Cardinal electors in Papal conclaves, August and October 1978

Cardinal electors in Papal conclaves, August and October 1978

The following were the cardinal electors in the papal conclaves of August and October 1978. Arranged by region (not by the linguistic groups commonly used in universal church senacles), and within each alphabetically (not the official order of precedence, which is not relevant to conclave procedure).

Because there was such a brief period between the two conclaves, the lists of electors are nearly identical and thus they are presented in the same article. However, the following notes have to be made. There were 114 electors at the time of the August conclave, but only 111 of them actually participated; due to ill health, Valerian Gracias, John Joseph Wright, and Bolesław Filipiak did not attend. Cardinal Wright, however, did participate in the October conclave. Cardinals Gracias and Filipiak, who had been too sick in August like Wright, again did not participate in October; Gracias died during Pope John Paul I’s pontificate and Filipiak died on the opening day of the October conclave. As Albino Luciani had been elected pope at the August conclave and subsequently died, the October conclave was also attended by 111 electors.

There were fifteen cardinals who had lost the right to participate in both conclaves for having reached age eighty.

Roman Curia

#Corrado Bafile, Prefect of Causes for Saints
#Sebastiano Baggio, Prefect of Bishops
#Paolo Bertoli, Prefect Emeritus of Causes of Saints
#Mario Ciappi, OP, Pro-theologian of the Papal Household
#Francesco Carpino, Referendary for Bishops
#Pericle Felici, Prefect of Apostolic Signatura
#Bernardin Gantin, President of Justice and Peace
#Gabriel-Marie Garrone, Prefect of Catholic Education
#Sergio Guerri, Pro-president of Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State
#James Knox, Prefect of Sacraments and Divine Worship
#Mario Nasalli Rocca di Corneliano, Prefect of Apostolic Camera
#Giuseppe Paupini, Major Penitentiary
#Paul-Pierre Philippe, OP, Prefect of Oriental Churches
#Sergio Pignedoli, President of Non-Christians
#Eduardo Pironio, Prefect of Religious and Secular Institutes
#Agnelo Rossi, Prefect of Evangelization of Peoples
#Opilio Rossi, President of Laity, President of Family
#Antonio Samoré, Librarian of Vatican Library, Archivist of Vatican Secret Archives
#Joseph Schröffer, Secretary of Seminaries and Universities
#Franjo Šeper, Prefect of Doctrine of the Faith
#Egidio Vagnozzi, President of Economic Affairs of the Holy See
#Jean-Marie Villot, Camerlengo, Secretary of State, President of Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State, President of Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See
#"John Wright", Prefect of Clergy (absent in August)



#Giovanni Benelli, Archbishop of Florence
#Giovanni Colombo, Archbishop of Milan
#Ermenegildo Florit, Archbishop Emeritus of Florence
#Albino Luciani, Patriarch of Venice (was elected Pope and chose the name John Paul I) (August)
#Umberto Mozzoni, President of Pontifical Shrines of Pompei and Loreto
#Silvio Oddi, President Emeritus of Pontifical Shrines of Pompei and Loreto
#Pietro Palazzini, Secretary of Pontifical Shrines of Pompei and Loreto
#Salvatore Pappalardo, Archbishop of Palermo
#Michele Pellegrino, Archbishop Emeritus of Turin
#Ugo Poletti, Vicar General of Rome
#Antonio Poma, Archbishop of Bologna
#Giuseppe Sensi, Nuncio to Portugal
#Giuseppe Siri, Archbishop of Genoa-Bobbio
#Corrado Ursi, Archbishop of Naples


#Paul Gouyon, Archbishop of Rennes
#Louis-Jean Guyot, Archbishop of Toulouse
#François Marty, Archbishop of Paris
#Alexandre-Charles Renard, Archbishop of Lyon


#Alfred Bengsch, Archbishop-Bishop of Berlin
#Joseph Höffner, Archbishop of Cologne
#Joseph Ratzinger, Archbishop of Munich and Freising
#Hermann Volk, Bishop of Mainz


#José Bueno y Monreal, Archbishop of Seville
#Vicente Enrique y Tarancón, Archbishop of Madrid
#Marcelo González Martín, Archbishop of Toledo
#Narciso Jubany Arnau, Archbishop of Barcelona


#Leo Suenens, Archbishop of Brussels-Mechelen


#Bernard Alfrink, Archbishop Emeritus of Utrecht
#Maximilien de Furstenberg, Prefect Emeritus of Oriental Churches
#Johannes Willebrands, Archbishop of Utrecht, President of Christian Unity


#Stefan Wyszyński, Archbishop of Warsaw and Gniezno
#Karol Wojtyła, Archbishop of Kraków (was elected Pope and chose the name John Paul II) (October)


#Franz König, Archbishop of Vienna, President of Non-Believers


#František Tomášek, Archbishop of Prague


#George Basil Hume, OSB, Archbishop of Westminster


#László Lékai, Archbishop of Esztergom


#Gordon Gray, Archbishop of St Andrews and Edinburgh


#António Ribeiro, Patriarch of Lisbon

North America

United States

#William Baum, Archbishop of Washington
#John Carberry, Archbishop of St. Louis
#John Cody, Archbishop of Chicago
#Terence Cooke, Archbishop of New York
#John Dearden, Archbishop of Detroit
#John Krol, Archbishop of Philadelphia
#Timothy Manning, Archbishop of Los Angeles
#Humberto Medeiros, Archbishop of Boston


#George Flahiff, CSB, Archbishop of Winnipeg
#Paul-Émile Léger, PSS, Archbishop Emeritus of Montréal
#Maurice Roy, Archbishop of Québec


#José Salazar López, Archbishop of Guadalajara

South America


#José Maurer, CSSR, Archbishop of Sucre


#Eugênio de Araújo Sales, Archbishop of São Sebastião de Rio de Janeiro
#Paulo Evaristo Arns, OFM, Archbishop of São Paulo
#Avelar Brandão Vilela, Archbishop of São Salvador da Bahia
#Aloísio Lorscheider, OFM, Archbishop of Fortaleza
#Vicente Scherer, Archbishop of Porto Alegre


#Juan Carlos Aramburu, Archbishop of Buenos Aires
#Raúl Primatesta, Archbishop of Córdoba


#Raúl Silva Henríquez, SDB, Archbishop of Santiago


#Anibal Muñoz Duque, Archbishop of Bogotá


#Pablo Muñoz Vega, SJ, Archbishop of Qutio


#Juan Landázuri Ricketts, OFM, Archbishop of Lima


#José Quintero Parra, Archbishop of Caracas

Central America

Dominican Republic

#Octavio Beras Rojas, Archbishop of Santo Domingo


#Mario Casariego y Acevedo, CRS, Archbishop of Guatemala

Puerto Rico

#Luis Aponte Martínez, Archbishop of San Juan



#Joseph Parecattil, Archbishop of Ernakulam of the Syro-Malabars
#Lawrence Picachy, SJ, Archbishop of Calcutta


#Julio Rosales y Ras, Archbishop of Cebú
#Jaime Sin, Archbishop of Manila


#Justinus Darmojuwono, Archbishop of Semarang


#Joseph Cordeiro, Archbishop of Karachi

South Korea

#Stephen Kim Sou-hwan, Archbishop of Seoul

Sri Lanka

#Thomas Cooray, OMI, Archbishop of Colombo


#Joseph Trinh-nhu-Khuê, Archbishop of Hanoi



#Léon-Etienne Duval, Archbishop of Algiers


#Stéphanos I Sidarouss, CM, Patriarch of Alexandria of the Copts


#Maurice Otunga, Archbishop of Nairobi


#Victor Razafimahatratra, SJ, Archbishop of Tananarive


#Dominic Ekandem, Bishop of Ikot Ekpene


#Hyacinthe Thiandoum, Archbishop of Dakar

South Africa

#Owen McCann, Archbishop of Cape Town


#Laurean Rugambwa, Archbishop of Dar es Salaam


#Emmanuel Nsubuga, Archbishop of Kampala

=Upper Volta=

#Paul Zoungrana, MAfr, Archbishop of Ouagadougou


#Joseph Malula, Archbishop of Kinshasa



#James Freeman, Archbishop of Sydney

New Zealand

#Reginald Delargey, Archbishop of Wellington

=Western Samoa=

#Pio Taofinu'u, SM, Bishop of Samoa and Tokelau


* [ Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church: Papal Elections of the XX Century]

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