- The People's Court
The People's Court Format Judicial Created by John Masterson Presented by Doug Llewelyn (1981–1993)
Carol Martin (1997–1998)
Harvey Levin (1997–present)
Joseph Wapner (1981–1993)
Ed Koch (1997–1999)
Jerry Sheindlin (1999–2001)
Marilyn Milian (2001–present)
Rusty Burrell (1981–1993)
Josephine Ann Longobardi (1997–2001)
Davy Jones (2001)
Douglas McIntosh (2001–present)
Narrated by Jack Harrell (1981–1993)
Curt Chaplin (1997–present)
Country of origin United States Production Executive producer(s) Ralph Edwards
Running time 30 minutes (1981–1993)
60 minutes (1997–present)
Production company(s) Ralph Edwards Productions (1981–1987)
Stu Billett Productions (1981–1987)
Ralph Edwards-Stu Billett Productions (1987–1993; 1997–present)
Distributor Telepictures Corporation (1981–1986)
Warner Bros. Domestic Television Distribution (1989–1993; 1997–present)
Broadcast Original channel Syndicated Picture format SDTV 480i Original run September 14, 1981– May 21, 1993
September 8, 1997 – present
The People's Court (1981) was the first reality court show that did not use actors, but showed the actual cases with the actual parties involved. Prior to The People's Court, popular TV courtroom shows such as Traffic Court (1957) and People's Court of Small Claims (1959) only presented recreated or fictional cases (as did radio before that).
Originally taped in Los Angeles, it first ran in syndication from September 14, 1981 to May 21, 1993 for 2,484 ½-hour episodes, with reruns airing until September 9, 1994. Reruns later aired on the USA Network from October 16, 1995 to June 6, 1997. Currently taped in New York City, it has run in its present 1-hour format since September 8, 1997.
When John Masterson devised the original camera-in-court concept in 1975, he first pitched it to Monty Hall, the producer and host of the game show, Let's Make a Deal, and his partner, producer-writer Stefan Hatos, but the networks did not buy it. It was then pitched for the first run syndication market, and did sell. John Masterson, who many consider a pioneer and originator of "reality TV" also created "Bride and Groom" and "Breakfast In Hollywood". The series was executive produced by Ralph Edwards, who also created and hosted the documentary show This Is Your Life, and Stu Billett, who later went on to create Moral Court.
The judge from the show's original 12 years was Joseph Wapner. Rusty Burrell was his bailiff, Jack Harrell was the announcer, and Doug Llewelyn was the host and court reporter, who would announce the matter of the dispute at the beginning of each trial. He would also interview the plaintiff and the defendant after the court ruling, to gauge their responses to the verdict. Llewelyn would often end each episode with a jaunty "Don't take the law into your own hands: you take 'em to court", which became something of a 1980s catchphrase. If a case ended with a verdict for the defendant, however, Llewelyn would instead end the episode by saying, "If someone files a lawsuit against you and yet you're convinced you've done nothing wrong, don't be intimidated. Just be sure to stand up for your rights: go to court".
The cases often had pun-related names, such as "The Case of the Overdone Underthings" and "A Head with a Beer on It".
Judge Wapner would greet his litigants by saying, "I know you've been sworn. I've read your complaint..."
Occasionally, if an episode wrapped up a few minutes early, Judge Wapner would field questions from the courtroom observers, or there would be commentary from the legal consultant explaining the legal reasons behind Judge Wapner's decisions.
The People's Court deals in small claims matters. When the show premiered in 1981, litigants could not sue for more than US$1,500, which was the limit for small claims court at the time in California. As the laws in California changed, so did this amount. By the end of the original run in 1993, litigants could sue for up to US$5,000, which is now the law in most states.
Researchers for the show would examine small claims filings in Southern California and approach the plaintiff and defendant in interesting cases. The producers would offer to have Judge Wapner arbitrate the dispute if they would agree to dismiss their action and be bound by Judge Wapner's decision. Through this approach, the show could get real people with real cases. However, even though the show is decorated and run like a real courtroom, it is not a real court or part of any judicial system, but instead a form of binding arbitration.
The losing party does not actually need to pay the judgment, as such. Instead (as is stated in the disclaimer at the end of each show), both parties are paid from a fund (set up by Ralph Edwards-Stu Billett Productions). This fund was based on the amount of the lawsuit claim, but an exact formula was not stated. The fund was to be first divided equally, then any monetary judgment ordered was subtracted from the loser's half (and presumably both halves in the case of cross judgments). Each litigant received at least what remained of their half in shows concluding with that disclaimer.
The disclaimer did not call this fund an "appearance fee", a term which appeared later in connection with The People's Court and other court shows. There may have been a later period when The People's Court paid the judgment, plus expenses and only a modest appearance fee to each litigant.
This version of the show was referenced repeatedly in the 1988 film Rain Man. In the movie, autistic savant Raymond Babbit (Dustin Hoffman) compulsively watches the show, recites the entire opening monologue and frequently refers to the show as "Wapner", in reference to the show's presiding judge.
Today, the small claims court deals with matters up to US$7,500 (depending on the statutory maximum in the claimant's state), although the show did have a case where all four plaintiffs each sued the defendant for US$5,000 each; this case was dismissed. Another case during the Koch run (the second-season premiere) featured a US$15,000 lawsuit based upon the laws of the state of Florida. One case on the Marilyn Milian version featured a case where the plaintiff had four separate lawsuits against the defendant for a total of US$20,000.
When the new People's Court premiered in 1997 former New York newscaster Carol Martin of WCBS-TV hosted from a studio with Harvey Levin, who was involved with the prior edition of the series as a legal consultant, serving as a co-host in the field taking questions and opinions from people at the Manhattan Mall, then returning to the studio at the end of the show for a wrap-up. Curt Chaplin was hired to serve as the show's announcer and court reporter, which he still does to this day.
Several months into the run Martin departed the series for reasons that were never explained and Levin became the series' sole host. The studio segments were done away with and Levin hosted the entire episodes from the viewing area, which eventually moved from the Manhattan Mall to the Times Square visitors' center. Since Levin is now based in Los Angeles with TMZ, the viewing area has moved to the Third Street Promenade in Santa Monica, California while production of The People's Court remains in New York.
The new version of the show has been headed by three judges since its premiere.
The season premiere begins September 12, 2011.
Ed Koch and Jerry Sheindlin
Former New York City mayor Ed Koch presided over the court from 1997 to 1999. Judge Jerry Sheindlin (husband of former New York Family Court Judge Judith Sheindlin, the presiding "judge" over the court show Judge Judy) sat on the bench from September 13, 1999 to March 9, 2001. Less stern than his wife, Jerry Sheindlin displayed more humor and was straightforward, often registering mock indignation whenever litigants referred to him (as they sometimes did) as "Judge Judy's husband."
In 2008, The People's Court, under Judge Milian's reign, was nominated for a Daytime Emmy Award under a new Courtroom/Legal Show category created by the academy. In 2009 and 2010, the show was nominated again for the Daytime Emmy Award under the same category, but did not win.
In November 2009, The People's Court welcomed back Judge Joseph A. Wapner to preside over a case for his 90th birthday.
A British version of the show was produced by STV Productions (then known as "SMG TV Productions") to replace Trisha Goddard's talk show on ITV in 2005. The court reporter was Carol Smillie, the male judge was Jerome Lynch and the female judge was Rhonda Anderson. The show failed and was not re-commissioned.
The 1981–93 version was initially taped at Golden West Broadcasters and, later, Metromedia in Los Angeles, before moving to The Production Group. In New York City, The People's Court first taped episodes at the NEP/Image studios in the former Grand Ballroom of the Hotel Pennsylvania, which was also the studio for the talk show Maury. Since 1998, the show has taped at the MTI Studios on the 8th Floor at 401 Fifth Avenue, where the courtroom received a makeover in 1998. In 2006, the MTI Studios was sold to NEP/Image. At the end credits of some episodes, it says the show is taped at the NEP/Image studios. The former MTI studios are officially part of NEP Broadcasting's NEP Penn Studios
The aired episodes are sometimes spliced together in a different order from which they are taped. This is why the judge's blouse color may change and why there may be fewer courtroom observers during the second half of the show than there are during the first half.
The People's Court is "A Ralph Edwards-Stu Billett Production". Telepictures Corporation was the original distributor of the series. Through the latter acquisition of Lorimar-Telepictures, the distribution rights to The People's Court now rest with Warner Bros. Television Distribution.
When the original People's Court first hit the air, The monologue was as follows:What you are about to witness is real. The participants are not actors. They are the actual people who have already either filed suit or been served a summons to appear in a California municipal court. Both parties in the suit have agreed to dismiss their court cases and have their disputes settled here, in our forum: The People's Court.
Later, the show opened with:What you are witnessing is real. The participants are not actors. They are actual litigants with a case pending in a California municipal court. Both parties have agreed to dismiss their court cases and have their disputes settled here, in our forum: The People's Court.
In the 1997 revival the line was:What you are witnessing is real. The participants are not actors. They are actual litigants with a case pending in a New York metropolitan area court/civil court. Both parties/ sides have agreed to drop their claims and have their disputes settled here, in our/Judge Jerry Sheindlin's forum (the latter from the period when Jerry Sheindlin was the presiding judge): The People's Court.
When Marilyn Milian replaced Sheindlin in 2001, the previous intro was revised:What you are witnessing is real. The participants are not actors. They are actual litigants with real cases. They will settle their disputes here, in Judge Marilyn Milian's forum: The People's Court.
Later, Milian's intro was revised:There's a new judge in town, the honorable Marilyn Milian. She will be hearing real cases presented by real litigants who have agreed to have their disputes settled here in our forum: The People's Court.
Then the opening was changed to:The whole country's talking about the honorable Marilyn Milian... [soundbite of Judge Milian saying, "Judge here!"]... the hottest judge on television. [Soundbite of Judge saying, "It's my ruling!"] She'll hear real cases from real litigants. Here, in our forum: The People's Court.
After a few months the soundbites of Judge Milian's voice were dropped from the opening, and the wording of Curt Chaplin's introduction was slightly changed:Everybody's talking about the honorable Marilyn Milian, the hottest judge on television. Real cases, real litigants. Here, in our forum: The People's Court.
In September 2009, the new opening was revealed when the new season premiered:What you are about to witness is real. The participants are not actors. They are actual litigants with a case pending in civil court. Both parties have agreed to drop their claims and have their cases settled here, before Judge Marilyn Milian, in our forum: The People's Court.
At the end of each show, the following disclaimer appears:
"Both the plaintiff and the defendant have been paid from a fund for their appearance. The amount, if any, awarded in the case, is deducted from this fund, and the remainder is divided equally between both litigants. The amount of the fund is dependent on the size of the judgment." No information is given as to what relation the amount of the fund bears to the size of the judgment, nor the amount of the fund if a verdict for the defense is rendered.
In a talk show appearance, Judge Wapner gave a few more specifics as to how compensation was typically calculated. In his words, if the plaintiff won, the show would pay his/her judgment and give the defendant $50 for his time, whereas if the defendant won, the parties would "split $500."
In 1989, a litigant sued the producers, claiming, "I was only willing to appear because they guaranteed me $1,500. I never would have appeared on that show and made a fool out of myself for a chintzy $250." (In response, an associate producer said that before going on the show, participants are given a packet of information "where everything is clearly outlined to the nth degree.")
The theme music, "The Big One (People's Court Theme)", was composed by Alan Stanley Tew (British PRS, affil. BMI). Rapper Nelly sampled it for his song "Iz U", from the film The Haunted Mansion, and also featured on his album Da Derrty Versions. The tune was also used in two episodes of SpongeBob SquarePants and "Blue Harvest", the sixth season premiere episode of Family Guy. This theme was also used on an episode of WWE Raw in "The Trial of Eric Bischoff" and first featured in 'Barbara Broadcast'. The song was used in the 1980 film The Satisfiers of Alpha Blue. Jay-Z also recorded a song called "People's Court" which sampled the theme. The theme music also appears in the movie "Malibu High" (1979). It is played during the chase scene near the end of the film. It is also used as the theme music for the Balls of Steel segment 'Big Gay Following'. They also used the same theme song on one show called "Boy Meets World". There is also a sample from Frankie Valli's song "Who Loves You".
In 1995, Judge Wapner appeared on the Fox network's science fiction show Sliders as himself in the parallel world version of this program where, as a Soviet judge, he sentences Rembrandt Brown to 15 years in the Alaskan gulag for being a subversive. The parody show's logo uses a faux Cyrillic "Я" in place of the "R" in "Court".
The show's opening, where the announcer introduces the litigants in a dramatic fashion, is commonly imitated. Judge Milian's mannerisms and catchphrases have also been the subjects of comedy sketches on shows such as MADtv.
The December 21, 2009 edition of WWE Raw in Tampa, Florida featured a parody skit called the "Little People's Court", in which Degeneration X members Triple H and Shawn Michaels had to appear before a mock makeshift court of dwarves to testify about their continued mistreating of Hornswoggle. The videos that were shown during the "trial" even used the litigant introduction music of the original People's Court theme.
In the show SpongeBob SquarePants, whenever a character has to go to court, the same opening music is played and the trial is conducted in a form similar to The People's Court.
Notes and references
- ^ Courtroom Simulations Were Featured on Early Television – Metropolitan News-Enterprise; March 27, 2003
- ^ TV Courtroom Shows Proliferate in the Late 1950s – Metropolitan News-Enterprise; May 8, 2003
- ^ "TV: 'People's Court', 'Reality' in the Morning", New York Times, September 8, 1981
- ^ The Intelligencer – September 9, 1994
- ^ The Intelligencer – October 16, 1995
- ^ The Post Standard – June 6, 1997
- ^ Rusty Burrell (1925–2002) was a sheriff's department court bailiff in several famous Los Angeles trials, the Manson murders, The Onion Field murder, the Patty Hearst/SLA bank robbery, and the Caryl Chessman "Red Light Bandit". Burrell had previously appeared on TV in the 1950s Divorce Court, and it was also his job at that show to find real attorneys to appear on camera. One of those regular Divorce Court attorneys was Judge Joseph Wapner's father. 'People's Court' Bailiff Dies 2002-04-21, zap2it.com; Inside Judge Wapner's wallet by Ken Kurson, 2000-08-04, Green magazine at Salon.com.
- ^ a b 'People's Court' Finds Itself Before the Dock – NYT June 15, 1989
- ^ a b The People's Court: His Honor JERRY SHEINDLIN (Judge)
- ^ Jerry and Judy Sheindlin Discuss Laying Down the Law on TV "KING: ... she's tough." – CNN Larry King Live transcript, aired September 12, 2000
- ^ NYT 2008-01-31 " 'Judge Judy,' the longest-running and highest-rated courtroom show in syndication..."
- ^ New Judge For 'People's Court' – 2000-12-21, Zap2it.com.
- ^ The People's Court UK web.archive.org, 2006
- ^ http://guardian.nepinc.com/studios/studiopenn.php
- The People's Court Official website
- People's Court Raw
- 'People's Court': the Show the Networks Spurned (includes photo of Stu Billett)
- Certain Cases on 'People's Court' Come Readily to Wapner's Mind (includes photos of the show with Judge Wapner)
- 'People's Court' Returns to the Air but Without Wapner (includes photo of former NYC Mayor 'Judge' Ed Koch)
- Judge Wapner vs. Judge Judy: What A Match That Would Have Been
- Jump The Shark entry for The People's Court
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