- ISO 3166-1 numeric
ISO 3166-1 numeric (or numeric-3) codes are 3-digit
country codes in the ISO 3166-1standard to represent countries and dependent territories. They are published by the International Organization for Standardization(ISO) as part of its ISO 3166standard, and correspond to the 3-digit country codes developed and maintained by the United Nations Statistics Division. They were first included as part of the ISO 3166 standard in its second edition in 1981, but they have been released by the United Nations since as early as 1970. [ [http://www.iarc.fr/IARCPress/pdfs/sp095/sp95-app1.pdf Appendix 1. United Nations Standard Country Codes] ]
cript (writing system) independence
A major advantage of the numeric-3 codes over the ISO 3166 letter-based codes is script (
writing system) independence; this independence comes of course at the cost of mnemonic convenience.
The letter-based codes used in ISO 3166 rely on
Latin alphabetcharacters found in English and western European languages. For people and systems using non-Latin scripts ( writing systems) – e.g., Arabic, Bengali, Chinese, Cyrillic, Devanagari, Greek, Hangul, Japanese – Latin alphabet characters may be unavailable or difficult to use, understand or correctly interpret. Numeric-based codes overcome these problems of script dependence.
Assignment of new numeric-3 codes
New numeric-3 codes reflect changes in country boundaries but not country names. If countries merge or split, new numeric codes are assigned for the affected countries. For example:
East Germany(coded 278) and West Germany(coded 280) merged in 1990. The unified Germanyis coded 276 since then.
Eritrea(coded 232) broke away from Ethiopia(formerly coded 230) in 1993. Ethiopia is coded 231 since then.
If a country changes its name without territorial change, its numeric code remains the same. For example, when
Burmawas renamed Myanmar without territorial change, its numeric code 104 remained the same.
Officially assigned code elements
Below is a complete list of the current officially assigned ISO 3166-1 numeric codes, with country names being English short country names officially used by the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency (ISO 3166/MA):
Afghanistan008 Albania010 Antarctica012 Algeria016 American Samoa020 Andorra024 Angola028 Antigua and Barbuda031 Azerbaijan032 Argentina036 Australia040 Austria044 Bahamas 048 Bahrain050 Bangladesh051 Armenia052 Barbados056 Belgium060 Bermuda064 Bhutan068 Bolivia070 Bosnia and Herzegovina072 Botswana074 Bouvet Island076 Brazil084 Belize086 British Indian Ocean Territory090 Solomon Islands092 Virgin Islands, British 096 Brunei Darussalam 100 Bulgaria104 Myanmar 108 Burundi112 Belarus116 Cambodia120 Cameroon124 Canada132 Cape Verde136 Cayman Islands140 Central African Republic144 Sri Lanka148 Chad152 Chile156 China 158 Taiwan, Province of China 162 Christmas Island166 Cocos (Keeling) Islands170 Colombia174 Comoros175 Mayotte178 Congo 180 Congo, the Democratic Republic of the 184 Cook Islands188 Costa Rica191 Croatia192 Cuba196 Cyprus203 Czech Republic204 Benin208 Denmark212 Dominica214 Dominican Republic218 Ecuador222 El Salvador226 Equatorial Guinea231 Ethiopia232 Eritrea233 Estonia234 Faroe Islands238 Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 239 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands242 Fiji246 Finland248 Åland Islands250 France254 French Guiana258 French Polynesia260 French Southern Territories 262 Djibouti266 Gabon268 Georgia 270 Gambia 275 Palestinian Territory, Occupied 276 Germany288 Ghana292 Gibraltar296 Kiribati300 Greece304 Greenland308 Grenada312 Guadeloupe316 Guam320 Guatemala324 Guinea328 Guyana332 Haiti334 Heard Island and McDonald Islands336 Holy See (Vatican City State) 340 Honduras344 Hong Kong348 Hungary352 Iceland356 India360 Indonesia364 Iran, Islamic Republic of 368 Iraq372 Ireland 376 Israel380 Italy384 Côte d'Ivoire388 Jamaica392 Japan398 Kazakhstan400 Jordan404 Kenya408 Korea, Democratic People's Republic of 410 Korea, Republic of 414 Kuwait417 Kyrgyzstan418 Lao People's Democratic Republic 422 Lebanon426 Lesotho428 Latvia430 Liberia434 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 438 Liechtenstein440 Lithuania442 Luxembourg446 Macao 450 Madagascar454 Malawi458 Malaysia462 Maldives466 Mali470 Malta474 Martinique478 Mauritania480 Mauritius484 Mexico492 Monaco496 Mongolia498 Moldova499 Montenegro500 Montserrat504 Morocco508 Mozambique512 Oman516 Namibia520 Nauru524 Nepal528 Netherlands530 Netherlands Antilles533 Aruba540 New Caledonia548 Vanuatu554 New Zealand558 Nicaragua562 Niger566 Nigeria570 Niue574 Norfolk Island578 Norway580 Northern Mariana Islands581 United States Minor Outlying Islands583 Micronesia, Federated States of 584 Marshall Islands585 Palau586 Pakistan591 Panama598 Papua New Guinea600 Paraguay604 Peru608 Philippines612 Pitcairn 616 Poland620 Portugal624 Guinea-Bissau626 Timor-Leste 630 Puerto Rico634 Qatar638 Réunion642 Romania643 Russian Federation 646 Rwanda652 Saint Barthélemy654 Saint Helena659 Saint Kitts and Nevis660 Anguilla662 Saint Lucia663 Saint Martin (French part) 666 Saint Pierre and Miquelon670 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines674 San Marino678 Sao Tome and Principe 682 Saudi Arabia686 Senegal688 Serbia690 Seychelles694 Sierra Leone702 Singapore703 Slovakia704 Viet Nam 705 Slovenia706 Somalia710 South Africa716 Zimbabwe724 Spain732 Western Sahara736 Sudan740 Suriname744 Svalbard and Jan Mayen748 Swaziland752 Sweden756 Switzerland760 Syrian Arab Republic 762 Tajikistan764 Thailand768 Togo772 Tokelau776 Tonga780 Trinidad and Tobago784 United Arab Emirates788 Tunisia792 Turkey795 Turkmenistan796 Turks and Caicos Islands798 Tuvalu800 Uganda804 Ukraine807 Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of 818 Egypt826 United Kingdom831 Guernsey832 Jersey833 Isle of Man834 Tanzania, United Republic of 840 United States850 Virgin Islands, U.S. 854 Burkina Faso858 Uruguay860 Uzbekistan862 Venezuela876 Wallis and Futuna882 Samoa887 Yemen894 Zambia
User-assigned code elements
The numeric codes from 900 to 999 can be user-assigned. These code elements are at the disposal of users who need to add further names of countries, territories or other geographical entities to their in-house application of ISO 3166-1, and the ISO 3166/MA will never use them in the updating process of the standard.
These numeric codes have been withdrawn from ISO 3166-1 (or equivalent lists published by the United Nations):
British Antarctic Territory128 Canton and Enderbury Islands200 Czechoslovakia216 Dronning Maud Land 230 Ethiopia(before Eritreabroke away) 249 France, Metropolitan 274 Gaza Strip278 German Democratic Republic 280 Germany, Federal Republic of (West Germany) 282 German Democratic Republic, Berlin 284 Germany, West Berlin 396 Johnston Island 488 Midway Islands 532 Netherlands Antilles(before Arubabroke away) 536 Neutral Zone 582 Pacific Islands, Trust Territory of the 590 Panama(before merging with Panama Canal Zone) 594 Panama Canal Zone650 Ryukyu Islands658 Saint Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla 698 Sikkim714 Viet-Nam, Republic of 720 Yemen, Democratic 728 Spanish North Africa 810 U.S.S.R. 849 U.S. Miscellaneous Pacific Islands 872 Wake Island886 Yemen Arab Republic 890 Yugoslavia, Socialist Federal Republic of 891 Serbia and Montenegro(or Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of)
Note that ISO 3166-1 numeric does not have reserved codes.
ources and external links
*International Organization for Standardization (ISO): [http://www.iso.org/iso/country_codes.htm ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency]
*United Nations Statistics Division, [http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49.htm "Standard Country or Area Codes for Statistical Use"]
** [http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49alpha.htm Countries or areas, codes and abbreviations]
** [http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49chang.htm Country or area numerical codes added or changed since 1982]
*CIA World Factbook, [https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/appendix/appendix-d.html "Appendix D – Cross-Reference List of Country Data Codes"] (public domain)
*Statoids, [http://www.statoids.com/wab.html Country codes]
** [http://www.statoids.com/w3166his.html ISO 3166-1 Change History]
* [http://www.davros.org/misc/iso3166.html Country codes in ISO 3166 (outdated, include withdrawn codes)]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.