- Computing platform
A computing platform includes some sort of hardware architecture and a software framework (including application frameworks), where the combination allows software to run. Typical platforms include a computer's architecture, operating system, programming languages and related user interface (run-time system libraries or graphical user interface).
A platform is a crucial element in software development. A platform might be simply defined as a place to launch software. The platform provider offers the software developer an undertaking that logic code will run consistently as long as the platform is running on top of other platforms. Logic code includes bytecode, source code, and machine code. It actually means execution of the program is not restricted by the type of operating system provided. It has mostly replaced the machine-independent languages.[which?]
Some software platforms emulate entire hardware platforms - as in virtualization.
- AmigaOS, AmigaOS 4
- FreeBSD, NetBSD, OpenBSD
- Mac OS X
- Microsoft Windows
- IBM VM/370, VM/BSEP, VM/SEP, VM/XA, VM/ESA, z/VM
- Google Chrome OS
Software framework examples
- Adobe AIR
- Java, JDK and JRE
- Mozilla Prism XUL and XULRunner
- .NET Framework
- Oracle Database
- Steam
- Binary Runtime Environment for Wireless (BREW)
- Java Platform, Micro Edition (Java ME)
- JavaFX Mobile
- Smartface Platform
The umbrella-term .NET applies to a wide set of products and technologies from Microsoft. Most have in common a dependence on the Microsoft .NET Framework, and the Common Language Infrastructure (CLI).
The Java platform runs programs written in the Java language. Java source code is "compiled" to an intermediate-language bytecode which is then interpreted by an interpreter, the Java Virtual Machine (JVM), which then interfaces that program with the Java software libraries. In smartphones, personal digital assistants (PDAs) and other wireless mobile devices, these libraries are the Java ME. Some phones, even without a full operating system, enable Java programs such as games to operate. Java and the bytecode are said to be platform-independent. But this is because Java is the platform as well as a programming language. Software really cannot operate without a platform or be platform independent. The programming language is referred to here, meaning the programmer need not be concerned about the hardware or operating system platform, nor will the language change with a different platform.
SAP NetWeaver is SAP's integrated technology computing platform and is the technical foundation for many SAP applications since the SAP Business Suite. SAP NetWeaver is marketed as a service-oriented application and integration platform. SAP NetWeaver provides the development and runtime environment for SAP applications and can be used for custom development and integration with other applications and systems. SAP NetWeaver is built using primarily the ABAP programming language, but also uses C (programming language), C++, and Java EE. It also employs open standards and industry de facto standards and can be extended with, and interoperate with, technologies such as Microsoft .NET, Java EE, and IBM WebSphere.
Ordered roughly, from more common types to less common types:
- Commodity computing platforms
- Wintel, that is, Intel x86 or compatible hardware with Windows operating system
- ARM architecture used in mobile devices
- x86 with Unix-like systems such as BSD variants
- CP/M computers based on the S-100 bus, maybe the earliest microcomputer platform
- Video game consoles, any variety
- Macintosh, custom Apple Computer hardware and Mac OS operating system, now migrated to x86
- RISC processor based machines running Unix variants
- Midrange computers with their custom operating systems, such as IBM OS/400
- Mainframe computers with their custom operating systems, such as IBM z/OS
- Supercomputer architectures
- Computing platforms
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