Gender Male
Language(s) Germanic
Meaning Ruler of the people
Region of origin Northern Europe
Other names
Alternative spelling Theoderic, Theudoric, Theuderic, Theuderich

Theodoric is a widespread Germanic given name. First attested in the 5th century, it became widespread in the Germanic-speaking world, not least due to its most famous bearer, Theoderic the Great, king of the Ostrogoths. The name was latinized Theodoricus or Theodericus, originally from a Common Germanic form *þeudo-rīks ("people-ruler"), which would have resulted in a Gothic þiuda-reiks. [1] Anglicized spellings of the name during Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages include Theodoric, Theoderic, Theudoric, Theuderic. Gregory of Tours latinized the name as Theodorus, in origin an unrelated Greek name (Θεόδωρος, meaning "god-gift").

As the name survived throughout the Middle Ages, it transformed into a multitude of forms in the languages of Western Europe. These include the High German form Dietrich, abbreviated Dieter, the Low German and Dutch form Diederik, or Dierik, abbreviated Dirk, Diede, the Norwegian Tjodrik, and the French Thierry. Italian, Portuguese and Spanish have Teodorico.

The English forms Derek, Derrick and Terry have been re-introduced from the continent, from Low German, Dutch and French sources. The Welsh form Tudur is the origin of the name of the British Tudor dynasty.


Late Antiquity to Early Middle Ages

The name is first attested as carried by Goths during the 6th century. The earliest known bearer was Theodoric I, son of Alaric I, king of the Visigoths. But the notability of the name is due to Theodoric the Great, son of Theodemir, king of the Ostrogoths, who became a legendary figure of the Germanic Heroic Age as Dietrich von Bern.

After the end of Late Antiquity, during the 6th to 8th century there were also several kings of the Franks called Theodoric (or Theuderic). Finally, there was an early Anglo-Saxon king of Bernicia called Theodric (also spelled Deoric, Old English Þēodrīc).

High and Late Middle Ages

While the Anglo-Saxon name Theodric (Deoric) is extinct in the Middle English period, the latinized name was adopted in Old Welsh as Tewdrig and survives in Modern Welsh as Tudur The name remains popular in medieval German as Dietrich, and is adopted into French as Thierry. It is rendered in Middle Latin as Theodoricus or as Theodericus.

The Middle High German legend of Dietrich von Bern is based on the historical Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoths. The German Dietrich von Bern is reflected as Þiðrekr af Bern in the Old Norse Thidrekssaga. The medieval German legend gives rise to the Dietrich of the Renaissance era Heldenbücher.

Modern era

The German form Dietrich was abbreviated to Dieter. The Low German and Dutch languages abbreviated Diederik as Dirk or Diede. Modern Scandinavian retains Tjodrik, but has also borrowed Dirk. The English Derek is apparently[citation needed] a modern adaptation of the latinized Theodericus, while Terry is from the French Thierry.



  1. ^ The Proto-Germanic and Gothic forms are reconstructions. The -riks element was ultimately a borrowing from Celtic, see Reich#Etymology.

See also

  • Apollo Teutorix

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Theodoric I — Theodoric I, sometimes called Theodorid and in Spanish, Portuguese and Italian Teodorico , was the King of the Visigoths from 418 ndash;451. He was the illegitimate son of Alaric.cite book|title=The Decline and Fall of the Roman… …   Wikipedia

  • Theodoric — Théodoric Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Théodoric est un prénom masculin d origine germanique issu de theud « peuple » et de ric « puissant », souvent attesté au… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Theodoric II — Théodoric II Wikipédia …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Theodoric II — (in Spanish and Portuguese Teodorico ) murdered his older brother Thorismund to become king of the Visigoths in 453. Edward Gibbon writes that he justified this atrocious deed by the design which his predecessor had formed of violating his… …   Wikipedia

  • Theodoric — [thē äd′ə rik] [LL Theodoricus, altered (after Theodorus, Theodore) < Goth * Thiudoreiks < thiuda, folk, akin to OHG thioda (see DEUTSCHLAND) + reiks, ruler, leader: for IE base see RIGHT] A.D. 454? 526; king of the Ostrogoths (474 526) …   English World dictionary

  • Theodoric — /thee od euh rik/, n. A.D. 454? 526, king of the Ostrogoths and founder of the Ostrogothic monarchy in Italy: ruler of Italy 493 526. * * * known as Theodoric the Great born 454 died Aug. 30, 526 King of the Ostrogoths and founder of the… …   Universalium

  • Théodoric — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Théodoric est un prénom masculin d origine germanique issu de theud « peuple » et de ric « puissant », souvent attesté au Moyen Âge.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Theodoric I — ▪ king of Reims born before 484 died late 533       Merovingian king of Reims from 511. Theodoric was the eldest son of Clovis I, but born of an unknown woman, unlike the other sons, whose mother was Clotilda. An able soldier, he played an… …   Universalium

  • Théodoric II — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Théodoric. Théodoric II est roi des Wisigoths, fils du roi Théodoric Ier et frère et successeur du roi Thorismond, après l avoir fait assassiner, en 453. Il prend la ville de Toulouse dont il fait sa capitale,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Théodoric — Provenance. Vient du germain theud et rik Signifie: peuple et roi Se fête le 9 juillet. Histoire. Religieux franciscain, fidèle à Rome et à la religion catholique, Théodoric Enden est pendu par les calvinistes, près de Gorcum, au Pays Bas, le 9… …   Dictionnaire des prénoms français, arabes et bretons

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”