Honeycreeper "Cyanerpes caeruleus"
*Red-legged Honeycreeper "Cyanerpes cyaneus"
*Tit-like Dacnis "Xenodacnis parina"
*Swallow-Tanager "Tersina viridis"
*Plush-capped Finch "Catamblyrhynchus diadema"
*Tanager Finch "Oreothraupis arremonops"
*Black-backed Bush-Tanager "Urothraupis stolzmanni"
*Piura Hemispingus "Hemispingus piurae"

Buntings, Sparrows, Seedeaters and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Emberizidae

The emberizids are a large family of passerine birds. They are seed-eating birds with a distinctively shaped bill. In Europe, most species are named as buntings. In North America, most of the species in this family are known as Sparrows, but these birds are not closely related to the Old World sparrows which are in the family Passeridae. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. There are species 275 worldwide and 78 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Red-crested Finch "Coryphospingus cucullatus"
*Crimson-breasted Finch "Rhodospingus cruentus"
*Plumbeous Sierra-Finch "Phrygilus unicolor"
*Band-tailed Sierra-Finch "Phrygilus alaudinus"
*Ash-breasted Sierra-Finch "Phrygilus plebejus"
*Cinereous Finch "Piezorhina cinerea"
*Collared Warbling-Finch "Poospiza hispaniolensis"
*Blue-black Grassquit "Volatinia jacarina"
*Slate-colored Seedeater "Sporophila schistacea"
*Caqueta Seedeater "Sporophila murallae"
*Wing-barred Seedeater "Sporophila americana"
*Variable Seedeater "Sporophila corvina"
*Lesson's Seedeater "Sporophila bouvronides"
*Lined Seedeater "Sporophila lineola"
*Black-and-white Seedeater "Sporophila luctuosa"
*Yellow-bellied Seedeater "Sporophila nigricollis"
*Drab Seedeater "Sporophila simplex"
*Parrot-billed Seedeater "Sporophila peruviana"
*Ruddy-breasted Seedeater "Sporophila minuta"
*Chestnut-bellied Seedeater "Sporophila castaneiventris"
*Chestnut-throated Seedeater "Sporophila telasco"
*Large-billed Seed-Finch "Oryzoborus crassirostris"
*Black-billed Seed-Finch "Oryzoborus atrirostris"
*Great-billed Seed-Finch "Oryzoborus maximiliani"
*Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch "Oryzoborus angolensis"
*Thick-billed Seed-Finch "Oryzoborus funereus"
*Blue Seedeater "Amaurospiza concolor"
*Band-tailed Seedeater "Catamenia analis"
*Plain-colored Seedeater "Catamenia inornata"
*Paramo Seedeater "Catamenia homochroa"
*Dull-colored Grassquit "Tiaris obscura"
*Yellow-faced Grassquit "Tiaris olivacea"
*Slaty Finch "Haplospiza rustica"
*Rusty Flower-piercer "Diglossa sittoides"
*White-sided Flower-piercer "Diglossa albilatera"
*Glossy Flower-piercer "Diglossa lafresnayii"
*Black Flower-piercer "Diglossa humeralis"
*Black-throated Flower-piercer "Diglossa brunneiventris"
*Indigo Flower-piercer "Diglossopis indigotica"
*Deep-blue Flower-piercer "Diglossopis glauca"
*Bluish Flower-piercer "Diglossopis caerulescens"
*Masked Flower-piercer "Diglossopis cyanea"
*Saffron Finch "Sicalis flaveola"
*Grassland Yellow-Finch "Sicalis luteola"
*Sulphur-throated Finch "Sicalis taczanowskii"
*Red-capped Cardinal "Paroaria gularis"
*Olive Finch "Lysurus castaneiceps"
*Pale-naped Brush-Finch "Atlapetes pallidinucha"
*Yellow-breasted Brush-Finch "Atlapetes latinuchus"
*Slaty Brush-Finch "Atlapetes schistaceus"
*White-rimmed Brush-Finch "Atlapetes leucopis"
*Tricolored Brush-Finch "Atlapetes tricolor"
*Bay-crowned Brush-Finch "Atlapetes seebohmi"
*White-winged Brush-Finch "Atlapetes leucopterus"
*White-headed Brush-Finch "Atlapetes albiceps"
*Pale-headed Brush-Finch "Atlapetes pallidiceps" (E)
*Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch "Buarremon brunneinucha"
*Stripe-headed Brush-Finch "Buarremon torquatus"
*Orange-billed Sparrow "Arremon aurantiirostris"
*Black-capped Sparrow "Arremon abeillei"
*Black-striped Sparrow "Arremonops conirostris"
*Tumbes Sparrow "Aimophila stolzmanni"
*Grasshopper Sparrow "Ammodramus savannarum"
*Yellow-browed Sparrow "Ammodramus aurifrons"
*Rufous-collared Sparrow "Zonotrichia capensis"
*Large Ground-Finch "Geospiza magnirostris"
*Medium Ground-Finch "Geospiza fortis"
*Small Ground-Finch "Geospiza fuliginosa"
*Sharp-beaked Ground-Finch "Geospiza difficilis"
*Common Cactus-Finch "Geospiza scandens"
*Large Cactus-Finch "Geospiza conirostris"
*Vegetarian Finch "Camarhynchus crassirostris"
*Mangrove Finch "Camarhynchus heliobates"
*Large Tree-Finch "Camarhynchus psittacula"
*Small Tree-Finch "Camarhynchus parvulus"
*Medium Tree-Finch "Camarhynchus pauper"
*Woodpecker Finch "Camarhynchus pallidus"
*Warbler Finch "Certhidea olivacea"

altators, Cardinals and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cardinalidae

The cardinals are a family of passerine birds that are robust, seed-eating birds, with strong bills. They are typically associated with open woodland. The sexes usually have distinct plumages. There are 43 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Streaked Saltator "Saltator striatipectus"
*Grayish Saltator "Saltator coerulescens"
*Buff-throated Saltator "Saltator maximus"
*Slate-colored Grosbeak "Saltator grossus"
*Black-winged Saltator "Saltator atripennis"
*Black-cowled Saltator "Saltator nigriceps"
*Golden-billed Saltator "Saltator aurantiirostris"
*Masked Saltator "Saltator cinctus"
*Yellow-shouldered Grosbeak "Parkerthraustes humeralis"
*Golden-bellied Grosbeak "Pheucticus chrysogaster"
*Black-backed Grosbeak "Pheucticus aureoventris"
*Rose-breasted Grosbeak "Pheucticus ludovicianus" (A)
*Blue-black Grosbeak "Cyanocompsa cyanoides"
*Blue Grosbeak "Passerina caerulea" (A)
*Dickcissel "Spiza americana"

Troupials and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Icteridae

The icterids are a group of small to medium, often colourful, passerine birds restricted to the New World and include the grackles, New World blackbirds, and New World orioles. Most species have black as the predominant plumage colour, often enlivened by yellow, orange or red. There are 98 species worldwide and 30 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Bobolink "Dolichonyx oryzivorus"
*Pale-eyed Blackbird "Agelasticus xanthophthalmus"
*Red-breasted Blackbird "Sturnella militaris"
*Peruvian Meadowlark "Sturnella bellicosa"
*Scrub Blackbird "Dives warszewiczi"
*Great-tailed Grackle "Quiscalus mexicanus"
*Shiny Cowbird "Molothrus bonariensis"
*Giant Cowbird "Molothrus oryzivorus"
*Moriche Oriole "Icterus chrysocephalus"
*Yellow-tailed Oriole "Icterus mesomelas"
*White-edged Oriole "Icterus graceannae"
*Venezuelan Troupial "Icterus icterus"
*Baltimore Oriole "Icterus galbula" (A)
*Yellow-billed Cacique "Amblycercus holosericeus"
*Yellow-rumped Cacique "Cacicus cela"
*Red-rumped Cacique "Cacicus haemorrhous"
*Scarlet-rumped Cacique "Cacicus uropygialis"
*Mountain Cacique "Cacicus chrysonotus"
*Ecuadorian Cacique "Cacicus sclateri"
*Solitary Cacique "Cacicus solitarius"
*Casqued Oropendola "Psarocolius oseryi"
*Crested Oropendola "Psarocolius decumanus"
*Green Oropendola "Psarocolius viridis"
*Russet-backed Oropendola "Psarocolius angustifrons"
*Chestnut-headed Oropendola "Psarocolius wagleri"
*Band-tailed Oropendola "Ocyalus latirostris"
*Amazonian Oropendola "Gymnostinops bifasciatus"
*Oriole Blackbird "Gymnomystax mexicanus"
*Velvet-fronted Grackle "Lampropsar tanagrinus"
*Orange-backed Troupial "Icterus croconotus"

iskins, Crossbills and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Fringillidae

Finches are seed-eating passerine birds, that are small to moderately large and have a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. All have 12 tail feathers and 9 primaries. These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. There are 137 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Ecuador.

*Andean Siskin "Carduelis spinescens"
*Hooded Siskin "Carduelis magellanica"
*Yellow-bellied Siskin "Carduelis xanthogastra"
*Saffron Siskin "Carduelis siemiradzkii"
*Olivaceous Siskin "Carduelis olivacea"
*Lesser Goldfinch "Carduelis psaltria"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Passeridae

Sparrows are small passerine birds. In general, sparrows tend to be small, plump, brown or grey birds with short tails and short powerful beaks. Sparrows are seed-eaters, and they also consume small insects. There are 35 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Ecuador.

*House Sparrow "Passer domesticus" (I)

ee also

*List of birds
*Lists of birds by region


*cite web
last = Lepage
first = Denis
authorlink =
coauthors =
year =
url =
title = Checklist of birds of Ecuador
format =
work = Bird Checklists of the World
publisher = Avibase
accessdate = 26 April
accessyear = 2007

*cite book
title=Birds of the World: a Checklist
first= James F.
last = Clements
publisher = Cornell University Press
date = 2000
id = ISBN 0934797161
pages = 880

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