ISO 3166-1 numeric

ISO 3166-1 numeric

ISO 3166-1 numeric (or numeric-3) codes are 3-digit country codes in the ISO 3166-1 standard to represent countries and dependent territories. They are published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) as part of its ISO 3166 standard, and correspond to the 3-digit country codes developed and maintained by the United Nations Statistics Division. They were first included as part of the ISO 3166 standard in its second edition in 1981, but they have been released by the United Nations since as early as 1970. [ [http://www.iarc.fr/IARCPress/pdfs/sp095/sp95-app1.pdf Appendix 1. United Nations Standard Country Codes] ]

cript (writing system) independence

A major advantage of the numeric-3 codes over the ISO 3166 letter-based codes is script (writing system) independence; this independence comes of course at the cost of mnemonic convenience.

The letter-based codes used in ISO 3166 rely on Latin alphabet characters found in English and western European languages. For people and systems using non-Latin scripts (writing systems) – e.g., Arabic, Bengali, Chinese, Cyrillic, Devanagari, Greek, Hangul, Japanese – Latin alphabet characters may be unavailable or difficult to use, understand or correctly interpret. Numeric-based codes overcome these problems of script dependence.

Assignment of new numeric-3 codes

New numeric-3 codes reflect changes in country boundaries but not country names. If countries merge or split, new numeric codes are assigned for the affected countries. For example:

*East Germany (coded 278) and West Germany (coded 280) merged in 1990. The unified Germany is coded 276 since then.

*Eritrea (coded 232) broke away from Ethiopia (formerly coded 230) in 1993. Ethiopia is coded 231 since then.

If a country changes its name without territorial change, its numeric code remains the same. For example, when Burma was renamed Myanmar without territorial change, its numeric code 104 remained the same.

Current codes

Officially assigned code elements

Below is a complete list of the current officially assigned ISO 3166-1 numeric codes, with country names being English short country names officially used by the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency (ISO 3166/MA):

004 Afghanistan 008 Albania 010 Antarctica 012 Algeria 016 American Samoa 020 Andorra 024 Angola 028 Antigua and Barbuda 031 Azerbaijan 032 Argentina 036 Australia 040 Austria 044 Bahamas 048 Bahrain 050 Bangladesh 051 Armenia 052 Barbados 056 Belgium 060 Bermuda 064 Bhutan 068 Bolivia 070 Bosnia and Herzegovina 072 Botswana 074 Bouvet Island 076 Brazil 084 Belize 086 British Indian Ocean Territory 090 Solomon Islands 092 Virgin Islands, British 096 Brunei Darussalam 100 Bulgaria 104 Myanmar 108 Burundi 112 Belarus 116 Cambodia 120 Cameroon 124 Canada 132 Cape Verde 136 Cayman Islands 140 Central African Republic 144 Sri Lanka 148 Chad 152 Chile 156 China 158 Taiwan, Province of China 162 Christmas Island 166 Cocos (Keeling) Islands 170 Colombia 174 Comoros 175 Mayotte 178 Congo 180 Congo, the Democratic Republic of the 184 Cook Islands 188 Costa Rica 191 Croatia 192 Cuba 196 Cyprus 203 Czech Republic 204 Benin 208 Denmark 212 Dominica 214 Dominican Republic 218 Ecuador 222 El Salvador 226 Equatorial Guinea 231 Ethiopia 232 Eritrea 233 Estonia 234 Faroe Islands 238 Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 239 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 242 Fiji 246 Finland 248 Åland Islands 250 France 254 French Guiana 258 French Polynesia 260 French Southern Territories 262 Djibouti 266 Gabon 268 Georgia 270 Gambia 275 Palestinian Territory, Occupied 276 Germany 288 Ghana 292 Gibraltar 296 Kiribati 300 Greece 304 Greenland 308 Grenada 312 Guadeloupe 316 Guam 320 Guatemala 324 Guinea 328 Guyana 332 Haiti 334 Heard Island and McDonald Islands 336 Holy See (Vatican City State) 340 Honduras 344 Hong Kong 348 Hungary 352 Iceland 356 India 360 Indonesia 364 Iran, Islamic Republic of 368 Iraq 372 Ireland 376 Israel 380 Italy 384 Côte d'Ivoire 388 Jamaica 392 Japan 398 Kazakhstan 400 Jordan 404 Kenya 408 Korea, Democratic People's Republic of 410 Korea, Republic of 414 Kuwait 417 Kyrgyzstan 418 Lao People's Democratic Republic 422 Lebanon 426 Lesotho 428 Latvia 430 Liberia 434 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 438 Liechtenstein 440 Lithuania 442 Luxembourg 446 Macao 450 Madagascar 454 Malawi 458 Malaysia 462 Maldives 466 Mali 470 Malta 474 Martinique 478 Mauritania 480 Mauritius 484 Mexico 492 Monaco 496 Mongolia 498 Moldova 499 Montenegro 500 Montserrat 504 Morocco 508 Mozambique 512 Oman 516 Namibia 520 Nauru 524 Nepal 528 Netherlands 530 Netherlands Antilles 533 Aruba 540 New Caledonia 548 Vanuatu 554 New Zealand 558 Nicaragua 562 Niger 566 Nigeria 570 Niue 574 Norfolk Island 578 Norway 580 Northern Mariana Islands 581 United States Minor Outlying Islands 583 Micronesia, Federated States of 584 Marshall Islands 585 Palau 586 Pakistan 591 Panama 598 Papua New Guinea 600 Paraguay 604 Peru 608 Philippines 612 Pitcairn 616 Poland 620 Portugal 624 Guinea-Bissau 626 Timor-Leste 630 Puerto Rico 634 Qatar 638 Réunion 642 Romania 643 Russian Federation 646 Rwanda 652 Saint Barthélemy 654 Saint Helena 659 Saint Kitts and Nevis 660 Anguilla 662 Saint Lucia 663 Saint Martin (French part) 666 Saint Pierre and Miquelon 670 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 674 San Marino 678 Sao Tome and Principe 682 Saudi Arabia 686 Senegal 688 Serbia 690 Seychelles 694 Sierra Leone 702 Singapore 703 Slovakia 704 Viet Nam 705 Slovenia 706 Somalia 710 South Africa 716 Zimbabwe 724 Spain 732 Western Sahara 736 Sudan 740 Suriname 744 Svalbard and Jan Mayen 748 Swaziland 752 Sweden 756 Switzerland 760 Syrian Arab Republic 762 Tajikistan 764 Thailand 768 Togo 772 Tokelau 776 Tonga 780 Trinidad and Tobago 784 United Arab Emirates 788 Tunisia 792 Turkey 795 Turkmenistan 796 Turks and Caicos Islands 798 Tuvalu 800 Uganda 804 Ukraine 807 Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of 818 Egypt 826 United Kingdom 831 Guernsey 832 Jersey 833 Isle of Man 834 Tanzania, United Republic of 840 United States 850 Virgin Islands, U.S. 854 Burkina Faso 858 Uruguay 860 Uzbekistan 862 Venezuela 876 Wallis and Futuna 882 Samoa 887 Yemen 894 Zambia

User-assigned code elements

The numeric codes from 900 to 999 can be user-assigned. These code elements are at the disposal of users who need to add further names of countries, territories or other geographical entities to their in-house application of ISO 3166-1, and the ISO 3166/MA will never use them in the updating process of the standard.

Withdrawn codes

These numeric codes have been withdrawn from ISO 3166-1 (or equivalent lists published by the United Nations):

080 British Antarctic Territory 128 Canton and Enderbury Islands 200 Czechoslovakia 216 Dronning Maud Land 230 Ethiopia (before Eritrea broke away) 249 France, Metropolitan 274 Gaza Strip 278 German Democratic Republic 280 Germany, Federal Republic of (West Germany) 282 German Democratic Republic, Berlin 284 Germany, West Berlin 396 Johnston Island 488 Midway Islands 532 Netherlands Antilles (before Aruba broke away) 536 Neutral Zone 582 Pacific Islands, Trust Territory of the 590 Panama (before merging with Panama Canal Zone) 594 Panama Canal Zone 650 Ryukyu Islands 658 Saint Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla 698 Sikkim 714 Viet-Nam, Republic of 720 Yemen, Democratic 728 Spanish North Africa 810 U.S.S.R. 849 U.S. Miscellaneous Pacific Islands 872 Wake Island 886 Yemen Arab Republic 890 Yugoslavia, Socialist Federal Republic of 891 Serbia and Montenegro (or Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of)

Note that ISO 3166-1 numeric does not have reserved codes.

ources and external links


*International Organization for Standardization (ISO): [http://www.iso.org/iso/country_codes.htm ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency]
*United Nations Statistics Division, [http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49.htm "Standard Country or Area Codes for Statistical Use"]
** [http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49alpha.htm Countries or areas, codes and abbreviations]
** [http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49chang.htm Country or area numerical codes added or changed since 1982]
*CIA World Factbook, [https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/appendix/appendix-d.html "Appendix D – Cross-Reference List of Country Data Codes"] (public domain)
*Statoids, [http://www.statoids.com/wab.html Country codes]
** [http://www.statoids.com/w3166his.html ISO 3166-1 Change History]
* [http://www.davros.org/misc/iso3166.html Country codes in ISO 3166 (outdated, include withdrawn codes)]


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