Department of Police, Delhi

Department of Police, Delhi
Department of Police, Delhi
Common name Delhi Police Department
Abbreviation DoP
Logo of the Department of Police, Delhi.
Motto Citizens First
Agency overview
Formed 1861
Preceding agency Municipal Police
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* State of Delhi, IN
Delhi map.PNG
Map of Department of Police, Delhi's jurisdiction.
Size 1,483 square miles (3,840 km2)
Population 16,753,235
Legal jurisdiction As per operations jurisdiction.
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Indraprasta Estate, New Delhi-110002
Police Officers 57,500
Agency executive B.K. Gupta, Police Commissioner
Helicopters 1[1]
Official Site
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The Department of Police (DoP), also known as Delhi Police (Hindi: दिल्ली पुलिस, Urdu: دلّی پولیس), is the main law and order agency for the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT). It does not have jurisdiction over the adjoining areas of the National Capital Region.



Delhi Police has its origin in a small security force, established in 1803, under the assistant of British Resident to the Mughal Imperial Courts. [2] Founded in 1861 after the adoption of the Indian Police Act, Delhi Police remained a part of the Punjab Police until India gained independence in 1947. It was re-organized in 1966 following which four Delhi Police divisions were created. It is headed by the Police Commissioner of New Delhi, an officer of Director General of Police (DGP) rank. With a total strength of more than 80,000 personnel, Delhi Police is one of the largest metropolitan police in the world.


Before 1948 Delhi was a segment of Punjab Police. In 1948, Delhi police was restructured with the appointment of Inspector General, Deputy Inspector General and Superintendents.Mr D.W. Mehra became first chief of Delhi Police. In 1966, the Delhi Police Commission was formed which instituted Police Commissioner System on 1 July 1978. Mr. J.N.Chaturvedi became first Commissioner of Delhi Police. As of now, Delhi Police is the biggest metropolitan police in the world with 149 Police stations with its headquarter at Indraprastha Estate. Delhi Police is composed of the following personnels: 3 Special Commissioners 17 Joint Commissioners 7 Additional Commissioners 74 Deputy Commissioners 272 ACPs Delhi police is working dedicatedly for the security of the people. It is the capital of India and is the center of wide range of political, cultural, social and economic activities. The Delhi police has to play a number of roles so far maintenance of law and order is concerned. The Delhi Police is undertaking the following activities: Investigating crimes Controlling criminal activities Protection of women Control traffic problem Delhi Police is considered to be having the most advanced administrative system in India. It believes in the principle of 'Citizen First'. Traffic control is very important in order to avoid accidents and in this field Delhi police is taking strong measures to assure safety to the people.

Delhi Police is divided into twelve branches under the Commissioner of Police. The main four among the branches are: Special C.P Administration Special C.P Training Special C.P Security and Armed Police Special C.P Intelligence In addition to the four Special Commissioner of Police (C.P), there are 8 Joint Commissioners of Police.

The Special C.P Administration has three Joint Commissioner of Police under him and two Additional C.P's. One of them is responsible for Headquarters. Every Joint C.P and Additional C.P has a DCP under him. The C.P responsible for Headquarters is in charge of Public Relations and has a Public Relation Officer (PRO) under him.

The Special C.P has a Deputy Commissioner of Police (D.C.P) answering to him. The Vice-Principal of Police Training College (P.T.C) answers to the D.C.P.

The Special C.P Security and Armed Police has three Joint C.P's working under him.Each of them has an Additional C.P under him. The Additional C.P gives orders to the C.P's of each Police Battalion

The Special C.P Intelligence has a Joint C.P and an Additional C.P working under him. The Additional C.P gives orders to an Additional C.P and to the F.R.R.O section. He is responsible for registration of foreigners in the Delhi Police region. The Additional C.P has a D.C.P working under him. There is an Additional D.C.P under the D.C.P.

The Commissioner of Police directly controls the Joint C.P who in turns control the D.C.P's of the North, South and East. The Joint C.P of N.D.D also controls the D.C.P STF and D.C.P Supreme Court.

Delhi police have got a list of Helpline numbers through which one can contact them without the need of going to the police station in person. The various Helpline numbers of Delhi Police are as follows: Police Control Room- 100 Student or Senior Citizens Security Cell- 1291(toll-free) Matters related to vigilance- 23213355, 23210011 Anti-corruption division- 23890018, 23890019 Traffic problems- 23378888 Women helpline- 1091


Over the years, Delhi Police has been involved in a series of controversies; ranging from custodial deaths, custodial rape, refusal to write First Information Report, inaction or collusion with arsonists during communal riots, and staged faked encounters, which are some of the systemic problems endemic to most police departments in India. At various times, Delhi Police has been found to be on the wrong side of the law and has been rebuked by the Supreme Court of India, Central Bureau of Investigation, and various human rights organizations BBC NEWS | South Asia | Family anger over police killers.

Role in 1984 Anti-Sikh riots

The Delhi police were criticized heavily for failing to protect the Sikhs during the riots and in some cases were complicit with the mobs. Eyewitness accounts obtained by TIME magazine state the Delhi Police looked on as "rioters murdered and raped, having gotten access to voter records that allowed them to mark Sikh homes with large Xs, and large mobs being bused in to large Sikh settlements".[3] In November 1984, a report published by the Delhi based Human Rights organizations PUDR and PUCL titled Who Are The Guilty echoed many of these criticisms. PUCL - PUDR Report: Who are the Guilty ? South Asia Citizens Web

Related links

1. Police Commissioner of New Delhi


External links

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