Tech Tower

Tech Tower

The Lettie Pate Whitehead Evans Administration Building, commonly known as Tech Tower, is a historic building located at 225 North Avenue NW in Midtown Atlanta, Georgia, USA, and a focal point of the central campus of the Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech). Erected in 1888 and named the Academic Building, Tech Tower was one of the first two buildings to be completed on the Georgia Tech campus. Tech Tower was built as a venue for classroom instruction to complement the hands-on training taking place in the shop building beside it. Since the razing of the shop in 1892 following a disastrous fire,cite web|first=John|last=Holcombe|url=|title=TowerWeb: Historic Images and Information about the Georgia Tech Tower"s"|publisher=Georgia Tech Capital Planning and Space Management|accessdate=2007-05-26] cite news|first=Karl|last=Guertin|url=|title=Tech’s moniker reveals its true history|work=The Technique|date=2004-02-13|accessdate=2007-05-26Dead link|date=October 2008] Tech Tower enjoys the distinction of being the oldest structure on the Georgia Tech campus.cite web|url=|title=Tech Virtual Tour|publisher=Georgia Institute of Technology|accessdate=2007-05-26]

Tech Tower derives its nickname from a prominent seven-story central tower dominating the building's facade and visible from many parts of the Georgia Tech campus and surrounding area. Lighted signs in the shape of the word "TECH" hang atop each of the tower's four sides. A number of times, Georgia Tech students have accomplished the arduous task of stealing the letter 'T' from one of these signs, a prank now strictly forbidden by Institute officials despite prior attitudes to the contrary.cite news|title=Presidential opinions change over time|url=|date=2001-08-24|accessdate = 2007-02-01|last=Shaw|first=Jody|work=The TechniqueDead link|date=October 2008]

Tech Tower has achieved local, cultural, and historical significance in the century since its construction. Monuments and plaques commemorating philanthropy towards Georgia Tech adorn Tech Tower and the surrounding landscape. The red brick, Victorian-style building serves as the architectural anchor of the Georgia Institute of Technology Historic District,cite web
url =
title = Georgia Institute of Technology Historic District
accessdate = 2006-12-21
publisher = National Park Service
] a landmark of tradition and school spirit,cite web
url =
title = Tech Tower
accessdate = 2006-12-21
publisher = New Georgia Encyclopedia
] cite news | work = The Technique | title = Use the tower | url = | date = 1996-02-09 | accessdate = 2007-02-01 ] and the present-day administrative hub of the Institute. It has been the site of many ceremonies and important events, including a visit by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt and its dedication in honor of Lettie Pate Whitehead Evans, "Tech's greatest benefactor." [cite news|first=Allison|last=Roberts|url=|title=Administration Building to be renamed after Tech benefactor|work=The Technique|date=1998-02-20|accessdate=2007-05-20]


In 1887, the state of Georgia acquired convert|9|acre|ha of land from Atlanta pioneer Richard Peters that would form the original campus of what was then called the Georgia School of Technology, as well as the site of its first two structures. The state hired the well-known architectural firm Bruce & Morgan to design an Academic Building, containing "ample accommodations in halls, offices, apparatus rooms, recitation and lecture rooms, free hand and mechanical drawing rooms, library and chapel," as well as a Shop Building, in which "boiler and engine rooms, wood shop, machine shop, forge room and foundry" were located. cite book | title = Annual Catalogue Announcement for 1888–'89 | year = 1889 | publisher = Constitution Publishing Company | url = | accessdate=2007-05-29 ]

Both buildings boasted towers and edifices of similar design. The complementary names and purposes of these buildings reflected the School's founding principles of valuing both theory and practice, while their similar appearance emphasized the equal standing of these principles. Construction work, contracted by Angus McGilvray with his low bid of US$43,250, began with the Academic Building in June 1887; the building was completed in September 1888. The Shop Building, completed shortly afterward, was destroyed by fire in 1892 and rebuilt more modestly without a tower. Following this, the Academic Building, later known as Tech Tower,cite web
url =
title = Naming of the Lettie Pate Whitehead Evans Administration Building
accessdate = 2006-12-21
last = Clough
first = G. Wayne
coauthors = Andrea Ashmore
authorlink = G. Wayne Clough
date = 1998-05-22
format = PDF
publisher = Georgia Institute of Technology
pages = 1-3
] became the oldest building on the Georgia Tech campus, a distinction it continues to hold more than a century later.

On October 20, 1905, U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt visited the Georgia Tech campus. On the steps of Tech Tower, Roosevelt presented a speech about the importance of engineering education.cite web | last = Selman | first = Sean | title = Presidential Tour of Campus Not the First for the Institute | work = A Presidential Visit to Georgia Tech | publisher = Georgia Institute of Technology | date = 2002-03-27 | url = | accessdate = 2006-12-30 Dead link|date=October 2008] He then shook hands with each of the 500 students present.cite web | title = One Hundred Years Ago Was Eventful Year at Tech | work = BuzzWords | publisher = Georgia Tech Alumni Association | date = 2005-10-01 | url = | accessdate = 2006-12-30 ] cite web | title = Tech Timeline | url= | publisher = Georgia Tech Alumni Association | accessdate = 2007-09-21 ]

Georgia Tech's Class of 1922 installed the famous "TECH" signs on all four sides of Tech Tower in 1918, cite web | title = Tech Tower | work = Ramblin' Memories: Traditions, Legends and Sounds of Georgia Tech | url= | publisher = Georgia Tech Alumni Association | accessdate = 2007-09-21 ] giving rise to the building's present nickname. Their purpose, as defined by the donors during their freshman year at Georgia Tech, was to "light the spirit of Tech to the four points of the compass." The signs were originally made of wood and painted white and gold — the Institute colors. In the 1930s, lightbulbs were affixed to the signs to illuminate them more effectively than the earlier ground-based spotlights.cite book|first=Robert|last=Wallace|title=Dress Her in WHITE and GOLD: A biography of Georgia Tech|publisher=The Georgia Tech Foundation, Inc|year=1969] In 1949, the "TECH" signs were supplemented by neon lighting in metal frames.cite web
url =
title = A Walk Through Tech's History
accessdate = 2006-12-21
date = Summer 2004
publisher = Georgia Tech Alumni Association

In 1978, Tech Tower and the surrounding nine acres of the original campus were added to the National Register of Historic Places as the Georgia Institute of Technology Historic District. [cite web|url=|title=Georgia (GA), Fulton County: Georgia Institute of Technology Historic District|work=National Register of Historical Places|accessdate=2007-05-26] [cite web|url=|title=Georgia Institute of Technology Historic District|publisher=National Park Service Atlanta|accessdate=2007-05-26] Near the entrance to Tech Tower, a historical marker maintained by the Georgia Historical Society commemorates this listing as well as the early history of the Georgia Tech campus. [cite web|url=|title=Historic Marker: Plaque|work=Monument List|publisher=Georgia Tech Institutional Research and Planning|accessdate=2007-05-26]

On May 22, 1998, Tech Tower was officially renamed the Lettie Pate Whitehead Evans Administration Building in a ceremony presided over by Tech president G. Wayne Clough. [ cite web | url= | accessdate=2008-01-27 | date=1998-04-07 | publisher=Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia | title=Meeting Minutes | quote=The Board approved President G. Wayne Clough's request to name the Georgia Institute of Technology Administration Building the "Lettie Pate Whitehead Evans Administration Building" to honor Lettie Pate Whitehead Evans. ] Although neither she nor her husbands attended Georgia Tech as a student, Lettie Pate Whitehead Evans was a longtime benefactor of the Institute, contributing over $340 million through her philanthropic organization, the Lettie Pate Evans Foundation.cite news|url=|title=Fifty Years, Fifty Women|work=Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine Online|publisher=Georgia Tech Alumni Association|date=Fall 2002|accessdate=2007-05-26]

Tech Tower's continuous use since its completion in 1888 has required occasional maintenance and refurbishment. It underwent extensive renovations in 1965 with a focus on remodeling the building's interior layout.cite web
url =
title = Georgia Institute of Technology
accessdate = 2006-12-21
publisher = Marietta Street Artery Association
] During this time, the library and chapel were replaced with modern office space and furnishings. In contrast, efforts directed towards the exterior of the building have aimed to preserve its historic appearance. A restoration project called the "Tech Tower Renovation" began in 1987, spearheaded by alumnus Eugene M. "Gene" Clary's gift of new copper shingles with which to replace Tech Tower's aging roof tiles. Clary first suggested gold-colored shingles, but John Patrick Crecine, Georgia Tech's president at the time, insisted on copper shingles to match the building's original construction materials. [ cite web | url = | work = Tech Topics | title = Self-made Success: Gene Clary finds satisfaction in work | date=Spring 2004 | accessdate = 2007-06-01 | publisher = Georgia Tech Alumni Association ] One of these shingles and a small marker inside the Tech Tower entrance lobby commemorate Clary and his donation. [cite web|url=|title=Tech Tower Renovation: Plaque|work=Monument List|publisher=Georgia Tech Institutional Research and Planning|accessdate=2007-05-26] Additional restoration of Tech Tower's exterior and the Georgia Institute of Technology Historic District, funded by the Class of 1950 and Class of 1975, began in 2000. As part of Phase I of the Georgia Tech Master Plan of 1997, the area was made "more pedestrian-friendly" with the removal of access roads and the addition of landscaping improvements, benches, and other facilities. [ cite news | work = The Technique | last=Kumar | first=Neeraj | title = New construction on the Hill recreates historic appearance near Tech Tower | url = | accessdate=2007-06-01 | date = 2000-09-02 Dead link|date=October 2008]

tructure and appearance

Tech Tower is built in the Victorian style with Romanesque Revival influences. The building's original specifications, according to Georgia Tech's first "Annual Catalogue Announcement" published in 1889, are listed as convert|130|ft|m wide and convert|120|ft|m deep. It is constructed primarily of red brick and trimmed with granite. The gabled roof, originally terra cotta, was later replaced by copper shingles. The main complex of the building stands four stories high plus a basement. The tower portion stands seven stories high and is topped with four lighted "TECH" signs (one on each side) and a high pitched roof. The main entrance to the building is accessed by ascending a small staircase and entering a small porch which forms the base of Tech Tower. Most of the building's windows are simple rectangular frames, with the exception of those on the third floor, which are arched. The entire complex sits on the crest of a tree-dotted hill, giving it the appearance of being larger than it actually is.


As the oldest building on the Georgia Tech campus, Tech Tower has accumulated a number of peripheral monuments and sites of interest over the years. Two walkways encircle the building, including the Tower Walk, donated by the Class of 1950 in 2000. [cite web|url=|title=Class Of 1950 Tower Walk: Plaque|work=Monument List|publisher=Georgia Tech Institutional Research and Planning|accessdate=2007-05-26] [cite web|url=|title=Class Of 1975 Reunion Walk: Plaque|work=Monument List|publisher=Georgia Tech Institutional Research and Planning|accessdate=2007-05-26] [cite news|url=|title=Lasting Generosity|work=Tech Topics|publisher=Georgia Tech Alumni Association|date=Winter 2000|accessdate=2007-05-26] Georgia Tech's first class memorial, a marble drinking fountain, was donated in 1911 by the Class of 1903 and is situated east of Tech Tower's main entrance. [cite web|url=|title=Class Of 1903: Fountain|work=Monument List|publisher=Georgia Tech Institutional Research and Planning|accessdate=2007-05-26] Also near the main entrance to Tech Tower is a marbled pair of benches donated by the Class of 1925 in memory of those who died in World War I. [cite web|url=|title=Class Of 1925 Ww I Memorial: Bench|work=Monument List|publisher=Georgia Tech Institutional Research and Planning|accessdate=2007-05-26] A few feet away stands a marbled bench memorial to Paul Howes Norcross, a 1902 Georgia Tech alumnus and former ASCE president who perished in the "Norman" boat disaster of May 8, 1925. [cite web|url=|title=Norcross, Paul Howes: Bench|work=Monument List|publisher=Georgia Tech Institutional Research and Planning|accessdate=2007-05-26] The headstone of Sideways the dog is located near Tech Tower's rear entrance, [cite web|url=|title=Sideways: Gravestone|work=Monument List|publisher=Georgia Tech Institutional Research and Planning|accessdate=2007-05-26] [cite web|url=|title=Sideways the Dog|work=Tech Traditions|publisher=Georgia Tech Alumni Association|accessdate=2007-03-23] as is an informational placard detailing Tech Tower's early history, donated by the Class of 1932. [cite web|url=|title=Class Of 1932: Map Box|work=Monument List|publisher=Georgia Tech Institutional Research and Planning|accessdate=2007-05-26] A staircase donated by the ANAK Society in 1921 connects Tech Tower to the adjacent D. P. Savant Building via a continuous sidewalk. [cite web|url=|title=Anak Society Staircase|work=Monument List|publisher=Georgia Tech Institutional Research and Planning|accessdate=2007-12-26] Finally, a steam-driven air compressor, colloquially known as the "steam engine," sits prominently at the top of the hill near Tech Tower as a reminder of the school's industrial roots.

Modern use

As its official name suggests, Tech Tower is primarily used for administrative purposes. It houses the Office of the Registrar, the Office of Capital Planning and Space Management (CPSM), the Internal Auditing Department, and offices for the Center for the Enhancement of Teaching and Learning (CETL). In addition, the deans of the College of Engineering and the College of Sciences have offices in Tech Tower. [cite web|url=|title=Directions to the Dean's Office|publisher=Georgia Tech College of Engineering|accessdate=2007-05-10] [cite web|url=|title=Directions/Map/Parking|publisher=Georgia Tech College of Sciences|accessdate=2007-05-10]

Tech Tower is considered an iconic representation of Georgia Tech and of higher education in Atlanta. It is often featured in marketing materials and merchandise for the Institute and its silhouette is recognized throughout the Atlanta metropolitan area. "The Tower", Georgia Tech's undergraduate research journal, is named after Tech Tower. [ cite news | url= | accessdate=2008-01-02 | date=2007-11-30 | title=Tech's first research journal begins submission process | last=Kent | first=Julie | year=2007 | work=The Technique Dead link|date=October 2008] Kessler Campanile, a stylized bell tower built on the Georgia Tech campus as part of an Institute-wide branding campaign in the mid-1990s, was designed to look like a modernized version of Tech Tower. [ cite web | title = Georgia Tech Kessler Campanile | publisher = Architectural Support Services, Inc. | url = | accessdate = 2007-02-01 ] [cite web|url=|title=Kessler Campanile|work=New Georgia Encyclopedia|accessdate=2007-05-26] The campanile is now featured in all Georgia Tech logos, though some have argued that Tech Tower itself would be a more appropriate symbol.

tealing the 'T'

Students have stolen the huge, symbolic letter 'T' on the Tech Tower's "TECH" signs a number of times. cite news | date = 2001-09-07 | accessdate = 2007-02-02 | work = The Technique | title = UJC recommends suspension for 'T' thieves | last = Barday | first = Nasir | url = Dead link|date=October 2008] The 'T' is then returned at the halftime of the homecoming football game, and the students' achievement celebrated. Tradition dictates that the first 'T' to be stolen should be the one facing east,cite web | last = Kessler | first = Kyle | work = tbook | url = | publisher = Cyberbuzz | title = The "T" | accessdate = 2007-05-19 ] [cite web|url=|title=Stealing the 'T'|publisher=Ramblin' Reck Club|accessdate=2007-05-31] as this can most easily be seen from the Downtown Connector. [cite web
url =
title = GT tower with T stolen
author = goldtimer | accessdate = 2006-03-06
] The groups of students responsible for 'T' thefts generally assume dramatic pseudonyms, such as the "Mystic Marauders" or the "Sneaky Four." Pervasive rumors of a detailed plan held in the Institute's archives to execute "the perfect T theft," crafted by an unnamed Georgia Tech fraternity, are apparently spurious. cite news | title=Tech Tower is a symbol of school spirit | url= | date=1997-09-26 | accessdate = 2007-09-21 | last = Edwards | first = Pat | work = The Technique ]

Notable thefts

The 'T' was first stolen in April 1969 by a secret group of Georgia Tech fraternity brothers calling themselves the "Magnificent Seven". cite news | title = Dismantling a tradition | work = Tech Topics | publisher = Georgia Tech Alumni Association | date = Winter 1999 | accessdate = 2007-02-02 | url = | last = Coffee | first = Hoyt ] Inspired by a similar prank that had taken place in 1968 at Harvard University, the students planned the theft as a means of commemorating Institute President Edwin D. Harrison's retirement.cite book|first=Robert C.|last=McMath|coauthors=Ronald H. Bayor, James E. Brittain, Lawrence Foster, August W. Giebelhaus, and Germaine M. Reed|title=Engineering the New South: Georgia Tech 1885-1985|publisher=University of Georgia Press|location=Athens, GA] The 'T' was returned several days later via helicopter at the behest of Atlanta mayor Ivan Allen.

On the evening of November 6, 1997, the 'T's were nearly stolen from the north, south and west sides of Tech Tower by five students wielding hacksaws, tin snips, and rappelling equipment.cite news|first=Scott|last=Lange|url=|title=Kidnapped 'T' returns to Tech Tower|work=The Technique|date=1998-02-06|accessdate=2007-05-17] The students were caught by Georgia Tech police acting on a tip provided by an anonymous informant. The stolen north 'T' was recovered in the back of a blue Ford Explorer that was parked at the Copper Kettle on Howell Mill Road, also in response to an anonymous tip. Each student was required to pay $2,446.75 in damages, although criminal charges were not filed. The Georgia Tech Office of Facilities reinstalled the 'T' on January 31, 1998, 87 days after its attempted theft. [ cite news | title = 'T' thieves face the music | work = The Technique | last = Lange | first = Scott | url = | accessdate = 2007-02-02 | date = 1998-02-13 ]

One of the most theatrical thefts of the 'T' occurred over the summer of 1999. The 'T' on the north face of Tech Tower was stolen by a group of "six or seven people" on the morning of June 3, 1999. The perpetrators wrote a letter detailing the theft to the editorial staff of "The Technique", Georgia Tech's student newspaper. The letter, an abridged version of which was subsequently printed in the summer issue of "The Technique", described the process of stealing the 'T' by lowering it via a rope and moving it to a secret location. The letter also included a photograph of the 'T' "on vacation" in Berkeley Springs, West Virginia. Finally, the perpetrators indicated plans to return the 'T' during the Georgia Tech Homecoming Parade, according to tradition, as long as no criminal charges would be brought against them. The letter was signed by fictitious Georgia Tech alumnus George P. Burdell. cite news | last = Burdell | first = George P. | accessdate = 2007-05-19 | date=1999-07-09 | work = The Technique | url = | title = Summer vacation isn't just for students and profs; why not let the 'T' have some fun now and then? Dead link|date=October 2008] However, the Institute released a notice that those who stole the 'T' would be harshly punished,cite news
url =
title = PRESIDENT'S VIEWS Letter to Community
lastname = Clough
firstname = G. Wayne
authorlink = G. Wayne Clough
publisher = The Technique
date = 1999-10-01 | accessdate = 2006-12-21
Dead link|date=October 2008] and therefore the 'T' remains to this day at an undisclosed location.

The replacement 'T' on the north face of Tech Tower was stolen on May 28, 2001 by three students, two of whom were found guilty of numerous conduct code violations by the Undergraduate Judiciary Cabinet and subsequently suspended. The students had successfully removed the 'T' from its mount but were caught by authorities when the removal triggered an alarm. In October 2005, a replica of the 'T' was stolen from the Student Services Building and returned two days later. [cite news | url= | title = Replica Tech Tower 'T' stolen from Student Services Building | lastname = Joshi | firstname = Nikhil | publisher = The Technique | date = 2005-10-07 | accessdate = 2006-12-19 Dead link|date=October 2008]

The tradition of stealing the 'T' from Tech Tower has inspired copycat crimes involving other signage. During a Georgia Tech–NC State football game on November 4, 2006, the second 'T' from a large "NC STATE UNIVERSITY" banner mysteriously vanished from the upper deck of Carter-Finley Stadium where it had been hanging. It was widely assumed across the Tech campus that the prank was pulled off by a group of Georgia Tech students in an homage to the longstanding Tech Tower tradition.

Similar copycat crimes have occurred on the Georgia Tech campus. In late 2001, a group of Georgia Tech students calling itself the "Caldwell Liberation Army" stole 32 'T's from signs on 16 campus buildings over a period of two nights. The students, who were not caught, vandalized the signs to express their bitterness at being displaced from Caldwell Residence Hall while renovations were taking place. [ cite news | url = | last = Adiga | first = Madhu | coauthors = Sriram Narasimha | title = When stealing only one “T” just won’t do | work = The Technique | date = 2002-02-22 | accessdate = 2007-05-26 Dead link|date=October 2008] In February 2006, it was noticed that small vinyl 'T' stickers were being stolen from informational signs located around the Georgia Tech campus, creating confusion for visitors and new students. [ cite news | title = Tech tradition causes problems for students | work = The Technique | url = | date = 2006-02-10 | accessdate = 2007-02-02 | last = Kaddi | first = Chanchala Dead link|date=October 2008]

Institute reaction

The Georgia Tech administration's position on stealing the 'T' from Tech Tower has varied over the years. When the 'T' was first stolen in 1969, interim Institute President Vernon Crawford was so upset he considered canceling classes until it was returned. Afterwards, subsequent presidents opted to turn a blind eye to the practice, with one president, John Patrick Crecine, going so far as to endorse it.Today, stealing the 'T' is prohibited and is officially punishable with expulsion, although this has not happened in practice. After a Georgia Tech visitor was accidentally killed while climbing the Alexander Memorial Coliseum in 1999, [ cite news | title = Accident on campus claims woman's life | url = | date = 1999-07-23 | accessdate = 2007-02-01 | last = Dykes | first = Jennifer | work = The Technique Dead link|date=October 2008] Institute President G. Wayne Clough banned stealing of the 'T' and the climbing of any Institute building, due to the risk of fatal falls and the potential for damage to the building. Clough also expressed concern over the "incredibly expensive liability litigation" Georgia Tech could face in the event of an accident. To discourage climbing, security features such as pressure-sensitive roof tiling, fiber optic cabling running throughout the letters, and an audible alarm have been added to the 'T' to help prevent its theft. cite news | date = 2001-06-01 | accessdate = 2007-02-02 | work = The Technique | title = 'T'-thieves could face expulsion | last = Barday | first = Nasir | url = Dead link|date=October 2008]


External links

* [ TowerWeb: Historic Images and Information about the Georgia Tech Towers]
* [ Large collection of Tech Tower photos] Dead link|date=October 2008
* [ Tech Tower on the Georgia Tech Campus Map]

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