A chromophil biological cell is a cell which is easily stainable by absorbing chromium salts used in histology to increase the visual contrast of samples for microscopy.


Chromophil cells are mostly hormone-producing cells containing so-called chromaffin granules. In these subcellular structures, amino acid precursors to certain hormones are accumulated and subsequently decarboxylated to the corresponding amines, for example epinephrine, norepinephrine, dopamine or serotonin. Chromophil cells therefore belong to the group of APUD (amine precursor uptake and decarboxylation) cells.


These cells are scattered throughout the whole body, but particularly in glands such as the hypothalamus, hypophysis, thyroid, parathyroid and pancreas.

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  • chromophil — [krō′mə fil] adj. [ CHROMO + PHIL] readily stained with dyes n. a chromophil cell or cell part …   English World dictionary

  • chromophil — chro·mo·phil krō mə .fil also chro·mo·phil·ic .krō mə fil ik or chro·mo·phile krō mə .fī(ə)l or chro·mato·phil krō mat ə .fil or chro·mato·phile .fī(ə)l adj 1) staining readily with dyes 2) CHROMAFFIN chromophil or chromophile or chro·mato·phil… …   Medical dictionary

  • chromophil — /kroh meuh fil/, Histol. adj. 1. Also, chromophilic, chromophilous /kroh mof euh leuhs/, chromatophilic, chromatophilous. staining readily. n. 2. a chromophil cell, tissue, or substance. Also, chromophile /kroh meuh fuyl , fil/, chromatophil,… …   Universalium

  • chromophil — chro•mo•phil [[t]ˈkroʊ mə fɪl[/t]] adj. 1) lab mcr staining readily with dye in the laboratory 2) lab mcr a chromophil cell or cell part • Etymology: 1895–1900 …   From formal English to slang

  • chromophil — adjective Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: 1899 staining readily with dyes …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • chromophil — chromo|phi̱l [↑chromo... u. gr. ϕιλος = lieb; Freund]: sich leicht anfärbend (von Zellen) …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • chromophil — adj. (Biology) absorbs dyes (about substances, cells, and tissues) n. (Biology) material that absorbs stains (about substances, cells and tissues) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • chromophil — chro·mo·phil …   English syllables

  • chromophil — …   Useful english dictionary

  • chromophil, chromophile — 1. SYN: chromophilic. 2. A cell or any histologic element that stains readily. SYN: chromatophil (2). 3. SYN: chromaffin. [chromo + G. phileo, to love] …   Medical dictionary

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