- Indian Police Service
:"Indian police redirects here. For other uses, see
Indian police (disambiguation)."The Indian Police Service, simply known as Indian Policeor IPS, is one of the three All India Servicesof the Government of India; other two being Indian Administrative Service(IAS) and the Indian Forest Service(IFS).
In 1948, a year after
Indiagained independence from Britain, the Imperial Police (IP) was replaced by the Indian Police Service (IPS).
Examination and training
To serve in the Indian Police Service one has to pass the Civil Services Examination, which is conducted by the
Union Public Service Commission, every year. This examination is a common examination conducted for selection to the other one of the other All India Services, viz. the Indian Administrative Service, as well as various other Group A and Group B services under the Central Government. (The recruitment examination for the third All India Service- the Indian Forest Service- is conducted separately by the UPSC.) This examination consists of three stages.
At stage one, there is an objective type examination called the Preliminary examination. This is a qualifying examination and only the candidates who clears this can appear for the next stage called the Main examination. In the Main examination each candidate has to select two optional subjects, apart from which all candidates have to take a General Studies, Essay and compulsory language exam. The Main examination is a very intensive subjective type examination for which marks are awarded.
A shortlist is prepared on the basis of the Main examination and these candidates can compete in the third and final stage of exam called the Viva voce or the Interview. The marks of the Main examination and the Interview are combined to prepare a final merit list of selected candidates. The officers of the Indian Police Service (IPS) are trained mainly at the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy in the city of Hyderabad. [ [http://www.svpnpa.gov.in SVP National Police Academy, Shivaramapalli, Hyderabad] ]
Modern ranks and rank badges
* State Emblem above crossed sword and baton::*Director, Intelligence Bureau
* State Emblem above crossed sword and baton::* Director,
Central Bureau of Investigation::* Director General, Central Reserve Police Force::*Director General, Border Security Force::*Director General, Central Industrial Security Force::*Director General, Railway Protection Force::*Director General, Sashastra Seema Bal::*Director General, Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force::*Director General, National Security Guards::*Secretary (R), Cabinet Secretariat, Government of India ::*Director General, Bureau of Police Research & Development::*Director General, Narcotics Control Bureau::*Director , Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy,Hyderabad::*Director, Bureau of Civil Aviation Security::*Director General, Security::*Director General, National Emergency Force & Civil Defence
Director GeneralStates of Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Punjab (India), Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal
::*Commissioner of Police,
Delhi::*Commissioner of Police, Kolkata::*Commissioner of Police, Chennai::*Commissioner of Police, Mumbai::*Commissioner of Police, Bangalore::*Commissioner of Police, Hyderabad::*Commissioner of Police, Ahmedabad::*Commissioner of Police, Pune::*Commissioner of Police, Nagpur
National Crime Records Bureau::*Special /Additional Directors, Intelligence Bureau ::*Special /Additional Directors, Central Bureau of Investigation
*One star above crossed sword and baton
Special Protection Group::*Joint Directors, Intelligence Bureau::*Joint Director, Central Bureau of Investigation::*Director, Central Forensic Institute::*Additional Director, SVP National Police Academy::* Inspectors General of Police, State Police Forces ::*Inspectors General of Police, Union Territories::*Inspectors General, Central Reserve Police Force::*Inspectors General, Border Security Force::*Inspectors General, Central Industrial Security Force::*Inspectors General, Indo-Tibetan Border Police
*State Emblem above three stars in a triangle
::*Deputy Inspector General of Police
*State Emblem above two stars::*Superintendent of Police in selection grade with 13+ years of service::*Other officers above selection grade
*State Emblem above one star::*Superintendent of Police in charge of a district::*Commandant of
Battalion::*Other officer on Junior Administrative Grade with between 9 and 13 years service
*State Emblem::*Other officers on senior time scale with 9 years service or less
Assistant Superintendentin charge of sub-division::*Assistant Superintendent not in charge of sub-division with 4 years service or less
*Two stars::*Assistant Superintendent not in charge of sub-division with between 2 and 4 years service and not in charge of a police sub division
*One star::*Assistant Superintendent not in charge of sub-division with less than 2 years service
Ranks insignia of the State Police officers (which is distinct from Indian Police Service)
Deputy Superintendentof Police. A state police officer who is directly recruited to this rank or has come up from the lower ranks.
*Three stars with a red and blue ribbon at the outer edge of the shoulder straps::* Inspector of Police
*Two stars with a red and blue ribbon at the outer edge of the shoulder straps::*
*One Star with a red and blue ribbon at the outer edge of the shoulder straps::* Assistant Sub-Inspector of Police
*Three chevrons points facing downwards::* Police Head Constable
* Two chevrons points facing downwards::* Senior Police Constable or Police "Naik". His/her basic pay would be of the same scale of a head constable.
*No rank insignia::* Constable
The [http://mha.nic.in/padc/police_act_1861.pdf Police Act of 1861] is still the basis of the Indian Police today.
The Indian Police Service has been in existence since the Eighteen Hundreds.
1996-2006 Reforms ordered by the Supreme Court
Prakash Singh, one of the former Directors General of Police of the States of Assam and subsequently Uttar Pradesh and finally DG of Border Security Force (BSF) , initiated a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in the
Supreme Court of India, asking the court to investigate measures to reform the Police Forces across India in order to have proper rule of law and a significantly improved security across India. [cite news |first=Devika |last=Prasad |authorlink= |coauthors=Caroline Avanzo |title=Seize the opportunity |url=http://www.hindu.com/op/2006/11/05/stories/2006110500691400.htm |work= |publisher=The Hindu |date=2006-11-05 |accessdate=2007-09-12 ] Several measures were identified in order to professionalize the police in India:
* A mid or high ranking police officer must not be transferred more frequently than 2 years
* The state government cannot ask the police force to hire someone nor can they choose who the Chief Commissioner will be
* There must be separate departments and staff for investigation and a separate one for patrolling
3 new authorities will be created in each state, to prevent political interference in Police and also to make the Police accountable for their heavy-handedness [cite news |first=Mobius |last=Strip |authorlink= |coauthors=Ramesh Ramanathan |title=http://www.livemint.com/2007/05/07001735/Sohrabbudins-encounter.html |url=http://www.livemint.com/2007/05/07001735/Sohrabbudins-encounter.html |work= |publisher=The Wall Street Journal |date=2007-05-07 |accessdate=2007-09-12 ] , which will include the creation of:
State Security Commissionfor policies and direction
Police Establishment Board, which will decide the selection, promotions and transfers of police officers and other staff
Police Complaints Authority, to inquire into allegations of police misconduct.
In 2006, due to a lack of action by all the state governments in India, the supreme court ordered the state governments to report to it why the reform measures outlined were not implemented. [cite web |url=http://www.humanrightsinitiative.org/programs/aj/police/india/initiatives/writ_petition.htm |title=The Supreme Court takes the lead on police reform:Prakash Singh vs. Union of India |accessdate=2007-09-12 |format= |work= ]
After being questioned in front of the judges of the
Supreme Court of India, the state governments are finally starting to reform the police forces and give them the operational independence they need for fearless and proper law enforcement. [cite news |first=Sunrat |last=Das |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Board to lend ears to transfer woes |url=http://www.telegraphindia.com/1070507/asp/frontpage/story_7741733.asp |work= |publisher= |date=2007-05-06 |accessdate=2007-09-12 ]
Indian Administrative Service
Indian Forest Service
Central Reserve Police Force
* [http://www.svpnpa.gov.in/ Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy]
* [http://punjabpoliceacademy.com/index.html Punjab Police Academy]
* [http://www.upsc.gov.in/ Union Public Service Commission]
* [http://www.mha.nic.in/ips.htm Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India]
* [http://india.gov.in/citizen/police_st_ut.php Websites of Indian Police Depts state wise]
* [http://www.mha.gov.in/ips.htm#indpo History Of Indian Police Ministry Of Home Affairs]
* [http://wordpress.com/tag/indian-police/ Articles And Information On Indian Police]
* [http://ipc498a.wordpress.com/2007/05/20/281/ Collection Of Articles On Indian Police By Dr Arvind Verma, IPS]
* [http://ipc498a.wordpress.com/2007/11/01/now-that-the-candle-light-vigils-are-over-abhinav-kumar-ips/ Articles On Indian Police By Abhinav Kumar, IPS]
* [http://ipc498a.wordpress.com/2007/03/16/code-of-conduct-for-the-police-in-india/ Guidelines For The Code Of Conduct For The Indian Police]
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