Neferneferuaten Tasherit

Neferneferuaten Tasherit
For other individuals named Neferneferuaten, see Neferneferuaten.
Neferneferuaten Tasherit in hieroglyphs
i t
n
ra
nfr nfr nfr nfr t&A S
r
t
A17

Neferneferuaten tasherit
Nfr nfrw Jtn tꜣšrjt
Most Beautiful One of Aten - Junior
Daughter of Pharaoh Akhenaten and Queen Nefertiti
Ägyptischer Maler um 1360 v. Chr. 002.jpg
Neferneferure and Neferneferuaten Tasherit (right) on a wall painting in the King's house

Neferneferuaten Tasherit or Neferneferuaten junior (14th century BCE) was an Ancient Egyptian princess of the 18th dynasty and the fourth daughter of Pharaoh Akhenaten and his Great Royal Wife Nefertiti.

Contents

Family

Neferneferuaten was born between ca. year 8[1] and 9[2] of her father's reign. She was the fourth of six known daughters of the royal couple. It is likely that she was born in Akhetaten, the capital founded by her father. Her name Neferneferuaten ("Beauty of the Beauties of Aten" or "Most Beautiful One of Aten") is the exact copy of the name Nefertiti took in the 5th regnal year. ("Ta-sherit" simply means "the younger one").[1] She had three older sisters named Meritaten, Meketaten, and Ankhesenpaaten and two younger sisters named Neferneferure and Setepenre.[3]

Life

From left to right: Setepenre, Neferneferure, and Neferneferuaten Tasherit at the Durbar in year 12.

One of the earliest depictions of Neferneferuaten Tasherit is in a fresco from the King’s House in Amarna. She is depicted sitting on a pillow with her sister Neferneferure. The fresco is dated to ca. year 9 of Akhenaten, and the entire family is depicted, including the baby Setepenre.[1]

Neferneferuaten Tasherit is depicted in several tombs in Amarna and appears on monuments. A statue base originally from Amarna, but later moved to Heliopolis, mentions the Aten and Akhenaten, while in texts in a lower register the royal daughters Ankhesenpaaten and Neferneferuaten Tasherit are mentioned.[4]

In the tomb of Huya, the chief Steward of Neferneferuaten's grandmother Queen Tiye, Neferneferuaten is shown in a family scene on a lintel on the north wall. The extended scene shows Akhenaten and Nefertiti on the left with their four eldest daughters, while on the right hand side Amenhotep III, Queen Tiye and princess Baketaten are shown.[4][5] In the reward scene in the tomb of Meryre II, Neferneferuaten Tasherit is shown with four of her sisters (only Setepenre in absent).[5]

She is depicted at the Durbar in year 12 in the tomb of the Overseer of the royal quarters Meryre II in Amarna. Akhenaten and Nefertiti are shown seated in a kiosk, receiving tribute from foreign lands. The daughters of the royal couple are shown standing behind their parents. Neferneferuaten is the first daughter in the lower register. She is holding an object which is too damaged to identify. Her sisters Neferneferure and Setepenre are standing behind her. Neferneferure is shown holding a pet gazelle and Setepenre is shown reaching over to pet the animal.[4]

Neferneferuaten also appears in the award scene of Panehesy. She is shown standing in the building near the window of appearance as her parents, Akhenaten and Nefertiti, bestow honors upon the first servant of the Aten named Panehesy. In another scene in this tomb Neferneferuaten and her three older sisters all accompany their parents who are shown offering flowers to the Aten. The four royal daughters are all shown holding bouquets of flowers.[4]

Neferneferuaten Tasherit is shown with her sisters Meritaten and Ankhesenpaaten mourning the death of Meketaten in ca. year 14 in the Royal Tomb in Amarna. Her younger sisters Neferneferure and Setepenre are not present in this scene.[1][5]

Meketaten under the canopy, on the wall paintings of the Chamber γ. In front of her: Akhenaten, Nefertiti, Meritaten, Ankhesenpaaten and Neferneferuaten Tasherit.

Final years and death

It is unknown what became of Neferneferuaten Tasherit, but it is has been suggested she died before Tutankhamun and Ankhesenpaaten came to the throne.[1] It is possible she was one of the persons buried in chamber α in the Royal Tomb in Amarna.[3]

It has been suggested that she might be identified as Akhenaten's co-regent,[5][6] whose exact identity is still disputed, but who could have been a woman. Other women who have been suggested as candidates for the identity of this female ruler are Queen Nefertiti (her mother) and her older sister Meritaten.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Tyldesley, Joyce. Nefertiti: Egypt's Sun Queen. Penguin. 1998. ISBN 0-670-86998-8
  2. ^ Aldred, Cyril, Akhenaten: King of Egypt ,Thames and Hudson, 1991 (paperback), ISBN 0-500-27621-8
  3. ^ a b Dodson, Aidan and Hilton, Dyan. The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson. 2004. ISBN 0-500-05128-3
  4. ^ a b c d Murnane, William J., Texts from the Amarna Period in Egypt, Society of Biblical Literature, 1995 ISBN 1-55540-966-0
  5. ^ a b c d e Dodson, Aidan, Amarna Sunset: Nefertiti, Tutankhamun, Ay, Horemheb, and the Egyptian Counter-Reformation. The American University in Cairo Press. 2009, ISBN 978977416304-3
  6. ^ J.P. Allen, The Amarna Succession, p. 14.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Neferneferuaten (disambiguation) — Neferneferuaten refers to several members of the Amarna royal family of the 18th dynasty Neferneferuaten Nefertiti, Queen Nefertiti took on the full name Neferneferuaten Nefertiti in ca year 5 of the reign of her husband Akhenaten Neferneferuaten …   Wikipedia

  • Neferneferuaten — For other individuals named Neferneferuaten, see Neferneferuaten. Neferneferuaten Pharaoh of Egypt Reign 1335–1333 BC, 18th Dynasty Predecessor Akhenaten o …   Wikipedia

  • Meritaten Tasherit — Meritaten Tasherit, which means Meritaten the Younger was an ancient Egyptian princess of the 18th dynasty. She is likely to have been the daughter of Meritaten, eldest daughter of Pharaoh Akhenaten. The father of this child remains under debate …   Wikipedia

  • Neferneferure — Neferneferure in hieroglyphs …   Wikipedia

  • Meritaten — Queen consort of Egypt A daughter of King Akhenaten and Queen Nefertiti, perhaps the young Meritaten, later a queen collection of the Louvre, Paris …   Wikipedia

  • Nefertiti — This article is about the Ancient Egyptian Queen Nefertiti. For other uses, see Nefertiti (disambiguation). For other individuals named Neferneferuaten, see Neferneferuaten (disambiguation). Neferneferuaten Nefertiti in hieroglyphs …   Wikipedia

  • Meketaten — Meketaten in hieroglyphs …   Wikipedia

  • Akhenaten — Pharaoh Infobox Name=Akhenaten / Amenhotep IV Alt= Amenophis IV, Naphu( )rureya, Ikhnaton Caption=Statue of Akhenaten in typical Amarna style. NomenHiero=i t:n:ra G25 x:n Nomen= Akhenaten Servant of the Aten or reflection of the wiserClayton… …   Wikipedia

  • Tombs of the Nobles (Amarna) — Located in Middle Egypt, the Tombs of the Nobles at Amarna are the burial places of some of the powerful courtiers and persons of the city of Akhetaten. The tombs are in 2 groups, cut into the cliffs and bluffs in the east of the dry bay of… …   Wikipedia

  • Нефертити — Нефертити …   Википедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”